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Encyclopedia > Ski warfare
Finnish sissi troops on skis.

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Download high resolution version (640x960, 104 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (640x960, 104 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Sissi is a Finnish term for light infantry which conducts guerrilla warfare operations behind enemy lines. ... Ramses II at the Battle of Kadesh (relief at Abu Simbel) The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... from Swedish Wikipedia The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Download high resolution version (819x768, 141 KB)A front view of an M1A1 Abrams, from www. ...

War
Military history
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Attrition · Guerilla · Maneuver
Siege · Total war · Trench For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ... Military history is composed of the events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of conflict. ... Prehistoric warfare is war conducted in the era before writing, and before the establishments of large social entities like states. ... Ancient warfare is war as conducted from the beginnings of recorded history to the end of the ancient period. ... Medieval warfare is the warfare of the Middle Ages. ... Gunpowder warfare is associated with the start of the widespread use of gunpowder and the development of suitable weapons to use the explosive. ... Modern warfare involves the widespread use of highly advanced technology. ... Battlespace is the military theatre of operations, including air, ground, information, sea and space. ... Aerial warfare is the use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare, including military airlift of cargo to further the national interests as was demonstrated in the Berlin Airlift. ... Information warfare is the use and management of information in pursuit of a competitive advantage over an opponent. ... War is a state of widespread conflict between states, organisations, or relatively large groups of people, which is characterised by the use of lethal violence between combatants or upon civilians. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Space warfare is combat that takes place in outer space. ... For other uses, see Weapon (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Mechanized warfare be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... For the use of biological agents by terrorists, see bioterrorism. ... Not to be confused with Golgotha, which was called Calvary. ... Chemical warfare is warfare (and associated military operations) using the toxic properties of chemical substances to kill, injure or incapacitate an enemy. ... // Electronic warfare (EW) is the use of the electromagnetic spectrum to effectively deny the use of this phenomena by an adversary, while optimizing its use by friendly forces. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... The U.S. Department of Defense defines psychological warfare (PSYWAR) as: The planned use of propaganda and other psychological actions having the primary purpose of influencing the opinions, emotions, attitudes, and behavior of hostile foreign groups in such a way as to support the achievement of national objectives. ... Military tactics (Greek: TaktikÄ“, the art of organizing an army) are the collective name for methods for engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ... This article is about the military strategy. ... “Guerrilla” redirects here. ... Maneuver warfare, is the term used by military theorist for a concept of warfare that advocates attempting to defeat an adversary by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption brought about by movement. ... A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition, often accompanied by an assault. ... Total war is a military conflict in which nations mobilize all available resources in order to destroy another nations ability to engage in war. ... Trench warfare is a form of war in which both opposing armies have static lines of defense. ...

Strategy

Economic · Grand · Operational This article is about real and historical warfare. ... Economic warfare is the term for economic policies followed as a part of military operations during wartime. ... Grand strategy is military strategy considered at the level of the movement and use of an entire nation state or empires resources. ... Operational warfare is, within warfare and military doctrine, the level of command which coordinates the minute details of tactics with the overarching goals of strategy. ...

Organization

Formations · Ranks · Units The armed forces of a state are its government-sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations used to further the objectives of the state. ... A formation is a high-level military organization, such as a Brigade, Division, Corps, Army or Army group. ... This article is about the use of the term rank. ... A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. ...

Logistics

Equipment · Materiel · Supply line Military logistics is the art and science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces. ... This article lists military technology items, devices and methods. ... Material (from the French matérial for equipment or hardware, related to the word material) is a term used in English to refer to the equipment and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management. ... Military supply chain management is a cross-functional approach to procuring, producing and delivering products and services. ...

Lists
Battles · Commanders · Operations
Sieges · Theorists · Wars
War crimes · Weapons · Writers

Ski warfare, the use of ski-equipped troops in war, is first recorded by the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus in the 13th century. The speed and distance that ski troops are able to cover is comparable to that of light cavalry. This is a partial list of battles that have entries in Wikipedia. ... . ... This is a list of missions, operations, and projects. ... The 1453 Siege of Constantinople (painted 1499) A siege is a prolonged military assault and blockade on a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition. ... See also list of military writers. ... This is a list of lists of wars, sorted by country, date, region, and type of conflict. ... This article lists and summarizes War Crimes committed since the Hague Conventions of 1907. ... There are a bewildering array of weapons, far more than would be useful in list form. ... This is a list of military writers, alphabetical by last name. ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ... Saxo, etching by the Danish-Norwegian illustrator Louis Moe (1857 – 1945) Saxo Grammaticus (estimated. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Not to be confused with Golgotha, which was called Calvary. ...

Contents

History

A Norwegian soldier on skis
A Norwegian soldier on skis

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Napoleonic Wars

Denmark-Norway (though mostly Norwegians) ski troops were used against Sweden during the 1807-1814 Napoleonic Wars. The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, consisting of Denmark and Norway, including Norways possessions Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a term used for the two united kingdoms after their amalgamation as one state in 1536. ... Combatants Austria[a] Portugal Prussia[a] Russia[b] Sicily[c] Sardinia  Spain[d]  Sweden[e] United Kingdom French Empire Holland[f] Italy Etruria[g] Naples[h] Duchy of Warsaw[i] Confederation of the Rhine[j] Bavaria Saxony Westphalia Württemberg Denmark-Norway[k] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack...


World War I

During WWI the Italian Army raised 88 Alpini Battalions. Their purpose was to fight summer and winter in the highest regions of the Alpine Arch. Most of the battalions were dissolved after WWI. Only 9 Alpini regiments remain in service today, and only three train every soldier in ski warfare: the 4° Alpini Paracadutisti, 5° Alpini and 6° Alpini regiments. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Coat of Arms of the Italian Army Dardo IFV on exercise in Capo Teulada Soldiers of the 33rd Field Artillery Regiment Acqui on parade The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) is the ground defense force of the Italian Republic. ... The Alpini are a highly decorated elite infantry corps of the Italian Army. ... The Alpini are a highly decorated elite infantry corps of the Italian Army. ... Alpinis from the 4th Alpini regiment in Afghanistan The 4th Alpini Regiment was a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat. ... The 5th Alpini Regiment is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat. ... The 6th Alpini Regiment is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat. ...


The Winter War (1939-40), The Continuation War (1941-44) and the Lapland War (1944-45)

Ski troops played a key role in maintaining Finnish independence from The Soviet Union during the Winter War (1939). Forested, rural terrain with no roads and with Finnish ski troops was virtually a death-trap for the advancing mechanized Soviet troops. In Battle of Suomussalmi, two Soviet mechanized divisions (45000 men) were annihilated by three Finnish regiments (11000 men). Combatants Finland Soviet Union Commanders Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Kliment Voroshilov, later Semyon Timoshenko Strength 250,000 men 30 tanks 130 aircraft[1][2] 1,000,000 men 6,541 tanks [3] 3,800 aircraft[4][5] Casualties 26,662 dead 39,886 wounded 1,000 captured[6] 126,875... Combatants Finland Soviet Union Commanders Colonel Hjalmar Siilasvuo General Dashitsev Strength Three regiments and separate battalions, 11,000 men Two divisions, one tank brigade (cca 45,000-50,000 men) Casualties 900 killed, 1770 wounded 27,500 killed and missing 85 tanks 537 trucks 1,620 horses 138 guns 6...


World War II

Perhaps learning from the Finns, the Soviet Union deployed several ski battalions during World War II, notably in their 1941 counter attack in the Battle of Moscow. The most common transportation for Norwegian soldiers during the Norwegian Campaign in 1940 was using skis and sled, and in Operation Gunnerside, Norwegian commandos dropped by parachute skied long distances in order to reach and destroy a heavy water plant Vemork at Rjukan in Telemark, Norway, which was being used by the Germans as part of their nuclear research programme. Also during WWII, the United States Army 10th Mountain Division was activated and trained for ski combat. They were deployed in Italy. Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols This article is about the military unit. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Nazi Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock, Heinz Guderian Georgy Zhukov, Aleksandr Vasilevsky Strength As of October 1: 1,000,000 men, 1,700 tanks, 14,000 guns, 950 planes[1] As of October 1: 1,250,000 men, 1,000 tanks, 7,600 guns, 677 planes[2... German battle cruisers in a Norwegian port in June 1940 The Norwegian Campaign, lasting from 9 April to 10 June 1940, led to the first direct land confrontation between the military forces of the Allies — United Kingdom and France — against Nazi Germany in World War II. The primary reason for... The Vemork hydroelectric plant, site of the heavy water production In World War II, Nazi Germany investigated the possibility of building an atomic bomb. ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ... Heavy water is dideuterium oxide, or D2O or 2H2O. It is chemically the same as normal water, H2O, but the hydrogen atoms are of the heavy isotope deuterium, in which the nucleus contains a neutron in addition to the proton found in the nucleus of any hydrogen atom. ... The Vemork hydroelectric plant, site of the heavy water production Vemork, a small community in Norway, close to the city Rjukan and within the Tinn municipality, in the county of Telemark. ... Map showing the position of Rjukan between lakes Møsvatn (West, upstream) and Tinnsjø (East) Rjukan is a town and administrative center of Tinn in Telemark. ... For other uses, see Telemark (disambiguation). ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division of the United States Army currently serving under the XVIII Airborne Corps. ...


Today's situation

Finnish defence forces use skis normally in cross country skiing but also by pulling squads of soldiers with tracked transport vehicles.[citation needed] Two ropes hang from the end of a vehicle and troops hold the rope with their hands. This is especially difficult if one is carrying the normal heavy-backpack.


Other information

The Norwegian military have held skiing competitions since the 1670s. The sport of Biathlon was developed from military skiing patrols. Events and Trends Newton and Leibniz independently discover calculus. ... Several biathletes in the shooting area of a competition Biathlon (not to be confused with duathlon) is a term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ...


The United States ski patrol plays a vital role in the plot to the book A Separate Peace. A Separate Peace is John Knowles first published novel, released in 1959. ...


Many nations train troops in skiing and winter warfare, including:

Also the United Kingdom/Netherlands Landing Force consisting of: In 1955, Austria declared her Everlasting Neutrality and made neutrality a constitutional law. ... The Finnish Army (Finnish: Maavoimat) is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces. ... The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre (Army of the land), is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and the largest. ... Chasseurs alpins wear a special wide beret. ... The Bundeswehr (German for Federal Defence Force;  ) is the name of the unified armed forces of Germany. ... Edelweiss badge worn on the cap of Heer and Waffen SS Gebirgsjägers. ... This article is about the post-independence Indian Army. ... Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ... Mount Hermon, viewed from Mount Bental Mount Hermon Panoramic, from Manara on the Naftali heights Mount Hermon Panoramic from Nimrod (Israel) Panoramic view from the Mountain Mount Hermon (top of photo) supplies the bulk of the Jordan Rivers water Mount Hermon (; Hebrew: , Har Hermon; Arabic: ‎, Jabal el-Shaiykh, Djabl... Coat of Arms of the Italian Army Dardo IFV on exercise in Capo Teulada Soldiers of the 33rd Field Artillery Regiment Acqui on parade The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) is the ground defense force of the Italian Republic. ... The Alpini are a highly decorated elite infantry corps of the Italian Army. ... Ranks Norwegian military ranks The Norwegian Army (Norwegian: Hæren) is Norways military land force. ... Polish Army (Polish Wojsko Polskie) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ... The coat of arms of the Romanian Land Forces Staff The Flag of the Land Forces The Romanian Land Forces have completely overhauled their equipment and today they are one of the most modernized armies in Eastern Europe. ... The Vânători de Munte (IPA: , English translation: Mountain Hunters) are the elite mountain troops of the Romanian Army. ... Image File history File links Pokhodmoskovityan. ... Image File history File links Pokhodmoskovityan. ... Sergei V. Ivanov Sergei Vasilyevich Ivanov (Russian: , July 14 (July 4 (O.S.)) 1864— 16 August 1910) was a Russian painter and graphic artist. ... The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division of the United States Army currently serving under the XVIII Airborne Corps. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ...

- annual exercises taking place in the interior of Northern Norway 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ... The Royal Marines (RM) are the marines and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service [2]. They are also the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in mountain and Arctic warfare. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... In norwegian: Nord-Norge meaning Northern Norway. ...


See also

Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... Skiing, or traveling over snow on wooden runners, has a recorded history of almost five millennia. ... NKL-26 armoured aerosan An aerosan (Russian: , literally aerosled) is a type of propeller-powered snowmobile, running on skis, used for communications, mail deliveries, and border patrolling in northern Russia, as well as for recreation. ... Several biathletes in the shooting area of a competition Biathlon (not to be confused with duathlon) is a term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ... Ski warfare, the use of ski equipped troops in war is first recorded by the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus in the 13th century. ...

External links

  • Swedish Armed Forces, About Norrlands Dragoon Regiment, K4
  • Finnish Tracked transport vehicle, SISU NA 110
  • Spanish Army Mountain Trops

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ski Chalets Direct - The Ski & Snowboarders Accommodation Guide (837 words)
Skiing or snowboarding outside a ski resort's boundaries, also known as out of bounds skiing, is illegal in some ski resorts, due to the danger of avalanches on the un-patrolled areas; or the cost of search-and-rescue for lost or overdue skiers.
Skiing techniques are difficult to master, and accordingly there are ski schools that teach everything from the basics of turning and stopping safely to more advanced carving, racing, mogul or "bump" skiing and newer freestyle techniques.
Ski troops played a key role in retaining Finnish independence from Russia during the Winter War, and from Germany during the Lapland War, although the use of ski troops was recorded by the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus in the 13th century.
Ski warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (386 words)
Ski warfare, the use of ski-equipped troops in war, is first recorded by the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus in the 13th century.
The speed and distance that ski troops are able to cover is comparable to that of light cavalry.
Ski troops played a key role in maintaining Finnish independence from Russia during the Winter War (1939), and from Germany during the Lapland War (1944 - 1945).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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