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Encyclopedia > Situation comedy

A situation comedy, usually referred to as a sit-com, is a genre of comedy programs which originated in radio. Today, sitcoms are found almost exclusively on television as one of its dominant narrative forms. Sitcoms usually consist of recurring characters in a common environment such as a home or workplace. Sitcom is a 1998 satirical movie directed by François Ozon that shows the unlikely coming apart of a bourgeois family that is morally bankrupted when their father introduces a new pet, a white rat. ... For the gay mens lifestyle magazine, see Genre (magazine). ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... A narrative is a construct created in a suitable medium (speech, writing, images) that describes a sequence of fictional or non-fictional events. ...

Characteristics

As opposed to "standup" comedy, or the telling of jokes, the situation comedy has a storyline plot and is more or less comedic drama. The essence of the current, modern situation comedy on television is that the characters remain in the same situation from episode to episode. The situation is usually that of a family, workplace, or a group of friends. The term was adopted to distinguish the sitcom from other comedy formats: sketch comedy, which generally featured new characters and situations each outing, or the humorous monologue or dialogue, which did not feature characters. Often these other formats were presented within a variety format mixed with musical performances, as in Vaudeville. The emerging mass medium of radio allowed audiences to return to programs over and over, which allowed programs to return to the same characters and situations each episode and expect audiences to be familiar with them. Thus, while the humor in sitcoms varies, it is usually character-driven, which may result in running gags during the series. Sketch Show redirects here. ... This article is about the musical variety theatre. ... The running gag is a popular hallmark of comic and serious forms of entertainment. ...


Due to the need to retain the same situation over many episodes, in many sitcoms characters remained largely static. Events of individual episodes typically resolve themselves by the end, and are rarely mentioned in subsequent episodes. This episodic nature is mirrored in many dramas as well, but there are also many sitcoms that feature story arcs across many episodes, where the characters and situations slowly change over the course of their run.


History

Comedies from past civilizations, such as those of Aristophanes in Ancient Greece, Terence and Plautus in Ancient Rome, and numerous examples including Shakespeare, Moliere, the Commedia dell'Arte and the Punch and Judy shows from post-Renaissance Europe, are the ancestors of the modern sitcom. Some of the characters, pratfalls, routines and situations as preserved in eyewitness accounts and in the texts of the plays themselves, are remarkably similar to those in earlier modern sitcoms such as I Love Lucy and The Honeymooners. For other uses, see Aristophanes (disambiguation). ... The term ancient Greece refers to the periods of Greek history in Classical Antiquity, lasting ca. ... Publius Terentius Afer, better known as Terence, was a comic playwright of the Roman Republic. ... Titus Macchius Plautus, generally referred to simply as Plautus, was a playwright of Ancient Rome. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Molière, engraved frontispiece to his Works Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, better known as Molière (January 15, 1622 - February 17, 1673), was a French theatre writer, director and actor, one of the masters of comic satire. ... Commedia redirects here. ... For other uses, see Punch and Judy (disambiguation). ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... I Love Lucy is a popular American situation comedy, starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... For the 2005 film, see The Honeymooners (film). ...


Radio

The situation comedy format was born on January 12, 1926 with the initial broadcast of Sam 'n' Henry on WGN in Chicago. The 15-minute daily program was revamped in 1928, moved to another station, renamed Amos 'n' Andy, and became one of the most successful sitcoms from this period. It was also one of the earliest examples of radio syndication. Like many radio programs of the time, the two programs continued the American entertainment traditions of Vaudeville and the Minstrel show. is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sam & Henry (also rendered as Sam n Henry) was a radio show which aired in 1926 and 1927 by Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll. ... WGN-AM is a radio station on 720 kHz in Chicago, co-owned with WGN-TV. WGN-AMs transmitter is located in Elk Grove Village, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Illustrator J.J. Goulds 1930 drawing of Amos and Andy for New Movie Magazine Amos n Andy was a situation comedy popular in the United States from the 1920s through the 1950s. ... Detail from cover of The Celebrated Negro Melodies, as Sung by the Virginia Minstrels, 1843 The minstrel show, or minstrelsy, was an American entertainment consisting of comic skits, variety acts, dancing, and music, performed by white people in blackface or, especially after the American Civil War, African Americans in blackface. ...


The Jack Benny Program was another important and formative sitcom, beginning in 1932 and lasting until 1955 on radio, then continuing for a number of additional years on television. For a few years before 1955, the show had versions on both radio and television. The Jack Benny Program, starring Jack Benny, was a radio-TV comedy series which ran for more than three decades and is generally regarded as a high-water mark in 20th-century comedy. ...


Fibber McGee and Molly was one of the most successful sitcoms of all time, airing on radio from 1935 to 1959. The show starred vaudevillians James "Jim" and Marian Driscoll Jordan and also had its roots in Chicago. Fibber McGee and Molly was a radio show that played a major role in determining the full form of what became classic, old-time radio. ...


In 1947, Beulah became the first radio sitcom featuring an African-American in the lead role. Beulah magazine ad For other uses, see Beulah. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


Television

In the late 1940s, the sitcom was among the first formats adapted for the new medium of television. Most sitcoms were a half-hour in length and aired weekly. Many of the earliest sitcoms were direct adaptations of existing radio shows, such as Amos 'n' Andy or The Jack Benny Program, or vehicles for existing radio stars such as Burns and Allen (The Burns and Allen Show) Morgy and Shoo and film stars such as Abbott and Costello (The Abbott and Costello Show). Early sitcoms were broadcast live and recorded on kinescopes or not recorded at all. Illustrator J.J. Goulds 1930 drawing of Amos and Andy for New Movie Magazine Amos n Andy was a situation comedy popular in the United States from the 1920s through the 1950s. ... The Jack Benny Program, starring Jack Benny, was a radio-TV comedy series which ran for more than three decades and is generally regarded as a high-water mark in 20th-century comedy. ... George Burns & Gracie Allen Burns and Allen were an American comedy duo consisting of George Burns and his wife, Gracie Allen. ... George Burns and Gracie Allen arrive for a personal appearance in 1933. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Abbott and Costello Show, a half-hour television sitcom starring the popular comedy team of Bud Abbott and Lou Costello that originally aired 1952-1954, is regarded among the most influential comedy programs in history. ... Kinescope (IPA: ) originally referred to the cathode ray tube used in television monitors. ...


The television adaptation of Beulah in 1950 became the first TV sitcom with an African-American lead.


An early innovator in the history of sitcoms is Desi Arnaz who is credited with the first successful use of the multiple-camera setup, where three cameras shoot the action on stage simultaneously and the best shots from each of the cameras are later edited together. I Love Lucy, the extremely popular show that Arnaz and his wife Lucille Ball created and starred in together, was also among the first to record all episodes on film, and he is thus also credited with foreseeing the viability of the rerun. Desi Arnaz (born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III) (March 2, 1917 – December 2, 1986) was a Cuban American musician, actor and television producer. ... The multiple-camera setup (aka, multiple-camera mode of production) is a method of shooting films and television programs. ... I Love Lucy is a popular American situation comedy, starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an iconic American comedienne, film, television, stage and radio actress, glamour girl and star of the landmark sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show and Heres Lucy. ... Rerun van Pelt is the name of Linus and Lucys younger brother in the comic strip Peanuts. ...


Eventually, sitcoms began to divide themselves into domestic comedies and workplace comedies. The earliest domestic comedies include Ruth DeVoure's Mama's Little Babies,The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, The Honeymooners, and Make Room for Daddy. The earliest workplace comedies include Our Miss Brooks and Mr. Peepers, both set in high schools, and The Phil Silvers Show, which was set on a US Army post. The Nelson family The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, an American radio and television series, was once the longest-running, live-action situation comedy on American television, having aired on ABC from 1952 to 1966 after a ten-year run on radio. ... For the 2005 film, see The Honeymooners (film). ... The Danny Thomas Show (also known as Make Room for Daddy for the first three seasons) was a comedy television series starring Danny Thomas, Jean Hagen, Rusty Hamer, Sherry Jackson and Louise Beavers. ... Our Miss Brooks, an American situation comedy, began as a radio hit in 1948 and migrated to television in 1952, becoming one of the earlier hits of the so-called Golden Age of Television, and making a star out of Eve Arden as comely, wisecracking, but humane high school English... Mr. ... Opening Logo The Phil Silvers Show (originally titled Youll Never Get Rich) was a comedy television series which ran on CBS from 1955 to 1959 for a total of 143 episodes (including a 1959 special). ...


The animated sitcom was born during this period with Hanna-Barbera's The Flintstones and The Jetsons. The latter show was the first example of the science fiction sitcom subgenre. Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ... The Flintstones is an animated American television sitcom which ran from 1960 to 1966 on ABC. Produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions, The Flintstones is about a working class Stone Age mans life with his family and his next door neighbor and best friend. ... The Jetsons is a prime-time animated television series that was produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. ... The science fiction sitcom genre is a relatively new one having started significant growth only during the last few decades of the twentieth century. ...


By the mid-1960s, sitcom creators began adding more fantastical elements to live action sitcoms. Monsters and ghouls were featured as regular characters in The Munsters and The Addams Family created from a series of cartoon comics. Genies and witches featured in I Dream of Jeannie and Bewitched, respectively. Sherwood Schwartz created the somewhat implausible Gilligan's Island. Also popular were the spy and superhero parodies Get Smart and Batman. Many of these shows returned to the practice of the single camera filming style, which was more practical given the visual effects used in these shows. Overall, the late 1960s was a period of greater production values for sitcoms. This allowed for the careful creation of special effects and sharp editing, features which were not possible with the same finesse in a multi-camera production. Many of these programs were not filmed before live audiences, yet featured a laugh track. The Munsters was a 1960s American television comedy depicting the home life of a family of monsters. ... The Addams Family is an American television series based on the characters in Charles Addams New Yorker cartoons. ... For the episode of The Twilight zone, see I Dream of Genie (The Twilight Zone). ... This article is about an American television sitcom. ... Sherwood Charles Schwartz (b. ... For the NES (Nintendo Entertainment System) video game, see The Adventures of Gilligans Island. ... For other uses, see Get Smart (disambiguation). ... This article is about the 1960s television series. ... A single camera setup is used to shoot some studio-produced television programs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Another trend beginning in the 1960s was the expansion of the domestic comedy beyond the nuclear family or married couple. The Andy Griffith Show and My Three Sons featured widowers and their children while shows like The Partridge Family and Norman Seling's I Dig It You Dig It, concerned widows and her children. One notable sitcom from this period is Sherwood Schwartz's The Brady Bunch, which centered on a blended family, perhaps the best-known domestic comedy in US television history. For other uses, see Andy Griffith (disambiguation). ... My Three Sons was a situation comedy that ran from September 29, 1960 to August 24, 1972. ... The Partridge Family was an American television sitcom about a widowed mother and her five children living in San Pueblo, a small fictional town in Northern California, originally broadcast on ABC from 1970 to 1974. ... The Brady Bunch is an American television situation comedy, based around a large blended family. ... A stepfamily is the family one acquires when a parent marries someone new. ...


The musical sitcom become an important and popular sub-genre of sitcoms in the mid 1960s through early 1970s with The Monkees, which played off of the success of The Beatles, and with The Partridge Family. The Monkees were a pop-rock quartet created and based in Los Angeles in 1965 for an NBC American television series of the same name. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ...


Also in the early 1970s, sitcoms began to address controversial issues in a serious way, and largely returned to the three-camera shoot before live audiences. Many programs began to be recorded to video, as opposed to film, during this time as well. In the US Norman Lear is largely credited with the social issues development through his sitcoms All in the Family, based on Johnny Speight's Till Death Us Do Part in the United Kingdom, and its spin-offs Maude, The Jeffersons, and Good Times, all in the US. Also in Britain was Ray Galton and Alan Simpson's Steptoe and Son, which also had a US remake in Sanford and Son. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For other uses, see All in the Family (disambiguation). ... Johnny Speight (June 2, 1920 - July 5, 1998), was a TV scriptwriter of many classic British sitcoms. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Maude is a half-hour American television sitcom that was originally broadcast on the CBS network from September 12, 1972 until April 29, 1978. ... Jeffersons redirects here. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Ray Galton OBE (born 17 July 1930), and Alan Simpson OBE (born 27 November 1929), are British scriptwriters who met in 1948 at a tuberculosis sanatorium in London. ... Steptoe and Son is a British sitcom written by Ray Galton and Alan Simpson about two rag and bone men living in Oil Drum Lane, a fictional street in Shepherds Bush, London. ... Sanford and Son is an American sitcom that premiered on the NBC television network on January 14, 1972 and was broadcast for six seasons. ...


In 1971 El Chavo del Ocho was released, in Mexico. Based around characters in a little neighborhood called "la vecindad" it was the most popular sitcom in Latin America and Spain of the period. El Chavo Del Ocho (Spanish for: The Kid from the [apartment number] 8) is a Mexican television show that has gained a great amount of popularity in Latin America as well as in Spain and other countries. ...


Women's liberation was the backdrop in a series of female-led sitcoms produced by Grant Tinker: The Mary Tyler Moore Show, and its spin-offs Rhoda and Phyllis. Grant Tinker (born January 11, 1925) is the former chairman and CEO of NBC from 1981 to 1986, co-founder of MTM Enterprises, and television producer. ... Mary Tyler Moore is an American television sitcom created by James L. Brooks and Allan Burns that aired on CBS from September 19, 1970 to March 19, 1977. ... For other uses, see Rhoda (disambiguation). ... Phyllis was a sitcom which aired on CBS from 1975 to 1977. ...


The topic of war was addressed in the popular and long-running sitcom M*A*S*H. The producers of M*A*S*H did not want a laugh track on the show, arguing that the show did not need one, but CBS disagreed. CBS compromised by permitting the producers of the show to omit recorded laughter from scenes that took place in the operating room, if they wished. When it was shown in the UK and Germany episodes were broadcast without the laugh track. Ross Bagdasarian also refused to use a laugh track in his production of The Alvin Show. M*A*S*H is an American television series developed by Larry Gelbart, inspired by the 1968 novel MASH: A Novel About Three Army Doctors by Richard Hooker (penname for H. Richard Hornberger) and its sequels, but primarily by the 1970 film MASH, and influenced by the 1961 novel Catch... This article is about the broadcast network. ... Ross Bagdasarian (January 27, 1919 – January 16, 1972) was an American pianist, songwriter, actor, and record producer of Armenian ethnic descent, born in Fresno, California. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


Also during this time, Bob Newhart adapted his deadpan club act for television in sitcom format, which was at once a throwback to the early vaudevillian origins of sitcoms and a harbinger of the 1980s - 1990s stand-up comedian sitcom trend. George Robert Bob Newhart (born September 5, 1929) is an American stand-up comedian and actor. ... This article is about the musical variety theatre. ...


In the mid-1970s, Garry Marshall had several huge hits in the US with his trio of sitcoms Happy Days, Laverne and Shirley, and Mork and Mindy. Nostalgia for the 50s was a major theme in both Happy Days and Laverne and Shirley. Garry Kent Marshall (born November 13, 1934) is an American actor/director/writer/producer. ... For other uses, see Happy Days (disambiguation). ... Laverne & Shirley was a popular American television situation comedy which ran on ABC from 1976 to 1983. ... Mork & Mindy was a sci-fi-based American sitcom broadcast from 1978 until 1982 on the American Broadcasting Company. ... Look up nostalgia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Sex and titillation became a theme in the late 1970s with the UK sitcom Man About the House and its US remake Three's Company. Two soap opera parodies, Soap and Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman, are also notable shows from this period which pushed the envelope of what was acceptable in television sitcoms. Man About the House was a British sitcom starring Richard OSullivan, Paula Wilcox and Sally Thomsett that was broadcast for six series on ITV from 1973 to 1976. ... Threes Company is an American sitcom that ran from 1977 to 1984 on ABC. It is a remake of the British sitcom Man About the House. ... The first TIME magazine cover devoted to soap operas, dated January 12, 1976. ... Soap was a sitcom which ran on the ABC network from 1977 through 1981. ... Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman (sometimes abbreviated as MH2) was a 1976-1977 syndicated prime-time soap opera parody produced by Norman Lear and directed by Joan Darling. ...


The 1980s saw the creation of a hybrid single camera half-hour drama / sitcom called a "dramedy". Examples include United States and The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd. These were largely unsuccessful, but hour-long comedy dramas would become popular in the 1990s. Dramedy, a portmanteau of drama and comedy, is a genre of movies and television in which the lines between these very different genres were blurred. ... The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd was an NBC/Lifetime dramedy that debuted in 1987. ...


Also in the 1980s, stand-up comic Bill Cosby starred in the tremendously successful sitcom The Cosby Show, which was the earliest of the current trend of successful sitcoms built around a stand-up comic's stage persona. Comedienne Roseanne Barr continued the trend in the late 1980s with her eponymous sitcom, as did Garry Shandling (It's Garry Shandling's Show and Larry Sanders). More recently, Jerry Seinfeld (Seinfeld) and Ray Romano (Everybody Loves Raymond) have also made the transition from the brick wall to the small screen with self-starring sitcoms. Bill Cosby (born William Henry Cosby, Jr. ... The Cosby Show is an American television sitcom starring Bill Cosby, first broadcast on September 20, 1984 and ran for eight seasons on the NBC television network, until April 30, 1992. ... This article is about the actress. ... Jackie Harris redirects here. ... Garry Shandling (born November 29, 1949) is an American comedian. ... Its Garry Shandlings Show is one of the first original programs created by the fledgling Showtime network in the mid-80s to compete with original HBO comedies like Not Necessarily the News. ... The Larry Sanders Show is the name of a satirical situation comedy television series that originally screened from 1992 and 1998 on the HBO cable television network in the USA. It starred former standup comedian Garry Shandling as the shows vain, self-obsessed, neurotic host, Larry Sanders. ... This article is about the comedian. ... For other uses, see Seinfeld (disambiguation). ... Raymond Romano (born December 21, 1957 in Queens, New York) is an Emmy Award-winning and Golden Globe-nominated, American actor and comedian best known for his starring role on the sitcom Everybody Loves Raymond. ... Everybody Loves Raymond is an Emmy Award-winning American television sitcom that originally ran on CBS from September 13, 1996 to May 16, 2005. ...


By the mid-1980's, the growth of cable television, additional broadcast networks, and the success of first-run syndication meant that television audiences were fracturing. Programming could now be targeted at specific audiences rather than at a general audience, and this included sitcoms too. Children were one of these audiences, and among the sitcoms made specifically for children were Saved by the Bell and Clarissa Explains It All. In the United States, another important target audience is African-Americans. Sitcoms like Moesha were prodcued specifically for that market. Cable TV redirects here. ... Syndication may mean: television syndication, where individual stations buy programs outside of the network system print syndication, where individual newspapers or magazines license news articles, columns, or comic strips web syndication, where web feeds make a portion of a web site available to other sites or individual subscribers radio syndication... Saved by the Bell is an American sitcom that originally aired between 1989 and 1993. ... Clarissa Explains It All was an American situation comedy television series from Nickelodeon starring a then unknown Melissa Joan Hart. ... Moesha is also the title of a song by former Phish guitarist Trey Anastasio, frequently performed by his first solo band. ...


The early 1990s saw the rebirth of the animated sitcom, a trend which continues to this day. Most notable is The Simpsons, the longest-running sitcom in US history. Other successful sitcoms in this subgenre include South Park, Futurama, and Family Guy. Simpsons redirects here. ... This article is about the TV series. ... This article is about the television series. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ...


This era also saw a significant return to film origination. The main reason for this was that it was seen as "Future-Proofing" productions against any new developments such as HDTV. Programs shot on standard definition videotape in general do not convert well to HDTV, while images on 35mm film can easily be re-scanned to any future format. As well as this, recent developments in film camera and post-processing technologies had eroded the advantages of using videotape. High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... Standard-definition television or SDTV refers to television systems that have a lower resolution than HDTV systems. ... Bottom view of VHS videotape cassette with magnetic tape exposed Videotape is a means of recording images and sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. ...


In the mid-1990s several sitcoms have reintroduced the ongoing story line. Friends, the most popular U.S. sitcom of the 1990s-2000s, had an overall story arc similar to that of soap operas, in the tradition of earlier sitcoms such as The Beverly Hillbillies and One Day At A Time. Friends also used other soap opera elements, such as regularly employing the device of an end-of-season cliffhanger and gradually developing the relationships of the characters over the course of the series. Frasier, Roseanne, Moesha, and Seinfeld are also noted for their long-term story arcs. This article is about the television show. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the 1993 film, see The Beverly Hillbillies (film) The Beverly Hillbillies was an American television program about a hillbilly family transplanted in Southern California. ... One Day at a Time is a long-running American situation comedy that portrayed a divorced mother, played by Bonnie Franklin, her two teenage daughters (Mackenzie Phillips and Valerie Bertinelli and their building superintendent (Pat Harrington, Jr. ... This article is about the television show. ... For other uses, see Cliffhanger (disambiguation). ... Frasier is an American sitcom starring Kelsey Grammer as psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane. ... Jackie Harris redirects here. ... For other uses, see Seinfeld (disambiguation). ...


The early 2000s saw a rebirth of the single camera shooting style for half-hour sitcoms, with shows such as Malcolm in the Middle, The Office, Curb Your Enthusiasm, Arrested Development, and Scrubs. Unlike earlier single camera shows, these sitcoms do not use laugh tracks. The British sitcom Green Wing, often featured scenes that were shot using a single steadycam, and which were later sped up or slowed down for comic effect. A single camera setup is used to shoot some studio-produced television programs. ... Malcolm in the Middle is a seven-time Emmy-winning,[1] one-time Grammy-winning[1] and seven-time Golden Globe-nominated[1] critically acclaimed American sitcom created by Linwood Boomer for the Fox Network. ... The Office is a British television comedy series, created, written and directed by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant, and first aired in the UK on BBC Two on July 9, 2001. ... Curb Your Enthusiasm is an American sitcom starring Seinfeld writer, co-creator, and executive producer Larry David as himself. ... Arrested Development is a character-driven Emmy Award-winning American comedy television series that ran from November 2, 2003 to February 10, 2006, about a formerly wealthy and habitually dysfunctional family. ... For other uses, see Scrub. ... Green Wing is an award-winning British television comedy set in the fictional East Hampton Hospital Trust. ... To film this recreated Victorian London steet scene, the cameraman next to the lamp post is using a steadicam and wearing the harness required to support it. ...


Specific countries of origin

Most North American sitcoms are generally half-hour programs in which the story is written to run a total of 22 minutes in length, leaving 8 minutes for commercials.


Sitcoms made outside the US may run somewhat longer or shorter than 22 minutes. US commercial broadcasters have traditionally been very reluctant to run shows that run too short or too long. Thus very few UK or British Commonwealth sitcoms being run on US commercial television.


US sitcoms (like other American television series) typically have long season runs of 20 or more episodes due to the way they are produced. Canadian sitcoms typically only have season runs of 14 on average.


American sitcoms are often written by large teams of US resident script writers during round-table sessions, but some US sitcoms often do have episodes written by a guest writer. Most British sitcoms are written by one or two people, with four writers sometimes being the norm for some series in the recent past. These divergent writing styles result in vastly different kinds of sitcoms being written.


Australia

Australia has not had a significant number of long running sitcoms. Most successful sitcoms on Australian TV are American or to a lesser extent, British. Many of the shows described under the U.S. and British sections of this article are or have been extremely popular in Australia. British sitcoms, many from the BBC, are a staple on the government broadcaster Australian Broadcasting Corporation, and traditionally many have also been shown by the Seven Network. American sitcoms dominate the comedy line-up of the three commercial networks. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... The Seven Network is an Australian television network, owned by the Seven Media Group. ...


While there has been a significant number of Australian sitcoms throughout the history of Australian television, they have most commonly run for just a single season - usually 13 half-hour episodes. Many successful Australian sitcoms have been somewhat similar in style to UK comedies, and several closely followed the premise of earlier UK programs.


An early successful situation comedy was My Name's McGooley, What's Yours? (1967) about a working-class Sydney family. Other popular sitcoms of this general period included The Group, and Our Man in Canberra. My Names McGooley, Whats Yours? was a popular Australian situation comedy series produced by ATN7 from 1967 to 1968. ... The Group was a popular Australian situation comedy series produced by ATN7 in 1971. ...


In the first half of the 1970s it was the popular soap operas Number 96 and The Box that provided the main forum for Australian-grown sitcom style comedy. These shows combined melodrama and sex with large amounts of comedy. In 1976 the Australian Broadcasting Corporation produced a sex-comedy television sitcom Alvin Purple, based on the hit feature film of the same name. Like the films that preceded it, the series of Alvin Purple featured Graeme Blundell in the title role. Number 96 was a revolutionary Australian daily soap opera set in a Sydney apartment block. ... The Box was a popular Australian soap opera than ran on Network Ten from 1974 until 1977. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Alvin Purple was an Australian television situation comedy series made by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in 1976. ... Graeme Blundell (b. ...


By the late 1970s Australian versions of popular UK comedies were produced using key personnel from the original series working in Australia. These productions retained the title and key cast members of the original programs and operated within the same story world of the original even down to explaining how the characters came to leave their original UK locale and be temporarily resident of Australia. These comedies, Are You Being Served, Doctor in the House (as Doctor Down Under) and Father, Dear Father (as 'Father, Dear Father in Australia), transplanted key original cast members to Australia to situations markedly similar to those of the original series. During this same general period, one of the UK producers of these shows also launched The Tea Ladies in Australia. Also during the late 1970s Crawford Productions, best known for their successful police drama series, also created situation comedy series. These include The Bluestone Boys (1976) on Network Ten, and Bobby Dazzler (1977) on the Seven Network. Are You Being Served? (Australian version) was an Australian version of British sitcom Are You Being Served? produced by Network 10 in 1980. ... Doctor in the House was a British television comedy series produced by London Weekend Television from 1969 to 1970. ... Father, Dear Father is a British television sitcom about a novelist Patrick Glover (played by Patrick Cargill), and his two blonde daughters, Karen Glover (played by Ann Holloway) and Anna Glover (played by Natasha Pyne) and Nanny (played by Noël Dyson). ... The Tea Ladies was an Australian situation comedy series produced for Network Ten in 1978. ... Crawford Productions is an Australian television production company founded by Hector Crawford. ... Network Ten, or Channel Ten, is one of Australias three major commercial television networks. ... Bobby Dazzler was an Australian television series during the 1970s starring singer John Farnham as the leading character. ...


The late-1970s sketch comedy series The Naked Vicar Show spawned successful a sitcom spin off, Kingswood Country, in 1980. This series was immensely popular, running four years. Its situation was somewhat similar to the British comedy Till Death Us Do Part and its American cousin All in the Family. The Naked Vicar Show was a satirical Australian television series. ... Kingswood Country was an Australian sitcom that screened from 1980 to 1984. ... For other uses, see All in the Family (disambiguation). ...


In the early 1980s there were few Australian sitcoms, with soap operas being the more common genre produced in Australia. During this period however the Australian Broadcasting Corporation produced Mother and Son, which emerged as an enduring audience favourite. In the late 1980s and early 1990s several new Australian sitcoms achieved significant success including Frontline, Hey Dad...!, Acropolis Now, All Together Now which all had relatively long runs. The Adventures of Lano and Woodley ran for two seasons, in 1997 and 1999, on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Other programs such as Hampton Court and My Two Wives were only moderate successes, lasting just one season. This period also saw many short-lived failures such as Late for School and Bingles. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Mother and Son is also a 1955 novel by Ivy Compton-Burnett Maggie Beare (Ruth Cracknell) and son Arthur (Garry McDonald) Mother and Son was an Australian television sitcom produced by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from 1984 until 1994. ... Frontline is an Australian comedy television series which satirised Australian television current affairs programs and reporting. ... Hey Dad. ... For the Lynne Truss radio series see Acropolis Now (radio). ... All Together Now was an Australian television programme that was broadcast on the Nine Network from 1991 to 1993. ... The Adventures Of Lano And Woodley was an Australian comedy television show starring the comedic duo of Lano and Woodley (Colin Lane and Frank Woodley), consisting of two series which aired on the ABC from 1997 to 1999. ... Hampton Court was an Australian situation comedy series produced by Gary Reilly Productions in 1991. ... My Two Wives was an Australian situation comedy series produced by Gary Reilly Productions in 1992. ...


In 2002 the successful sitcom Kath and Kim began its hit run. Jane Turner and Gina Riley as Kath & Kim Kath and Kim is a satirical Australian television series shown on the ABC network. ...


Canada

See also: Canadian humour Canadian humour is an integral part of the Canadian Identity. ...


Canadian sitcoms have generally fared poorly with both critics and audiences. One notorious example is The Trouble with Tracy, regarded by many Canadians as one of the worst TV shows ever made. Other Canadian sitcoms have included Snow Job, Check it Out!, Mosquito Lake and Not My Department all of which were mocked as being particularly unfunny. There have rarely been more than one or two Canadian sitcoms airing at any given time, although this has changed in recent years with the growth of original programming on cable television. The Trouble with Tracy was a Canadian television series produced by CTV for the 1971–1972 television season. ... Snow Job was a Canadian television sitcom airing on the CTV network. ... Check it Out! was a Canadian television sitcom, which aired on CTV from 1985 to 1988. ... Mosquito Lake was a shortlived Canadian television sitcom, which aired on CBC Television in 1989. ... Not My Department was a Canadian television sitcom, which aired on the CBC in 1987. ... Cable TV redirects here. ...


Critically acclaimed shows include: Trailer Park Boys, Twitch City, Corner Gas, Odd Job Jack and The Red Green Show. This article is about the television series. ... Twitch City was a Canadian sitcom produced by the CBC. The series aired as two short runs in 1998 and 2000. ... Corner Gas is a Canadian television sitcom created by Brent Butt and airing on CTV and in the United States on WGN America. ... Odd Job Jack is a Canadian animated comedy television show featuring Don McKellar, about one guys misadventures in temporary employment. ... The Red Green Show is a television comedy that aired on CBC Television in Canada and on PBS in the United States from 1991 until the series finale 7 April 2006 on CBC. Reruns currently air on CBC Television, CBC Country Canada, The Comedy Network, and various PBS stations. ...


Quebec

In the francophone province of Quebec, several Quebec-made sitcoms are airing since a long time and appreciated by Québécois. One example: Histoires de filles airing on TVA. One of the best sitcom to be made in Quebec history was Moi et l'autre (from 1966 to 1971) with Dominique Michel and Denise Filiatrault. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the use of the term. ... TVA is a Canadian French language privately owned television network. ... Dominique Michel was born on September 24, 1932, at Sorel-Tracy, Quebec under the name of Aimée Sylvestre. ... Denise Filiatrault (born May 16, 1931, Montreal) is a Canadian actress and director. ...


In Quebec sitcoms, the language used is always Quebec French, naturally. Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...


New Zealand

New Zealand began producing television programs later than many other developed countries. Due to New Zealand's small population, the two main New Zealand networks will rarely fund more than one or two sitcoms each year. This low output means there is less chance of a successful sitcom being produced to offset the failures.


Early sitcoms included Joe & Koro and Buck House. Later there was The Billy T James Show subsequently rerun in early 2004 as part of the first year's offering on Maori Television. The team of David McPhail and Jon Gadsby produced and/or starred in quite a number of sitcoms such as Letter to Blanchy with help from writer A K Grant. Billy T. James (b. ... Twentieth-century broadcasting in Māori was provided by various New Zealand TV stations. ... David McPhail (born 19??) is a New Zealand comedic actor and writer. ...


The most popular and successful New Zealand produced sitcom to date has been Roger Hall's Gliding On, based on his hit stage play Glide Time. Another Hall play, Conjugal Rites was also made into a sitcom but by Granada in Britain. Roger Hall (b. ...


In 1994, Melody Rules was produced and screened. Critically and commercially unsuccessful, it has become part of the lexicon within the television industry to describe an unsuccessful sitcom, for example, that show will be the next "Melody Rules". Another sitcom to have its roots in a stage play was Serial Killers (2003), about the scriptwriters of a medical soap opera. The first TIME magazine cover devoted to soap operas, dated January 12, 1976. ...


Many British and American sitcoms are and have been popular in New Zealand, including many of those aforementioned in this article.


United Kingdom

Main article: British sitcom

The United Kingdom has produced a wealth of sitcoms, many of which have been exported to other nations or adapted for other countries. There is often also a tendency towards black humor. A frequent theme in British sitcoms is that of people trapped in an unpleasant situation or, more often, in a dysfunctional relationship. A British sitcom is a situation comedy (sitcom) produced in the United Kingdom. ... Black comedy, also known as black humor, is a subgenre of comedy and satire that deals with serious subjects – death, divorce, drug abuse, et cetera in a humorous manner. ...


Political sitcom The Thick of It is currently going an American adaption, also under the same name. However, most British sitcoms usually fare better in their original forms. Re-makes of Red Dwarf, Men Behaving Badly, Coupling, and One Foot in the Grave (Cosby) fell victim to adaptations that largely removed the essence of the comedy and did not stand the test of time. The Thick of It is a British comedy television series, which satirises the inner workings of modern British government. ... The Thick of It is an upcoming American television comedy that will debut on ABC during the 2007-2008 season. ... This article is about the type of star. ... Men Behaving Badly is a British comedy, which first broadcasted in 1992 on the ITV network, however moved to BBC One (and a later timeslot) from the third series onwards. ... Coupling is a British television sitcom written by Steven Moffat that aired on BBC2 from May 2000 to 2004 . ... One Foot in the Grave was a popular BBC television situation comedy series written by David Renwick. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Possibly the best example of this was Fawlty Towers, in which there were three attempts to Americanize the show. The first attempt was a proposed series titled Chateau Snavely in 1978 but a pilot was never produced. The second attempt at Americanising Fawlty Towers was Amanda's, where the character of Basil became a woman played by Beatrice Arthur. This eliminated the roles of the hen-pecked lead and the dragon-like wife. Amanda's was picked up by ABC in 1983 but never attracted an audience and was cancelled soon after. The final attempt to remake Fawlty Towers was Payne, in which John Larroquette played the title role. It was seen on CBS in 1999, but like Amanda's it was soon dropped by the network. Fawlty Towers is a British sitcom made by the BBC and first broadcast on BBC2 in 1975. ... Beatrice Arthur (born Bernice Frankel, May 13, 1922), also billed as Bea Arthur, is a two-time Emmy Award-winning and Tony Award winning American comedian, actor and singer. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... John Bernard Larroquette (born November 25, 1947) is an American Emmy Award-winning film and television actor. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ...


The UK is home to the world's longest running sitcom, Last of the Summer Wine. The show's pilot was broadcast in early 1973 with the first series starting that autumn. The series continues to this day with the show's 29th series, coming soon in 2008. Last of the Summer Wine (Originally The Last of the Summer Wine in the pilot episode), is a BBC sitcom written by Roy Clarke. ...


United States

Mary Kay and Johnny was followed by The Goldbergs which first aired on January 17, 1949. Probably the most well-known and successful early television sitcom was I Love Lucy starring the real-life couple of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, which was groundbreaking for many reasons including the shooting of episodes on film thereby inventing reruns. The Simpsons is another very successful sitcom, which has become the longest running such program in the United States (it was first broadcast in 1989 and episodes are still in production as of 2008). The show is unusual in that it is animated. This, South Park and Family Guy are examples of successful evolutions in the Sitcom genre. The longest running live-action sitcom in America was The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, which ran from 1952 to 1966 on ABC. Other very successful sitcoms to air on United States major networks include All in the Family, Home Improvement, Boy Meets World, Full House, The King of Queens, Scrubs,The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, and The Donna Reed Show. Mary Kay and Johnny was the first situation comedy broadcast on network television in the United States, and the first television program to show a couple sharing a bed. ... 1931 book by Gertrude Berg with an introduction by Eddie Cantor The Goldbergs was a comedy-drama broadcast from 1929 to 1946 on American radio and later seen as a television situation comedy (1949-56). ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... I Love Lucy is a popular American situation comedy, starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an iconic American comedienne, film, television, stage and radio actress, glamour girl and star of the landmark sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show and Heres Lucy. ... Desi Arnaz (born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III) (March 2, 1917 – December 2, 1986) was a Cuban American musician, actor and television producer. ... Rerun van Pelt is the name of Linus and Lucys younger brother in the comic strip Peanuts. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... The Nelson family The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, an American radio and television series, was once the longest-running, live-action situation comedy on American television, having aired on ABC from 1952 to 1966 after a ten-year run on radio. ... For other uses, see All in the Family (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Home Improvement (disambiguation). ... Boy Meets World is an American television sitcom that chronicles the events and everyday life lessons of Cory Matthews, who grows up from a young boy to a married man. ... This article is about the American television series. ... The King of Queens is an Emmy nominated, American comedy series that ran for nine seasons, from 1998 until 2007. ... For other uses, see Scrub. ... The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air is an Emmy, BAFTA, and RTS-award winning popular American television sitcom that aired on NBC from September 10, 1990, to May 20, 1996. ... The Donna Reed Show was a situation comedy which aired on ABC from 1958 to 1966. ...


The Ultimate Sitcom poll

British television station Channel 4 held a poll in the United Kingdom to decide which is the best sitcom of all time entitled The Ultimate Sitcom on 2 January 2006.[1] Although several public polls have been held, this poll was voted for people in the industry, such as actors, writers, directors and producers, and included sitcoms from both the UK and the US. The top twenty sitcoms according to the poll were:[2] This article is about the British television station. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  1. Frasier (US 1993-2004)
  2. Fawlty Towers (UK 1975&1979)
  3. Seinfeld (US 1989-1998)
  4. Porridge (UK 1974-1977)
  5. The Larry Sanders Show (US 1992-1998)
  6. The Phil Silvers Show (US 1955-1959)
  7. Dad's Army (UK 1968-1977)
  8. Blackadder (UK 1983-1989)
  9. Spaced (UK 1999-2001)
  10. The Office (UK 2001-2003)
  11. Father Ted (UK 1995-1998)
  12. Cheers (US 1982-1993)
  13. I'm Alan Partridge (UK 1997-2002)
  14. Yes Minister/Yes, Prime Minister (UK 1980-1988)
  15. Curb Your Enthusiasm (US 2000-Present)
  16. The Good Life (UK 1975-1978)
  17. The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin (UK 1976-1979)
  18. Hancock's Half Hour (UK 1954-1959 on radio, 1956-1961 on television)
  19. Rising Damp (UK 1974-1978)
  20. The Young Ones (UK 1982-1984)

Recently, the BBC also created a poll of the Top 10 British Sitcoms: Frasier is an American sitcom starring Kelsey Grammer as psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane. ... Fawlty Towers is a British sitcom made by the BBC and first broadcast on BBC2 in 1975. ... For other uses, see Seinfeld (disambiguation). ... Porridge was a British BBC television sitcom (1974–1977), written by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais and starring Ronnie Barker and Richard Beckinsale. ... The Larry Sanders Show is a satirical television sitcom that originally aired from 1992 to 1998 on the HBO cable television network in the USA. It starred stand-up comedian Garry Shandling as vain, neurotic talk show host Larry Sanders. ... Opening Logo The Phil Silvers Show (originally titled Youll Never Get Rich) was a comedy television series which ran on CBS from 1955 to 1959 for a total of 143 episodes (including a 1959 special). ... Dad’s Army was a British sitcom about the Home Guard in the Second World War. ... For other uses, see Blackadder (disambiguation). ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see Pisces Iscariot. ... The Office is a British television comedy series, created, written and directed by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant, and first aired in the UK on BBC Two on July 9, 2001. ... Father Ted was a popular 1990s television situation comedy set around the lives of three priests on the extremely remote (and completely fictional) Craggy Island off the west coast of Ireland. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Im Alan Partridge is a British sitcom. ... Yes Minister is a satirical British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn that was first transmitted by BBC television and radio between 1980 and 1984, split over three seven-episode series. ... Yes, (prime) minister: Sir Humphrey Appleby, James Jim Hacker, Bernard Woolley Yes, Minister and its sequel Yes, Prime Minister are British sitcoms about the struggle between (Dr) James Jim Hacker (played by Paul Eddington), the government minister of the (fictional) Department of Administrative Affairs (and later as Prime Minister) and... Curb Your Enthusiasm is an American sitcom starring Seinfeld writer, co-creator, and executive producer Larry David as himself. ... The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin is a novel and British sitcom starring Leonard Rossiter in the title role. ... Hancocks Half Hour was a famous BBC radio comedy series of the 1950s starring Tony Hancock. ... Rising Damp was a UK television sitcom produced by Yorkshire Television for ITV, first broadcast from 1974 to 1978. ... The Young Ones was a popular British sitcom, first seen in 1982, which aired on BBC2. ...

  1. Only Fools and Horses
  2. Blackadder
  3. Vicar of Dibley
  4. Dad's Army
  5. Fawlty Towers
  6. Yes Minister
  7. Porridge
  8. Open All Hours
  9. The Good Life
  10. One Foot in the Grave

Only Fools and Horses is a British television sitcom, created and written by John Sullivan, and made and broadcast by the BBC. Seven series were originally broadcast in the UK between 1981 and 1991, with sporadic Christmas specials until 2003. ... For other uses, see Blackadder (disambiguation). ... The Vicar of Dibley is a British sitcom created by Richard Curtis, and written by Curtis and Paul Mayhew-Archer. ... Dad’s Army was a British sitcom about the Home Guard in the Second World War. ... Fawlty Towers is a British sitcom made by the BBC and first broadcast on BBC2 in 1975. ... Yes Minister is a satirical British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn that was first transmitted by BBC television and radio between 1980 and 1984, split over three seven-episode series. ... Porridge was a British BBC television sitcom (1974–1977), written by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais and starring Ronnie Barker and Richard Beckinsale. ... Open All Hours was a BBC sitcom written by Roy Clarke which ran for four series (26 episodes in all) between 1976 and 1985, with a pilot episode from the Seven of One series in 1973. ... For other uses, see The Good Life (disambiguation). ... One Foot in the Grave was a popular BBC television situation comedy series written by David Renwick. ...

Modern sitcoms

As with previous generations, there are many changes that are being made to the style and content of the modern sitcom, these are a few examples.


The "Friends Clone"

Following the success of Friends, many situation comedies have started using a similar formula: a group of young urbanites and their relationships with each other, almost always with a continuing story arc usually involving on and off again romances between the lead characters. Within the plot, there would always be constant humor usually within dialogue. This includes Coupling, How I Met Your Mother, and The Class. This article is about the television show. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Coupling is a British television sitcom written by Steven Moffat that aired on BBC2 from May 2000 to 2004 . ... How I Met Your Mother (or HIMYM) is an American situation comedy that premiered on CBS Broadcasting on September 19, 2005. ... The Class is a television sitcom created by David Crane and Jeffrey Klarik. ...


The single camera, no laugh track style

Another popular modern style of sitcom is filmed without a live studio audience or laugh track, using multiple locations and a single camera setup. This avoids the limitations that a stage and the tight shooting schedule of a standard sitcom provide and to make a more theatrical or realistic style. In addition, producers and writers of such shows believe that eliminating the laugh track allows more time for dialogue[citation needed] Early examples of this are Curb Your Enthusiasm and Ricky Gervais's and Stephen Merchant's The Office. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A single camera setup is the name given to the filming procedure used to film motion pictures. ... Curb Your Enthusiasm is an American sitcom starring Seinfeld writer, co-creator, and executive producer Larry David as himself. ... Ricky Dene Gervais (born 25 June 1961) is a triple Golden Globe-, double Emmy- and seven-time BAFTA award-winning English comedian, writer, actor and former New Romantic musician from Reading, Berkshire. ... Stephen Merchant (born 24 November 1974 in Bristol) is an English Emmy, Golden Globe, British Comedy Award and BAFTA-award winning writer, director, and comedic actor. ...


The children's sitcom

There have been a significant number of situation comedies in recent years geared toward children normally ages 12-16. These shows evolved from early shows on Nickelodeon, and highly successful series on Disney Channel have been seen as a reflection of the modern buying power of this group. The style of these shows usually has a lower budget than network series and the plot usually involves teen issues such as "sibling rivalry", school, and dating. In Disney Channel sitcoms, issues are rarely discussed and focuses on one-liners and physical comedy. In some cases, like Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide, a children's sitcom will combine realistic issues with surreal humour in one show. This article is about the TV channel. ... For the Disney Channel in other countries, see Disney Channel around the world. ... This article is about the human condition. ... Neds Declassified School Survival Guide, sometimes shortened to Neds Declassified or Neds, is an American live-action situation comedy on Nickelodeon that debuted in the channels Sunday night TEENick scheduling block on September 12, 2004 in The United States of America. ... This photograph, a cow with antlers standing on a pole, is an example of surreal humour. ...


Children's sitcoms are similar to the traditional "family sitcom", but the lead is always a child.


See also

Quiz show redirects here. ... Reality television is a genre of television programming in which the fortunes of real life people (as opposed to fictional characters played by actors) are followed. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A list of comedies by medium and country of origin. ...

Further reading

  • Lewisohn, Mark (2003) Radio Times' Guide to TV Comedy. 2nd Ed. Revised - BBC Consumer Publishing. ISBN 0-563-48755-0, Provides details of every comedy show ever seen on British television, including imports.

References

  1. ^ Internet Movie Database - The Ultimate Sitcom Accessed 27 January 2007
  2. ^ paramountcomedy.com Frasier is The Ultimate Sitcom Accessed 27 February 2007.

is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
SITUATION COMEDY (1392 words)
It's also worth noting that Comedy, from Plautus and Terence to the Likely Lads, has traditionally been a vehicle for representing the lives of the middle and lower classes: where the upper classes are dealt with it is in terms of their 'private' or trivial lives.
Situation Comedy grew out of Variety Entertainment, but format derived also from the domestic sketch format that appeared in American mass-circulation newspapers in the 1870s: influence of Vaudeville and Music Hall sketches this century has also been an importance influence.
Situation comedies also tend to be set in clearly defined settings, with a limited range of characters, and a fair degree of emphasis on characters-as-stereotypes: this places the Situation comedy close to the Soap Opera, (especially if there is further emphasis on emotional interrelationship).
Situation comedy - TvWiki, the free encyclopedia (2436 words)
The first situation comedy is often said to be Sam and Henry which debuted on the Chicago, Illinois clear-channel station WGN in 1926, and was partially inspired by the notion of bringing the mix of sexual confusion and continuity found in comic strips to the young medium of radio.
Traditionally, situation comedies featured individual episodes that were largely self-contained; the regular characters themselves remained largely static and events of the episode resolved themselves by the conclusion of the episode.
Most contemporary situation comedies are filmed with a multicamera setup in front of a live studio audience, then edited and broadcast days or weeks later.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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