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Encyclopedia > Sister cities
Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm
Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm

Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. In Europe, such pairs of towns are known as twin towns, friendship towns or, in German, partner towns (Partnerstädte); in North America and Australasia, the term sister cities is used for the same concept; and brother cities (города-побратимы) is the term in the former Soviet bloc. Twin towns often (though by no means always) have similar demographic and other characteristics. Sometimes, even larger areas enter into "twinning" agreements, such as that between the provinces of Hainan in China and Jeju in South Korea. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1284x1536, 557 KB) Summary twin towns of Neckarsulm, 2005, J. Köhler Description: Twin towns of Neckarsulm Source: Photo taken by myself Date: 20. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1284x1536, 557 KB) Summary twin towns of Neckarsulm, 2005, J. Köhler Description: Twin towns of Neckarsulm Source: Photo taken by myself Date: 20. ... Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Neckarsulm is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, near Stuttgart, and part of the district Heilbronn. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Night view of Taipei City. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Oceania. ... Province is a name for a subnational entity. ... Hainan (Chinese: 海南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located at the southern end of the country. ... Jeju is the smallest province of South Korea, situated on its largest island. ...


The concept can be likened to a scaled up version of a "pen pal" scheme, where the "pals" are whole towns or cities. In practice, the twinning arrangements often lead to student exchange programs, as well as economic and cultural collaborations. Pen pals (or penpals or pen friends) are people who regularly write each other, in particular in the case of snail mail. ... Since 1929 Rotary Internationals Youth Exchange Program has been a significant force in establishing goodwill and understanding between peoples of the world. ...

Contents


Europe

Saarbrücken is twinned with Tblisi
Enlarge
Saarbrücken is twinned with Tblisi

The practice of town twinning was developed in Europe after the Second World War as a way to bring European people into a closer understanding of each other and to promote cross-border projects of mutual benefit. An early example of town twinning dates back to 1947 when Bristol Council sent five 'leading citizens' on a goodwill mission to Hanover. While still more popular as a concept in Europe than elsewhere, the idea has now spread to other continents, leading to some very interesting pairings. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1815x1398, 354 KB) Tbilissi place in Saarbrücken, reminding of the twin towns Self-made photograph Mar 23 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Town twinning... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1815x1398, 354 KB) Tbilissi place in Saarbrücken, reminding of the twin towns Self-made photograph Mar 23 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Town twinning... Saarbrücken [] is the capital of the Saarland Bundesland in Germany. ... View of Tiflis from the Grounds of Saint David Church, ca. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of Earth; the term continent here referring to a cultural and political distinction, rather than a physiographic one, thus leading to various perspectives about Europes precise borders. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


Within Europe, town twinning is now supported by the European Union. The support scheme was established in 1989. In 2003 an annual budget of about 12 million euros was allocated to about 1,300 projects. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISO 4217 Code EUR User(s) European Union; Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, Vatican City, Montenegro, Kosovo, French Guiana, Réunion, Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Åland. ...


E.U. sister cities are a separate affiliation from the international sister cities associations.


North America

The city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada was one of the first cities ever to enter into an international twinning arrangement when, in 1944, it twinned with the Ukrainian city of Odessa which at the time was part of the Soviet Union. This was based on aiding the allied port city during World War II. Vancouver (pronounced: ) is a Canadian city in the province of British Columbia. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages none stated in law; English is de facto Flower Pacific dogwood Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 36 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked... For other uses, see Odessa (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the use of images on this page may require cleanup, involving adjustment of image placement, formatting, size, or other adjustments. ...


The American "Sister Cities" program was begun in 1956 by President Dwight Eisenhower. It was originally administered as part of the National League of Cities, but since 1967 has been a separate organization, Sister Cities International (SCI), which is a nonprofit citizen diplomacy network creating and strengthening partnerships between U.S. and international communities in an effort to increase global cooperation at the municipal level, to promote cultural understanding and to stimulate private business and economic development. SCI leads the movement for local community development and volunteer action by motivating and empowering private citizens, municipal officials and business leaders to conduct long-term programs of mutual benefit. 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... The National League of Cities is a group of American mayors and councilmen. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...


Informal usage

Sometimes, people will use the phrase "sister cities" to mean cities that are neither very close together, nor from two different cultures and officially twinned, but rather two cities with similar cultures and/or historical background [citation needed], as with Galveston, Texas and New Orleans, Louisiana, two cities that were historically major Southern ports on the Gulf coast. Another example is Charleston, South Carolina and Boston, Massachusetts (see the Charleston article for a description of their colonial-era relationship). "Twin Towns" is also used as a colloquialism for the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, specifically referring to the central twin cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul. Nickname: The Oleander City Official website: City of Galveston Location Location in the state of Texas Government County Galveston Mayor Lyda Ann Thomas Geographical characteristics Area Total 539. ... Nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City That Care Forgot Location in the State of Louisiana and the United States Coordinates: Country United States State Louisiana Parish Orleans Founded 1718 Mayor Ray Nagin (D) Area    - City 350. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Nickname: The Holy City, The Palmetto City, Chucktown Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub of the Universe (The State House, according to Oliver Wendell Holmes, is the hub of the Solar System), Athens of America Location in Massachusetts Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas Menino (D) Area    - City 232. ... Twin cities are two towns or cities that are geographically close to each other and may seem to form a single unit, often referred to collectively. ... Twin cities are two towns or cities that are geographically close to each other and may seem to form a single unit, often referred to collectively. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Location in Ramsey County and the state of Minnesota. ...


See also

// This is a list of twin towns or sister cities – that is, pairs of towns or cities in different countries which have town twinning arrangements. ... Cross-border town naming is a concept where towns or villages are named in a similar fashion, although the two respective places are located in two different countries. ... Partnership 2000, or P2000, is a program that partners cities in Israel with cities in the Diaspora in an effort to strengthen ties between Jews in Israel and those overseas. ...

External links

  • Town-twinning information from the European Commission
  • Sister Cities International
  • Germany and the town twinning movement

  Results from FactBites:
 
Town twinning - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (573 words)
Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links.
In Europe, such pairs of towns are known as twin towns, friendship towns or, in German, partner towns (Partnerstädte); in North America and Australasia, the term sister cities is used for the same concept; and brother cities (города-побратимы) is the term in the former Soviet bloc.
The city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada was one of the first cities ever to enter into an international twinning arrangement when, in 1944, it twinned with the Ukrainian city of Odessa which at the time was part of the Soviet Union.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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