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Site of Special Scientific Interest or SSSI is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom. SSSIs are the basic 'building block' of nature conservation legislation, and most other legal nature/geological conservation designations are based upon them, including National Nature Reserves, Ramsar Sites, Special Protection Areas, and Special Areas of Conservation.
The government has a duty to designate as an SSSI any area of land which it considers to be of special interest by virtue of its fauna,
flora, geological or physiographical features.
The designation can be made by English Nature, Scottish Natural Heritage, the Countryside Council for Wales or the Environment and Heritage Service ( Northern Ireland). In Northern Ireland some areas are designated as Areas Of Special Scientific Interest under the Nature Conservation and Amenity Lands (Northern Ireland) Order 1985, which is essentially the same as SSSI legislation. An SSSI is not necessarily open to the public, or owned by a conservation organisation or by the Government — in fact, they can be owned by anybody.
The current legal framework for SSSIs is provided by the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, amended 1985, and the protection of SSSIs was enhanced by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000.
List of SSSIs
SSSIs in England SSSIs in the Somerset Levels: Brean Down Bridgwater Bay Catcott, Edington and Chilton Moors Cheddar Reservoir Curry and Hay Moors King's Sedgemoor Langmead and Weston Level Moorlinch North Moor Shapwick Heath Southlake Moor Street Heath Tealham and Tadham Moor West Moor West Sedgemoor Westhay Heath Westhay Moor Wet Moor SSSIs in Sheffield: Ladies Spring Wood Loxley and Wadsey Middlewood Hospital Rivelin Valley SSSIs in Derbyshire: Abney & Bretton Cloughs Ambergate And Ridgeway Quarries Bage Mine Baileycroft Quarry Ballidon Dale Bee's Nest And Green Clay Pits Bonsall Leys Boulton Moor Bradwell Dale And Bagshaw Cavern Bradwell Meadows Breadsall Railway Cutting Calke Park Calton Hill Carver's Rocks Castleton Cawdor Quarry Chatsworth Old Park Chrome And Parkhouse Hills Clough Woods Colehill Quarries Combs Reservoir Coombs Dale Crabtree Wood Cressbrook Dale Creswell Crags Cromford Canal Dale Quarry Dark Peak Dirtlow Rake And Pindale Doe Lea Stream Section Dove Valley And Biggin Dale Duchy Quarry Duckmanton Railway Cutting Eastern Peak District Moors Edale Fall Hill Quarry Fox Hole Cave Gang Mine Ginny Spring,whitwell Wood Goyt Valley Green Lane Pits Harewood Grange Stream Section Hilton Gravel Pits Hipley Hill Hollinhill And Markland Grips Hulland Moss Jumble Coppice Kedleston Park Kirkham's Silica Sandpit Lathkill Dale Lee Farm Meadow, Tideswell Leek Moors Long Dale & Gratton Dale Long Dale, Hartington Longstone Moor Ludworth Intake Masson Hill Matlock Woods Mercaston Marsh And Muggington Bottoms Monk's Dale Morley Brick Pits Moss Valley Moss Valley Meadows Moss Valley Woods Ogston Reservoir Oxlow Rake Parwich Moor Poole's Cavern And Grin Low Wood Portway Mine River Derwent At Hathersage River Mease Rose End Meadows Rowlee Bridge Shining Cliff Woods Stoney Middleton Dale The Wye Valley Ticknall Quarries Tideslow Rake Toddbrook Reservoir Topley Pike And Deepdale Upper Lathkill Via Gellia Woodlands Waterswallow's Quarry Wyns Tor Yarncliff Wood, Padley
SSSIs in Scotland Bass Rock (56°4'31"N 2°38'21"W) is an island in the outer part of the Firth of Forth in the east of Scotland, off North Berwick.
SSSIs in Wales
SSSIs in Northern Ireland
Results from FactBites:
Sites of Special Scientific Interest - MSN Encarta (573 words)
Sites of Special Scientific Interest, in the United Kingdom, term designating areas of land that are protected to ensure the maintenance and enrichment of their characteristic diversity of wildlife and natural features.
Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) are notified under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, in recognition of their special biological or geological interest.
Before notification takes place, the site is surveyed with the permission of the owner or occupier, after which the council of the notifying body decides if the site is to be notified or not.
The Annotated Ramsar List: United Kingdom (15037 words)
The site is notable for its ecological diversity, from characteristic sedge fen to fen meadow, chalk grassland, Alnus/Salix carr and ancient woodland (Fraxinus, Quercus, Betula).
The site is of particular importance for several species of breeding waders, and nationally important numbers of ducks and swans breed or winter at the site.
The site is a complex of rain-fed, brackish, floodplain grazing marsh with ditches and intertidal marsh and mudflat.
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