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Encyclopedia > Sjambok

The sjambok is the traditional heavy leather whip of South Africa, sometimes seens as synonymous with Apartheid but actually much older and still used outside the offiical judiciary. It is made from an adult hippopotamus (or rhinoceros) hide, or possibly from the penis of a male animal of either species. A whip is a cord or strap, usually with a stiff handle, used for delivering blows to human beings or animals as a means of control or punishment or torture. ... Binomial name Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus, 1758 The Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) or Greek ἵππόποταμος (river horse) is a large, plant-eating African mammal, one of only two living and three (or four) recently extinct species in the family Hippopotamidae. ... Species Ceratotherium simum Dicerorhinus sumatrensis Diceros bicornis Rhinoceros unicornis Coelodonta antiquitatis (extinct) A rhinoceros (commonly called a rhino for short) is any of five surviving species of odd-toed ungulate in the family Rhinocerotidae. ...

The name seems to have originated as cambuk in Indonesia, where it was the name of a wooden rod for punishing slaves. When Malayan slaves were imported to South Africa, the instrument and its name were imported with them, the material was changed to hide, and the name was finally incorporated into the Afrikaans, spelled as sjambok. The word slaves has several meanings and usages: People who are owned by others, and live to serve them without pay. ... Three-quarter scale bronze sculptures 19th C. Malay people, Indonesia, Borneo. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia. ...

A strip of the animal's hide is cut and carved into a strip 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) long, tapering from about 1 inch (25 mm) thick at the handle to about 3/8” (9 mm) at the tip. This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ... The metre, symbol: m, is the basic unit of distance (or of length, in the parlance of the physical sciences) in the International System of Units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

This strip is then rolled until reaching a near circular form. The resulting whip is as flexible as whalebone, and very tough. Baleen (also called whalebone) is a substance made of keratin and is therefore stiff but somewhat elastic. ...

  • When a similar instrument is made from another animal’s hide, it is called a litupa.
  • The instrument is also known as kiboko (the name for the hippopotamus) in Kiswahili and as mnigolo in Malinke.

In the Portuguese African colonies and Congo Free Stateit was called a Chicote, from the Portuguese word for whip. However it could then be rendered even more lacerating by adding, say, nails. In the Belgian Congo, the instrument was also known as "fimbo" and was used to force labor from local people through flogging, sometimes to death. The official tarif for punishment in this case was lowered in time from twenty strokes to eight, then (in 1949) six, and progressively four and two, until flogging was outlawed completely in 1955. The South African Police Service is the national police force of South Africa. ... Riot policemen from a Sheriff department in the United States. ... Kiswahili is an alternative name for the Swahili language, derived from the expression lugha ya Kiswahili, which is what speakers of Swahili call their language. ... The Malinké are an African ethnic group. ... The Congo Free State was a kingdom privately and controversially owned by King Leopold II of Belgium that included the entire area now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
The Mighty Sjambok (4199 words)
The use of the Sjambok is that widespread and it is that dangerous on the person targeted.
The best one with the Sjambok is to be chambered for a #2 strike, which is a back-handed strike where your right hand is chambered for that #2 and your right hand is near your left pectoral muscle.
If the Sjambok was a sinuous razor blade, you would be cutting yourself, the back and outside of your own leg, your right arm lifts, the right hand still has the palm facing rearward and the thumb oriented to the ground.
  More results at FactBites »



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