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Encyclopedia > Singhasari
This article is part of
the History of Indonesia series
Pre-colonial Indonesia (before 1602)
Srivijaya (3rd century–14th century)
Sailendra (8th Century – 832)
Kingdom of Mataram (752–1045)
Kediri (1045–1221)
The spread of Islam (1200–1600)
Singhasari (1222–1292)
Majapahit Empire (1293–1500)
Malacca Sultanate (1400–1511)
Aceh Sultanate
Sultanate of Demak (1475–1518)
Mataram Sultanate (1500s to 1700s)
Dutch East Indies (1602–1945)
Anglo-Dutch Java War (1810–1811)
Padri War (1821–1837)
Java War (1825–1830)
Aceh War (1873–1904)
National Revival (1899–1942)
World War II battles (1941–1942)
Japanese Occupation (1942–1945)
Independence (1945–1965)
Declaration of Independence (1945)
National Revolution (1945–1950)
Asian-African Conference (1955)
Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation (1962–1965)
New Order (1965–1998)
Overthrow of Sukarno (1965–1966)
Act of Free Choice (1969)
Reformasi (1998–present)
Revolution of 1998 (1996–1998)
2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake (2004–present)
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Singhasari was a kingdom located in east Java between 1222 and 1292. Indonesia is an archipelagic country of 17,508 islands (6,000 inhabited) stretching along the equator in South East Asia. ... Image File history File links Historyofindonesia. ... Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ... At a point in time when Sri Vijaya had been the established leader in the Southeast Asian region for about 100 years, the Sailendra Kingdom of Java emerged. ... This acticle concerns the Hindu Kingdom of Mataram. ... Kediri was a Hindu kingdom based in East Java from 1045 to 1221. ... Islam is thought to have first been adopted by Indonesians sometime during the eleventh century, although Muslims had visited Indonesia early in the Muslim era. ... The Majapahit Empire was an Indianized kingdom based in eastern Java from 1293 to around 1500. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Aceh was a sultanate in the region of what is today Aceh Province of Indonesia. ... The Sultanate of Demak was founded in the 16th century by Raden Patah (1475-1518), once a vassal of the declining Majapahit Empire. ... This article is about a historic kingdom on Java in what is now Indonesia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Anglo-Dutch Java War in 1810-1811 was a war between Great Britain and Netherlands fought entirely on the Island of Java in colonial Indonesia. ... The Padri War also called Minangkabau War is the name given to the skirmishes fought by Dutch troops from 1821 to 1837 in West Sumatra, Indonesia. ... The Java War was fought in Java between 1825 and 1830. ... The Aceh War (also Achinese War) took place from 1873-1904 between the Netherlands and the people of Aceh in Sumatra as the Dutch attempted to colonize this independent state on the northern-most tip of Sumatra. ... The period of the Dutch Ethical Policy and Indonesian National Revival was a period in Indonesian history spanning from 1899 until the Japanese Invasion and Occupation in 1942. ... The Netherlands East Indies campaign was the shortlived defence of the Netherlands East Indies by Allied forces, against invasion by the Empire of Japan in 1941-42. ... The Japanese occupation of Indonesia refers to the period between 1942 and 1945, during World War II, when the Empire of Japan ruled Indonesia. ... The independece declaration announced by Sukarno The Indonesian Declaration of Independence was officially proclaimed at 10. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Asian-African Conference was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, organized by Egypt, Indonesia, Burma, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), India, and Pakistan. ... The Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation was an intermittent war over the future of the island of Borneo, between British-backed Malaysia and Indonesia in 1962–1966. ... The New Order (Indonesian: Orde Baru) is the term coined by former Indonesian President Suharto to characterize his regime as he came to power in 1966. ... The overthrow of Sukarno and the violence that followed it was a conflict in Indonesia from 1965 to 1966 between forces loyal to then-President Sukarno and the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) and forces loyal to a right-wing military faction led by General Abdul Haris Nasution and Maj. ... Act of Free Choice (Indonesian: Penentuan Pendapat Rakyat [PEPERA]) was the title of a 1969 referendum in the former Dutch territory of Western New Guinea, to determine whether the territory would become part of Indonesia or maintain independence. ... The Reformation (in bahasa Indonesia Reformasi) is the name commonly used for the present era in the history of Indonesia. ... The Indonesian 1998 Revolution is the term given to a series of protests and political manoeuverings that brought about the end of the rule of the three-decade long New Order government of the autocratic President Suharto of Indonesia. ... Indonesia was seriously affected by the earthquake and tsunami created by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004, swamping the northern and western coastal areas of Sumatra, and the smaller outlying islands off Sumatra. ... “Kingdom” redirects here. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ...

Contents

Formation

Singhasari was founded by Ken Arok, whose story is a popular children's tale in Central and East Java. Ken Anrok was an orphan who grew up in Kediri and a cunning thief. His reputation was such that Kertajaya of Kediri ordered the ruler of Tumapel, Tunggul Ametung to arrest him. Ken Arok or Ken Angrok, (d. ... Kediri was a Hindu kingdom based in East Java from 1045 to 1221. ... Everyday instance of theft: the bike which fits on this wheel has disappeared. ... Tumapel was the capital city of Singhasari (1222 - 1292). ...


Tunggul Ametung had a beautiful wife, Ken Dedes whom he took by force. Ken Arok happened upon her by chance, and had a premonition that he had to have her as his wife at all costs. To accomplish this, Ken Arok went to a famous swordsmith Mpu Gandring and asked him to make a sacred Keris to use for this mission. The process of making a sacred sword involved performing rituals and took longer than Ken Arok had the patience for. In his anger he took the unfinished sword from Mpu Gandring and killed him with it. With his last breath, Mpu Gandring cursed Ken Angrok and the next 7 generations of his descendants to death by the same saber. This article does not make a clear distinction between fact and fiction. ... Mpu Gandring was a well known famous Keris maker, a type of Javanese knife, who lived during the Kediri era. ... A keris or spelled as kris in English is a symbolic weapon that is mainly used in Southeast Asian countries. ...


Ken Arok made a show of his Kris, and one of his fellow courtman, Kebo Ijo soon fascinated with the unique weapon, and asked Ken Arok to lent him the Kris. When Kebo Ijo had the Kris, Ken Arok secretly took the weapon, and managed to kill Tunggul Ametung and so blamed Kebo Ijo for the murder. The accused Kebo Ijo was soonly killed by Ken Arok before making any denial. He presented himself as a jagoan, a champion of the people, took Ken Dedes as his wife and made himself ruler of Tumapel. At this time Ken Dedes was pregnant with Tunggul Ametung's child. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The ambition of Ken Arok did not stop in Tumapel. In 1222, at the battle of Ganter he defeated Kertajaya of Kediri and founded the new kingdom of Singhasari. Kediri became a fief under the kingdom of Singhasari. Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a vassal knights service (usually fealty, military service, and security). ...


Ken Arok was the first king of Singhasari, and true to the curse was killed by his step-son, Anusapati, son of Ken Dedes from Tunggul Ametung, using the keris of Mpu Gandring. Anusapati was killed in turn with the same cursed Keris. He was killed by Panji Tohjaya, son of Ken Arok and his concubine Ken Umang. Anusapati was the second king of Singhasari Anusapati was the son of Tunggul Ametung, the first husband of Ken Dedes. ... A keris or spelled as kris in English is a symbolic weapon that is mainly used in Southeast Asian countries. ... Mpu Gandring was a well known famous Keris maker, a type of Javanese knife, who lived during the Kediri era. ... Anusapati was the second king of Singhasari Anusapati was the son of Tunggul Ametung, the first husband of Ken Dedes. ... A keris or spelled as kris in English is a symbolic weapon that is mainly used in Southeast Asian countries. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


The Fall of Singhasari

In Kertanegara's reign, Meng-ki, an ambassador sent by Mongol Khan, Kubilai Khan came to Singhasari and demanded submission. Kertanegara took the order as an insult and slashed the envoys' faces before allowing them to return to Beijing with their left ear being cut. In preparation for the invasion threat from the powerful Emperor of Yuan Dynasty, Kertanegara sent a huge portion of his army to conquer Malay Peninsula to stop the Chinese Invasion from land. This expedition was called the Pamelayu expedition. In the mean time, Jayakatwang, one of his vassal, Lord of Kediri, a fief of Singhasari, rebelled and killed Kertanegara with a surprise attack during a Holy Festival. Raden Wijaya, one of Kertanegara's son-in-law and also a descendant of Ken Arok, fled soon after Jayakatwang's victory. He escaped to Madura and with Madura's regency favor, Wijaya was granted a land at the Tarik village which then became the core of the future kingdom of Majapahit. Kertanegara was the last and most important ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, reigning between 1268 and 1292 in the eastern part of Java. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Kublai Khan or Khubilai Khan (1215 - 1294), Mongol military leader, was Khan (1260-1294) of the Mongol Empire and founder and first Emperor (1279-1294) of the Yuan Dynasty. ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ;  ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... The four successor Khanates of the Mongol Empire Capital Dadu Language(s) Mongolian Chinese Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1260-1294 Kublai Khan  - 1333-1370 Ukhaatu Khan History  - establishing the Yuan Dynasty 1271  - Fall of Dadu September 14, 1368 Population  - 1330 est. ... The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... Pamelayu expedition or Pamalayu expedition is the king Kertanegara of Singhasari and his allied Champa Kingdom, they conquered the Melayu Kingdom, Srivijaya and Temasik in the late 13th century, with the purpose to defend against the Mongols attack. ... Raden Wijaya (also known as Kertarajasa Jayawardhana) (1293-1309) was the founder and first raja of the Majapahit Empire in Java, Indonesia [edit] Origins Raden Wijaya was the son of Dyah Lembu Tal, the great, great grandson of Ken Arok, the founder of the Kingdom of Singhasari. ... Tarik is the transliteration of an Arabic given name, writen in script as طارق. // Tarek Tareq Tariq The name Tarik has two meanings: First there is the meaning in the arabic language. ... The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ...


When the Mongol fleet arrived, Raden Wijaya manipulated them into fighting the usurper Jayakatwang. The Mongols didn't realize that they destroyed a different ruler. Before they realized what had happened, Wijaya attacked his exhausted former allies when they were feasting in victory, thus drove them from Java. The exhausted Mongols though were not outnumbered, they're severely outwitted. It was also considered that the Mongol's retreat was due to the monsoon wind which came only for certain times in a year, and it was important for the fleet to return home when the wind arrived. Wijaya then founded the new kingdom of Majapahit. Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Raden Wijaya (also known as Kertarajasa Jayawardhana) (1293-1309) was the founder and first raja of the Majapahit Empire in Java, Indonesia [edit] Origins Raden Wijaya was the son of Dyah Lembu Tal, the great, great grandson of Ken Arok, the founder of the Kingdom of Singhasari. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ...


The Rulers of Singhasari

Ken Arok or Ken Angrok, (d. ... Anusapati was the second king of Singhasari Anusapati was the son of Tunggul Ametung, the first husband of Ken Dedes. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Kertanegara was the last and most important ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, reigning between 1268 and 1292 in the eastern part of Java. ...

External links

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Singhasari
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Majapahit Empire (324 words)
The founder of the Majapahit Empire, Kertarajasa[?], was the son-in-law of the ruler of the Singhasari[?] kingdom, also based in Java.
After Singhasari drove Srivijaya out of Java altogether in 1290, the rising power of Singhasari came to the attention of Kublai Khan in China and he sent emissaries demanding tribute.
Kertanagara, ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, refused to pay tribute and the Khan sent a punitive expedition which arrived off the coast of Java in 1293.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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