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Encyclopedia > Skateboarding trick
An inward heelflip

A skateboarding trick, or simply a trick is a maneuver performed on a skateboard while skateboarding. Learning and perfecting new tricks is the major goal of many skateboarders, for whom most of the time spent skateboarding is spent on tricks. Download high resolution version (650x640, 50 KB)Skateboarding File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (650x640, 50 KB)Skateboarding File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A standard skateboard An old-school skateboard A skateboard is a four wheeled platform used for the activity of skateboarding. ... A skateboarder performing a frontside lipslide Skateboarding is the act of rolling on or performing tricks with a skateboard. ...

Contents

Types of tricks

Nearly everything one can do on a skateboard outside of normal riding falls in to the following five categories:



Freestyle tricks involve balancing on some other part of the board than all four wheels, such as two wheels or one wheel, the tail of the board, or the edges on either side. Various ways to flip and manipulate the board in and out of these stances were invented in the earliest years of skateboarding and these form the basis of freestyle skateboarding. A freestyle skateboarding trick is a trick done on a skateboard while freestyle skateboarding. ...


Aerials involve floating in the air while using a hand to hold the board on his or her feet or by keeping constant and careful pressure on the board with the feet to keep it from floating away. This class of tricks was first popularized when Tony Alva became famous for his Frontside Airs in empty swimming pools in the late 1970s and has expanded to include the bulk of skateboarding tricks to this day, including the Ollie and all of its variations. Aerials (or more commonly airs) are a type of skateboarding trick usually performed on half-pipes, pools or quarter pipes where there is a vertical wall with a transition (curved surface linking wall and ground) available. ... Tony Alva, 2005, taken by Phil Konstantin Tony Alva (born September 2, 1957, in Santa Monica, California, United States) is one of the original Z-Boys and is considered to be one of the most influential skateboarders of all time. ... A skateboarder ollies over four skateboards. ...


Flip tricks are a subset of aerials which are all based on the Ollie. The first such trick was the Kickflip. You can spin the board around many different axis, and even combine several rotations in to one trick. These tricks are arguably most popular among street skateboarding purists, although skaters with other styles perform them as well. A flip trick is a type of skateboarding trick in which the skateboard does a flip. ... A skateboarder ollies over four skateboards. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Street skateboarding is the act of riding a skateboard on paved surface, whether that surface is found at a public school, a shopping mall, or somewhere else. ...


Slides and Grinds involve getting the board up on some type of edge, rail, or coping and sliding or grinding along the trucks or board. When it is primarily the board which is contacting the edge, it's called a slide; when it's the truck, it is a grind. Grinding and sliding skateboards started with sliding the board on parking blocks and curbs, then extended to using the coping on swimming pools, then stairway handrails, and has now been expanded to include almost every possible type of edge. A slide is a skateboarding trick where the skateboarder slides sideways either on the deck or on the wheels. ... Grinds are a form of skateboarding trick where the skateboarder slides on the hangers of the trucks. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ...


Finally, lip tricks are done on the coping of a pool or skateboard ramp. Most grinds can be done on the coping of a ramp or pool as well, but there are some coping tricks which require the momentum and vertical attitude that can only be attained on a transitioned riding surface. These include Inverts and their variations as well as some dedicated air-to-lip combinations. Lip tricks in skateboarding are performed on half-pipes, quarterpipes and mini ramps. ... Coping (from cope, Latin capa), consists of the capping or covering of a wall. ... For the 2003 film, see Swimming Pool (film). ...


Many types of tricks can be combined together, and finding new combinations and variations is often stated as the reason that skateboarding keeps its appeal amongst its followers.


Competitive skateboarding is primarily judged on the difficulty and success of such tricks.


Naming conventions

As with all recreational activities, skateboarding has its own vernacular and slang. Most of the names of standard tricks were made up by the person that invented them, and to some extent they reflect what the person was thinking about the trick at the time. The names range from descriptive (kickflip) to silly (Ho-Ho plant) to intentionally provocative (shove-it, sex change). The earliest tricks were often named after the person that invented them (Andrecht after Dave Andrecht; Ollie after Alan "Ollie" Gelfand; Elguerial after Eddie Elguera). The origins of some trick names are obscure, either because the inventor didn't name the trick or intentionally gave it an obtuse meaning based on an inside joke that was never shared. Some tricks have more than one name, likely because several people independently invented the same trick around the same time and gave it different names, or because the original name was lost. Look up Vernacular in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Slang (disambiguation). ...


Most newer tricks are invented by combining existing tricks together rather than creating something completely new, and the naming reflects that. For example, when Danny Way became the first to do a Kickflip into an Indy, he simply called it a Kickflip Indy rather than come up with a completely new name. Most other combinations of tricks follow suit, though occasionally very complicated tricks prove to be too much of a mouthful and are thus given a unique name. For example, Andy MacDonald made up a trick that could be accurately called a Nollie Heelflip Varial Body Varial Slob Air, but he called it a Salad Shooter. The Caballerial, named after Steve Caballero, is a combination of two tricks, the Fakie Ollie and the 360. Andy Macdonald (born July 31, 1973) is one of the best-known professional vert skateboarders today. ...


Similarly, when a new trick is invented by changing an element of existing trick rather than adding to it, skaters often simply put the names together. For example, Tony Hawk did the first 720 from fakie grabbing Mute, but he didn't bother to use the terms "fakie" or "Mute". He simply called it a 720. However, when he tried something new by grabbing with the other hand, he called it an "Indy 720" because the trick combined the elements of an Indy and a 720 together, changing the original meaning of 720 in the process. This is a source of confusion among skateboarders, as it often becomes difficult to remember which variation of a trick was done first and exactly how it was performed. This article is about the American skateboarder. ...


Another source of debate is the varying styles of performance of a trick and whether variations of style warrant giving a trick a new name. Skaters can be seen engaging in heated debates on internet forums over what exactly constitutes giving a certain trick a certain name, or whether it should be called something else entirely. Other skaters simply don't care, and ignore such debates.


In any event, skateboarding has a large dictionary of terms, and there is no one place to find them all defined accurately. As stated above, the definitions are often subjective. For new skateboarders, the large amount of new words to learn can be daunting, and it can be argued that this is part of a new skateboarder's initiation in to skateboarding's unique culture.


Stances

In modern skateboarding there are two types of stances; one of which is naturally adopted by the skater. These two stances are "Goofy", and "Regular". Goofy refers to standing on the board with the right foot forwards, while Regular refers to standing on the board with the left foot forwards.



These stances have an inverse relationship in the direction of both the flip, and the spin, with which tricks are performed. It is important to note that tricks are named differently depending on the stance of the skater. As mentioned above, an inverse of a trick in "goofy" would be the same as the trick done in the "regular" stance. When a skater skates in the opposite stance to which they are naturally adapted, this is called "switch stance" or more simply "switch". "Fakie" refers to when a skater is moving in the opposite direction, but maintaining their natural stance, and "nollie" refers to when a skater is in their natural stance, but their footing is positioned so that their front kick on the nose of the board, and the back foot is near the back bolts.


The term "Mongo", refers to a stance in which a skater keeps his back foot on the board and pushes with his front foot. It is considered by some to be bad form, but is nevertheless widely practiced.


External links

References

  • Brooke, Michael (1999). Concrete Wave: The History Of Skateboarding. ISBN 1-894020-54-5.
Skateboarding
Skateboard
Tricks
Ollie | Flip tricks | Aerials | Grabs | Grinds | Slides | Lip tricks | Freestyle
Categories:

Skateboarders | Skateboarding brands | Stubs A skateboarder performing a frontside lipslide Skateboarding is the act of rolling on or performing tricks with a skateboard. ... A standard skateboard An old-school skateboard A skateboard is a four wheeled platform used for the activity of skateboarding. ... A skateboarder ollies over four skateboards. ... A flip trick is a type of skateboarding trick in which the skateboard does a flip. ... Aerials (or more commonly airs) are a type of skateboarding trick usually performed on half-pipes, pools or quarter pipes where there is a vertical wall with a transition (curved surface linking wall and ground) available. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Aerials (skateboarding). ... Grinds are a form of skateboarding trick where the skateboarder slides on the hangers of the trucks. ... A slide is a skateboarding trick where the skateboarder slides sideways either on the deck or on the wheels. ... Lip tricks in skateboarding are performed on half-pipes, quarterpipes and mini ramps. ... A freestyle skateboarding trick is a trick done on a skateboard while freestyle skateboarding. ... There are many different skateboarding brands from all around the world. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Board Crazy Skateboarding (0 words)
Skateboarding is not a "sport" and we do not want skateboarding exploited and transformed to fit into the Olympic program.
Whats the name of the trick where you are on flatland and you slide frontside then get off the board twist it in your hand and then get back on it like old school skaters used to do.
Skateboarding is a sport and a way of life, from what I have heard quite often.
Skateboarding trick at AllExperts (2867 words)
Skateboarding tricks can involve varials, jumps, flips, grabs, slides, grinds and stalls, and may even be combined with twists of various multiples of 180 degrees.
Tricks which require some kind of ramp, sometimes a half-pipe, are known as transition or vert tricks; the rest can be performed on flat ground or off of curbs and on rails and are known as street tricks.
Grinds are tricks where the skateboarder slides on the hangers (the part of the truck that holds the axle on which the wheels are attached) of the trucks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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