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Encyclopedia > Sir Simon Rattle
Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988

Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. He rose to prominence as conductor of the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, and is currently principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra (BPO). Image File history File links Taken from Porgy and Bess album notes. ... Image File history File links Taken from Porgy and Bess album notes. ... The cast of Porgy and Bess during the Boston try-out prior to the Broadway opening. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st... See Conductor for other possible uses of the word. ... The City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra (CBSO) is based in Birmingham, England. ... The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra (a. ...

Contents


Early life

Rattle was born in Liverpool. He learned the piano and violin, but his early work with orchestras was as a percussionist. He entered the Royal Academy of Music in London in 1971. There he was able to frequently conduct, and in 1974, his graduation year, he won the John Player Conductor Competition. After organising and conducting a stunning account of Mahler's Second Symphony whilst still at the Academy, he was talent spotted by the music agent Martin Campell-White (source: [1]) and has since been managed by him. Liverpool waterfront by night, as seen from the Wirral. ... A grand piano A piano is a musical instrument which is classified as a keyboard, percussion or string instrument, depending on the system of classification used. ... The violin is a bowed stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart, the lowest being the G just below middle C. It is the smallest and highest-tuned member of the violin family of string instruments, which also includes the viola and cello. ... Percussion instruments are music instruments played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped, hence the percussive name. ... The Royal Academy of Music is a music school in London, England and one of the leading music institutions in the world. ... This article is about the British city. ...


UK career

In 1974, he was made assistant conductor of the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, and in 1977 assistant conductor of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic. It was his stint with the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra from 1980 to 1998, however, which drew him to the attention of critics and the public. Not only did he himself become much more prominent in this period, he also raised the orchestra to become one of the most famous in Britain. By the time he left his position there, he was one of the most recognisable of all conductors and the CBSO one of the world's finest orchestras. The Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra is an English orchestra which, despite its name, is now based in the adjacent town of Poole rather than in Bournemouth. ... The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra is one of Britains longest established orchestras, and is based in Liverpool. ...


The BBC commissioned film director Jaine Green to follow him in his final year with the CBSO to make Simon Rattle - Moving On. Jaine Green is an award winning UK documentary maker and former stand-up comedienne. ...


Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra

In 1999, Rattle was appointed as successor to Claudio Abbado as principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, widely seen as the most prestigious conducting post in the world. The appointment, decided on in a vote by the orchestra's members, was somewhat controversial, with several members of the normally conservative orchestra preferring Daniel Barenboim for the post. Nevertheless, Rattle won the post and proceeded to win over his detractors by refusing to sign the contract until he had ensured that every member of the orchestra was paid fairly. Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... Daniel Barenboim Daniel Barenboim (born November 15, 1942) is an Argentinean-Israeli pianist and conductor. ...


Before leaving for Germany and on his arrival, Rattle controversially attacked the British attitude to culture in general, and in particular the artists of the Britart movement, together with the poor state funding of culture in the UK. He was attacked in return for his poor understanding of conceptual and visual art. The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Young British Artists is the name given to a collective of United Kingdom. ... Conceptual art, sometimes called idea art, is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved are considered the real substance of the art, in distinction to the traditional expectation of a made art object to be the criterion. ... Many times, the term art is used to refer to the visual arts. ...


Since his appointment, Rattle has reorganized the Berlin Philharmonic into a foundation, meaning its activities are more under the control of the members rather than politicians. He has also ensured that orchestra members' wages have increased quite dramatically, having fallen over the past few years. He gave his first concert as principal conductor of the BPO on September 7, 2002, leading performances of Thomas Adès' Asyla and Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 5, performances which received rave reviews from the press worldwide and were recorded onto CD and DVD by EMI. September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Thomas Adès (born in London, 1 March 1971) is a British composer. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 — 18 May 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... The Symphony No. ...


Music

Rattle has conducted a wide variety of music, including some with period instruments (musical instruments contemporary with the music being played), but he is best known for his interpretations of early 20th century composers such as Mahler, with a recording of Mahler's Second Symphony winning several awards on its release and being regarded by some as Rattle's finest recording to date. He has also championed much contemporary music. His meticulous realization of some of the great Romantic works has forged a somewhat intense style. This is exemplified in his new cycle of the Beethoven Symphonies with the Vienna Philharmonic – although the orchestral playing is recognisably Viennese, there is a noticeable 'period-instrument' quality to the sound, making the cycle one of the freshest and most incandescent of recent years. His newest recordings with the Berlin orchestra have, on the whole, been favourably received, notably his recordings of the Dvorak tone poems and Debussy's La Mer. The Gramophone Magazine praised the latter as a 'magnificent disc' and drew favourable comparisons with interpretations of the piece by Rattle's immediate predecessors, Claudio Abbado and Herbert von Karajan. He has also worked with the world famous Toronto Children's Chorus. A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A performance of Mahlers 2nd Symphony The Symphony No. ... 20th century classical music, the classical music of the 20th century, was extremely diverse, beginning with the late Romantic style of Sergei Rachmaninoff and the Impressionism of Claude Debussy, and ranging to such distant sound-worlds as the complete serialism of Pierre Boulez, the simple triadic harmonies of minimalist composers... The Gramophone is a glossy publication devoted to classical music and particularly recordings of classical music. ... Herbert von Karajan (Salzburg April 5, 1908 Anif near Salzburg – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Founded in 1978 by Jean Ashworth Bartle, C.M., O.Ont. ...

Preceded by:
Louis Frémaux
Principal Conductors and Music Directors, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
1980–1998
Succeeded by:
Sakari Oramo
Preceded by:
Claudio Abbado
Musical Directors, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
2002–
Succeeded by:
incumbent

  Results from FactBites:
 
Simon Rattle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (895 words)
Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988, aged 33.
Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor.
Rattle was born in Liverpool, and studied at Liverpool College.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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