Siuna is a municipality in the Región Autónoma del Atlántico Nortedepartment of Nicaragua. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... RegiÃ³n AutÃ³noma del AtlÃ¡ntico Norte, sometimes shortened to RAAN, is an autonomous region in Nicaragua. ... Nicaragua is a unitary republic. ...
Siuna is just 75 kilometers east of the site once occupied by the notorious Mulukukú military base, which served as a training school for young people carrying out their military service with the Sandinista Army during the eighties.
Siuna, now a militarized citadel, provides a good case study of the paranoia so typical of caudillo politicians, which inflates out of all proportion conflicts that would be much easier to handle with a modicum of sense and negotiating skill.
Siuna has recently witnessed the emergence of combined cattle ranching and coffee growing entrepreneurs who are accumulating agrarian reform properties from the peasant and cooperative sectors suffering decapitalization.
When the National Water Provider in Nicaragua, INAA, surveyed Siuna's problematic water situation two years ago, they found the Uly to be one of the few remaining sources of clean water in the region.
The Uly offers a source of water that might reduce the intestinal problems among Siuna's residents that result from drinking water from shallow, unsanitary wells or rivers closer to town, which often are contaminated by human waste from upriver communities.
Mining, logging and slash and burn agriculture by local farmers and cattle ranchers have contributed to decline in quality of the town's three reservoirs and now the practices threaten the ecology of the reserve, as well as the lifestyles of the indigenous communities.
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