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Encyclopedia > Sir Hugh Gough

Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough (November 3, 1779 - March 2, 1869), British field-marshal, a descendant of Francis Gough who was made bishop of Limerick in 1626, was born at Woodstown, Limerick. November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Events September 30 - Nurhaci, chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji. ... Limerick (Irish: Luimneach) is a city and the county seat of County Limerick in the province of Munster, in the midwest of the Republic of Ireland. ...

Having obtained a commission in the army in August 1794, he served with the 78th Highlanders at the Cape of Good Hope, taking part in the capture of Cape Town and of the Dutch fleet in Saldanha Bay in 1796. His next service was in the West Indies, where, with the 87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers), he shared in the attack on Puerto Rico, the capture of Surinam, and the brigand war in St Lucia. In 1809 he was called to take part in the Peninsular War, and, joining the army under Wellington, commanded his regiment as major in the operations before Oporto, by which the town was taken from the French. 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Cape of Good Hope headland seen from the north 1888 Map of the Cape of Good Hope Triangular Postage Stamp The Cape of Good Hope is a headland in South Africa, near Cape Town, traditionally— and incorrectly — regarded as marking the turning point between the Atlantic Ocean and the... The arms of Cape Town. ... Saldanha Bay is an inlet on the south-western coast of South Africa, north west of Cape Town, forming a land-locked harbour. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Peninsular War (1808–1814) (known as War of Independence in Spain and as French Invasions in Portugal) was a major conflict during the Napoleonic Wars, fought in the Iberian Peninsula with Spanish, Portuguese, and the British forces fighting against the French. ... The Most Noble Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, PC, FRS (1 May 1769–14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman, widely considered one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century. ... The Battle of Oporto took place on March 28, French under Marshal Soult completely defeated the Portuguese under Lima and Pareiras, outside the city of Oporto. ...

At Talavera he was severely wounded, and had his horse shot under him. For his conduct on this occasion he was afterwards promoted lieutenant-colonel, his commission, on the recommendation of Wellington, being antedated from the day of the dukes despatch. He was thus the first officer who ever received brevet rank for services performed in the field at the head of a regiment. He was next engaged at the battle of Barrosa, at which his regiment captured a French eagle. At the defence of Tarifa the post of danger was assigned to him, and he compelled the enemy to raise the siege. At Vitoria, where Gough again distinguished himself, his regiment captured the baton of Marshal Jourdan. He was again severely wounded at NFvelle, and was soon after created a knight of St Charles by the king of Spain. The battle of Talavera was fought on July 27 and 28 of 1809 and resulted in the difficult victory of the British and Spanish under Sir Arthur Wellesley against the French under King Joseph. ... The Battle of Barrosa took place on March 5, 1811 between Anglo-Spanish and French forces as part of the Peninsular war. ... Collection of photographs from Tarifa Tarifa is a small town near the southernmost part of Spain. ... The Battle of Vitoria was fought on June 21, 1813 during the Peninsular War, between 78,000 British, Portuguese and Spanish troops, with 96 guns, under the Marquis of Wellington, and 58,000 French with 153 guns under King Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jourdan. ... Jean-Baptiste, Count Jourdan (April 29, 1762 - November 23, 1833), was a marshal of France. ... The Spanish monarchy, referred to as the Crown of Spain (Corona de España) in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the office of the King or Queen of Spain. ...

At the close of the war he returned home and enjoyed a respite of some years from active service. He next took command of a regiment stationed in the south of Ireland, discharging at the same time the duties of a magistrate during a period of agitation. Gough was promoted major-general in 1830. Seven years later he was sent to India to take command of the Mysore division of the army. But not long after his arrival in India the difficulties which led to the first Chinese war made the presence of an energetic general on the scene indispensable, and Gough was appointed commanderin-chief of the British forces in China. This post he held during all the operations of the war; and by his great achievements and numerous victories in the face of immense difficulties, he at length enabled the English plenipotentiary, Sir H Pottinger, to dictate peace on his own terms. 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Mysore is the second largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Sir Henry Pottinger (Chinese:砵甸乍; 1789 - 1856) was a British soldier and colonial administrator. ...

After the conclusion of the treaty of Nanking in August 1842 the British forces were withdrawn; and before the close of the year Gough, who had been made a G.C.B. in the previous year for his services in the capture of the Canton forts, was created a baronet. In August 1843 he was appointed commander-in-chief of the British forces in India, and in December he took the command in person against the Mahrattas, and defeated them at Maharajpur, capturing more than fifty guns. In 1845 occurred the rupture with the Sikhs, who crossed the Sutlej in large numbers, and Sir Hugh Gough conducted the operations against them, being well supported by Lord Hardinge, the governor-general, who volunteered to serve under him. Successes in the hard-fought battles of Mukdee and Ferozeshah were succeeded by the victory of Sobraon, and shortly afterwards the Sikhs sued for peace at Lahore. Nanking, August 29, 1842, Peace Treaty between the Queen of Great Britain and the Emperor of China The Treaty of Nanking (南京條約, pinyin: Nánjīng Tiáoyuē) is the agreement which marked the end of the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and China. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The list was taken from only one source [1]. Some checking had been done but the dates and the links to names need further work. ... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge (March 30, 1785 - September 24, 1856), was a British field marshal and governor-general of India. ... Lahore (لاةور) is a major city in Pakistan and is the capital of the province of Punjab. ...

The services of Sir Hugh Gough were rewarded by his elevation to the peerage of the United Kingdom as Baron Gough (April 1846). The war broke out again in 1848, and again Lord Gough took the field; but the result of the battle of Chillianwalla being equivocal, he was superseded by the home authorities in favor of Sir Charles Napier; before the news of the supersession arrived Lord Gough had finally defeated the Sikhs in the battle of Gujarat (February 1849). His tactics during the Sikh wars were the subject of an embittered controversy. Lord Gough now returned to England, was raised to a viscountcy, and for the third time received the thanks of both Houses of Parliament. A pension of £2000 per annum was granted to him by parliament, and an equal pension by the East India Company. He did not again see active service. In 1854 he was appointed colonel of the Royal Horse Guards, and two years later he was sent to the Crimea to invest Marshal Pléssier and other officers with the insignia of the Bath. 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Battle of Chillianwala was fought during the Second Anglo-Sikh War in the Punjab, now part of Pakistan. ... General Sir Charles James Napier Sir Charles James Napier (August 10, 1782 - August 29, 1853) was a British general and Commander-in-Chief in India. ... A Sikh man wearing a turban A Sikh is a follower of Sikhism, a religious faith originating in the Punjab. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company of investors, which was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India. ... The Royal Horse Guards (RHG) was a Household Cavalry regiment of the British Army. ... The Crimea (officially Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Russian transliteration: Avtonomnaya Respublika Krym, Russian: Автономная Республика Крым, Ukrainian: Автономна Республіка Крим, , pronounced cry-MEE-ah in English) is a peninsula and an autonomous republic of Ukraine on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ...

Honours were multiplied upon him during his latter years. He was made a knight of St Patrick, being the first knight of the order who did not hold an Irish peerage, was sworn a privy councillor, was named a G.C.S.I., and in November 1862 was made field-marshal. He was twice married, and left children by both his wives. The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick is an order of chivalry associated with Ireland. ...

See RS Rait, Lord Gough (1903); and Sir W Lee Warner, Lord Dalhousie (1904).

Preceded by:
Sir Jasper Nicolls
Commander-in-Chief, India
Succeeded by:
Sir Charles James Napier

The list was taken from only one source [1]. Some checking had been done but the dates and the links to names need further work. ... General Sir Charles James Napier Sir Charles James Napier (August 10, 1782 - August 29, 1853) was a British general and Commander-in-Chief in India. ...


  Results from FactBites:
SIKH WARS - LoveToKnow Article on SIKH WARS (1775 words)
Sir Hugh Gough wished to attack while there was plenty of daylight; but Sir Henry Hardinge reasserted his civil authority as governor-general, and forbade the attack until the junction with Littler was effected.
Sir John Littlers attack was repulsed, the 62nd regiment losing heavily in officers and men, while the sepoys failed to support the European regiments.
Lord Gough ordered a general advance covered by the artillery; and an hour and a half later the British were in possession of the town of Gujrat, of the Sikh camp, and of the enemys artillery and baggage, and the cavalry were in full pursuit on both flanks.
Sir Harry Smith - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (786 words)
Sir Harry (as he preferred to be known) is particularly remembered as the hero of the Battle of Aliwal (India) in 1846.
He was in command of a division under Sir Hugh Gough at the battles of Mudki and Firuzshah, where he conspicuously distinguished himself, but was insufficiently supported by the commander-in-chief.
Sir Harry was at the same time created a baronet; and as a special distinction the words of Aliwal were by the patent appended to the title.
  More results at FactBites »



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