FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Ska" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Ska
Stylistic origins: Jamaican Mento and Calypso; American Jazz and R&B
Cultural origins: Late 1950s Jamaica
Typical instruments: Guitar, Bass guitar, Trumpet, Trombone, Saxophone, Piano, Drums, Organ
Mainstream popularity: Highest in early 1960s; wide popularity in Jamaica & notable popularity in United Kingdom; notable revivals in 1970s/1980s UK and late-1990s North America
Derivative forms: Rocksteady, Reggae
Fusion genres
2 Tone, Ska punk, Ska jazz
Other topics
Third wave ska, J-ska, List of ska musicians, Rude boy, Mod, Skinhead, Suedehead

Ska (pronounced /ska/ or in Jamaican Patois /skja/) is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was a precursor to rocksteady and reggae.[1] SKA may refer to: Ska, a style of music Ska-P, a Spanish ska punk band. ... Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... The third wave of ska music (ska punk, skacore) arose in the 1990s in the United States. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... R&B redirects here. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass[1][2]; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... Trumpeter redirects here. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored musical instrument usually considered a member of the woodwind family. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments, such as a cowbell, wood block, chimes or tambourines, arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ... North American redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ska jazz is a musical form derived by combining the melodic content of jazz with the rhythmical and harmonic content of ska. ... Third wave ska is a music genre derived from the fusion of Jamaican ska with various American and British styles of music, such as 2 Tone, rock music, punk rock, pop punk, hardcore and jazz. ... Japanese ska or J-ska is ska (スカ) or ska punk music made in Japan by Japanese artists with lyrics in the Japanese language or in English. ... This is a list of notable bands and soloists who have performed ska or ska-influenced music at some point in their careers. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skinheads, named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, are a working-class subculture that originated in the United Kingdom in the late 1960s, and then spread to other parts of the world. ... Suedehead was an early-1970s offshoot of the skinhead subculture in the United Kingdom. ... Jamaican Patois, also known locally as Patois (Patwa), or simply Jamaican, and called Jamaican Creole by linguists, is an English/African-based language - not to be confused with Jamaican English nor with the Rastafarian use of English - used primarily in Jamaica and its diaspora. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ...


Ska combined elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American jazz and rhythm and blues. It is characterized by a walking bass line, accented guitar or piano rhythms on the offbeat, and in some cases, jazz-like horn riffs. In the early 1960s, ska was the dominant musical genre of Jamaica, and it was also popular with British mods. Many skinheads, in various decades, have also enjoyed ska (along with reggae, rocksteady and other genres).[2][3][4][5] Music historians typically divide the history of ska into three periods: the original Jamaican ska scene of the 1960s, the 2 Tone ska revival that started in England in the late 1970s, and the third wave ska movement, which started in the 1980s. West Indies redirects here. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... R&B redirects here. ... In music a walking bass is a bass accompaniment generally consisting of unsyncopated notes of equal value, usually quarter notes (known in jazz as a four feel). Walking bass lines are used in rock, blues, rock-a-billy, ska, r&b, gospel, latin, country, and many other genres (Friedland 1995... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... In music a back beat (also called the, or a, backbeat) is a term applied to the beats 2 and 4 in a 4/4 bar or a 12/8 bar [1] as opposed to the odd downbeat, (quarter beat 1). ... Image of a trumpet, foreground, a piccolo trumpet behind, and a flugelhorn in background. ... Riff is also an alternate spelling of Rif, a region of Morocco. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skinheads, named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, are a working-class subculture that originated in the United Kingdom in the late 1960s, and then spread to other parts of the world. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Third wave ska is a music genre derived from the fusion of Jamaican ska with various American and British styles of music, such as 2 Tone, rock music, punk rock, pop punk, hardcore and jazz. ...

Contents

History

After World War II, Jamaicans purchased radios in increasing numbers and were able to hear rhythm and blues music from Southern United States cities such as New Orleans by artists such as Fats Domino and Louis Jordan. The stationing of American military forces during and after the war meant that Jamaicans could listen to military broadcasts of American music and there was a constant influx of records from the US. To meet the demand for that music, entrepreneurs such as Prince Buster, Clement "Coxsone" Dodd, and Duke Reid formed sound systems. As jump blues and more traditional R&B began to ebb in popularity in the early 1960s, Jamaican artists began recording their own version of the genres.[6] The style was of bars made up of four triplets, similar to that of "My baby just cares for me" by Nina Simone, but was characterized by a guitar chop on the off beat - known as an upstroke or skank - with horns taking the lead and often following the off beat skank and piano emphasizing the bass line and, again, playing the skank.[1] Drums kept 4/4 time and the bass drum was accented on the 3rd beat of each 4-triplet phrase. The snare would play side stick and accent the 3rd beat of each 4-triplet phrase. [1] The upstroke sound can also be found in other Caribbean forms of music, such as mento and calypso.[7] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... R&B redirects here. ... Historic Southern United States. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Antoine Dominique Fats Domino (born February 26, 1928) is a classic R&B and rock and roll singer, songwriter and pianist. ... Louis Jordan swinging on sax, Paramount Theatre, NYC, 1946 (Photo: William P. Gottlieb) Louis Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering African-American blues, jazz and rhythm & blues musician and songwriter who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. ... An entrepreneur (a loanword from French introduced and first defined by the Irish economist Richard Cantillon) is a person who operates a new enterprise or venture and assumes some accountability for the inherent risks. ... Cecil Bustamente Campbell (born May 28, 1938), better known as Prince Buster, is a musician from Kingston, Jamaica and regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of ska and rocksteady music. ... Clement Seymour Sir Coxsone Dodd (Kingston, Jamaica, January 26, 1932 – May 5, 2004) was a Jamaican record producer who was influential in the development of reggae and other forms of Jamaican music in the 1950s, 60s and later. ... Duke Reid was a Jamaican record producer, DJ and label owner. ... A reggae sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing reggae music. ... Jump blues is a type of up-tempo blues music influenced by big band sound. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... In popular music back beat is a percussion style or technique used in common time (4/4) where a strong rhythmic accent is sounded on the second and fourth beats of the bar, the backbeats, most often from striking a snare drum. ... In a symphony orchestra the horn section is the group of musicians who play the horn (sometimes referred to as the French horn). ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... The time signature (also known as meter signature) is a notational device used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats are in each bar and which note value (minim, crotchet, eighth note and so on) constitutes one beat. ... A bass drum is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. ... West Indies redirects here. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. ...

Music of Jamaica

Kumina - Niyabinghi - Mento - Ska - Rocksteady - Reggae - Sound systems - Lovers rock - Dub - Dancehall - Dub poetry - Toasting - Raggamuffin - Roots reggae Jamaica is the birthplace of many popular musical genres, the most well known of which is reggae but also including raggamuffin, ska and dub music. ... Kumina is both the religion and the music practiced by the people of eastern Jamaica. ... Niyabinghi chanting typically includes recitation of the Psalms, but may also include variations of well-known Christian hymns. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... In the context of Jamaican popular culture, a sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing ska, rocksteady or reggae music. ... Lovers Rock is the United Kingdoms main contribution to reggae. ... For other uses, see Dub. ... Dancehall is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed around the late 70s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Not to be confused with Rāga. ... Roots reggae is a spiritual Rastafari subgenre of reggae music with lyrics that often include praise for Jah Ras Tafari Makonnen, Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia; the Emperor of Ethiopia. ...

Anglophone Caribbean music
Anguilla - Antigua and Barbuda - Bahamas - Barbados - Bermuda - Caymans - Grenada - Jamaica - Montserrat - St. Kitts and Nevis - St. Vincent and the Grenadines - Trinidad and Tobago - Turks and Caicos - Virgin Islands
Sound samples
Other Caribbean music
Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Hawaii - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico - St. Lucia - United States - United Kingdom

One theory about the origin of ska is that Prince Buster created it during the inaugural recording session for his new record label Wild Bells.[7] The session was financed by Duke Reid, who was supposed to get half of the songs to release. However, he only received one, which was by trombonist Rico Rodriguez.[citation needed] Among the pieces recorded were "They Got To Go", "Oh Carolina" and "Shake A Leg."[citation needed] According to reggae historian Steve Barrow, during the sessions, Prince Buster told guitarist Jah Jerry to "change gear, man, change gear."[citation needed] The guitar began emphasizing the second and fourth beats in the bar, giving rise to the new sound. The drums were taken from traditional Jamaican drumming and marching styles. To create the ska beat, Prince Buster essentially flipped the R&B shuffle beat, stressing the offbeats with the help of the guitar. The Cayman Islands are a Caribbean island chain, currently a territory of the United Kingdom. ... Grenada is a small Caribbean island nation that has produced several major musicians, including David Emmanuel, one of the best-selling reggae performers ever, and Mighty Sparrow, a legendary calypsonian. ... Timeline and Samples Pop genres Calypso - Chutney - Dancehall - Dub - Junkanoo - Ragga - Rapso - Reggae - Ripsaw - Rocksteady - Scratch - Ska - Soca - Spouge - Steelpan Other islands Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico - Saint Lucia The Turks and Caicos Islands are an overseas dependency of the... 1966 in music Download sample of Alton Ellis rocksteady track Girl Youve Got a Date. Download sample of Cincinatti Kid by Prince Buster, a legendary ska artist. ... Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. ... The music of Hawaii includes an array of traditional and popular styles, ranging from native Hawaiian folk music to modern rock and hip hop. ... The former French colonies of Martinique and Guadeloupe are small islands in the Caribbean. ... Cecil Bustamente Campbell (born May 28, 1938), better known as Prince Buster, is a musician from Kingston, Jamaica and regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of ska and rocksteady music. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Duke Reid was a Jamaican record producer, DJ and label owner. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... This article is about the musician. ... Oh Carolina is a song made famous by Shaggy. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... Steve Barrow is a British reggae historian, writer and producer. ...


The first ska recordings were created at facilities such as Studio One and WIRL Records in Kingston, Jamaica with producers such as Dodd, Reid, Prince Buster, and Edward Seaga.[7] There are different theories about the origins of the word ska. Guitarist Ernest Ranglin said the offbeat guitar scratching style that he and other musicians played was described as "ska! ska! ska!"[citation needed] Some believe that bassist Cluet Johnson coined the term ska when explaining the ya-ya sound of the music.[citation needed] Johnson was known to greet his friends with the word skavoovie, perhaps imitating American hipsters of the era. Johnson and the Blues Blasters were Coxsone Dodd's house band in the 1950s and early 1960s before the rise of the The Skatalites.[citation needed] Studio One is one of reggaes most renowned record labels and recording studios, having been described as the Motown of Jamaica. ... The City of Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica. ... The Right Honourable Edward Philip George Seaga (born May 28, 1930) was Prime Minister of Jamaica for the Jamaica Labour Party from 1980 to 1989, and served as leader of the opposition 1989 to January 2005. ... Ernest Ranglin (born 1932) is an important Jamaican musician. ... A hipster is a person who is strongly associated with a subculture that considers itself hip. ... The Skatalites is a Jamaican music group that played a major role in popularising ska, the first truly Jamaican music created by fusing boogie-woogie blues, rhythm and blues, jazz, mento, calypso, and African rhythms. ...


The ska sound coincided with the celebratory feelings surrounding Jamaica's independence from the UK in 1962; an event commemorated by ska songs such as Derrick Morgan's "Forward March" and The Skatalites' "Freedom Sound." Because the newly-independent Jamaica didn't ratify the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works until 1994 copyright was not an issue, which created a large number of cover songs and reinterpretations. Jamaican musicians such as The Skatalites often recorded instrumental ska versions of popular American and British music, such as Beatles songs, Motown and Atlantic soul hits, movie theme songs, or surf rock instrumentals. Bob Marley's band The Wailers covered the Beatles' "And I Love Her," and radically reinterpreted Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone." Derrick Morgan** was a musical artist in 1960s and 70s. ... For the treaty establishing the General Postal Union, see Treaty of Bern. ... Not to be confused with copywriting. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... In the early 1960s, one of the most popular forms of rock and roll was surf rock. ... This article is about the reggae musician. ... The Wailers was a ska, rocksteady and reggae group formed in Kingston, Jamaica in 1963, consisting of Junior Braithwaite, Beverley Kelso, Bunny Livingston (aka Bunny Wailer), Bob Marley, Peter McIntosh (aka Peter Tosh), and Cherry Smith. ... And I Love Her is a song by The Beatles and is the fifth track on their third album, A Hard Days Night. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Highway 61 Revisited track listing Like a Rolling Stone (1) Tombstone Blues (2) Music sample: Bob Dylan - Like a Rolling Stone 30 seconds (of 6:10) Problems listening to the file? See media help. ...


Byron Lee & the Dragonaires performed ska with Prince Buster, Eric "Monty" Morris, and Jimmy Cliff at the 1964 New York World's Fair. As music changed in the United States, so did ska. In 1965 and 1966, when American soul became slower and smoother, ska changed its sound accordingly and evolved into rocksteady.[8][7] Byron Lee and the Dragonaires is one of the best known Jamaican band . ... Eric Monty Morris is recognised in Jamaica, alongside Laurel Aitken and Derrick Morgan as a primal ska performer. ... Jimmy Cliff, real name James Chambers OM (Jamaica) (born April 1, 1948, in St Catherine, Jamaica) is a Jamaican reggae musician, best known among mainstream audiences for songs like Sittin in Limbo, You Can Get It If You Really Want and Many Rivers to Cross from The Harder They Come... View of the New York Worlds Fair 1964/1965 as seen from the observation towers of the New York State pavilion. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


2 Tone

Main article: 2 Tone

The 2 Tone genre, which began in the late 1970s in England, was a fusion of Jamaican ska rhythms and melodies with punk rock's uncompromising lyrics and aggressive guitar chords.[8] Compared to 1960s ska, 2 Tone music had faster tempos, fuller instrumentation and a harder edge. The genre was named after 2 Tone Records, a record label founded by Jerry Dammers of The Specials. Although 2 Tone bands were respectful to the original Jamaican ska artists, The Specials failed to credit musicians such as Prince Buster, Toots & the Maytals and Dandy Livingstone as the composers of songs on their 1979 debut vinyl release. However, in many cases, the reworking of classic ska songs turned the originals into hits again in the United Kingdom. The 2 Tone movement promoted racial unity at a time when racial tensions were high in the UK. Most of the 2 Tone bands had multiracial lineups, such as The Beat (known as English Beat in North America) and The Selecter.[1] Although only on the 2 Tone label for one single, Madness were one of the most effective bands at bringing the 2 Tone genre into the mainstream. This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For the popular Tamil film, see Rhythm (film). ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Typical fingering for a second inversion C major chord on a guitar. ... For other uses, see Tempo (disambiguation). ... 2 Tone Records was a British record label which released ska and reggae influenced music with a punk overtone. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Jerry Dammers (born Jeremy Dammers on 22 May 1955, in Ootacamund, India) was the founder and keyboard player of the Coventry-based ska band, The Specials (later changed to The Special A.K.A.). He also contributed in founding the 2 Tone record label, which helped to popularize the new... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Cecil Bustamente Campbell (born May 28, 1938), better known as Prince Buster, is a musician from Kingston, Jamaica and regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of ska and rocksteady music. ... Toots and the Maytals, originally called simply The Maytals, are considered legends of ska and reggae music. ... Robert Livingstone Thompson (born 1944), better known as Dandy Livingstone, is a Jamaican reggae musician and producer best known for his 1972 hit Suzanne Beware of the Devil and for his song Rudy, A Message to You, which was later a hit for The Specials. ... Anti-racism includes beliefs, actions, movements, and policies adopted or developed to oppose racism. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial quota... The Beat, known in North America as The English Beat, was one of the most important 2 Tone ska music groups. ... North American redirects here. ... The Selecters Three Minute Hero single cover The Selecter were a 2 Tone ska revival band from Coventry, England, formed in the late 1970s. ... Madness are a British pop/ska band from Camden Town, London, that formed in 1976. ...


Third wave ska

Main articles: Third wave ska and Ska punk

In the 1980s, bands influenced by the 2 Tone ska revival began to form in the United States and other countries.[8] The first well-known American ska revival band was The Toasters, who played in a 2 Tone-influenced sound and paved the way for the third wave ska movement. Other notable early third wave ska bands included The Uptones, Fishbone and Operation Ivy. Third wave ska is a music genre derived from the fusion of Jamaican ska with various American and British styles of music, such as 2 Tone, rock music, punk rock, pop punk, hardcore and jazz. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The Toasters are a third wave ska band from New York formed in 1981 by Robert Bucket Hingley. ... Third wave ska is a music genre derived from the fusion of Jamaican ska with various American and British styles of music, such as 2 Tone, rock music, punk rock, pop punk, hardcore and jazz. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fishbone is an alternative rock band that plays a fusion of funk, ska, punk rock, reggae, heavy metal and more. ... Operation Ivy were an influential ska-punk band that originated from the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


Many third wave ska bands played ska punk (sometimes known as ska-core), which took 2 Tone and increased the punk rock elements. However, some third wave ska bands — such as The Allstonians, Hepcat and The Slackers — continued to play in a more traditional 1960s-influenced style. By the early 1990s, ska revival and ska punk bands were forming throughout the United States and many other countries. An enormous growth of the ska punk genre occurred after the ska-core band Mighty Mighty Bosstones signed with Mercury Records in 1993 and appeared in the film Clueless with their first mainstream hit "Someday I Suppose". No Doubt, Sublime, Reel Big Fish and Less Than Jake also gave the ska genre more mainstream attention. By the late 1990s, mainstream interest in third wave ska bands had waned as other music genres gained momentum.[9] Some of the most popular ska punk bands have maintained a steady following in the 2000s, although many of those bands have moved away from their earlier ska-influenced sound to embrace other genres.[9] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... The Allstonians are a third-wave reggae/ska music group formed in Allston, Massachusetts in 1992. ... Hepcat is a third-wave ska band formed in southern California in 1989. ... The Slackers are one of the more well-known bands emerging from the New York City ska scene, having been formed in Brooklyn in 1991. ... The Mighty Mighty Bosstones were a ska-core band from Boston, Massachusetts (Bosstones being a play on Boston). They are credited, along with bands such as Operation Ivy and The Suicide Machines, with creating the ska-core genre, a form of ska punk that mixes to various degrees elements of... Mercury Records is a record label currently headquartered in the UK, and is a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. ... Clueless is a 1995 comedy film loosely based on Emma by Jane Austen, but set in a Beverly Hills high school. ... For other uses, see No Doubt (disambiguation). ... Sublime was a American band that originated in Long Beach, California. ... Reel Big Fish is an American ska punk band, best known for the 1997 hit Sell Out. ... Less Than Jake is an American ska punk band from Gainesville, Florida. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d "Ska". Encyclopædia Britannica. Hussey Dermot. http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article-9118222. Retrieved on February 2, 2007. 
  2. ^ Subcultures, pop music and politics: skinheads and "Nazi rock" in England and Germany | Journal of Social History | Find Articles at BNET.com
  3. ^ Smiling Smash: An Interview with Cathal Smyth, a.k.a Chas Smash, of Madness - Ska/Reggae - 08/16/99
  4. ^ Marshall, George (1991). Spirit of '69 - A Skinhead Bible. Dunoon, Scotland: S.T. Publishing. ISBN 1-898927-10-3)
  5. ^ Inspecter 7
  6. ^ Ska Revival (Web). Genre Listing. All Music Guide (2007). Retrieved on February 2, 2007.
  7. ^ a b c d Nidel, Richard O. (2005). World Music: The Basics. New York, New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, 282. ISBN 0-415-96800-3. 
  8. ^ a b c Moskowitz, David V. (2006). Caribbean Popular Music. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 270. ISBN 0-313-33158-8. 
  9. ^ a b Gulla, Bob (2006). The Greenwood Encycloepdia of Rock History, Volume Six. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 47. ISBN 0-313-32981-8. 

New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford Region South Western Region Incorporated 1835 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - First selectman Gordon F. Joseloff  - Town meeting moderator Alice H. Shelton Area  - City 86. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford Region South Western Region Incorporated 1835 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - First selectman Gordon F. Joseloff  - Town meeting moderator Alice H. Shelton Area  - City 86. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ...

Further reading

  • Du Noyer, Paul (2003). "Ska", The Billboard Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music. New York City: Billboard Books, 350-351. ISBN 0-8230-7869-8. 

New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

See also

This is a list of notable bands and soloists who have performed ska or ska-influenced music at some point in their careers. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

External links

Ska

Mento - Calypso - Jazz - R&B - Rocksteady - Reggae - 2 Tone - Third wave ska - Ska jazz - Ska punk - J-ska - List of ska musicians - Music of Jamaica - Caribbean music genres - Caribbean music in the UK - Culture of Jamaica - Dance Hall (venue) - Skank (dance) - Sound system (Jamaican) - Toasting - Jamaican record producers - Studio One - Trojan Records - Blue Beat Records - 2 Tone Records - Moon Ska Records - Asian Man Records
Rude boy - Mod - Skinhead - Trojan skinhead - Suedehead - Scooterboy
Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... R&B redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Third wave ska is a music genre derived from the fusion of Jamaican ska with various American and British styles of music, such as 2 Tone, rock music, punk rock, pop punk, hardcore and jazz. ... Ska jazz is a musical form derived by combining the melodic content of jazz with the rhythmical and harmonic content of ska. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Japanese ska or J-ska is ska (スカ) or ska punk music made in Japan by Japanese artists with lyrics in the Japanese language or in English. ... This is a list of notable bands and soloists who have performed ska or ska-influenced music at some point in their careers. ... Jamaica is the birthplace of many popular musical genres, the most well known of which is reggae but also including raggamuffin, ska and dub music. ... The music of the Caribbean is a diverse grouping of musical genres. ... Jamaican music in the United Kingdom // White Reggae White reggae has very low artistic credibility, but it laid a path for genuine reggae in Britain. ... Jamaican culture represents a rich blend of cultures that have inhabited the island. ... The dance halls of Jamaica in the 1950s and 60s were home to public dances usually targeted at younger patrons. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In the context of Jamaican popular culture, a sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing ska, rocksteady or reggae music. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Chris Blackwell Lloyd Barnes Richard Browne Clive Chin Lloyd Daley Clement Dodd Clancy Eccles Rupie Edwards Roy Francis Boris Gardiner Joe Gibbs (record producer) Jeremy Harding Derrick Harriott Harry Johnson Niney the Observer Joseph Hoo Kim Keith Hudson Clive Hunt King Jammy Tony CD Kelly Dave Kelly King Tubby Leslie... Studio One is one of reggaes most renowned record labels and recording studios, having been described as the Motown of Jamaica. ... Trojan Records Trojan Records is a label specialising in ska,rocksteady,reggae and dub music. ... Blue Beat Records was a record label that released Jamaican rhythm & blues and ska music in the United Kingdom in the early and mid 1960s. ... 2 Tone Records was a British record label which released ska and reggae influenced music with a punk overtone. ... Moon Ska Records was one of the most influential ska record labels of the 1980s and 1990s. ... Asian Mans Logo resembling the South Korean flag Asian Man Records is a small, DIY record label run by Mike Park out of his parents garage in Monte Sereno, California. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skinheads, named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, are a working-class subculture that originated in the United Kingdom in the late 1960s, and then spread to other parts of the world. ... Trojan Skinhead is a subculture of skinheads who identify themselves with the subcultures heyday in 1969 when ska music was at its most popular, and with the cults multicultural Jamaican and British working class roots (called The Spirit of 69). Bands/artists The Ethiopians Judge Dread Laurel Aitken... Suedehead was an early-1970s offshoot of the skinhead subculture in the United Kingdom. ... Originating in the United Kingdom in the 1980s, scooterboy culture emerged from mods and skinheads, although it became a distinct and separate subculture. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
SKA! (185 words)
It was said to be a new light in the neverending story of death, violence and upbeat feelings.
A collection of reviews of lots of ska bands.
Was Chelsea Clinton at a ska show in Connecticut?
Ska | Definition | Information | Explanation | Review | WikiCity.com - Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia, Free Content, ... (443 words)
SKA is also a three letter acronym for square kilometer array.
The music of ska is known for the placement of the accented guitar and piano rhythms on the upbeats.
Ska's popularity has waxed and waned since its original inception, and has had revivals of note in England in the 1980s (known as Two-Tone), and another wave of popularity in the 1990s (referred to as Third Wave Ska).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m