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Encyclopedia > Sistan and Baluchestan Province
Sistan and Baluchestan Province
استان سيستان و بلوچستان
Location
Info
Admin. Center:
 • Coordinates:
Zahedan
 • 29.4924° N 60.8669° E
Area : 181,785 km²
Population(2005):
 • Density :
2,290,076[citation needed]
 • 12.6/km²
No. of Counties: 8
Time zone: UTC+3:30
Main language(s): Baluchi
Persian
Brahui

Sistān o Balūchestān (Persian: استان سیستان و بلوچستان) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the southeast of the country, bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan and its capital is Zahedan. Image File history File links province of Iran File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Zahedan (Persian: زاهدان) is an Iranian city and the capital of the province of Sistan and Baluchistan. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... The provinces of Iran are divided into counties or shahrestānhā (Persian: شهرستان, singular shahrestān), and each shahrestan is subdivided into districts or bakhshānhā (Persian: بخش, singular bakhsh). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Balochi, a north-western Iranian language, is the principal language of Balochistan. ... Farsi redirects here. ... The Brahui (بروہی) or Bravi (براوِ) language, spoken by the Brahui, is mainly spoken in Balochistan, Pakistan, although it is also spoken in Afghanistan and Iran. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Zahedan (Persian: زاهدان) is an Iranian city and the capital of the province of Sistan and Baluchistan. ...


The province is the second largest in Iran, with an area of 181,600 km² and a population of 4.1 million. The counties of the province are Iran Shahr, Chabahar, Khash, Zabol, Zahedan, Saravan, and Nik Shahr. Iranshahr is a city in the province of Sistan and Baluchistan in Iran. ... Coast of Chabahar Chabahar (in Persian چابهار), previously also Bandar Beheshti, is an Iranian city and a free port (Free Trade Zone) on the coast of the Gulf of Oman. ... Zabol (زابل) is a city in the province Sistan and Baluchistan, in Iran, on the border with both Afghanistan and Pakistan. ... Zahedan (Persian: زاهدان) is an Iranian city and the capital of the province of Sistan and Baluchistan. ... Saravan is a city in Iran located in the southeastern province of Sistan Va Balochistan. ...


The region is also home to Iran's Balochi Sunni minority. Balochi may refer to: Baloch people Balochi language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ...

Contents

Geography and culture

The province comprises two sections, Sistan in the north and Baluchestan in the south. The combined Sistan & Baluchestan province today accounts for one of the driest regions of Iran with a slight increase in rainfall from east to west, and an obvious rise in humidity in the coastal regions. The province is subject to seasonal winds from different directions, the most important of which are, the 120-day wind of Sistan known as Levar, the Qousse wind, the seventh (Gav-kosh) wind, the Nambi or south wind, the Hooshak wind, the humid and seasonal winds of the Indian Ocean, the North or (Gurich) wind and the western (Gard) wind.

Gahl'eh Naseri, Iranshahr.

In the south and west of Sistān and Balūchestān, the people are mostly Balōchi and speak the Baluchi language. The name Balūchestān means "Land of the Balōchi" in Persian language. Similarly, the Persian language name Sistān comes from the Old Persian Sakastāna, meaning "Land of the Sakas". Image File history File links I am providing this pic to Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links I am providing this pic to Wikipedia. ... The Baluch (alternative spelling Baloch) are an ethnic group of Iranian origin. ... Balochi, a north-western Iranian language, is the principal language of Balochistan. ... The Baluch (alternative spelling Baloch) are an ethnic group of Iranian origin. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Farsi redirects here. ... See Aryan Language or Old Persian For more information visit: *[Ancient Iranian Languages & Literature The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS) ... Saka is also the name of a town in Hiroshima, Japan; for information on this town, see Saka, Hiroshima. ...


The inhabitants of the province of Sistan Va Baluchestan continue to embrace their own norms and traditions, and the region has the potential to become one of the sight-seeing areas of Iran. The two most important tribes of the province are the Brahui and Baluch tribes. Their means of livelihood, life-style, mode of dwelling, customs, traditions, and tribal paths all form a cultural background worth seeing. The Brahui people or Brohi people (Urdu: بروہی) are an ethnic group of about 2. ...


Many scholars, orators, and literary personalities have sprung up from this part of Iran, amongst which are the reputed Farrokhi Sistani, Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar and Rostam. Ayatollah Sistani is also from Sistān; though he currently resides in Najaf, Iraq. Yaqub bin Laith as-Saffar (?-879?) was the founder of the Saffarid dynasty. ... Rostam Slaying the Dragon- A miniature Painting by Master Mahmoud Farshchian. ... Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Husaini al-Sistani Arabic: السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني, Persian: سید علی حسینی سیستانی;. Born approximately August 4, 1930) is an Iranian Grand Ayatollah, a Shia marja . ... For other uses, see Najaf (disambiguation). ...


History

Main article: History of Iranian Balochistan
Ghal'eh Sab, Saravan.

In the epigraphs of Bistoon and Persepolis, Sistan is mentioned as one of the eastern territories of Darius the Great. The name Sistan, as mentioned above, is derived from Saka (also sometimes Saga, or Sagastan), one of the Aryan tribes that had taken control over this area in the year 128 BCE. During the Arsacid Dynasty (248 BC to 224 CE), the province became the seat of Suren-Pahlav Clan. From the Sassanid period till the early Islamic period, Sistan flourished considerably. Baluchistan is divided into three parts namely Northern Balochistan or Afghani Balochistan in Afghanistan, Western Balochistan or Iranian Balochistan in Iran and Eastern Balochistan or Central Balochistan in Pakistan. ... Image File history File links I am providing this pic to Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links I am providing this pic to Wikipedia. ... This article is about the ancient city. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... Seal of Darius I, showing the king hunting on his chariot, and the symbol of Ahuramazda Darius the Great (Pers. ... A cataphract-style parade armour of a Saka royal from the Issyk kurgan. ... Aryan (/eərjən/ or /ɑːrjən/, Sanskrit: ) is a Sanskrit and Avestan word meaning noble/spiritual one. ... Iran Under the Arsacid Dynasty. ... The Crest of Suren-Pahlav Clan. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate...


During the reign of Ardashir I of Persia, Sistan came under the jurisdiction of the Sassanids, and in 644CE, the Arab Muslims gained control as the Persian empire was in its final moments of collapsing. Silver coin of Ardashir I with a fire altar on its verso (British Museum London). ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate...


The famous Persian hero Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar, whose descendants dominated this area for many centuries, later became governor of this province. Dynasties such as the Saffarids, Samanids, Qaznavids, and Seljuqids, all ruled over this territory for periods as well. But the region witnessed particularly heavy damage during the Mongol assault. This article is about the Persian people, an ethnic group found mainly in Iran. ... Yaqub bin Laith as-Saffar (?-879?) was the founder of the Saffarid dynasty. ... The Saffarid dynasty of Persia ruled a short-lived empire centred on Seistan, a border district between modern-day Afghanistan and Iran, between 861-1003. ... The Samanids (875-999) (in Persian: Samanian) were a Persian dynasty in Central Asia and eastern Iran, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... The Ghaznavid Empire (سلسله غزنویان in Persian) was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 962 to 1187. ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; in Arabic سلجوق Saljūq, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Khanates of Mongolian Empire: Il-Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde The Ilkhanate (also spelled Il-khanate or Il Khanate) was one of the four divisions within the Mongol Empire. ...


In 1508 CE, Shah Ismail I of the Safavid dynasty conquered Sistan, and during the reign of Nadir Shah due to internal discrepancies, the region underwent turmoil onmce more. Shah Ismail I, the founder of Safavid Dynasty of Iran pictured at battle against Abul-khayr Khan in a scene from the Tarikh-i alam-aray-i Shāh Ismāil Abul-Mozaffar bin Sheikh Haydar bin Sheikh Junayd Safawī (Persian: - Azerbaijani: ) (July 17, 1487 - May 23, 1524), Shah... The Safavid Empire at its 1512 borders. ... Nadir Shah’s portrait from the collection of Smithsonian Institute Nadir Shah (Persian: نادر شاه) (Nadir Qoli Beg (Persian: نادر قلی بیگ), also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan (Persian: تهماسپ قلی خان) also Nadir Shah Afshar (Persian: نادر شاه افشار) ) (October 22, 1688 - June 19, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Turkic Afsharid...


The ancient name of Baluchestan was Moka and through the passage of time it changed to Mokran / Makran, which is now the southern sector of Baluchestan. This territory came to be known as Baluchestan from the time that the Baluch tribes settled here. According to the relics discovered in the hillocks of Baluchestan, the history of this region dates back to the 3000 BCE. Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... (31st century BC - 30th century BC - 29th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2925 - 2776 BC - First Dynasty wars in Egypt 2900 BC - Beginning of the Early Dynastic Period I in Mesopotamia. ...


During the reign of the second caliph of Islam, this territory was conquered by the Arabs and an Arab commander was assigned as governor. In 916 CE, Baluchestan was liberated by the Daylamids and thereafter the Seljuqids, when it became a part of Kerman. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The Buwayhids or Buyyids or Āl-i Buyeh, were a Yazdani tribal confederation from Daylam, a region on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; in Arabic سلجوق Saljūq, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Kerman is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ...


Sistan and Baluchestan today

The southern coasts of the province along the Sea of Oman.

The province today is one of the most underdeveloped, desolate, and poorest of Iran's provinces. The government of Iran has been trying to reverse this situation by implementing new plans such as creating the Chabahar Free Trade-Industrial Zone. Image File history File links Chabahar coast. ... Image File history File links Chabahar coast. ... The Gulf of Oman is a strait that connects with the Arabian Sea with the Persian Gulf. ...


Colleges and universities

  1. University of Sistan And Baluchestan
  2. Zabol University
  3. Islamic Azad University of Iranshahr
  4. Islamic Azad University of Zahedan
  5. Zahedan University of Medical Sciences
  6. Zabol University of Medical Sciences
  7. International University of Chabahar

University of Sistan and Baluchestan is a university in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan in Iran. ... Zabol University is a university in the Zabol city in the Sistan and Baluchestan province of Iran. ... International University of Chabahar is a university situated in the Chabahar city in the Sistan and Baluchestan province of Iran. ...

See also

Bazman (in Persian: بزمان ) is a stratovolcano (3490 m) in Sistan va Baluchestan province, southeast Iran. ... The Baloch (Persian: بلوچ alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... This article is about the wider Balochistan region. ... Balochistan, or Ballsforchinstan, Balochi, Pashto, Urdu: بلوچستان) is a province in Pakistan, the largest in the country by geographical area. ...

External links

  • Chabahar Free Trading Zone, Sistan and Baluchistan
  • Chris Zambelis, "Violence and Rebellion in Iranian Balochistan," Jamestown Foundation Terrorism Monitor, Volume 4, Issue 13, June 29, 2006.
Image File history File links Iran_tricolour. ...

 
 

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