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Encyclopedia > Sira

Part of the series on
Hadith collections
Hadith collection a Hadith collection is a book that includes several hadith. ...


v·d·e
Most famous

Sunni six major collections
(Al-Kutub al-Sittah):
Image File history File links Mosque02. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... The Six major Hadith collections are the works of some individuals Islamic scholars who by their own initiative started collecting sayings that people attributed to Muhammad approximately 200 years after his death. ...

  1. Sahih Bukhari
  2. Sahih Muslim
  3. Sunan al-Sughra
  4. Sunan Abi Da'ud
  5. Sunan al-Tirmidhi
  6. Sunan Ibn Maja/Al-Muwatta

Shi'a collections: Sahih Bukhari is one of the Sunni six major Hadith collections (Hadith are oral traditions recounting events in the lives of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers). ... Sahih Muslim is a collection of sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (also known as the sunnah). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sunan Abi Daud is the one of Sunni Islams six canonical hadith collections, compiled by Abu Daud. ... Sunan al-Tirmidhi is one of the six most authentic canonical hadith collections of the Sunnis, collected by al-Tirmidhi. ... Sunan Ibn Maja is the last compiled of Sunni Islams six canonical hadith collections, compiled by Ibn Maja. ... The Muwatta is a collection of hadith of the Muhammad that form the basis for the jurisprudence of the Maliki school. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ...

  1. Usul al-Kafi of Kulayni
  2. Man la Yahdhuruhu' l-Faqih of Saduq
  3. Tahdhibu 'l-Ahkam by Tusi
  4. al-Istibsar by Tusi

Ibadi collections: The Nahj al Balagha (Peak of Eloquence) is the most famous collection of speeches (sermons) and letters attributed to Ali ibn Abi Talib, accepted as the fourth of the Caliphs by Sunni Muslims and the first of the Imams by Shia Muslims. ... The Four Books (Arabic Al-Kutub Al-Arbah) is a Shia term refering to their four best known Hadith collections. ... Usul al-Kafi is one of the most authoritarian Shia hadith collections, collected by Muhammad Yaqub Kulainy. ... Abu Jafar Muhammad bin Yaqoub bin Ishaaq al-Kulainy Ar-Razi (d. ... Al-Tusi or Tusi is the title of several Iranian scholars who were born in the town of Tous in Khorasan. ... Al-Tusi or Tusi is the title of several Iranian scholars who were born in the town of Tous in Khorasan. ... Al-Ibadhiyah is a form of Islam distinct from the Shiite and Sunni sects. ...

  • al-Jami' as-Sahih by al-Rabi' ibn Habib
  • Tartib al-Musnad by al-Warijlani
Sunni collections
  • Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal — 780-855
  • Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah — 923
  • Sahih Ibn Hibbaan — 965
  • Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain — 1014
  • Mawdu'at al-Kubra— 1128-1217
  • Riyadh as-Saaliheen — 1233 - 1278
  • Talkhis al-Mustadrak — 1274-1348
  • Majma al-Zawa'id — 1335-1405
  • Bulugh al-Maram — 1372-1449
  • Kanz al-Ummal — 1500th
  • Da'if al-Tirmidhi — ?
  • Sahih al-Tirmidhi — ?
Shi'a collections
Mu'tazili collections
  • Nahj with comments — ?-1258
For the river and also village in Norway named Sira, see Sira, Norway. For the British engineering companies, see Sira (group of British companies).

Sirat Nabawiyya (from Arabic سيرة) is the Arabic term used for the various traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad, from which most historical information about his life and the early period of Islam is derived. Muslims believe that these biographies are for the most part accurate portrayals of Muhammad - although some of their reports may be treated with skepticism - and as such they are used to provide the context for interpretation of the Qur'an. On the other hand, Western historians vary in their evaluation of the sira as reliable sources. Some, such as William Montgomery Watt, see the traditional accounts being on the whole reliable; taking exception only with some passages which they view as being devotional literature, intended to glorify Muhammad rather than relating historical information. Other, more sceptical, critics such as Patricia Crone are far less trusting of the sira. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain or Mustadrak al-Hakim is a ten volume hadith collection written by Hakim al-Nishaburi, the leading hadith scholar of his time. ... A Great Collection of Fabricated Traditions (Arabic: Al-Mawduat al-Kubrah) is a book written by Abul-Faraj Ibn Al-Jawzi. ... Riyadh as-Saaliheen (The Gardens of the Righteous), which is a collection of hadith (sayings of the Prophet Muhammad), is the most famous book by Imam an-Nawawi. ... Talkhis al-Mustadrak is abridged version of Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain, writen by Al-Dhahabi Hakim al-Nishaburi, the author of Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain, wrote it in the year 393H, i. ... Majma al-Zawaid wa Manba al-Fawaid is a 10-volume secondary hadith collection written by Nur al-Din Ali ibn Abi Bakr al-Haythami (735-808 AH/1335-1405 CE) and printed in Cairo 1352-1353 AH/1933-1934 CE. It contains those hadiths uniquely reported by... Bulugh al-Maram is the shortened name of the collection of hadith by al-Hafidh ibn Hajar al-Asqalani entitled, Bulugh al-Maram min Adillat al-Ahkam (translation: Attainment of the Objective According to Evidences and the Ordinances). ... Treasure of the Doers of Good Deeds[1] (Arabic: Kanz al-Ummal fi sunan al-aqwal wal af`al [2]) is a known 8 volume set Islamic hadith collection, collected by Islamic Scholar Ali ibn Abd-al-Malik al-Hindi (died 1590 CE/975 AH). ... Da`if al-Tirmidhi is a Hadith collection written by the Muslim Scholar al-Albani, based on the Sunan al-Tirmidhi, which he seperated into Sahih al-Tirmidhi and Daif al-Tirmidhi. ... Sahih al-Tirmidhi is a Hadith collection written by the Muslim Scholar al-Albani, based on the Sunan al-Tirmidhi, whom he separated into Sahih al-Tirmidhi and Da`if al-Tirmidhi [1]. Content Among its content can be found: Hadith of truth References ^ [1] Categories: | ... The Book of Sulaym ibn Qays is a Hadith collections, collected by Sulaym ibn Qays who entrusted it to Aban ibn abi-Ayyash. ... Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is the oldest prayer manual in Islamic sources and one of the most seminal works of Islamic spirituality of the early period. ... Oceans of Light (Arabic: Bihar ul Anwar) is a holy scripture of Shia Islam. ... Reality of Certainty (Arabic: Haqq al-Yaqeen) is a Shia Twelver hadith collection authoured by Allamah al-Majlisi [1]. It has been criticized by Shia in the words: Haqq al-Yaqeen has many weak narrators, none of the Hadith scholars have graded the narration as Sahih. ... Shahr Usul al-Kafi is a commentary on Usul al-Kafi by Mohammad Salih al-Mazandarani. ... Furu al-Kafi is one of the most authoritarian Shia hadith collections, it contains eight volumes. ... Jesus through Shiite Narrations is a collection of hadith about the Islamic view of Jesus, collected by Mahdi Muntazir Qaim. ... This is about the book by Abd al-Hamid, for other uses, see Comments on the Peak of Eloquence or Sharh Nahj al-Balgha. ... Sira is a village located within the municipality of Flekkefjord in south-western Norway. ... Sira is a group of British engineering companies, based in south London, that designs test equipment and provides calibration services. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان) is an adherent of Islam. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... The Quran [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also called The Noble Quran; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran, Turkish Kuran), is the central religious text of Islam. ... William Montgomery Watt is a English Islamic scholar. ... Patricia Crone, Ph. ...


The sira literature include a variety of materials such as political treaties, military enlistments, assignments of officials, etc. which were recorded by successive generations of Muslims. In principle, the biographies of Muhammad would have been assembled from reports of what Muhammad did, just as what he said was recorded in the form of hadith. However, the sirah literature is technically different from hadith literature as it is in general not as concerned with validation through the chain of transmitters (isnad), although in the earliest sira many of the narratives are accompanied by isnads. This is probably due to a number of reasons. First, the story of Muhammad's life was probably quite well-known and frequently re-told amongst Muslims, as well as to new converts, from the early days of Islam. Second, the sira literature is concerned primarily with the narrative of Muhammad's life, whereas the intent of the hadith literature is to assemble his sayings as an authoritative source for Islamic law. The immediate relevance of many hadith sayings to legal debates made it more important that they be accompanied by isnads. Hadith (Arabic: ‎ translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ... The isnad (Arabic اسناد or in Quranic era Arabic اسند) are the citations or backings that establish the legitimacy of the hadith, which are the sayings of Muhammad, Prophet of Islam. ... Sharia (Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ...


Together the sira and the hadith constitute the sunnah, or prophetic example which has formed the basis of many practices shared by traditional Muslim communities around the world.] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


also means WASAK.


Ibn Ishaq's "Sirat Rasul Allah" is the earliest surviving traditional biography, and was written less than 150 years after Muhammad's death. It survives in the later editions of Ibn Hisham and al-Tabari. There are a few important differences between these, however. For example, al-Tabari includes the controversial episode of the Satanic Verses, while Ibn Hisham omits it. Another of the earliest siras is al-Waqidi's. Several writers are reported to have written siras before Ibn Ishaq, including: Urwah ibn al-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam (a descendant of Asma), who died in 92 AH and whom Ibn Ishaq, al-Waqidi, and at-Tabari are all said to have used as a source, and Abban ibn Uthman ibn Affan (d. 105 AH) and Wahb ibn Munabbih al-Yamani (d. 110 AH). However, their works do not survive. Ibn Ishaq (or ibn Ishaq), (d. ... Ibn Hisham, Abu Muhammad Abd al-Malik (d. ... The name al-Tabari means simply from Tabaristan, thus more than one Muslim scholar is known by this designation: Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, Ali the scholar from Tabiristan (838-870 A.D.) was the writer of a medical encyclopedia and the teacher of the scholar physician Zakariya al... Satanic Verses is an expression coined by the historian Sir William Muir in reference to several verses allegedly interpolated into an early version of the Qurān and later expunged. ... al-Waqidi الواقدي (d. ... Urwah Ibn Al-Zubayr (d. ... Wahb ibn Munabbih (Abu Abd Allah al-á¹¢anaani al-Dhimari) was a Mohammedan traditionist of Dhimar (two days journey from Sanaa) in Yemen; died at the age of ninety, in a year variously given by Arabic authorities as 725, 728, 732, and 737 C.E. On his fathers...


See also

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hadith (Arabic: ‎ translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ... Ghazw (plural ghazawāt) (Arabic: غزو) is an Arabic word meaning an armed incursion for the purposes of conquest, plunder, or the capture of slaves and is cognate with the terms ghāziya and maghāzī. In pre-Islamic times it signified the plundering raids organized by nomadic Bedouin warriors against... The isnad (Arabic اسناد or in Quranic era Arabic اسند) are the citations or backings that establish the legitimacy of the hadith, which are the sayings of Muhammad, Prophet of Islam. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

External Links

  • Hadeeth Encyclopedia
  • Sources of Compiling Seerah

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ben Sira - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1231 words)
The Prologue to Ben Sira is generally considered the earliest witness to a canon of the books of the prophets.
Ben Sira's grandson was in Egypt, translating and editing after the usurping Hasmonean line had definitively ousted Simon's heirs in long struggles and was finally in control of the High Priesthood in Jerusalem.
Wisdom, in Ben Sira's view, is synonymous with the fear of God, and sometimes is identified in his mind with adherence to the Mosaic law.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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