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Encyclopedia > Six yogas of Naropa

The six yogas of Naropa describe a set of advanced Tibetan Buddhist tantric meditation practices compiled in and around the time of the Indian monk and mystic Naropa (1016-1100 C.E.), and conveyed to his student Marpa the translator. The six yogas were intended in part to help in the attainment of enlightenment in an accelerated manner. Tibetan Buddhism — formerly also called Lamaism, after their religious gurus known as lamas — is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and the Himalayan region. ... Tantra (Sanskrit: loom), tantric yoga or tantrism is any of several esoteric traditions rooted in the religions of India. ... // Overview In the late nineteenth century, Theosophists adopted meditation to refer to various spiritual practices drawn from Hinduism, Buddhism, and other Eastern religions. ... Naropa (Tibetan; Sanskrit: Nadaprada, 1016-1100) was an Indian Buddhist mystic and monk, the pupil of Tilopa, who in turn taught Marpa. ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... Events William II of England dies in a hunting accident - Henry I becomes King of England King Henry I proclaims the Charter of Liberties, one of the first examples of a constitution. ... A traditional depiction of Marpa painted on a rock on Holy Isle, Firth of Clyde Marpa Lotsawa (1012-1097), or Marpa the translator was a Tibetan Buddhist teacher credited with the transmission of many Buddhist teachings to Tibet from India, including the teachings and lineages of vajrayana and mahamudra. ... ...


Though variously translated, the six yogas generally conform to the following conceptual list:

  1. Tumo (or Tummo)—the Yoga of Psychic Heat
  2. Karmamudra—the Yoga of the four Mudras
  3. Jangwa, Gyurwa, Pelwa—the Yoga of Dream Time (Bardo)
  4. Ösel—the Yoga of the Clear Light Mind
  5. Gyulu—the Yoga of the Illusory Body (Dream Yoga or Resurrection)
  6. Powa—the Yoga of the transference of consciousness (expulsion of the mind from the body)

As Naropa is a Kagyu lineage holder, the six meditative practices are strongly associated with the Kagyu lineage of Tibetan Buddhism. Naropa's student Marpa taught the Tibetan Milarepa, renowned for his yogic skills. Milarepa in turn taught Gampopa. Gampopa's student, the future first Karmapa, Düsum Khyenpa, attained enlightenment while practicing the Fifth Yoga (also known as "Dream Yoga"). Tumo (also spelled Tummo, or Tum-mo ) is a Tibetan term for an advanced type of contemplative practice, or meditation. ... The Tibetan word Bardo means literally intermediate state - also translated as transitional state or in-between state. In Sanskrit the concept has the name antarabhava. ... It has been suggested that Resurrection of the dead be merged into this article or section. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Kagyu (Wylie transliteration: Bka-brgyud) school (known as the Oral Lineage and the Spotless Practice Lineage school) is one of four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism, the other three being Nyingma (Rnying-ma), Sakya (Sa-skya), and Gelug (Dge-lugs). ... A traditional depiction of Marpa painted on a rock on Holy Isle, Firth of Clyde Marpa Lotsawa (1012-1097), or Marpa the translator was a Tibetan Buddhist teacher credited with the transmission of many Buddhist teachings to Tibet from India, including the teachings and lineages of vajrayana and mahamudra. ... Jetsun Milarepa (Wylie: Rje-btsun Mi-la-ras-pa), 1052-1135 (approx) was one of one of Tibets most famous yogis and poets, a student of Marpa Lotsawa, and a major figure in the history of the Kagyu (Bka-brgyud) school of Tibetan Buddhism. ... Gampopa or Dakpo Rinpoche (1016-1053) was the formost student of the Tibetan Buddhist teacher Milarepa. ... Düsum Khyenpa (Wylie transliteration: Dus gsum Mkhyen pa) (1110 - 1193) was the 1st Gyalwa Karmapa, head of the Kagyu (bka rgyud) school of Tibetan Buddism. ...


The Karmapa, the first figure in Tibetan Buddhism to reincarnate, has been strongly associated in certain reincarnations with particular yogic attributes. Many Gelukpa practitioners, including the Dalai Lama, are expert in the six yogas of Naropa. The Karmapa is the head of the Karma Kagyu (Bka rgyud), the largest of the lineages that make up the Kagyu school, one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. ... In Tibetan Buddhism, a tulku is the reincarnation of a lama or other spiritually significant figure. ... The Geluk or Gelug (Wylie transliteration: Dge-lugs, Tibetan: དགེ་ལུགས་པ་) school of Buddhism was founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), a philosopher and tibetan religious leader. ... The 14th and current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (born 1935) The 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso (1876-1933) In Tibetan Buddhism, the successive Dalai Lamas (taa-lai bla-ma) form a tulku lineage of Gelugpa leaders which trace back to 1391. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Six Yogas of Naropa: Tsongkhapa's Commentary (1678 words)
The six practices-inner heat, illsory bosy, clear light, consciousness transference, forceful projection and bardo yoga-gradually came to prevade thousands of monastaries, nunneries, and hermitages throughout Central Asia over the past five and a half centuries.
Naropa (or, in a less Tibetanized form, Naro) was an Indian Buddhist sage, renowned in Tibet as one of the teachers of Marpa the Translator (born 1012), whose several disciples stand at the heads of many teaching lineages, and the Monastic Orders with which they or their own disciples are associated.
The "Six Doctrines/Yogas/Teachings of Naropa" are a set of advanced Tantric techniques, which Marpa is said to have received from Naropa; although there is some dispute over whether this synthesis was Naropa's or he himself had derived it from his teacher, Tilopa.
The Tibetan Book of the Dead: The Art of Dying (1592 words)
The Six Doctrines are comprised of the yogas of mystic heat (tum-mo, gtum mo), radiant clear light (ö-sel, Îod gsal), illusory body (gyu-lu, sgyu lus), dream state (mi-lam, rmi lam), intermediate state (bardo), and transference of consciousness (phowa, Îpho ba).
Directly connected with the yoga of transference is the esoteric method of forceful projection or drong-juk, in which a practitioner projects his or her own consciousness into a corpse of either a dead human being or animal.
The Six Doctrines (or Yogas) of Niguma (Nigu Chö Druk, ni gu chos drug) were transmitted in a vision directly through the female yogini Sukha Siddhi to the Tibetan poet and scholar-practitioner Khyung-po Nenjor, founder of the obscure Shang-pa Kagyu sect or "Transmission of the Oral Teaching of Shang Valley" (shangs pa bkaâ brgyud).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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