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Encyclopedia > Sixth United States Army
Sixth United States Army

Sixth Army Shoulder Insignia
Active January 1943 - October 1994
Country United States
Branch Regular Army
Army Reserve
Type Field Army
Nickname Alamo Force
Battles/wars World War II
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Walter Krueger
Joseph Stilwell

The Sixth United States Army was a field army of the United States Army. It was activated in January 1943, commanded by Lieutenant General Walter Krueger. Under the code name Alamo Force, it assumed control of the majority of US Army units involved in Operation Cartwheel, the campaign to isolate the neutralise the Japanese base at Rabaul in New Britain. Following the completion of Cartwheel, Sixth Army joined Australian Army and other US forces on the north coast of New Guinea. Similar in conception to the island hopping operations of the central Pacific, the object of the attacks was to land, establish a garrison and airfield which could support the next strike, and then move on. 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... The Regular Army is the permanent force of the United States Army that is maintained during peacetime, as opposed to those persons who may be part of a reserve or national guard outfit. ... The United States Army Reserve is the federal reserve force of the United States Army. ... A nations army is its military, or more specifically, all of its land forces. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Walter Krueger (1881-1967) was a German-American soldier and general in the first half of the 20th century. ... Joseph Warren Stilwell (March 19, 1883 – October 12, 1946) was a United States Army four-star general best-known for his service in China. ... A nations army is its military, or more specifically, all of its land forces. ... Walter Krueger (1881-1967) was a German-American soldier and general in the first half of the 20th century. ... The United States Army is one of the armed forces of the United States and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The eastern part of the Territory of New Guinea, and the northern Solomon Islands; the area in which Operation Cartwheel took place, from June 1943. ... A view from Rabaul Volcano Observatory across the relatively undamaged western half of Rabaul and towards Tavurur Rabaul, Papua New Guinea, was the headquarters of German New Guinea and then the Australian mandatory territory of New Guinea from 1910 until 1937, the base of Japanese activities in the South Pacific... (This article is about the island of New Britain in Papua New Guinea. ... The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ...


In September 1944, Sixth Army was released from operations in New Guinea by the US Eighth Army. On 20 October 1944, X Corps and XXIV Corps, under Sixth Army, invaded Leyte in the Philippines. By December, Leyte was almost secure, and Sixth Army was relieved again by Eighth Army to prepare for the invasion of Luzon. As a prelude to that invasion, the island of Mindoro was invaded by the Western Visayan Task Force comprising the 19th and 503rd Regimental Combat Teams. Luzon itself was invaded on 9 January 1945 by I and XIV Corps. Sixth Army units fought south until they met up those of Eighth Army advancing from around Manila. Sixth Army then continued to clear the north of Luzon until the end of the war. The US Eighth Army is the commanding formation of all US Army troops in South Korea. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... X Corps was a unit of the United States Army that took part in the invasion of Leyte under Sixth Army during 1944. ... Leyte (pronounced LAY-teh or LAY-tee) is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Beach in Northern Mindoro Mindoro is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Walter Krueger Tadamichi Kuribayashi Strength 68,000 unknown Casualties none none The Invasion of Lingayen Gulf was an American amphibious operation of WWII carried out in the Phillipines. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Unit crest of the United States Army I Corps, Americas Corps. ... The history of XIV Army Corps in World War II dates from December, 1942. ... The City of Manila (Filipino: Lungsod ng Maynila), or simply Manila, is the capital of the Philippines and one of the municipalities that comprise Metro Manila. ...


Sixth Army was to have provided the ground forces for the first phase of the invasion of Japan, but the surrender changed that. Occupation duty then followed for a short while until Sixth Army returned to the United States. Sixth Army then took responsibility for training of Army forces from part of the continental United States until it was inactivated as part of force reductions.


See also

Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Walter Krueger Tadamichi Kuribayashi Strength 68,000 unknown Casualties none none The Invasion of Lingayen Gulf was an American amphibious operation of WWII carried out in the Phillipines. ...

Resources


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U.S. Sixth Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (339 words)
The United States Sixth Army was activated in January 1943, commanded by Lieutenant General Walter Krueger.
Sixth Army was to have provided the ground forces for the first phase of the invasion of Japan, but the surrender changed that.
Sixth Army then took responsibility for training of Army forces from part of the continental United States until it was inactivated as part of force reductions.
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