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Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Sir is a title of respect used in several modern contexts. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (from wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... A Series of Unfortunate Events is a childrens book series, written by Daniel Handler under the pseudonym of Lemony Snicket, and illustrated by Brett Helquist. ... Sir is a fictional character from the book series, A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket. ...


It was once used (without the person's name) as a courtesy title among equals, but in common usage it is now usually reserved for one of superior rank or status, such as an educator or commanding officer, or in age (especially by a minor); as a form of address from a merchant to a customer; in formal correspondence (Dear Sir, Right Reverend Sir); or to a stranger (Sir, you've dropped your hat). A courtesy title is a form of address in the British peerage system used for wives, children, and other close relatives of a peer. ... A command hierarchy is a group of people committed to carrying out orders from the top, that is, of authority. ... The commanding officer (CO) is the officer in command of a military unit. ...


The equivalent for a woman is madam. Madam or maam is a title for a woman. ...

Contents

Origin

Sir derives from the Middle French honorific title sire (messire gave 'mylord'), from the Old French sieur (itself a contraction of Seigneur meaning 'lord'), from the Latin adjective senior (elder), which yielded titles of respect in many European languages. French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... In grammar, an adjective is a part of speech that modifies a noun or a pronoun, usually by describing it or making its meaning more specific. ... European languages are the object of Eurolinguistics. ...


The form sir entered English in 1297, as title of honor of a knight or baronet, being a variant of sire, which was already used in English since c.1205 as a title placed before a name and denoting knighthood, and to address the (male) Sovereign since c.1225, with additional general senses of "father, male parent" is from c.1250 and "important elderly man" from 1362. Sire can refer to several things: Sire is how one spells Eris backwords. ...


Formal styling

In formal protocol Sir is the correct styling for a knight or a baronet (the UK nobiliary rank just below all Peers of the realm), used with the knight's given name or full name, but not with the surname alone (Sir Isaac Newton or Sir Isaac, not Sir Newton). However, in Chinese, the title Sir (爵士) is used with the knight's surname or full name. The equivalent for a woman is Dame (for one who holds the title in her own right). The wife of a knight, or baronet, is however styled Lady (Surname). A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt), is the holder of an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown, known as a baronetcy. ... For other uses, see Peerage (disambiguation). ... Look up Appendix:Most popular given names by country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A family name, surname, or last name is the part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs to. ... Sir Isaac Newton, (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727) [ OS: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727][1] was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, and alchemist, regarded by many as the greatest figure in the history of science. ... Dame is the female equivalent of address to Sir for a British knighthood. ... A lady is a woman who is the counterpart of a lord; or, the counterpart of a gentleman. ...


With regard to British knighthood, a person who is not a subject of the British monarch who receives an honorary knighthood is entitled to use this style, but national custom may not allow it. Dual nationals holding a Commonwealth citizenship that recognise the British monarch as head of state are entitled to use the styling, although common usage varies from country to country: for instance, dual Bahamian-American citizen Sidney Poitier, knighted in 1974, is often styled Sir Sidney Poitier, particularly in connection with his official ambassadorial duties, although he himself rarely employs the title. Countries that do (yellow) and do not (red) permit multiple citizenship. ... A monarch (see sovereignty) is a type of ruler or head of state. ... Sir Sidney Poitier KBE, (IPA pronunciation: ) (born February 20, 1927), is an Academy Award-winning Bahamian-American actor, film director, and activist. ... An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ...


Use in disciplined services

The common use of Sir instead of the rank specific address for a senior officer in a military, police or other hierarchical organisation is rather specific to English. In most languages, no such general address is considered respectful, or the two are combined, as in German Herr followed by the rank. In French the possessive pronoun mon precedes the rank, not unlike My Lord or Monsignor. Forms of address used in the United Kingdom are given below. ... Monsignor is an ecclesiastical honorific title for clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


Sir, on its own, is sometimes used by schoolchildren to address a male teacher. It is common in British tabloid newspaper slang as a shorthand for 'schoolteacher': Sir's sex shame. Usage of "sir" commonly appears in schools in portions of the Southern United States. The Ascencion Parish Public Schools requires elementary school students to address male teachers as "Sir" or "Mr. (Family name)" [1]. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Slang is the use of highly informal words and expressions that are not considered standard in the speakers dialect or language. ... Historic Southern United States. ...


When addressing a (male only, unlike in many fictional works) superior (e.g. Officer or Warrant Officer, but--most of the time--not a non-commissioned officer, in the military), "sir" is used to replace his specific rank. However, a United States Marine recruit addresses both commissioned and non-commissioned officers as "sir", especially drill instructors. Enlisted members of the United States Air Force always address superior non-commissioned officers--including Military Training Instructors--as "sir" and, in certain situations, even non-NCOs may be addressed as "sir", most often Senior Airmen (E-4s) serving as training leaders or instructors at technical schools. Two Bermuda Regiment Warrant Officers. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ...


Possibly the shortness of the word helps explain another, in a sense compensating, idiomatic but non-official practice in American English: emphatically saying Sir both in front and behind an obedient response in clear voice to the senior, especially during drill, e.g., "Sir, yes, sir!"


In the British Armed Forces addressing an NCO (other than a Warrant Officer) as "Sir" is incorrect, and the almost universal response to such an address is "Don't call me sir, I work for a living" (although ironically Warrant Officers, all former NCOs, expect to be addressed as "Sir"). Officer Cadets are also addressed as "Sir" by Other Ranks. However, an apocryphal story goes that when new Officer Cadets arrive at Sandhurst, a Warrant Officer addresses the parading cadets with "You call me sir, and I call you sir. The difference is that you mean it, and I don't." The armed forces of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the British Armed Forces or Her Majestys Armed Forces, and sometimes legally the Armed Forces of the Crown[1], encompasses a navy, army, and air force. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... Officer Cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. ... New College, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst New Colours are presented to RMAS, June 2005. ...


Miscellaneous

  • Until the 17th century it was also a title of pirates (the cognate monsignor, from French monseigneur 'my sire', still is used for filibusters)
  • Various persons in authority, e.g. District Judges in the United Kingdom, are also addressed as "sir".
  • Sirrah was a 16th century derivative that implied the inferiority of the addressee.
  • The informal forms sirree and siree are merely devised for emphasis in speech, mainly after Yes or No.
  • Not to be confused with the now exclusively monarchical (i.e. royal) Sire, even though this has the same etymological root.

Monsignor is an ecclesiastical honorific title for clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. ... A federal judge is a judge appointed in accordance with Article III of the United States Constitution. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Sire can refer to several things: Sire is how one spells Eris backwords. ...

Reference

  • EtymologyOnLine

 
 

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