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Encyclopedia > Sintra
Sintra
Flag of Sintra
Municipal flag
Coat of arms of Sintra
Municipal coat of arms
Location of Sintra
Location  
 - Country Portugal  
 - Region Lisboa
 - Subregion Greater Lisbon
 - District or A.R. Lisbon
Mayor Fernando Seara
 - Party PSD-CDS-PPM-MPT
Area 319.2 km²
Population
 - Total 20,750 (1991)
 - Density 1,283/km²
No. of parishes 20
Coordinates 38º47'N 9º22'W
Municipal holiday Saint Peter
June 29
Website: http://www.cm-sintra.pt
Cultural Landscape of Sintra*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
View of Sintra with the tower of the Municipality building.
State Party Flag of Portugal Portugal
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv, v
Reference 723
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 1995  (19th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

Sintra (pron. IPA: ['sĩtɾɐ]) is both a town and a municipality in Portugal, located in the district of Lisbon. The town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site on account of its 19th century Romantic architecture. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Sintra Coat of arms Original file at:[1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links LocalSintra. ... Lisboa is one of the 7 NUTS II regions of Portugal. ... Área Metropolitana de Lisboa (Lisbon Metropolitan Area, AML) is a territorial zone that includes 18 municipalities. ... Lisbon (Lisboa in Portuguese) is a district of Portugal. ... Political parties in Portugal lists political parties in Portugal. ... The Social Democratic Party (Portuguese: Partido Social Democrata, pron. ... The Democratic Social Center / Peoples Party (Portuguese: Centro Democrático Social / Partido Popular or CDS/PP) is a Portuguese political party. ... The Peoples Monarchist Party (Partido Popular Monárquico) is a political party in Portugal, without parliamentary representation. ... The Earth Party (Portuguese: Partido da Terra, before called Movimento o Partido da Terra, pron. ... A freguesia (pron. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Greater Lisbon  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Fernando Seara  - Party PSD-CDS-PPM-MPT Area 319. ... “St Peter” redirects here. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x900, 304 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Sintra ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Many of the municipalities of Portugal are older than the country itself. ... Lisbon (Lisboa in Portuguese) is a district of Portugal. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Romantics redirects here. ...


It has become a major tourist attraction, with many day-trippers visiting from nearby Lisbon. Attractions include the fabulous Pena Palace (19th c.) and the Castelo dos Mouros (reconstructed 19th c.) with a breath-taking view of the Sintra-Cascais Natural Park, and the summer residence of the kings of Portugal Palácio Nacional de Sintra (largely 15th/16th c.), in the town itself. The Sintra Mountain Range, one of the largest parks in the Lisbon area, (Serra de Sintra) is also a major tourist attraction. The Pena National Palace constitutes one of the major expressions of 19th century Romanticism in Portugal. ... The Castelo dos Mouros (Moorish Castle) is located in Sintra, Portugal. ... The Sintra-Cascais Natural Park is one of 12 Nature Parks in Portugal. ... Main façade of the Sintra National Palace. ... The Sintra Mountains or locally the Serra De Sintra is a mountain range in western Portugal. ...

Contents

History

The town was already described in the 11th century by the Arab geographer Al-Bacr and later by the poets Luís de Camões and Lord Byron (Childe Harold's Pilgrimage - 1809). The Moors built the Castelo dos Mouros in the 8th or 9th century. When Afonso Henriques, with the aid of Crusaders, recaptured Sintra in 1147, much of the castle was destroyed. Only four square towers, the battlements, and the ruins of a Romanesque chapel survived. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Monserrate Palace as seen from the slope before it. ... Abu Abdullah al-Bakri (1014–1094) (Arabic: أبو عبد الله البكري) was a Spanish-Arab geographer and historian. ... Monument to Luís de Camões, Lisbon Luís Vaz de Camões (pron. ... Lord Byron redirects here. ... Childe Harolds Pilgrimage by J.M.W. Turner, 1823. ... Alfonso I Henriques of Portugal (Guimarães, 1109, traditionally July 25, – 1185), also known as the Conqueror, was the first king of Portugal, declaring his independence from Leon_Castile, a deed often identifying the Condado Portucalense as the first nation_based state of Europe. ... This article is about historical Crusades . ...


In 1493, Christopher Columbus sailing for the Spanish crown, was blown off course by gale force winds and fearing for the survival of his ship, spotted the Rock of Sintra. Despite the awkwardness of seeking safe harbor in Portugal, Columbus had no choice under the circumstances and sailed from there into the Port of Lisbon. Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator and maritime explorer credited as the discoverer of the Americas. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ...


In 1507, Diogo Boitac built the Hieronymite monastery of Nossa Senhora da Pena on the nearby hilltop. In 1527 king Manuel I commissioned to Nicolau Chanterene the large, white marble and alabaster altarpiece for the chapel. This retable is his finest work. Diogo Boitac was an influential architect and engineer of some of the most important Portuguese buildings, working in Portugal in the first half of the 16th century. ... Hieronymites, a common name for three or four congregations of hermits living according to the rule of St Augustine with supplementary regulations taken from St Jeromes writings. ... Manuel I can refer to: Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine emperor (1143-1180) Manuel I of Portugal, King of Portugal (1495-1521) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Nicolau Chanterene (also called Nicolas Chanterenne or Nicolas de Chanterenne) (France, c. ... Pala dOro. ...


In 1808, it was the site of the signing of the controversial Convention of Sintra, which ended the first French invasion of Portugal. The Convention of Sintra (or Cintra) was an agreement signed on August 30, 1808 during the Peninsular War. ...


Geography and economy

Major activities in the area are commerce and tourism. Tourists are drawn by the cultural heritage in the town itself, and Sintra-Cascais Natural Park which encompasses the Serra de Sintra and extends to the the coastal beaches of the municipality and Cabo da Roca, the westernmost point of mainland Europe, which lies 18 kilometres west of Sintra. The Sintra-Cascais Natural Park is one of 12 Nature Parks in Portugal. ... The Sintra Mountains or locally the Serra De Sintra is a mountain range in western Portugal. ... The lighthouse on Cabo da Roca Cabo da Roca (Cape Roca) is a cape that forms the westernmost point of mainland Portugal. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Civil parishes

Major towns in the municipality are Algueirão-Mem Martins with 65,546, Agualva-Cacém with 55,762, Rio de Mouro with 46,023, Massamá with 28,174, Queluz with 27,910 and Monte Abraão with 22,039. Sintra is one of the concelhos of Portugal in having the municipality seat in a town (another is Cascais). Despite having two cities in the municipality (Agualva-Cacém and Queluz), this is due to historical importance of Sintra, its desire to keep has a town and the cities in its municipalities are, in fact, surrounding communities of Lisbon. Algueirão - Mem Martins (pron. ... Nickname: Cacém (tough erroneous) Motto: Official website: Location [[Image:|250px||Location of Agualva-Cacém]] Government Country Concelho Portugal Sintra Geographical characteristics Area Total 127 km² Land 127 km² Water 0 km² Population Total (2001) 81845 Metro area {{{population_metro}}} Density 7789. ... Massamá is a Portuguese freguesia (parish) in Sintra concelho (municipality), and a suburb of Lisbon. ... Queluz is a Portuguese parish in the district of Sintra. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Greater Lisbon  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor António Capucho  - Party PSD/CDS-PP Area 97. ...

  • Agualva
  • Algueirão-Mem Martins
  • Almargem do Bispo
  • Belas
  • Cacém
  • Casal de Cambra
  • Colares
  • Massamá
  • Mira-Sintra
  • Monte Abraão
  • Montelavar
  • Pero Pinheiro
  • Queluz
  • Rio de Mouro
  • São João das Lampas
  • São Marcos
  • Sintra (Santa Maria e São Miguel)
  • Sintra (São Martinho)
  • Sintra (São Pedro de Penaferrim)
  • Terrugem
Palace in Queluz.
Palace in Queluz.
Sintra Palace.
Sintra Palace.

Algueirão - Mem Martins is a portuguese freguesia (parish) belonging to the concelho (municipality) of Sintra, with an area of 16,37 km² and 102 413 inhabitants (2004), having a density of about 3 821,4 hab/km². It was promoted from village to town in February 1 de 1988. ... For other uses, see Colares. ... Massamá is a Portuguese freguesia (parish) in Sintra concelho (municipality), and a suburb of Lisbon. ... Queluz is a Portuguese parish in the district of Sintra. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... There are parishes that have the name Queluz: In Brazil: Queluz, São Paulo In Portugal: Queluz, a parish in the district of Sintra This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Transportation

Some areas close to Lisbon are essentially residential suburbs already in conurbation with Amadora, Odivelas and Lisbon. According to recent statistics, Sintra's suburban railway is the most crowded suburban train system in Europe. Sintra's problems include major pendular movements to Lisbon, with terrible traffic during rush hour on the IC-19 road to Lisbon. A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... Amadora is a city and municipality (Portuguese: concelho or município) in Portugal, in the northwest of the Lisbon metropolitan area. ... CoA Odivelas (pron. ...


Twinned cities

The following places are sister cities to Sintra: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Within the context of development cooperation, Sintra is also linked to: Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Ōmura (大村市; -shi) is a city located in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Asilah or Arzila is a city situated on the northwest tip of Morocco with a history back to 1500 B.C. The Phoenicians used the city as a trading site. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... The medina of El Jadida El Jadida fortified town. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe. ... Trindade is a city located on the island of São Tomé, which is part of the island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe. ... Anthem Independência total Capital (and largest city) São Tomé Official languages Portuguese Government Republic  -  President Fradique de Menezes  -  Prime Minister Tomé Vera Cruz Independence from Portugal   -  Date 12 July 1975  Area  -  Total 964 km² (183rd) 372 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0 Population  -  2005 estimate 157,000 (188th)  -  Density 171... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau. ... Bissau, estimated population 355,000 (2004), is the capital of Guinea-Bissau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Angola. ... Lobito is a city and a municipality of the province of Benguela, in Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... This article is about the capital of Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cape_Verde. ... Nova Sintra is a town in the central part of the island of Brava in southwestern and western Cape Verde and also serves its island capital. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Petrópolis, also known as The Imperial City of Brazil, is a town in the state of Rio de Janeiro, about 60 km from the states capital. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mozambique. ... Namaacha is a town in southern Mozambique, lying 75 km west of Maputo on the border with Swaziland. ...

See also

Monumento ao Bombeiro The Monumento ao Bombeiro or Monument to a Fireman is a monument located in the Belas freguesia (sub-municipality) of Sintra, Portugal. ...

External links

  • Municipality official website
  • Photos from Sintra
  • Sintra photographs
  • Serra da Lua
  • Quinta da Regaleira
  • Portugal travel page
  • Sintra-Cascais Natural Park
  • Museums in Sintra
  • UNESCO World Heritage Page
  • Postcard of Sintra

  Results from FactBites:
 
Portugal - Sintra - Introduction (270 words)
Sintra has remained even nowadays the "noble town surrounded by many estates, pleasant woods with plentiful springs of excellent water", referred to by various old authors.
A tourist region par excellence, Sintra is one of the most delightful places to be found in Portugal.
With the inauguration of the railway between Lisbon and Sintra in 1887, the town became popular as a summer resort with the middle class of Lisbon and expanded in urban terms, while at the same time it attracted well known scientists and historians, who began methodically to study Sintra's ancient heritage.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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