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Encyclopedia > Skagen
The sand-engulfed Buried Church (tilsandede kirke) at Skagen.
The sand-engulfed Buried Church (tilsandede kirke) at Skagen.
Enlarge
The historic Brøndums Hotel in Skagen, Denmark. 2002.

Skagen (The Skaw) is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the northernmost tip of Vendsyssel-Thy, a part of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 143 km², and has a total population of 11,803 (2005). Its mayor is Hans Rex Christensen, a member of the Venstre (Liberal Party) political party. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (877x630, 715 KB) Skagens tilsandede kirke, Skagen Sogn, Horns Herred, Hjørring Amt Date: 7. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (877x630, 715 KB) Skagens tilsandede kirke, Skagen Sogn, Horns Herred, Hjørring Amt Date: 7. ... Image File history File links Skagen_Brøndums_Hotel_2002. ... Image File history File links Skagen_Brøndums_Hotel_2002. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... A commune is an administrative subdivision of various European and African countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania, Senegal, and the Scandinavian countries. ... Nordjyllands Amt (English North Jutland County) is a county in northern Denmark, on the peninsula of Jutland. ... In geography, a spit is a deposition landform found off coasts. ... Flag of Vendsyssel. ... Jutland Peninsula Jutland (Danish: Jylland; German: Jütland) is a peninsula in northern Europe that forms the mainland part of Denmark and a northern part of Germany, dividing the North Sea from the Baltic Sea. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Venstre (in Danish literally: Left) is the biggest political party in Denmark, ideologically based on free market Liberalism, now a right-of-centre party. ... // Government Denmark is a constitutional monarchy with an almost unbroken link of monarchs for more than 1,000 years (except for an interregnum of eight years from 1332 to 1340). ...


The main town and the site of its municipal council is the town of Skagen.


Neighboring municipalities are Hirtshals to the southwest, Sindal to the south, and Frederikshavn to the southeast. The spit of land on which the municipality is located stretches out to the northeast surrounded by the following waters: Hirtshals Hirtshals is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the top of peninsula of Jutland (→ Vendsyssel). ... Sindal is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the peninsula of Jutland. ... KrudttÃ¥rnet Frederikshavn (originally named Fladstrand) is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the northeast coast of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. ...

  • to the east is Ålbæk Bay (Ålbæk Bugt) and beyond that the waters of the Kattegat, the strait that separates Denmark from Sweden
  • to the west is Tannis Bay (Tannis Bugt) and beyond that the waters of the Skagerrak, the strait that separates Denmark from Norway

The two straits, which are part of the Baltic Sea, meet to the north of the municipality at the headland known as Grenen. The Baltic Sea The Kattegat, or Kattegatt, is a bay of the North Sea and a continuation of the Skagerrak, bounded by Denmark and Sweden. ... Simplified diagram A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. ... The Skagerrak strait runs between Norway and the southwest coast of Sweden and the Jutland peninsula of Denmark, connecting the North Sea and the Kattegat strait, which leads to the Baltic Sea. ... Simplified diagram A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainlands of Northern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Europe, and the Danish islands. ... The northmost tip of Jutland, north of the town of Skagen, thereby the northmost point of Denmark. ...


By January 1, 2007 Skagen municipality will cease to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen ("The Municipality Reform" of 2007). It will be merged with existing Frederikshavn and Sæby municipalities to form the new Frederikshavn municipality. This will create a municipality with an area of 642 km² and a total population of 63,799 (2005). The new unicipality will belong to the new Region Nordjylland ("North Jutland Region"). 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Denmark is divided into 13 counties (amter), and 271 municipalities (kommuner). ... KrudttÃ¥rnet Frederikshavn (originally named Fladstrand) is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the northeast coast of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. ... Sæby is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Region Nordjylland (English: Region North Jutland) is a future administrative region created under the Danish Municipal Reform, which replaces the traditional counties (amter) with five larger regions. ...


The area is extremely picturesque, and distinguished by its low, yellow houses with red tile roofs nestled into the beach areas. The impressive and wild landscape was largely formed by a severe process of desertification that hit the area in the 18th and 19th centuries. Ship stranded by the retreat of the Aral Sea Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi arid and dry sub-humid areas into desert, resulting from various factors including climatic variations and human activities. ...


Problems with moving dunes and desertification were brought under control in the latter 19th and early 20th centuries by large-scale plantations of grasses, bushes and fir trees. Two significant migratory dunes remain in the area, including the enormous Råbjerg milen. Mesquite Flat Dunes in Death Valley National Park In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built by eolian (wind-related) processes. ...


The area is closely associated with the Skagen Painters, a community of artists (artist colony), who flocked to this picturesque, and then unspoiled, area in the late 1800s to escape the city and to record artistically a way of life they realized was soon to disappear. An art colony is a place where artists live and work, interacting with one another, often creating a distinctive style. ... Events and Trends Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars (1803 - 1815). ...


The area continues to be a popular tourist destination visited by many people each year. A highlight of the year is the celebration of Midsummer Eve or St. John's Evening (Sankt Hans Aften) on the beach with blazing bonfire and song. Midsummer celebration, Ã…mmeberg, Sweden Midsummer, or Litha as it was known by the ancient Germanic peoples and to this day by modern Pagans, refers the period of time centered upon the summer solstice and the religious celebrations that accompany it. ... John the Baptist (also called John the Baptizer) is regarded as a prophet by at least three religions: Christianity, Islam, and Mandaeanism. ...

Contents


History

Once a remote fishing area, it become considerably easier to travel to Skagen after it became connected to the rest of the country via a railroad line in 1890. A paved road followed in the 1940's. Trains can travel at very high speed, are heavy, are unable to deviate from the track and require a great distance to stop. ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Attractions

The headland at Grenen, the northernmost point of Denmark, is a spectacular setting where the two parts of the Baltic Sea, the Kattegat and the Skagerrak meet. This makes for turbulent seas and strandings— beachings and shipwreckings are not uncommon. The frequent shipping losses and the strategic location as the gateway to the Baltic led to Skagen being the site of one of Denmark's earliest lighthouses, the Vippefyr, constructed in the 15th century. A reconstruction of the lighthouse is located to the north of the town of Skagen. The northmost tip of Jutland, north of the town of Skagen, thereby the northmost point of Denmark. ...


The lighthouse was originally built and funded by the late Medieval Danish state with the proceeds of the "sound dues", and was superseded by the 'white lighthouse' or hvidefyr in the 17th century, and then the far taller 'grey lighthouse' or gråfyr of the 1850's. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Northern Oresund Oresund (Danish: Øresund, Swedish: Öresund, also known as The Sound) is the strait that separates Zealand from Scania, and thereby Denmark from Sweden. ...


The desertification that hit the area in the 18th and 19th centuries led to the abandonment of the old parish church to the migrating sands— the famous Buried Church (tilsandende kirke). The tower of the church remains protruding from the dunes, as it was left as a sea marker when the church was abandoned at the close of the 18th century. Mesquite Flat Dunes in Death Valley National Park In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built by eolian (wind-related) processes. ...


Famous residents of the municipality

Enlarge
Summer Evening on the Beach at Skagen. Artist and His Wife (Sommeraften ved Skagens strand. Kunstneren og hans hustru) Painting by Peter Severin Krøyer. 1899. The Hirschsprung Collection, Copenhagen.

The Skagen Painters, which enjoyed the reputation of a bohemian lifestyle, encompassed not only painters, but also writers, and other influential people as well. While only a few were fulltime residents of the area, they were often joined by friends, especially during the summer months. Among these notable visitors and residents of the time were writers Holger Drachmann, Georg Brandes, and Henrik Pontoppidan, artists Peder Severin Krøyer, Marie Triepcke Krøyer Alfvén, Michael Ancher and Anna Ancher, and composer Hugo Alfvén. They were often gathered at the area's Brøndums Hotel, which is still in operation today. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1767x1305, 193 KB) Peter Severin Krøyer. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1767x1305, 193 KB) Peter Severin Krøyer. ... Heinrich Hirschsprung (February 7, 1836-1908), a Danish Jew of German heritage, was an arts patron and, together with his brother Bernhard Hirschsprung (1834-1909), ran a tobacco manufacturing plant. ... Copenhagen (Danish: København) is the capital and largest city of Denmark. ... Holger Henrik Herboldt Drachmann (October 9, 1846 - January 14, 1908), was a Danish poet and dramatist. ... Georg Morris Cohen Brandes (February 4, 1842 - February 19, 1927) was a Danish critic and scholar who had great influence on Scandinavian literature from the 1870s through the turn of the 20th century. ... Henrik Pontoppidan (July 24, 1857- August 21, 1943) was a realist writer who shared with Karl Gjellerup the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1917 for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark. ... Peder Severin Krøyer (July 23, 1851-November 21, 1909), known as P.S. Krøyer, Denmark painter, was born in Stavanger, Norway to Ellen Cecilie Gjesdal. ... Interior with Marie Krøyer by P.S. Krøyer. ... Vil han klare pynten (Will he round the point) Michael Peter Ancher (June 9, 1849 - September 19, 1927), born on Bornholm, was a Danish painter. ... Syende fiskerpige (Sewing fisherman´s wife) Anna Kirstine Brøndum Ancher (August 18, 1859 _ April 15, 1935), was the only one of the Skagen Painters that was actually born in Skagen, Denmark. ... Hugo Emil Alfvén  listen (May 1, 1872 – May 8, 1960) was a Swedish composer, conductor, violinist, and painter. ...


See also

Tourism > Tourism in Denmark Denmark is known as a little, hyggelig (i. ...

External link

Commons
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
Skagen
  • Municipality's official website
  • The new Frederikshavn municipality's official website (Danish only)

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

  • Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata (Municipal Data)
  • Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map

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Skagen (The Skaw) is a projection of land and a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the northernmost tip of Vendsyssel-Thy, a part of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark.
Skagen is considered the boundary between the Skagerrak (named after Skagen) and the Kattegat.
The lighthouse was originally built and funded by the late Medieval Danish state with the proceeds of the "sound dues", and was superseded by the 'white lighthouse' or hvidefyr in the 17th century, and then the far taller 'grey lighthouse' or gråfyr of the 1850's.
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