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Encyclopedia > Singapore Changi Airport
Singapore Changi Airport


Iconic control tower of Singapore Changi Airport Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 389 KB) Summary Singapore Changi Airport, Control Tower. ...

IATA: SIN – ICAO: WSSS
Summary
Airport type Public/Military
Owner Government of Singapore
Operator Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore/
Republic of Singapore Air Force
Serves Singapore
Location Changi, East Region
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 22 ft
Coordinates 01°21′33″N 103°59′22″E / 1.35917, 103.98944
Website www.changiairport.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02L/20R 4,0001 13,123 Concrete
02C/20C 4,000 13,123 Concrete
02R/20L2 2,750 9,022 Asphalt
Statistics (2006)
Passenger movements 35,033,000
Airfreight movements in tonnes 1,911,000
Aircraft movements 214,000
Sources: airport website,[1], CAAS AIP.[2]

Singapore Changi Airport (IATA: SIN, ICAO: WSSS) (Malay: Lapangan Terbang Changi Singapura; simplified Chinese: 新加坡樟宜机场; pinyin: Xīnjiāpō Zhāngyí Jīchǎng; Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் சாங்கி விமானநிலையம) or simply Changi Airport, is a major aviation hub in Asia, particularly in the Southeast Asian region, and is the main airport in Singapore. Located in Changi on a site of 13 square kilometres (5.0 sq mi), it is about 17.2 kilometres (10.7 mi) north-east from the commercial centre.[2] An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... The Government of Singapore is formed by the political party which gains a 50% majority in the general elections held in Singapore at least once every five years. ... The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (Chinese: 新加坡民航局, Pinyin: XÄ«njÄ«apō Mínghángjú), contrasted by the popularised logo and initials of CAAS, is Singapores Civil Aviation Authority and a statutory board under the Ministry of Transport. ... The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura) is the air force branch of the Singapore Armed Forces, established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). ... Changi International Airport Sunset at Changi Beach Changi is an area to the east of Singapore. ... The East Region consists of the 6 other planning areas. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the construction material. ... The term asphalt is often used as an abbreviation for asphalt concrete. ... Aeronautical Information Publication (or AIP) is defined by ICAO as a publication issued by or with the authority of a state and containing aeronautical information of a lasting character essential to air navigation. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Changi International Airport Sunset at Changi Beach Changi is an area to the east of Singapore. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


The airport is operated by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) and is the home base of Singapore Airlines, Singapore Airlines Cargo, SilkAir, Tiger Airways, Jetstar Asia Airways, Valuair, and Jett8 Airlines Cargo. It is a hub for Garuda Indonesia and a secondary hub for Qantas, which uses Singapore as the main stopover point for flights on the Kangaroo Route between Australia and Europe, the later being the largest foreign airline to operate from the airport with over two million passengers handled annually[3] As of April 2008, there are about 4,340 weekly flights operated by 80 airlines to over 188 cities in 59 countries. An important contributor to the Singapore economy, 13,000 people are employed at the airport. The airport accounts for over S$4.5 billion in output. The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (Chinese: 新加坡民航局, Pinyin: Xīnjīapō Mínghángjú), contrasted by the popularised logo and initials of CAAS, is Singapores Civil Aviation Authority and a statutory board under the Ministry of Transport. ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ... Singapore Airlines Cargo (SIA Cargo), the fully owned subsidiary of Singapore Airlines and incorporated in 1 July 2001, is the worlds third biggest cargo airline in terms of international freight tonne kilometres (FTK). ... SilkAir (Singapore) Private Limited is an airline based in Singapore. ... Tiger Airways Private Limited is a low-cost airline based in Singapore, with its primary hub at Singapore Changi Airport. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Jetstar_Airways. ... Valuair Limited (Chinese: 惠旅航空; Thai: แวลูแอร์) is a Singapore-based budget airline. ... Jett8 Airlines Cargo is a start-up cargo airline based in Singapore. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... PT (Persero) Perusahaan Penerbangan Garuda Indonesia, abbreviated to Garuda Indonesia, is the national airline of Indonesia. ... Qantas Airways Limited (IPA: ) is the national airline of Australia. ... The Kangaroo Route is a term trademarked by Qantas[1] to denote passenger airline flights between Australia and the United Kingdom, via the Eastern Hemisphere. ... The Economy of Singapore is a highly developed and successful free market economy in which the state plays a minimal role, although government entities such as the sovereign wealth fund Temasek control corporations responsible for 60% of GDP. It has an open business environment, relatively corruption-free and transparent, stable... ISO 4217 Code SGD User(s) Singapore, Brunei Inflation 1% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ...


In 2007, the airport handled a record 36,701,556 passengers, a 4.8% increase over the 2006 fiscal year.[4] This made it the 19th busiest airport in the world and the fifth busiest in Asia by passenger traffic in 2007. In addition to being an important passenger traffic hub, the airport is one of the busiest cargo airports in the world, handling 1.89 million tonnes of cargo in 2007.[4]. Incentives like the Air Hub Development Fund, first introduced in 2003, have proven effective in attracting airlines here. A new S$300 million fund to strengthen Changi's hub status will start in 2007 when the S$210 million fund expires in 2006. The new S$1.75 billion Terminal 3 opened on 9 January 2008,[5][6] and Terminal 1 will be upgraded along the lines of the renovated Terminal 2, with the latter costing S$240 million. Changi has been courting both premium and budget travellers with the opening of a commercially important persons terminal by JetQuay and a S$45 million Budget Terminal in 2006. The thirty worlds busiest airports by passenger traffic are measured by number of total passengers (data provided by Airports Council International). ... The thirty worlds busiest airports by cargo traffic for various periods (data provided by Airports Council International). ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since its opening in 1981, the airport has made its mark in the aviation industry as a benchmark for service excellence, winning over 280 awards in a 20-year period from 1987 to 2007.[7] and with 19 Best Airport awards won in 2007 alone[4] Changi Airport's efforts to counter the onset of age include periodic physical upgrades to its existing terminals, building of new facilities and taking steps to provide a high level of customer service.[8]

Contents

History

Departure hall of Terminal 1
Departure hall of Terminal 1

Growth in the global aviation transport was felt in Singapore, where Singapore International Airport at Paya Lebar, Singapore's third main civilian airport after Seletar Airport (main airport from 1930-37, still in use today for private aviation and limited commercial flights) and Kallang Airport (1937-55), was facing congestion problems. Opened in 1955 with a single runway and a small passenger terminal, its inability to cope with the rising traffic became critical by the 1970s, when passenger numbers rose dramatically from 300,000 to 1,700,000 passengers annually in 1970 and 4,000,000 annually in 1975. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 645 KB) Summary Singapore Changi Airport, Terminal 1, Departure Hall Taken by User:Sengkang of ENglish. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 645 KB) Summary Singapore Changi Airport, Terminal 1, Departure Hall Taken by User:Sengkang of ENglish. ... Paya Lebar Airbase (Simplified Chinese: 巴耶利峇空军基地; Malay: Pangkalan Udara Paya Lebar) (IATA: QPG, ICAO: WSAP) was built as a civilian airport, known as Singapore International Airport, in 1955. ... Paya Lebar is an area in the central-eastern part of Singapore. ... Seletar Airport (IATA: XSP, ICAO: WSSL) (Chinese: 实里达机场) was Singapores first international airport. ... Private Aviation Private aviation encompasses everything from large corporate jets all the way down to the individual who owns and operates their own small aircraft, such as a Cessna or Cirrus SR-22. ... The Kallang Airport (Chinese: 加冷机场), also known as the Kallang Aerodrome, opened on 1937 as Singapores first purpose-built civil airport, together with a anchorage for seaplanes. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer from ground transportation to the facilities that allow them to board airplanes. ...


The government had two options available: expand the existing airport at Paya Lebar or build a completely new airport at another location. After extensive study, a decision was made in 1972 to keep the airport at Paya Lebar as recommended by a British aviation consultant. Plans were created for the building of a second runway and an extensive redevelopment and expansion to the passenger terminal building. A year later, however, the plans were reviewed again due to the 1973 oil crisis. The 1973 oil crisis began on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship oil to nations...


Concerned that the existing airport was located in an area with potential for urban growth which would physically hem it in on all sides and limit its physical growth, the government subsequently decided in 1975 to build a new airport at the eastern tip of the main island at Changi at the site of Changi Air Base that was renamed from RAF Changi post-independence, and in turn renamed Changi Airbase (West), where the new airport would be easily expandable by land reclamation. However, the airport still had to be expanded during that period of time as there was an increase in traffic at that time. In addition, airplanes could fly over the sea, avoiding noise pollution issues within residential areas like those at Paya Lebar and helping to avoid disastrous consequences on the ground in the event of an air mishap. The airport in Paya Lebar was subsequently converted for military use as the Paya Lebar Airbase. RAF Changi is a former Royal Air Force station in Singapore. ... The Changi Airbase (West) is the new name of Changi Airbase, renamed since the opening of Changi Airbase (East) on 29 November 2004. ... Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ... Paya Lebar Airbase (Simplified Chinese: 巴耶利峇空军基地; Malay: Pangkalan Udara Paya Lebar) (IATA: QPG, ICAO: WSAP) was built as a civilian airport, known as Singapore International Airport, in 1955. ...


Construction

The airport was one of the largest single development projects in its history. Land-reclamation works involving over 52,000,000 square metres (559,700,000 sq ft) of landfill and seafill began in June 1975, even as the airport at Paya Lebar was still in the midst of expansion works. About 2 km² (0.77 sq mi) of swamp land was cleared and filled with 12,000,000 m² (129,200,000 sq ft) of earth from the nearby hills, while another 40,000,000 m² (430,600,000 sq ft) of sand from the seabed were used to reclaim land. The contractor was PentaOcean Construction (五洋建設), a Japanese construction firm directly involved in numerous land reclamation projects in Singapore. Canals were built to drain water from three rivers, Sungei Tanah Merah Besar, Sungei Ayer Gemuroh and Sungei Mata Ikan. In total, 8.7 km² (3.4 sq mi) were reclaimed, raising the total site area to 13 km² (5.0 sq mi). Of this, landfill accounted for 2 km² (0.77 sq mi) while seafill represented 6.7 km² (2.6 sq mi).[9] The construction also demolished 558 buildings, exhuming around 4,100 graves, a 38.1 centimetres (15 in) gun emplacement at Changi, and diverting the three streams to the western side of the former Royal Air Force runway, which was to be used for the new 4,000 metres (13,123 ft) runway. All of these works were completed in May 1977. From 1977 to 1979, it was used to pile-drive the foundation of Terminal 1 and other buildings as well. The foundation stone for Terminal 1 was laid in August 1979. The 78 m (260 ft) high control tower is built on reclaimed land, with its design becoming an icon for the airport. The original name of the control tower was "Aitropolis", but was seldom used. The column-free hangar with an area almost as large as the Padang could hold three Boeing 747s. Its roof was constructed in Batam, and was shipped to Singapore in four separate sections by barge. A special jetty was built on the coast to obtain fuel from the Western Islands by shipping it round the coast. The fuel is pumped for a mile to the airport fuel station run by six oil companies on the north-eastern perimeter. The pipelines then leads to all the parking bays through a pipe some 5 m (16 ft) below ground level.[10] Look up Dump in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ... A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... RAF redirects here. ... A pneumatic crane working as a pile driver. ... Shallow foundations of a house A foundation is a structure that transfers loads to the ground. ... Look up cornerstone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The control tower at Schiphol airport. ... A cutaway diagram of a hangar. ... An aerial view of Singapore, showing the Padang on the right, surrounded by Singapore Parliament building, new and old Supreme Court building and Swissôtel The Stamford. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... The Batam island in the Riau Islands Province of Indonesia, known for a free trade zone as a part of the Sijori Growth Triangle, is located 20 km (12. ... Alternate meanings: See Jetty (web server) Alternate meanings: See Jettying in buildings The term jetty, derived from the French jetie, and therefor signifying something thrown out, is applied to a variety of structures employed in river, dock and maritime works which are generally carried out in pairs from river banks... Western Islands may refer to the: Western Islands in Georgian Bay, Ontario, Canada Western Islands, West Region, Singapore Western Islands in the Kedges Straits, Somerset County, Maryland, United States Outer Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom Category: ...


The first phase costing about S$1.3 billion opened on 1 July 1981 with the first flight, Singapore Airlines Flight 101, touching down at 0700 hours Zulu with 140 passengers from Kuala Lumpur.[11] Officially opened with much fanfare five months later on 29 December 1981, the airport had 34 airlines operating 1,200 scheduled flights each week connecting Singapore to 67 cities in 43 countries.[12] It ended its first year operations with 8.1 million passengers, 193,000 tonnes of air freight handled and 63,100 aircraft movements.[13] is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... UTC redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...


Despite the airport opening in 1981, some sections were not fully completed. The big aircraft hangar was only completed in 1982, and the first runway was fully completed only in 1983. It was then when the now defunct government department, the Public Works Department then decided to focus on the construction of the second runway on the reclaimed land east of the Terminal 1. The sections of phase 2 opened progressively over the next few years with the completion of a second runway as well as other facilities. In 1985, the construction work on Terminal 2 started, south of Terminal 1. Terminal 2 was completed in 1989, and was opened in November 1990 with its official opening on June 1, 1991 by Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong. The opening of the second terminal was way ahead of passenger demand.[10] is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Priminster of Singa pyohbsdg vjhd|Lee Kuan Yew||3 June 1959 || 28 November 1990 || 1968 GE 94. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Goh Goh Chok Tong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Hokkien: Gô· Chok-tòng; born May 20, 1941), was the second Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from November 28, 1990 to August 12, 2004, succeeding Lee Kuan Yew. ...


Expansion

The first commerically used A380, Singapore Airlines 9V-SKA, parked at Terminal 2
Brightly-lit check-in counters at Terminal 3; the round holes are the air-conditioning vents—they are placed at a lower level to diffuse cool air more efficiently.
Brightly-lit check-in counters at Terminal 3; the round holes are the air-conditioning vents—they are placed at a lower level to diffuse cool air more efficiently.

The airport has a development policy of always building years ahead of demand to help to avoid congestion problems common in major airports and maintain high service standards. While the original master plan details plans for two passenger terminals, there have been provisions to provide for long-term expansion initiatives, including the allocation of space for a third terminal planned to have a physical configuration mirroring that of Terminal 2. Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,048 × 1,536 pixels, file size: 663 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,048 × 1,536 pixels, file size: 663 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of...


Construction of this terminal, Terminal 3,[14] began in 1999, at an estimated cost of about S$1.75 billion. Originally planned for completion in 2006, the date was postponed by two years after global terrorism concerns delayed growth of air traffic in the airport. On 30 May 2006, a topping out ceremony for the terminal was conducted, and an open house was held from 12 November 2007 to 9 December 2007. Test flights were held from 12 November until 3 January where the baggage handling, check-in and ground handling systems were tested. The terminal became operational on 9 January 2008 with Singapore Airlines (SQ1) from San Francisco, California via Hong Kong being the first flight to arrive at the new terminal at 1156 local time (0356 UTC) and SQ318 at 1315 local time (0515 UTC) being the first departing flight.[5] The terminal increases the airport's maximum passenger capacity annually by 22 million, bringing the total annual capacity up to 70 million passengers. Also being constructed is a new full-service nine-story Crowne Plaza Hotel immediately adjacent to Terminal 3. Terrorist redirects here. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Topping out - symbol of this tradition in Poland Topping out is a ceremony done when the last beam is placed at the top of a building. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A Baggage Handling System (BHS) is a type of conveyor system installed in airports that transports checked luggage from ticket counters to areas where the bags can be loaded onto airplanes. ... Check-in is the process of announcing your arrival at a hotel, airport or sea port. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Singapore observes a time zone eight hours ahead of UTC, (UTC+8), known as Singapore Standard Time or SGT. It is the same time zone as Australian Western Standard Time, Malaysian Standard Time, Chinese Standard Time and Hong Kong Time. ... Crowne Plaza is a chain of upscale hotels catering to the business/meetings market. ...


Changing needs in the aviation industry led to reviews in the master plan, resulting in the decision to cater to the high-end as well as budget sectors of the air travel industry. Although the pioneering airport to conceptualise and construct a Budget Terminal in Asia, it became operational on 26 March 2006 a few days after the opening of a similar terminal in Kuala Lumpur, and was officially opened on 31 October 2006. A dedicated stand-alone "Commercially Important Person" (CIP) terminal operated by JetQuay, started operations on 15 August 2006[15] and officially opened on 29 September 2006.[16] It is the first luxury airport terminal in Asia.[17] March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Even as new terminals are being built, the airport continuously upgrades and expands its existing terminals. Terminal 1 went through its first major refurbishment in 1995 at a cost of S$170 million, prior to the commencement of expansion works a year later to add 14 aerobridges at a cost of [S$420 million, which was completed in 1999. Terminal 2 was similarly expanded almost immediately after its opening in 1990, with the addition of two piers of aerobridges costing S$330 million and completed in 1996. In 2002, work commenced on the new Changi Airport Skytrain as well as the Terminal 2 building, and on 13 September 2006, the airport marked the completion of an extensive upgrade costing S$240 million in Terminal 2, which included an updated glass-fronted facade, interior decor, and terminal layout modifications. The Changi Airport Skytrain is a people mover system connecting Terminal 1 to Terminal 2 at Changi Airport, Singapore. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


With the impending arrival of the Airbus A380, the airport put into place modifications works costing S$60 million, which it has planned for since the late 1990s. These included the building of 19 gates capable of handling the large aircraft, eight of which are in Terminal 3. Baggage claim carousels, runways, and taxiways were expanded, and two new freighter aircraft stands and two remote aircraft parking stands built. 2 aircraft taxiway bridges spanning Airport Boulevard leading to the terminals also had shields installed on either side to shield the road from the jet blast. On 11 November 2005, the airport became the first outside Europe to receive the A380 for airport compatibility verification tests, and was the first in the world to have an operational triple-passenger loading bridge fit for trials. The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... Baggage claim area at the Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport. ... A Baggage carousel is the name given to a device, generally at an airport, that delivers checked luggage to the passengers at the baggage claim area at their final destination. ... A taxiway is a strip of land on an airport on which aircraft can roll (taxi) to or from a hangar, terminal, runway, or other facility. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Extensive upgrading works in Terminal 1 similar in scale to the recently completed works at Terminal 2 commenced in September 2007. Resurfacing works costing S$50m on its dual runways and older taxiways will also be conducted. Terminal 3 was tested in 2007 to prepare for its 2008 opening. Changi Airport will also continue to improve the security systems of Changi Airport such as access controls and surveillance systems to make the airport safer for travellers. Transport Minister Raymond Lim also added that the "software" of the airport had to be improved as well.[18] For other uses, see Security (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Surveillance (disambiguation). ... In Singapore, the Ministry of Transport (MOT; Chinese: 交通部) is a governmental ministry that administer and regulates the land, sea and air transportation within the republic’s jurisdiction. ... Raymond Lim Siang Keat (林双吉, born 1959) is the Minister for Transport and the Second Minister for Foreign Affairs in Singapore as well as and a member of the Cabinet of Singapore. ...


In 2006, a short runway was opened for Changi Airbase (East) on the site, an interim measure in preparation for its eventual expansion for passenger flights. It will be the first element in what may double the area of the existing airport in the next few decades. The Changi Airbase (East) is a new facility extending the facilities of the existing Changi Airbase, the later of which was hence renamed Changi Airbase (West). ...


On March 6, 2008, Minister of State for Transport Lim Hwee Hua informed Parliament that Terminal 4 would be a confirmed expansion to Changi Airport. Details have not been released yet, but there is speculation that the new terminal could be located next to the airport's third runway, which is currently used for Republic of Singapore Air Force jets. Mrs. Lim also added that the budget terminal, which has handled 2.9 million passengers since it first opened in March 2006, would be expanding at a cost of S$10m. It will add 7 more check-in counters and 3 additional boarding gates as the budget terminal prepares to serve up to 9 airlines later in 2008. Today, the budget terminal is connected to 20 cities in the region - up from 12 in 2006 - by two low-cost carriers which form about 10 percent of Changi's passenger traffic.[19] is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura) is the air force branch of the Singapore Armed Forces, established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). ...


Accidents and incidents

Aircraft en route from Singapore

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Aircraft en route to Singapore

  • 11 October 2007, a stowaway, Osama R.M. Shublaq from Palestine fell out of the undercarriage of Singapore Airlines Flight 119 from Kuala Lumpur. Airport police arrested him and was deported back to Malaysia a week later. The incident sparked concerns over security procedures at KLIA and the stowaway's background fueled terrorism concerns[22][23].

is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... On 26 March 1991, Singapore Airlines flight SQ 117, piloted by Captain Stanley Lim, took off from Subang Airport in Kuala Lumpur with 129 passengers and crew onboard at 1815 hrs. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... Hijackers inside flightdeck of TWA Flight 847 Aircraft hijacking (also known as skyjacking and aircraft piracy) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Silkair Flight 185 was a scheduled passenger service from Jakarta, Indonesia to Singapore. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... , Inside Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: ) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Flight (disambiguation). ... The Musi River is located in southern Sumatra, Indonesia. ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent organization responsible for investigation of accidents involving aviation, highway, marine, pipelines and railroads in the United States. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... Both side views of a cockpit voice recorder, one type of flight recorder A flight recorder is a recorder placed in an aircraft for the purpose of facilitating the investigation of an aircraft accident or incident. ... VC-10 (1960s) Airliner Cockpit. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... A stowaway (also stoweaway) is a person who travels illegally, by airplane, bus, ship or train. ... A 2003 satellite image of the region. ... Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 87s, with fixed conventional landing gear. ...

Management

Infrastructure

Infrastructure[9]
Departure Hall of Terminal 1
Departure Hall of Terminal 1
Taxiways
Length 25,300 m (83,000 ft)
Width 30 m (98 ft)
Passenger terminal buildings
Total
Floor area 1,045,020 m² (11,248,500 sq ft)
Handling capacity c. 70 million passengers[24]
Parking bays 92 (aerobridge)
10 (contact)
42 (remote)
Terminal One
Opened 1 July 1981 (operational)
29 December 1981 (official)
Floor area 280,020 m² (3,014,100 sq ft)
Handling capacity 21 million passengers
Parking bays 29 (aerobridge)
16 (remote)
Terminal Two
Opened 22 November 1990 (operational)
1 June 1991 (official)
Floor area 358,000 m² (3,850,000 sq ft)
Handling capacity 23 million passengers
Parking bays 35 (aerobridge)
11 (remote)
Terminal Three
Opened 9 January 2008 (operational)
Floor area 380,000 m² (4,100,000 sq ft)
Handling capacity 22 million passengers
Parking bays 28 (aerobridge)
Terminal Four
Opened To Be Confirmed
Floor area To Be Confirmed}
Handling capacity To Be Confirmed
Parking bays To Be Confirmed
Budget Terminal
Opened 26 March 2006 (operational)
31 October 2006 (official)
Floor area 25,000 m² (270,000 sq ft)
Handling capacity 2.7 million passengers[25]
Parking bays 10 (contact)
JetQuay (CIP Terminal)
Opened 15 August 2006 (operational)
29 September 2006 (official)
Floor area 2,000 m² (22,000 sq ft)
Handling capacity
Parking bays 0

Given limited land resources, Singapore Changi Airport was conceptualised to function as the country's primary airport for the foreseeable future without the need for relocation or the building of another airport when passenger figures increased. Long-term plans for the airport thus gave physical provisions in the form of reclaimed land nearly equal in size to that of the existing airport, with enough space for two more runways and at least two new passenger terminal buildings. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 580 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Singapore Changi Airport, Terminal 1, Departure Hall Taken by User:Sengkang of ENglish. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 580 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Singapore Changi Airport, Terminal 1, Departure Hall Taken by User:Sengkang of ENglish. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The master plan for the existing airport initially involved a dual-terminal and dual-runway configuration over two phases with provisions for another two passenger terminals in the near future. Phase 1 included the construction for the first passenger terminal, the first runway, 45 aircraft parking bays, support facilities and structures, including a large maintenance hangar, the first fire station, workshops and administrative offices, an airfreight complex, two cargo agents buildings, in-flight catering kitchens and an 78 m (260 ft) control tower. Construction for the second phase would commence immediately after the completion of Phase 1 and include the second runway, 23 new aircraft parking bays in addition to the existing 45 bays, a second fire station and a third cargo agent building.


Air traffic control tower

The Air traffic control tower (ATC) was constructed as part of Phase One of the Changi Airport redevelopment plan.


ATC frequencies:

  • Singapore Delivery - 121.65 MHz
  • Singapore Ground - 124.30 MHz, 121.72 MHz
  • Singapore Tower - 118.60 MHz, 118.25 MHz
  • Singapore Arrival - 119.30 MHz
  • Singapore Approach - 120.30 MHz
  • Automatic Terminal Information Service (ATIS) - 128.60 MHz

Automatic Terminal Information Service, or ATIS, is a continuous broadcast of recorded noncontrol information in busier terminal (i. ...

Runways

Changi Airport has two parallel runways, 02L/20R and 02C/20C, each 60 m (200 ft) wide and 4,000 m (13,123 ft) long. 02L/20R was completed and opened in 1981 as part of the airport's first phase. It has a displaced threshold of 740 m (2,400 ft) leaving the rest of the runway at 3,260 m (10,696 ft) long.[2] 02C/20C, formerly 02R/20L, was built completely on reclaimed land and opened with phase 2, 1.6 km (0.99 mi) apart from 02L/20R. Both runways are equipped with four sets of instrument landing systems (ILS) to guide landing aircraft safely under all weather conditions. A displaced threshold is a runway threshold located at a point other than the physical end of the runway. ... Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ... The Localizer station at Hanover/Langenhagen International Airport in Hanover, Germany. ... MyTravel Airways Airbus A320 landing Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal or aircraft returns to the ground. ...


A new parallel runway 02R/20L (named 01/19 when opened in 2004) was built 1.8 km (1.1 mi) to the east of 02C/20C, currently used only by Republic of Singapore Air Force aircraft as part of Changi Airbase (East).[2] The new runway is expected to be extended and eventually be turned into a third runway for the airport in future expansion plans. The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura) is the air force branch of the Singapore Armed Forces, established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). ...


Passenger terminals

Changi Airport currently has five terminals. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 are directly connected with a common transit area, with airside passengers being able to freely move between the terminals without going through immigration. Transport within and between these three terminals is provided by people movers and the skytrain system, although it is also possible to walk between the terminals on foot for landside visitors. Situated beside Terminal 2 is JetQuay, which has its own check-in facilities for premium passengers and where transportation to aircraft in any of the other terminals are by personal buggy. The Budget Terminal, purpose-built for low-cost carriers, is physically separated from the main terminals towards the south, where connections are possible via a free shuttle bus service to Terminal 2. All five terminals currently have a handling capacity of 68.7 million passengers a year spread over an area of 1,045,020 m² (11,248,500 sq ft). Capacity will rise again to 73 million passengers a year when expansion works to the Budget Terminal are complete by early 2009. With regards to airport and passenger security, all three terminals conduct security checks before allowing passengers to enter the restricted area for departures whereas other airports such as Hong Kong International Airport only conduct such security checks after the passengers have cleared the customs/immigration checkpoint. A people mover is a fully-automated light rail or tram system. ... Changi Airport redirects here. ... A Ryanair Boeing 737-800 A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier / airline) is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passenger services. ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ...


Terminal 1

Swimming pool within the transit area of Terminal 1
Swimming pool within the transit area of Terminal 1

Singapore Changi Airport's oldest terminal operated as the sole terminal from its opening on 1 July 1981 right up till the opening of Terminal 2 nine years later. Configured in a H-shaped layout to maximise the number of aerobridges which may be built, it underwent two major upgrading works over its lifespan. A major refurbishment was completed in 1995 at a cost of S$170 million and work to extend two finger piers to add 14 aerobridges at a cost of S$420 million took place from 1996 to 1999. Today, the terminal spans an area of 280,020 m² and can accommodate a maximum passenger capacity of 21 million passengers a year. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 421 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Singapore Changi Airport User:Rob. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 421 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Singapore Changi Airport User:Rob. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...


Plans to launch a new round of upgrading were in the pipeline, with Takenaka Corporation winning the contract to conduct the works from May 2008 to 2011. Costing S$500 million, it will be the terminals' biggest overhaul to date, involving works on its facade and halls under a theme called "Tropical City".[26] Once completed, it will be the final Terminal to be upgraded to be on par with the newest Terminal 3, and the recently upgraded Terminal 2. Takenaka Corporation is the oldest Japanese architecture, engineering and construction firm. ...


Terminal 2

Terminal 2 opened on 22 November 1990 as part of Phase II in the original airport masterplan. Deploying a linear configuration parallel to the runways, it is located adjacent to Terminal 1 towards the south, and heralded the opening of the original skytrain system linking the two terminals via the landside. All Singapore Airlines and SilkAir flights shifted to the new terminal when it opened, along with several Southeast Asian careers including Malaysian Airlines, Philippine Airlines and Royal Brunei Airlines. They were joined by several airlines, some of which are allied to Singapore Airlines, in particular Air New Zealand and Lufthansa, both fellow Star Alliance members. Air France was a former user before moving back to Terminal 1. Other former users include Air Canada and Austrian Airlines, as well as Air New Zealand when it ceased operations to Changi in October 2006. Etihad Airways was the latest airline to operate from Terminal 2 when it commenced flights in September 2007. is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Malaysia Airlines is the national airline of Malaysia. ... Philippine Airlines (abbreviated PAL, PSE: PAL), also known historically as Philippine Air Lines, is the national airline of the Philippines. ... Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767-300 in the take off queue at London Heathrow Airport Royal Brunei Airlines (Malay: Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ﻓﻧﺭﺑﺎڠن ﺩﻴﺮﺍﺝ ﺑﺮﻮﻧﻲ), or RBA, is the flag carrier airline of the Sultanate of Brunei. ... Boeing 747-400 Boeing 747-400 Air New Zealand Limited (ASX:, NZX: AIR, Air New Zealand) is a scheduled passenger airline based in Auckland, New Zealand, and the national flag carrier. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (second is Air France - KLM), and the flag carrier of Germany. ... All Nippon Airways Aircraft with Star Alliance livery seen in 2006 South African Airways aircraft with Star Alliance livery, seen in 2006 US Airways Express (Republic Airlines) Embraer 170 at Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport in Star Alliance livery   Star Alliance is the largest and most awarded airline alliance, with the... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... Air Canada (TSX: AC.A, TSX: AC.B) is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Airbus A320 Fokker 70 (superseded colour scheme) Airbus A321-100 landing Austrian Airlines AG is the flag carrier airline of Austria, headquartered in Vienna. ... Etihad Airways (Arabic: الإتحاد, ʼal-Ê»itiħād) is the flag carrier of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. ...


Terminal 2 is split into four sections with gate numbers carrying the letter of their section. The terminal hosts a cinema and a Burger King as well as countless number of shops. the centrepiece is the indoor garden. The terminal also has an outdoor rooftop garden and a technology section showcasing the world's largest plasma screen. The carpets are green and the gate information is displayed on LCD screens. Security checks must be completed prior to entering the gate. Gate at Nagoya Airport Entrance to gates at Hanover/Langenhagen International Airport Entrance to Gates at Asheville Regional Airport A Gate in aviation is a section at an airport terminal for transferring passengers and airline crews to an aircraft. ... Burger King (NYSE: BKC), often abbreviated to BK, is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants. ... A roof garden is any garden on the roof of a building. ... An example of a plasma display A plasma display panel (PDP) is a type of flat panel display now commonly used for large TV displays (typically above 37-inch or 940 mm). ... Liquid-crystal display televisions (LCD TV) are televisions that use LCD technology to produce an image. ...


Terminal 3

Baggage collection point; the Green Wall (right) spans 300 m (980 ft) and comprises 25 species of climbing plants.
Baggage collection point; the Green Wall (right) spans 300 m (980 ft) and comprises 25 species of climbing plants.
Transit area of Terminal 3

Terminal 3 became operational on 9 January 2008, increasing the airport's annual passenger capacity by 22 million. The terminal has 28 aerobridge gates, with eight capable of handling the Airbus A380. While the other 2 terminals uses separate waiting areas for different gates, Terminal 3 has common waiting areas for some of the gates. is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... A jet bridge (also termed jetwayâ„¢, loading bridge, aerobridge/airbridge, or passenger boarding bridge) is an enclosed, movable connector which extends from an airport terminal gate to an airplane, thereby enabling passengers to board and disembark without having to go outside. ...


Designed by CPG Corporation[27], with Skidmore, Owings and Merrill designing the roof feature[28] and interior design by Woodhead Wilson[29][30], Terminal 3 departs from the largely utilitarian architecture in the first two terminals. Like other new airports in the region, it has a structure mainly made of glass, with big transparent spaces inside the terminal. However, unlike these newer airports, it incorporates "natural" features and "warm" tone extensively to balance the sterile feel of glass and steel. For example, the column is given a wood-like cladding and the floor of the terminal is mostly cream/ beige colour. The roof has been designed to allow natural light to enter the building, with 919 skylights. A 5 m (16 ft)-high "Green Wall" with hanging creepers and waterfall was incorporated to enhance the tropical feel. The Green Wall also helps to regulate the internal temperature of the terminal with the occasional misting. Shaklee Terraces, San Francisco, designed in 1982 with a flush aluminum and glass facade and rounded corners. ... This article is about the material. ... For other uses, see Window (disambiguation). ...


Singapore Airlines operated the first flights into Terminal 3 on 9 January 2008, with flight SQ001 from San Francisco via Hong Kong arriving at 1150 hours to a welcome ceremony by Minister for Transport and Second Minister for Foreign Affairs, Lim Siang Keat Raymond and the chairman of CAAS, Liew Mun Leong. The first departure flight, SQ318, took off at 1250 hours bound for London-Heathrow[31]. Since then, its regional and long-haul flights bound for North America (Except Houston), Europe (excluding Moscow), East Asia (excluding flights to Japan routed through Bangkok) and Oceania depart from the new terminal while all other flights depart from Terminal 2, becoming the first and only airline to operate from multiple terminals in Changi Airport[32]. While the departure terminal is fixed depending on destination, the terminal to be used by each arriving flight has to be confirmed two hours prior to arrival, causing cases of confusion amongst the travelling public, although a CAAS spokesman said that the confusion has since been relatively mitigated due to greater public awareness of the arrangement[33]. is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Raymond Lim Siang Keat (林双吉, born 1959) is the Minister for Transport and the Second Minister for Foreign Affairs in Singapore as well as and a member of the Cabinet of Singapore. ... // A short-haul domestic flight is commonly categorized into being no longer than 500 miles or under 1. ... North American redirects here. ... Houston redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the geographical region. ... Location within Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ...


Star Alliance carriers, which includes Singapore Airlines, are likely to move to Terminal 3 subsequently.[34] Four airlines confirmed their move to the new terminal[35] from 26 March 2008[36], although China Eastern Airlines and United Airlines began the move on the night of 25 March 2008. China Eastern Airlines's first arrival flight to Terminal 3, MU545, landed at 2126 hours from Shanghai-Pudong, while United Airlines's first Terminal 3 flight UA895 flew in from Atlanta via Chicago and Hong Kong at 2310 hours. UA803 soon followed from Washington DC via Tokyo-Narita at 2353 hours. On 26 March 2008, Qatar Airways flew its first Terminal 3 flight from Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta at 0120 hours on QR627, while Jet Airways's flight 9W12 arrived at 0725 hours from Mumbai. China Eastern Airlines flew its first departure flight, MU544, to Shanghai-Pudong at 0059 hours on 26 March 2008, Qatar Airways' QR627 to Doha at 0304 hours, United Airlines' UA896 to Atlanta via Hong Kong and Chicago at 0718 hours and Jet Airways' 9W15 to Chennai departed at 0932 hours. The move added 148 return flights weekly from Singapore to 12 destinations, namely Atlanta, Chennai, Chicago, Delhi, Doha, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Kunming, Mumbai, Shanghai, Tokyo and Washington DC, increasing the number of return flights at Terminal 3 to over 900 weekly and the total number of passengers handled to about 11 million annually[37]. All Nippon Airways Aircraft with Star Alliance livery seen in 2006 South African Airways aircraft with Star Alliance livery, seen in 2006 US Airways Express (Republic Airlines) Embraer 170 at Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport in Star Alliance livery   Star Alliance is the largest and most awarded airline alliance, with the... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (Simplified Chinese: ) (SSE: 600115 SEHK: 0670 NYSE: CEA) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ... United Airlines is a major airline of the United States. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is the flag carrier airline of Qatar, based in Doha. ... Jet Airways (India) Ltd. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


CAAS was in talks to move other airlines to the Terminal,[38] although several airlines expressed concern over the dedicated SIA passenger lounge and unique check-in system not open to other airlines to be introduced in Terminal 3. CAAS clarified that a common check-in system may be used by any airline in half of the Terminal space.[39] CAAS announced that there has since been no further plans to move any airline, although it will consider requests from other airlines[40].


Terminal 4

The Ministry of Transport is currently working on a masterplan on Terminal 4. Aviation experts estimate the terminal will be built in the next 10 to 15 years.[41] In Singapore, the Ministry of Transport (MOT; Chinese: 交通部) is a governmental ministry that administer and regulates the land, sea and air transportation within the republic’s jurisdiction. ...


Budget Terminal

The air-conditioned low-cost terminal opened in March 2006.
The air-conditioned low-cost terminal opened in March 2006.

Changi Airport was the second in Asia (after Kuala Lumpur International Airport) to open a dedicated terminal catering to the budget traveller. The name of the Budget Terminal was decided as a result of a naming contest open to the public.[42] The terminal is not included in the numbering scheme even though it is the third terminal to be opened and Terminal 3 is actually the fifth terminal opened at the airport. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2022 KB) Summary Interior of Budget Terminal, Departure Hall, Changi Airport, Singapore. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2022 KB) Summary Interior of Budget Terminal, Departure Hall, Changi Airport, Singapore. ... For other uses, see Kuala Lumpur International Airport (disambiguation). ...


In order to offer lower landing fees, handling fees and airport taxes, it cuts back on amenities such as aerobridges, elaborate physical structures and decorations in the passenger terminal building. Air conditioning, a range of duty-free shops and Food and Beverage outlets, and free internet terminals are available. There is no transfer facility at the Budget Terminal. Passengers who need to make transfers need to clear immigration, collect their luggage, clear customs, make their way to the main terminal by taking the free shuttle buses and check-in again with the respective airline. Landing fees are a charge paid by an airline to an airport company for landing at a particular airport. ... An Airport Improvement Fee is a tax paid by departing or connecting passengers at an infrastructure improvements. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ... Duty Free redirects here. ... F&B is a common abbreviation in the Commonwealth countries, including Hong Kong. ...


Accommodating the Airbus A380

A Singapore Airlines Airbus A380 and a Northwest Airlines Boeing 747 at Changi Airport.
A Singapore Airlines Airbus A380 and a Northwest Airlines Boeing 747 at Changi Airport.

With Changi-based Singapore Airlines being the launch customer for the Airbus A380, works to ensure full capability in handling the large aircraft was given priority in time for its introduction in October 2007. The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore spent S$60 million in upgrading the two existing terminals and airport infrastructure, including enlarged gate holdrooms, new finger piers, and extended baggage belt carousels from the normal 70 m (230 ft) to 90 m (300 ft). With these new carousels in place, the airport does not expect embarking and disembarking passengers and baggage from the A380 to take longer than it does for Boeing 747-400s, which carry significantly fewer passengers. On 16 August 2005, Changi Airport unveiled the first of 11 specially-built gates capable of handling the giant aircraft. Costing S$15 million, the gates or 'fingers' enable passengers to get on the upper cabin of the new 555-seater aircraft directly from the gate hold rooms. The hold rooms themselves have been enlarged and appointed to cater for the larger number of passengers flying the A380s. Beside the 11 new gates at Terminal 1 and 2, eight more A380-capable gates were opened at Terminal 3 on 9 January 2008. The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Services

Changi Airport is a top airport in terms of customer service and security and has won over 250 awards and accolades as best airport since its opening in 1981,[7] from organisations such as International Air Transport Association[43] and Business Traveller.[44] Singapore Changi Airport is known for its excellent services and security, winning numerous worldwide awards and accolades since its opening. ... Look up Award in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “IATA” redirects here. ... CNN International monthly television program hosted by Richard Quest. ...


Passenger services

Extensive foliage in Terminal 2 provides relaxation for passengers in the transit area.
Extensive foliage in Terminal 2 provides relaxation for passengers in the transit area.

The airport has over 240,000 m² (2,583,000 sq ft) of space spread between its three main terminals for shopping and eating outlets, with Terminal 3 having the largest amount of retail space at 215,278 m² (2,317,000 sq ft).[45] Extensive upgrading work on existing retail areas since 2004 in Terminals 1 and 2 has increased sales 13.3% in the first half of 2005 year-on-year over 2004, and as much as 67% compared to the same period in 2003, with brands such as Prada, Gucci, Bulgari and Hermès opening outlets during this period. The first FIFA Official Store in the world was opened in Terminal 3, along with Asia's first Ferrari travel retail shop. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 986 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 986 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Brand (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Prada (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Guccio Gucci and Gucci, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Italian jeweler and luxury goods retailer Bulgari (usually written BVLGARI in ancient Roman style) is named after its founder, Greek Sotirio Bulgari (Σωτήριος Βούλγαρης). The company was founded in 1884 in Rome, Italy. ... Hermès International, S.A., or simply Hermès (IPA: French [3], typical American English , typical British English ), is a prestigious, highly-respected, French high fashion house specializing in leather, ready-to-wear, lifestyle accessories, and perfumery luxury goods. ... This article is about the international association football organization. ... This article is about the automobile manufacturer. ...


The designer airport is one of those anomalies where the phrase “I spent all my time in the airport” is likely to be a positive. From two different lounges with top-class 24 hour napping areas, showers and spa facilities, to hotel and pool amenities, this airport further excels itself with innovative activities such as its Singapore Tours (created for those in transit for up to 5 hours who are granted a special pass to leave the airport on one of four city tour options), Nature Trail (with six themed garden reserves) and comprehensive dining and entertainment options.[46] For other uses, see Hotel (disambiguation). ...


In terms of sales, the airport outstrips other shopping malls in Singapore, including those in top tourist spot Orchard Road. The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore derives 60% of its total annual revenue (over US$500 million in the year ending March 2005) from non-aeronautical sources,[47] with 30% from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts. Liquor and perfumes are particularly popular, accounting for over half of total retail sales, followed by watches and tobacco products. The airport enjoys "one of the highest concession revenues per passenger in the world" compared to other major international airports according to Jeffrey Loke, CAAS' assistant commercial director. Orchard Road is lit up elaborately nearer the end of every year for the Christmas festive season. ... USD redirects here. ... A distilled beverage is a consumable liquid containing ethyl alcohol (ethanol) purified by distillation from a fermented substance such as fruit, vegetables, or grain. ... For other uses, see Perfume (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Watch (disambiguation). ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... An International airport is an airport where flights from other countries land and/or take off. ...


In addition to a wide array of duty-free shops and eating outlets, Changi Airport has six open-air garden areas. Open to customers of the airport, each garden represents a different group of plants: cacti, bamboo, heliconia, sunflower, fern and orchid. Changi Airport has numerous business centres located around the airport. Within the international transit area of the interconnected Terminals 1 and 2, internet and games facilities, prayer rooms, showers, spas, gym, swimming pool and a hotel are provided. Various lounge areas are provided, some including children's play areas or televisions showing news, movie and sport channels. Subfamilies Cactoideae Maihuenioideae Opuntioideae Pereskioideae See also taxonomy of the Cactaceae A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus) is any member of the succulent plant family Cactaceae, native to the Americas. ... For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... Species See text. ... For other uses, see Sunflower (disambiguation). ... This article is about the group of pteridophyte plants. ... Orchid redirects here. ...


Aviation services

Ground handling

Ground handling of an Emirates Boeing 777-300 by CIAS in Terminal 1
Ground handling of an Emirates Boeing 777-300 by CIAS in Terminal 1

Ground handling services are handled by three companies: Singapore Airport Terminal Services (SATS), Changi International Airport Services (CIAS) and Swissport. SATS, a subsidiary of Singapore Airlines, is the dominant player with close to 80% of the market in the airport. CIAS was formed in 1981 by the Port of Singapore Authority and five airlines (Air France, China Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) and Lufthansa. It handles the remaining market share. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 922 KB) View of the ground handling services of Singapore Changi Airport, servicing an Emirates Boeing 777-300, with a Cathay Pacific Boeing 747-400 in view File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 922 KB) View of the ground handling services of Singapore Changi Airport, servicing an Emirates Boeing 777-300, with a Cathay Pacific Boeing 747-400 in view File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Singapore Airport Terminal Services Limited (SATS) is the largest ground handling and inflight catering service provider at Singapore Changi Airport, as well as being involved in join ventures at fourteen other airports in the Asia Pacific region. ... Changi International Airport Services or CIAS for short is a member of the DNATA group. ... Swissport International Ltd. ... PSA International Pte Ltd is a global port operator. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (second is Air France - KLM), and the flag carrier of Germany. ...


In the early 2000s, the government decided to introduce competition into the market by offering an additional license. Swissair's Swissport successfully won the license (valid for 10 years) and commenced operations on 2 March 2005.[48] As Swissair folded and was subsequently taken over by Swiss International Air Lines, the latter became the company's first customer. Adam Air chose Swissport as its ground handler in 2005, while Tiger Airways followed suit in 2006. Other customers of Swissport include Australian Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Swiss World Cargo, Thai AirAsia and Cardig Air. Swissair (Swiss Air Transport Company Limited) was the former national airline of Switzerland. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Swiss (disambiguation). ... An Adam Air Boeing 737-400 at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta. ... Australian Airlines was a full-service airline based in Australia, servicing Australian and Asian destinations between 2001 and 2006. ... Northwest Airlines, Inc. ... Categories: Airline stubs | Airlines of Thailand | Low-cost airlines ... Cardig Air is a cargo airline in Indonesia, based at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta. ...


CIAS underwent restructuring when its shareholding was bought over by Dubai's Dnata group and Temasek Holdings, being relaunched in June 2005 with a new branding. Its security services were amalgamated into the new Temasek-owned Aetos Security Management. Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Website: [www. ... Temasek Holdings is the investment arm of the Singapore government and owned 100% by the Ministry of Finance. ... The Aetos Security Management Private Limited, is one of the three private security companies authorised to provide armed security officers in Singapore to government organisations as well as private companies. ...


Aircraft maintenance

Five hangars house facilities to provide aircraft maintenance support by SIA Engineering Company and ST Aviation Services Company. This includes a 20,000 m² (215,300 sq ft) column-free hangar which was the world's largest when opened in 1981.[11] Aircraft Maintenance is the technology related to the actions required to maintain (or improve) the airworthiness and the designed-in reliability of an aircraft and its systems, subsystems, and components throughout the life-cycle of the aircraft. ... SIA Engineering Company Limited (SGX: S59) is a major provider of aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services in Asia-Pacific. ...


Safety and security

An Aetos auxiliary police officer controlling access to the runway side of the Departure Hall at Terminal 1, Singapore Changi Airport. Such services are now provided by Certis CISCO.
An Aetos auxiliary police officer controlling access to the runway side of the Departure Hall at Terminal 1, Singapore Changi Airport. Such services are now provided by Certis CISCO.

The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore manages the overall safety and security of the airport. The Airport Management Division of the CAAS manages the airport's security, while the Aviation Security Division oversees the airport's compliance with aviation security (AVSEC) policies, manages AVSEC-related projects, engages overseas partners and plans for business continuity in the event of a national emergency.[49] Operationally, the airport's emergency and fire-fighting services are handled by the Airport Emergency Service Division of the CAAS Regulatory and International Group.[50] The AES handles all instances of rescue and fire-fighting within the airport premises as well as in surrounding waters through its specialists operating from two main fire stations, a Fire Sub-Station and a Sea Rescue Base around the airport.[51] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1037x1382, 303 KB) Description: Aetos auxiliary police officer controlling access to the airside of the Departure Hall at Terminal 1, Singapore Changi Airport. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1037x1382, 303 KB) Description: Aetos auxiliary police officer controlling access to the airside of the Departure Hall at Terminal 1, Singapore Changi Airport. ... The Aetos Security Management Private Limited, is one of the three private security companies authorised to provide armed security officers in Singapore to government organisations as well as private companies. ... A CISCO Security auxiliary police officer stands guard beside an armoured truck while his colleagues deliver high-valued goods to and from commercial clients at Raffles Place, Singapore. ... For the American computer networking company, see Cisco Systems. ... Baggage is scanned using X-ray machines, passengers walk through metal detectors Baggage screening monitoring at Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport Airport security refers to the techniques and methods used in protecting airports and by extension aircraft from crime and terrorism. ...


The airport's security comes under the purview of the Airport Police Division of the Singapore Police Force. Assisting the state organisations are the auxiliary police forces including Aetos Security Management, Certis CISCO and SATS Security Services, of which Aetos and SATS Security Services are affiliated to the ground handling companies of Changi International Airport Services and Singapore Airport Terminal Services respectively. These officers man check-in counters to screen luggage, control movements into restricted areas, and so forth. CAAS has engaged the auxiliary police to enforce airside regulations since 8 February 2007, first engaging Certis CISCO[52] followed by Aetos Security from 16 July 2007.[53] On 29 April 2008, CAAS signed its biggest single security contract by engaging Certis CISCO to provide security services at Changi Airport, as well as Seletar Airport, Changi Airfreight Centre, and the Singapore Air Traffic Control Centre[54]. The $360 million five-year contract would commence from 1 April 2008 with an option to extend for another five years[55], and will involve the deployment of about 2,200 Certis Cisco personnel, including 900 armed Auxiliary Police Officers and 1,300 unarmed aviation security officers to perform taskes including scanning checked baggage, controlling access to restricted areas, and screening passengers before they board their aircraft[56]. The Jurong Police Division Headquarters at Jurong West Avenue 5. ... A CISCO Security auxiliary police officer stands guard beside an armoured truck while his colleagues deliver high-valued goods to and from commercial clients at Raffles Place, Singapore. ... The Aetos Security Management Private Limited, is one of the three private security companies authorised to provide armed security officers in Singapore to government organisations as well as private companies. ... For the American computer networking company, see Cisco Systems. ... SATS Security Services (SSS) is a subsidiary of Singapore Airport Terminal Services, providing security services for aviation-related activities at the Singapore Changi Airport. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Seletar Airport (IATA: XSP, ICAO: WSSL) (Chinese: 实里达机场) was Singapores first international airport. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since the September 11, 2001 attacks and naming of the airport as a terrorism target by the Jemaah Islamiyah, the airport's security has been stepped up. Roving patrol teams consisting of two soldiers and a police officer, armed with assault rifles or sub-machine guns, patrol the terminals at random intervals.[57] Officers from the Gurkha Contingent are also deployed to patrol the transit areas of the terminal buildings. These measures come at a cost partly borne by travellers in the form of a "passenger security service charge," imposed since 2002.[58] It is levied at S$6 on passengers in both main terminals and the Budget Terminal.[59] In 2005, it became the first airport outside the United States to win the Airport Security Report's "Excellence in Airport Security Award".[60] A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... The Singapore embassies attack plot was a plan by the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Jemaah Islamiyah to bomb the diplomatic missions and attack personnel of the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Israel in Singapore and several other targets in Singapore. ... Jemaah Islamiyah[1] (JI, Arabic phrase meaning Islamic Group or Islamic Community) is a Southeast Asian militant Islamic organization dedicated to the establishment of a Daulah Islamiyah[2] (Islamic State) in Southeast Asia incorporating Indonesia, Malaysia, the southern Philippines, Singapore and Brunei[3]. JI was added to the United Nations... Gurkha Contingent troopers guarding a car park entrance to Raffles City where the 117th IOC Session was held. ...


In 2005, an upgrade in screening technology and rising security concerns led to luggage-screening processes being conducted behind closed-doors, as opposed to them being done just before check-in previously within public view. Carry-on luggage and persons screening are conducted at the individual departure gates, while check-in luggage are screened in the backrooms and secured before loading. Plans are in place to install over 400 cameras around the airport to monitor passenger activity around the clock and check on suspicious parcels and activity. Tenders to incorporate such a system was called in late September 2005.[61] A second perimeter fence to prevent unauthorised persons is due for construction, to be completed by 2008. The Airport Police plans to introduce a biometric identification system for access into restricted areas.[62] The Luggage. ... A perimeter fence is a structure that circles the perimeter of an area to prevent access. ...


In view of the 2006 transatlantic aircraft plot, security screening checks have been stepped up on passengers and their hand-carry luggage, as well as checked-in luggage on flights bound for destinations in the United Kingdom and the United States from Changi.[63] Police at the scene of one of the raids, on Forest Road, Walthamstow, London. ...


Operations

Operational Statistics[64]
The Departure Hall of Terminal 2
The Departure Hall of Terminal 2
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
(tonnes)
Aircraft
movements
1998 23,803,180 1,283,660 165,242
1999 26,064,645 1,500,393 165,961
2000 28,618,200 1,682,489 173,947
2001 28,093,759 1,507,062 179,359
2002 28,979,344 1,637,797 174,820
2003 24,664,137 1,611,407 154,346
2004 30,353,565 1,775,092 184,932
2005 32,430,856 1,833,721 204,138
2006 35,033,083 1,931,881 214,000
2007 36,701,556 1,918,159
Top destinations (as at Feb 2008)[65]
By flight frequencies (weekly one-way)
1 Jakarta 195
2 Bangkok Suvarnabhumi 161
3 Kuala Lumpur 133
4 Hong Kong 105
5 Tokyo Narita 62
6 Shanghai Pudong 60
7 Phuket 59

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 621 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Singapore Changi Airport, Terminal 2, Departure Hall Taken by User:Sengkang of ENglish. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 621 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Singapore Changi Airport, Terminal 2, Departure Hall Taken by User:Sengkang of ENglish. ... , Inside Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: ) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Departure screen at Suvarnabhumi Structure at Suvarnabhumi Airport Terminal Suvarnabhumi Airport (Thai: ),(IATA: BKK, ICAO: VTBS), also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is the international airport serving Bangkok, Thailand. ... For other uses, see Kuala Lumpur International Airport (disambiguation). ... Narita International Airport ) (IATA: NRT, ICAO: RJAA) is an international airport located in Narita, Chiba, Japan, in the eastern portion of the Greater Tokyo Area. ... Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) (SSE: 600009) (Simplified Chinese上海浦东国际机场, Traditional Chinese 上海浦東國際機場, pinyin ShànghÇŽi PÇ”dōng Guójì JÄ«cháng) is an airport located in the eastern part of Pudong district of Shanghai, China. ... Phuket International Airport (IATA: HKT, ICAO: VTSP) is an airport in Phuket, Thailand. ...

Passenger operations

As all passenger traffic out of the airport is international in nature, the four major terminals in operation are equipped with immigration processing facilities for international travel. Flights by Singapore Airlines operate from both Terminal 2 and 3 while flights by Singapore Airlines regional subsidiary SilkAir, Etihad, Lufthansa, and some Southeast Asia-based carriers including Malaysia Airlines, Philippine Airlines and Royal Brunei Airlines operate from the Terminal 2. China Eastern Airlines, Jet Airways, Qatar Airways and United Airlines operate from Terminal 3, while the majority of other airlines use Terminal 1. Two airlines, namely Tiger Airways and Cebu Pacific, utilize the Budget Terminal. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767-300 in the take off queue at London Heathrow Airport Royal Brunei Airlines (Malay: Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ﻓﻧﺭﺑﺎڠن ﺩﻴﺮﺍﺝ ﺑﺮﻮﻧﻲ), or RBA, is the flag carrier airline of the Sultanate of Brunei. ...


After recovering from a drop in passenger traffic as a result of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in 2003, the airport saw rapid growth in traffic which hit the 30 million mark for the first time a year later in 2004. A monthly record was set in June 2006 with 2,980,106 passengers handled, an increase of 9.1% in its first six months of operations for 2006. The Budget Terminal handled about 657,000 passengers by October 26, 2006, six months after its opening in March, and constituted 11.3% of total flights in October 2006 compared to 9.6% in April the same year.[66] The terminal handled its one-millionth passenger at the end of the 2006.[67] SARS redirects here. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The airport is expecting to handle a total of 50 million passengers by 2012,[68] during which time the opening of Integrated Resorts and other major events in Singapore, and the phased liberalisation of the ASEAN aviation sector would help to increase tourism arrivals by about 35%.[69]


Airfreight

The Air Cargo Division of the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore manages the Changi Airfreight Centre[70] located in the north of the airport premises.[49] Fueled by high economic growth in China, the airport handled 1,854,610 tonnes of air cargo in 2005, an increase of 3.3% over the 2004 fiscal year, making it the 10th busiest airfreight hub in the world and the fifth busiest in Asia. Due to Singapore's large electronics sector, electrical components constitute a significant part of the total cargo traffic handled at the airport, although it has initiated attempts to diversify into the perishable air cargo market.


Relying on extensive use of Information Technology, the Air Cargo Division introduced various IT systems such as the Air Cargo EDI System (ACES), the Advance Clearance for Courier and Express Shipments System (ACCESS) and the Electronic Payment and Invoicing for Cargo (EPIC) to ease customs clearance procedures and movement. It pioneered the TradeNet System, allowing for traders to conduct trade declarations over the internet and speeding the approval process by controlling authorities. TradeNet will be linked to the country-wide Integrated Trade and Logistics IT platform.[71]


Airlines and destinations

The following lists the current and former airlines operating from the airport. Former users of the airport are in grey and italics.

Airlines and destinations out of Singapore Changi Airport
Airlines Destinations Terminal Commenced Terminated Remarks
Adam Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta 1 28 October 2005[72] March 2008 Air certificate revoked.
Aeroflot Kuala Lumpur, Moscow, New Delhi 1 March 2001[73] Poor yields on sector. Plans to resume flights by end 2001 did not materialise.
Air Bagan Yangon 1 7 September 2007[74] 4 November 2007 Sanctions against airline by U.S.[75]
Air Canada 2 15 January 1985[76] January 1991[77] Currently codeshares with Singapore Airlines.
Air China Beijing, Chengdu, Xiamen 1 17 June 1985 Suspension ended 1 January 1994.
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 20 July 1964. Moved from Terminal 2 to 1 in November 2004.
Air Hong Kong Hong Kong Freight 2003[78]
Air India Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Melbourne [begins early 2009], Mumbai 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 16 July 1954.
Air Macau Macau 1 21 August 2002[79] Poor loads on sector.
Air Madagascar Antananarivo, Reunion 1 1998[80] Poor loads on sector.
Air Mauritius Kuala Lumpur, Port Louis 1 31 May 1985[81] Resumed on 2 August 2003[82]
Air New Zealand Auckland 2 1 July 1981 2 October 2006[83] Commenced operations to Singapore since 6 April 1966, now codeshares with Singapore Airlines.
Air Niugini Port Moresby 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 5 July 1979.
Air Sahara Delhi 1 12 May 2005[84] Airline merged with Jet Airways.
Air Seychelles Mahé 1 25 November 1987 April 2008 Suspended from 3 April[85] to 6 May 2003 due to SARS[86]. Resumes service to Singapore on 30 June 2008.
Air Zimbabwe Beijing, Guangzhou, Harare 1 22 November 2004[87]
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur 1 1 February 2008[88]
Air-India Express Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai, Tiruchirapalli 1 29 October 2006[89]
Alitalia Rome 1 Now codeshares with KLM via Amsterdam.
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita 1 3 December 1991
Angel Airlines 1 All passenger operations suspended.
Asiana Airlines (part) Seoul-Incheon 1 14 January 1991
Asiana Airlines (part) Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Manila, Penang, Seoul-Incheon Freight
Australian Airlines Cairns 1 21 November 2002[90] 1 July 2006 Airline merged into Qantas, route transferred.
Austrian Airlines Melbourne, Vienna 2 29 October 2000 March 2007 Suspension resumed 3 June 2004[91], now codeshares with Singapore Airlines.
Bangkok Airways Koh Samui 1 27 March 1997
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 6 April 1977.
Bouraq Indonesia Airlines Surabaya 1 July 2005 First suspended in 1997, resumed on 20 December 1999[92]; terminated when company liquidated.
British Airways London-Heathrow, Sydney 1 1 July 1981[93] Commenced mail operations to Singapore as Imperial Airways on 22 December 1933[94] and passenger operations since April 1935 via Penang[95].
Canadian Airlines 1 2001 Merged with Air Canada.
Cargolux Amman, Auckland, Baku, Chennai, Damascus, Kuala Lumpur, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Melbourne, Freight
Cathay Pacific (part) Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Colombo, Hong Kong 1 1 July 1981[96] Commenced operations to Singapore since 1947.
Cathay Pacific (part) Hong Kong Freight
Cebu Pacific Cebu, Davao, Manila Budget 6 November 2002[97] Suspended January 2003, relaunched 31 August 2006[98]
China Airlines (part) Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 5 October 1967.
China Airlines (part) Taipei-Taoyuan Freight
China Eastern Airlines (part) Kunming, Shanghai-Pudong 3 31 March 1993 Moved to Terminal 3 since 25 March 2008.
China Eastern Airlines (part) Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Shanghai-Pudong Freight
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Shenyang 1 17 March 1993
China Southwest Airlines Chengdu 1 2002 Merged with Air China, route transferred.
China Yunnan Airlines Kunming 1 2002 Merged with China Eastern Airlines, route transferred.
Czech Airlines Prague 1
EgyptAir Cairo 1
Emirates Airline Auckland, Brisbane, Colombo, Dubai, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Melbourne 1 17 June 1990
Emirates SkyCargo Bangalore, Chennai, Dubai[99] Freight
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi, Brisbane 2 28 September 2007[100]
EVA Air (part) Taipei-Taoyuan 1 8 July 1991[101]
EVA Air (part) Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Ho Chi Minh City, Penang, Taipei-Taoyuan Freight
Evergreen International Airlines Freight 12 April 2000[102]
FedEx Express Anchorage, Cebu, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Memphis, Newark, Osaka-Kansai, Penang, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Subic, Tokyo-Narita Freight
Finnair Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Helsinki 1 4 December 1985 16 May 2007 Low loads on sector.
First Cambodia Airlines 1 2004[103] 25 February 2004 Financial problems.
Garuda Indonesia Beijing, Denpasar/Bali, Chennai, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Medan, Pekanbaru, Semarang, Shanghai-Pudong, Surabaya 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 1966.
Gulf Air Bahrain, Sydney 1 1 December 1990 1 July 2007 Restructuring of company.
Hainan Airlines Haikou 1 31 March 2002[104] Plans to restart flights in December 2004 did not materialise[105]; currently Charter flights only.
Indian Airlines Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Pune 1 4 June 1987[106]
Japan Airlines (part) Kuala Lumpur, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 8 May 1958[107].
Japan Airlines (part) Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Nagoya, Tokyo-Narita Freight
Jat Airways Belgrade, Dubai, Melbourne, Sydney 1 1992 UN sanctions on Yugoslavia; never resumed flights.
Jatayu Airlines 1 Air certificate revoked.
Jet Airways Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi 3 15 April 2005[108] Moved to Terminal 3 since 26 March 2008.
Jetstar Airways Cairns, Darwin, Melbourne [109] 1 29-Oct 2006[110]
Jetstar Asia Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Macau, Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Taipei-Taoyuan, Yangon 1 13 December 2004[111]
Jett8 Airlines Cargo Dubai, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Manchester, Freight 23 June 2007[112]
Kitty Hawk International Airlines[4] Freight
KLM (part) Amsterdam 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 1927[113] (mail) and 3 May 1933[114] (passenger).
KLM (part) Amsterdam, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Penang Freight
Korean Air (part) Seoul-Incheon 1 24 February 1982
Korean Air (part) Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Manila, Seoul-Incheon Freight
Kuwait Airways Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kuwait 1 Maintained cargo services
Lauda Air Vienna 1 2004 Route transferred to Austrian Airlines.
Lion Air Denpasar/Bali [begins June 6, 2008], Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta 1 18 November 2003[78]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw 1 Codeshares with Singapore Airlines since 30 October 2005.
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Munich [begins June 8] 2 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 4 April 1965
Lufthansa Cargo (part) Bahrain, Delhi, Leipzig/Halle Freight
Malaysia Airlines Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Langkawi, Penang 2 1 July 1981
Mekong Airlines 1
Merpati Nusantara Airlines Bandung 1 2007 Resumed on 30 April 2005.
Mihin Lanka Colombo 1 24 September 2007[115]
Myanmar Airways International Yangon 1 Now Codeshares with Jetstar Asia Airways.
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu, Kuala Lumpur 1 15 October 1984 Suspended till 31 March 2003.
Nippon Cargo Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita Freight
Northwest Airlines Tokyo-Narita 1 April 1989[116]
Northwest Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Los Angeles, Tokyo-Narita Freight 1 December 1984[116]
Olympic Airways Athens 1
Pakistan International Airlines Karachi, Kuala Lumpur, Islamabad, Lahore 1 1 July 1981 July 2007 Commenced operations to Singapore since 3 November 1972, suspension ended on 28 June 2005.
Pan American World Airways Hong Kong 1 1 July 1981 22 April 1985 Commenced operations to Singapore since May 1941 from San Francisco via Manila[117]. Route sold to United Airlines[118].
PB Air Krabi 1 10 May 2000[119]
Philippine Airlines Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Manila 2 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 1 November 1965.
Qantas Adelaide, Brisbane, Denpasar/Bali, Frankfurt, London-Heathrow, Melbourne, Perth, Rome-Fiumicino [from 4 July to 29 July], Sydney 1 1 July 1981[120] Commenced mail operations to Singapore since 26 February 1935 from Darwin and passenger services from Brisbane on 17 April 1935[121].
Qatar Airways Doha, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta 3 15 December 2003[122] Moved to Terminal 3 since 26 March 2008.
Republic Express Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta Freight 16 January 2003[123]
Riau Airlines 1 2003[78]
Royal Air Cambodge 1 Liquidation.
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan 2 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 14 May 1975.
Royal Jordanian 1 Late 1990s Financial reasons, but considering resuming in 2008.
Royal Khmer Airlines Phnom Penh, Siem Reap 1 16 January 2006
Sabena Brussels 1
Saudi Arabian Airlines Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Riyadh 1 30 March 1982
Scandinavian Airlines System Copenhagen 1 1 July 1981 1 March 2006 Commenced operations to Singapore since 4 November 1967, now codeshares with Thai Airways International via Bangkok
Sempati Air 1 Liquidation
Shandong Airlines Qingdao, Shenzhen 1 30 July 2004[124]
Shanghai Airlines Cargo Ho Chi Minh City, Shanghai-Pudong Freight 16 June 2006[125]
Shenzhen Airlines Nanning 1
SilkAir Balikpapan, Cebu, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Christmas Island, Coimbatore, Da Nang, Davao, Kaohsiung, Kathmandu, Kochi, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Kunming, Langkawi, Manado, Mataram, Medan, Palembang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Shenzhen, Siem Reap, Solo, Surabaya, Thiruvananthapuram, Xiamen, Yangon 2 21 February 1989[126] Operated as Tradewinds Airlines until 1 April 1992. Flights to Christmas Island are by scheduled charter every Thursday via AustAsia Airlines[127]
Singapore Airlines (part) Departure destinations: Abu Dhabi, Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cairo, Cape Town, Chennai, Colombo, Denpasar, Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Houston-Intercontinental, Hyderabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Karachi, Kolkata, Kuala Lumpur, Lahore, Malé, Manila, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Penang, Tokyo-Narita [SQ632 only] 2 1 July 1981 Commenced operations in Singapore as Malayan Airways on 2 April 1947. Aircraft will arrive at Terminal 2 if its next outbound destination is to any of the destinations listed here[6].
Singapore Airlines (part) Departure destinations: Adelaide, Amsterdam, Athens, Auckland, Barcelona, Beijing, Brisbane, Christchurch, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manchester, Melbourne, Milan-Malpensa, Nagoya-Centrair, Nanjing, New York-JFK, Newark, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Perth, Rome-Fiumicino, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita [except SQ632], Vancouver, Zürich 3 1 July 1981 Commenced operations in Singapore as Malayan Airways on 2 April 1947. Aircraft will arrive at Terminal 3 if its next outbound destination is to any of the destinations listed here[6].
Singapore Airlines Cargo Adelaide, Amsterdam, Anchorage, Auckland, Bangalore, Brussels, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Kolkata, Leipzig, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Macau, Melbourne, Mumbai, Nairobi, Nanjing, Osaka-Kansai, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharjah, Sydney, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Xiamen Freight 1 July 2001
South African Airways Johannesburg 1 Now codeshares with Singapore Airlines.
SriLankan Airlines Colombo 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 14 September 1975
Swiss International Air Lines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Zürich 1 14 June 2002[128]
Swissair Bangkok-Don Mueang, Zürich 1 1 July 1981 31 March 2002[128] Commenced operations to Singapore since 1 April 1969, now liquidated with route restored by Swiss International Air Lines.
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Phuket 1 16 February 2004[129]
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 1 1 July 1981 Commenced operations to Singapore since 5 May 1960.
Tiger Airways Bandar Seri Begawan [begins 2008], Bangalore [begins 1 June], Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Darwin, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Haikou, Ho Chi Minh City, Krabi, Kuala Lumpur, Manila-Clark, Macau, Padang, Perth, Phuket, Shenzhen, Xiamen Budget 15 September 2004[130]
TNT Airways Liege, Shanghai-Pudong Freight 25 May 2008[131]
Transaero Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Denpasar/Bali, Moscow-Domodedovo 1 31 October 2004[132]
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Jakarta-Halim Freight
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 1 2 June 1986[133]
Union des Transports Aériens Paris 1 Route transferred to Air France.
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Hong Kong, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles 3 13 February 1986 Route via Hong Kong purchased from Pan American World Airways since 22 April 1985 and relaunched in February 1986[134]. Moved to Terminal 3 since 25 March 2008
United Parcel Service Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cologne, Dubai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Manila-Clark, Mumbai, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan Freight
Valuair Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Medan, Surabaya 1 5 May 2004[135]
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City 1 4 February 1992
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Xiamen 1 12 January 2003[136]
Yangtze River Express Nanning, Shanghai-Pudong Freight 1 November 2005[137] 2007

An Adam Air Boeing 737-400 at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... JSC Aeroflot - Russian Airlines (Russian: ) (MICEX:AFLT RTS:AFLT), or Aeroflot (Russian: ) as the airline is commonly known, is the Russian flag carrier and the largest airline in Russia. ... // The airline was established in June 2004 and started operations on 15 November 2004. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Air Canada (TSX: AC.A, TSX: AC.B) is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Not to be confused with China Airlines, the national airline of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Cargo aircraft of Air Hong Kong taken in Narita Airport. ... Air India (Hindi: ) is the national flag carrier of India with a worldwide network of passenger and cargo services. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... Air Macau (Chinese:澳門航空), is an airline based in Macau. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Air Madagascar is an airline based in Antananarivo, Madagascar. ... Air Mauritius is the national airline of Mauritius, based in Port Louis. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Boeing 747-400 Boeing 747-400 Air New Zealand Limited (ASX:, NZX: AIR, Air New Zealand) is a scheduled passenger airline based in Auckland, New Zealand, and the national flag carrier. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ... Air Niugini Limited is the national airline of Papua New Guinea, based in Port Moresby. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Air Sahara is an airline based in New Delhi, India. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jet Airways (India) Ltd. ... Air Seychelles is the national airline of Seychelles, an island nation in the Indian Ocean just to the east of Tanzania. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Air Zimbabwe 767-2NO(ER) Z-WPF. Photo taken at KLIA Air Zimbabwe is the national airline of Zimbabwe, based in Harare. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Taiwanese aircraft service company, see Air Asia (Taiwan). ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Air-India Express (Hindi: ) is a low-cost airline subsidiary of Air India based in Mumbai, India. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Airbus A321-100 lands at London Heathrow airport Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane (Italian for Alitalia - Italian Air Lines) (BIT: AZA10) is the flag carrier airline of Italy. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... All Nippon Airways Co. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Angel Airlines, or Angel Air, is an airline based in Bangkok, Thailand. ... // Asiana Airlines (아시아나 í•­ê³µ Asiana Hanggong KOSDAQ: 020560) (Formerly Seoul Airlines) is an airline based in Seoul, South Korea and is one of South Koreas two major airlines, along with Korean Air. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Asiana Airlines (아시아나 í•­ê³µ Asiana Hanggong KOSDAQ: 020560) (Formerly Seoul Airlines) is an airline based in Seoul, South Korea and is one of South Koreas two major airlines, along with Korean Air. ... Australian Airlines was a full-service airline based in Australia, servicing Australian and Asian destinations between 2001 and 2006. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Qantas Airways Limited (IPA: ) is the national airline of Australia. ... Airbus A320 Fokker 70 (superseded colour scheme) Airbus A321-100 landing Austrian Airlines AG is the flag carrier airline of Austria, headquartered in Vienna. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ... Bangkok Airways Airbus A320 aircraft. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Biman Bangladesh Airlines (Bangla:বিমান বাংলাদেশ) is an airline based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Bouraq Indonesia Airlines is an airline based in Jakarta, Indonesia. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Imperial Airways Empire Terminal, Victoria, London. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal) (formerly Let Penang Lead) State anthem: Untuk Negeri Kita (For Our State) Capital George Town Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Tuan Yang Terutama Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas  - Ketua Menteri Tan Sri Dr. Koh Tsu Koon History    - Ceded by... Canadian Airlines International Ltd. ... Air Canada (TSX: AC.A, TSX: AC.B) is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Cargolux (Cargolux Airlines International) is a cargo airline based in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. ... Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (traditional Chinese: ; SEHK: 0293, OTCBB: CPCAY) is the largest airline and flag carrier of Hong Kong. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (traditional Chinese: ; SEHK: 0293, OTCBB: CPCAY) is the largest airline and flag carrier of Hong Kong. ... Cebu Pacific Air is a low-cost airline based in Pasay City, Manila, the Philippines. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (Simplified Chinese: ) (SSE: 600115 SEHK: 0670 NYSE: CEA) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (Simplified Chinese: ) (SSE: 600115 SEHK: 0670 NYSE: CEA) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ... China Southern Airlines (中国南方航空公司) (SEHK: 1055, NYSE: ZNH) is an airline based in Guangzhou in the Guangdong province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... China Southwest Airlines is an airline based in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Not to be confused with China Airlines, the national airline of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... China Yunnan Airlines (Chinese: 雲南航空公司) is an airline based in the Peoples Republic of China. ... China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (Simplified Chinese: ) (SSE: 600115 SEHK: 0670 NYSE: CEA) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ... CSA Czech Airlines (in Czech: ÄŒeské aerolinie (abbreviation: ÄŒSA) is the Czech national airline company, and former national carrier of Czechoslovakia based at RuzynÄ› International Airport, Prague. ... EgyptAir Airlines Company (IATA Code: MS[1]), operating as EgyptAir (Arabic: مصر للطيران, Misr Lel-Tayaran) is the Cairo-based national airline of Egypt. ... Emirates Airline (shortened form: Emirates) (Arabic: طيران الإماراتTayarān al-Imārāt) is a subsidiary of The Emirates Group. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Emirates SkyCargo is a cargo airline subsidiary of Emirates, based in the United Arab Emirates. ... Etihad Airways (Arabic: الإتحاد, ʼal-Ê»itiħād) is the flag carrier of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... EVA Air (Chinese:長榮航空 Chángróng Hángkōng) is a Taiwanese airline based at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan, operating passenger and dedicated cargo services to international destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, and North America. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... EVA Air (Chinese:長榮航空 Chángróng Hángkōng) is a Taiwanese airline based at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan, operating passenger and dedicated cargo services to international destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, and North America. ... Evergreen International Airlines is a cargo airline based in McMinnville, Oregon, USA. It operates contract freight services, offering charters and scheduled flights, as well as wet lease services. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... FedEx Express, based in Memphis, Tennessee, USA, is the worlds largest cargo airline. ... Finnair is Finlands largest airline and the flag carrier. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Categories: Airlines of Cambodia | Airline stubs ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... PT (Persero) Perusahaan Penerbangan Garuda Indonesia, abbreviated to Garuda Indonesia, is the national airline of Indonesia. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Gulf Air (Arabic: ) is the flag carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... CHH redirects here. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ... Executive class cabin of an Indian Airbus A320 Indian Airlines Limited or Indian (Hindi: ) was Indias state owned primarily domestic airline, under the federal Union Ministry of Civil Aviation and based in New Delhi. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Jat Airways is the national airline of Serbia and the former national carrier of Yugoslavia, based in Belgrade. ... Jatayu Airlines (Jatayu Gelang Sejahtera) is an airline based in Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Jet Airways (India) Ltd. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... For the aircraft, see Lockheed JetStar. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Jetstar_Airways. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jett8 Airlines Cargo is a start-up cargo airline based in Singapore. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... Korean Air (formerly Korean Air Lines) (KRXS: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the flag carrier airline of Korea, its global headquarters are located in Seoul, Korea. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Korean Air (formerly Korean Air Lines) (KRXS: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the flag carrier airline of Korea, its global headquarters are located in Seoul, Korea. ... Kuwait Airways (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية الكويتية) is the national airline of Kuwait, based in Kuwait City and wholly owned by the Kuwaiti Government. ... Lauda Air is an airline based in Vienna, Austria. ... Airbus A320 Fokker 70 (superseded colour scheme) Airbus A321-100 landing Austrian Airlines AG is the flag carrier airline of Austria, headquartered in Vienna. ... A Lion Air aircraft Lion Air is a low-cost airline based in Jakarta, Indonesia. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Boeing 737-500 LOT redirects here. ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (second is Air France - KLM), and the flag carrier of Germany. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Lufthansa Cargo is the cargo airline subsidiary of Lufthansa based in Frankfurt, Germany. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Categories: Airline stubs | Airlines of Cambodia ... Merpati Nusantara Airlines is an airline based in Indonesia that provides largely domestic and regional flights. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mihin Lanka is the name of a new low cost international airline in Sri Lanka. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Myanmar Airways International is the international airline of Myanmar, based in Yangon. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Jetstar_Airways. ... Nepal Airlines formerly known as Royal Nepal Airlines is an airline based in Kathmandu, Nepal. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nippon Cargo Airlines Boeing 747 at Schiphol Airport (Amsterdam, the Netherlands) in December 2003 Nippon Cargo Airlines (NCA, 日本貨物航空 Nippon Kamotsu Kôkû) is a cargo subsidiary of All Nippon Airways. ... Northwest Airlines, Inc. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Olympic Airlines Boeing 737 Olympic Airlines (Ολυμπιακές Αερογραμμές - O.A.) is the state-run, flag carrier of Greece. ... Pakistan International Airlines Corporation, more commonly known as Pakistan International Airlines or PIA (Urdu: Ù¾ÛŒ آئی اے يا پاکستان انٹرنیشنل ایرلاینز), is the flag carrier airline of Pakistan, based in Karachi. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pan Ams seaplane terminal at Dinner Key in Miami, Florida, was a hub of inter-American travel during the 1930s and 1940s. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... United Airlines is a major airline of the United States. ... PB Air is a regional airline based in Bangkok, Thailand. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Philippine Airlines (abbreviated PAL, PSE: PAL), also known historically as Philippine Air Lines, is the national airline of the Philippines. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Qantas Airways Limited (IPA: ) is the national airline of Australia. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is the flag carrier airline of Qatar, based in Doha. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Republic Express is a cargo airliner that based on indoneisa. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Riau Airlines is an airline based in Pekanbaru in the Indonesian province of Riau, Sumatra. ... Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767-300 in the take off queue at London Heathrow Airport Royal Brunei Airlines (Malay: Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ﻓﻧﺭﺑﺎڠن ﺩﻴﺮﺍﺝ ﺑﺮﻮﻧﻲ), or RBA, is the flag carrier airline of the Sultanate of Brunei. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Royal Jordanian Airlines (Arabic: الملكية الأردنية; transliterated: al-Malakiyah al-Orduniyah) is an airline based in Amman, Jordan, operating scheduled international services over four continents. ... Royal Khmer Airlines is an airline based in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Boeing 777-200ER Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Scandinavian Airlines System or SAS is a multi-national airline for Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and the leading carrier in the Scandinavian countries, based in Stockholm, Sweden and owned by SAS AB. It is a founding member of the Star Alliance. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Headquarters Thai Airways International Public Company Limited (Thai: ) (SET: THAI) is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network. ... Sempati Air is an airline based in Indonesia. ... Shandong Airlines is an airline based in Jinan, Peoples Republic of China. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shanghai Airlines Cargo (上海航空股份有限公司) is a cargo airline based in the Peoples Republic of China. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shenzhen Airlines is a domestic budget airline based in Shenzhen Baoan International Airport, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China. ... SilkAir (Singapore) Private Limited is an airline based in Singapore. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS,马航 ; Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia; Mandarin: 马来西亚航空公司;Hanyu Pinyin: MálaixÄ«ya Hángkōng GōngsÄ«)is the national airline of Malaysia, serving international and domestic destinations. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS,马航 ; Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia; Mandarin: 马来西亚航空公司;Hanyu Pinyin: MálaixÄ«ya Hángkōng GōngsÄ«)is the national airline of Malaysia, serving international and domestic destinations. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Singapore Airlines Cargo (SIA Cargo), the fully owned subsidiary of Singapore Airlines and incorporated in 1 July 2001, is the worlds third biggest cargo airline in terms of international freight tonne kilometres (FTK). ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... South African Airways (SAA) is South Africas largest domestic and international airline company, with hubs in Cape Town and Johannesburg. ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ... SriLankan Airlines Limited (previously known as Air Lanka) is the national airline of Sri Lanka. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Swiss (disambiguation). ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Swissair (Swiss Air Transport Company Limited) was the former national airline of Switzerland. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... For other uses, see Swiss (disambiguation). ... Categories: Airline stubs | Airlines of Thailand | Low-cost airlines ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Headquarters Thai Airways International Public Company Limited (Thai: ) (SET: THAI) is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tiger Airways Private Limited is a low-cost airline based in Singapore, with its primary hub at Singapore Changi Airport. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... TNT Airways is a cargo and passengers charter airline based in Liege airport, Belgium. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... JSC Transaero Airlines (Russian: ) or simply Transaero (Russian: ) is an airline based in Moscow, Russia. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tri MG is based in Jakarta. ... Turkish Airlines, Inc. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Union des Transports Aériens (UTA) was the largest wholly privately owned, Independent airline in France. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... United Airlines is a major airline of the United States. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Pan Ams seaplane terminal at Dinner Key in Miami, Florida, was a hub of inter-American travel during the 1930s and 1940s. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... United Parcel Service, Inc. ... Valuair Limited (Chinese: 惠旅航空; Thai: แวลูแอร์) is a Singapore-based budget airline. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vietnam Airlines is the national flag carrier of Vietnam, and was established as a state enterprise in April 1989. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Xiamen Airlines (simplified Chinese: 厦门航空; pinyin: Xiàmén Hángkōng) is the first airline company in Peoples Republic of China run by private individuals, established on July 25, 1984, and based in Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yangtze River Express (Yangtze River Express Airlines Company Limited) (扬子江快运航空有限公司, or 扬子江快运 for short) is a cargo airline based in China. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Prospective users

Delta Air Lines, Inc. ... Gulf Air (Arabic: ) is the flag carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain. ... Oman Air (الطيران العماني) is the national airline of Oman. ... Royal Jordanian Airlines (Arabic: الملكية الأردنية; transliterated: al-Malakiyah al-Orduniyah) is an airline based in Amman, Jordan, operating scheduled international services over four continents. ... Skywest is the name of two airlines: Skywest (Australian airline) serves Australia SkyWest (Capitalized differently) serves the United States and Canada This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... South East Asian Airlines or SEAIR is an airline based in the Philippines and is committed to serve remote destinations throughout the Philippines. ...

Ground transportation

Entrance to Changi Airport Station
Entrance to Changi Airport Station

Changi Airport was built with ground transportation considerations in mind from the onset, with the East Coast Parkway built and opened in tandem with the airport, providing a direct link to the city center. At a distance of about 20 km (12 mi), the expressway was built almost entirely on reclaimed land, thus minimising disruptions to the existing road network in Singapore's East Coast. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1634 KB) Summary Exterior of CrystalMover Skytrain, Changi Airport, Singapore Copyright © 2006 mailer_diablo Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries User:Mailer diablo/Gallery Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Crystal Mover Cars Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1634 KB) Summary Exterior of CrystalMover Skytrain, Changi Airport, Singapore Copyright © 2006 mailer_diablo Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries User:Mailer diablo/Gallery Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Crystal Mover Cars Metadata This file contains... The Changi Airport Skytrain is a people mover system connecting Terminal 1 to Terminal 2 at Changi Airport, Singapore. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore) Categories: Images with unknown copyright status ... File links The following pages link to this file: Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore) Categories: Images with unknown copyright status ... East Coast Parkway eastbound towards Singapore Changi Airport, before Benjamin Sheares Bridge. ...


While configured in a compact configuration such that the three main passenger terminal buildings are sited adjacent to each other, allowing for travellers to venture between terminals on foot, a short people mover system was added to facilitate quicker and more convenient transfers. This system is being replaced by a newer system, which will connect the three main terminals in 2007 and will introduce greater security features by separating checked-in passengers from the general public on distinct tracks. This rail system is not extended to the Budget Terminal, which is served by free shuttle buses to minimize operational costs.


Inter-terminal transportation

The Changi Airport Skytrain operates between Terminals 1, 2 and 3, with a total of seven stations. The trains have separate cars for airside (transit) and landside (public) passengers. Initially built in the early 1990s as a shuttle between Terminals 1 and 2 using Bombardier CX-100 cars, the system was revamped to use the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Crystal Mover in 2006 and extended to Terminal 3 in 2007. The service is free and operates between 5:30 am and 2:30 am daily. Transportation is also provided to passengers and visitors between Terminal 2 and the Budget Terminal in the form of free shuttle buses. Free buses are also deployed to run every 20 minutes during the non-operational hours of the Skytrain, ie from 0230 to 0530 hours between all four terminals. The Changi Airport Skytrain is a people mover system connecting Terminal 1 to Terminal 2 at Changi Airport, Singapore. ... A Bombardier CX-100 train on the Bukit Panjang LRT. CX-100 operating on AeroTrain (KLIA), Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia. ... SBS Transit Crystal Mover car on the Sengkang and Punggol LRT In 2006, CAAS Crystal Mover Cars have replaced their CX-100 counterparts for the operation of the Changi Airport Skytrain. ...


External connections

The airport is connected to the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) network, with Changi Airport Station located underground between Terminal 2 and Terminal 3 and directly accessible from both terminals. A direct, one-train service to the downtown and western parts of Singapore was initially in operation when the station opened on 8 February 2002 (then accessible only via Terminal 2). This was replaced by the current shuttle service between Changi Airport Station and Tanah Merah Station on 22 July 2003,[144] when it was found that few passengers actually use this route, compared to the number of commuters who need to travel from the city to Tampines and Pasir Ris. Cross-platform transfers are therefore necessary at Tanah Merah Station to connect to the rest of the network. Trips to downtown Singapore typically costs S$1.90 on a standard ticket or adult EZ-Link card, taking about 27 minutes to complete excluding waiting and transfer times. These services are in operation from 0531 (0559 on Sunday/Public holiday) and 1118 hours daily. A diagram of the physical spread of the MRT network across the island (includes lines under construction). ... Changi Airport Station (CG2) was opened on 8 February 2002, giving Singapore Changi Airport its first rail link since it began operations 21 years earlier. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Changi Airport-bound trains arrive at the middle track of the station. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tampines (or Tampines New Town) is the largest residential area in the city-state of Singapore and is located in the East Region of the main island. ... Pasir Ris is primarily a residential area in Singapore comprising many high-rise residential dwelling blocks, mostly public housing built by the Housing and Development Board in Pasir Ris New Town. ... A standard adult EZ-Link card. ...


Buses were the main transport mode for cost-conscious travellers and local airport staff until the opening of Changi Airport MRT Station due to their relative affordability and reliability. Services operated by SBS Transit and SMRT Buses use bus terminals in the basement level of the three main terminals, as well as a bus stop along Airport Boulevard which is connected by a sheltered walkway to the Budget Terminal, making a loop starting from Terminal 3 to Terminal 1, 2, and then the Budget Terminal and back to their destination of origin. SBS Transit Limited (simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: , SGX: S61) is a public transport operator in Singapore. ... A mix of resprayed buses in red livery with some in older, yellow Tibs livery parked at Bukit Panjang Bus Interchange SMRT Buses (originally Trans Island Bus Services (TIBS) ) is a public bus transport operator in Singapore. ... The Changi Airport PTB (Passengers Terminal Building) 1, 2 & 3 Bus Terminals are located in the basement of Singapore Changi Airport Terminal 1, 2 & 3 respectively. ...

Service Destination Notes
SBS Transit Trunk Services
24 Ang Mo Kio Bus Interchange Euro IV Handicapped/disabled access
27 Hougang Central Bus Interchange
34 Punggol Bus Interchange Euro IV Handicapped/disabled access
36 Tomlinson Road (Loop)
53 Bishan Bus Interchange
SMRT Buses Trunk Services
858 Woodlands Regional Bus Interchange

Taxi stands are within the arrival halls of the three main terminals and just outside the Budget Terminal. Prices are the fare shown on meter, plus a S$5.00 surcharge (Fri-Sun, 1700 to midnight) or S$3.00 surcharge (all other times) for trips leaving the airport. Limousine taxi services are available at the limousine taxi counters in the arrival halls of terminals 1, 2 & 3, at a fare of S$45.00 for Mercedes Cab and S$50.00 for Maxi Cab, excluding surcharges. 7 seater Maxi Cab are used on the airport shuttle service that goes to anywhere within the Central Business District and to hotels in Singapore, except hotels in Changi Village and Sentosa Island, with bookings at the counters in the arrival hall. The fare paid to the driver, in cash,is S$9.00 per adult and S$6.00 per child. The service leaves every 30 minutes 6:00 am - 6:00 pm, every 15 minutes 6:15 pm - midnight and every 30 minutes 12:30 am - 2:00 am. Finally, Car rental services are provided at the car rental counters in Terminal 2. The new, air-conditioned bus interchange of Ang Mo Kio is located within AMK Hub. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Image File history File links Wheelchair_symbol. ... The Hougang Central Bus Interchange (Chinese: 后港中心巴士转换站) is a bus interchange serving the town of Hougang. ... Punggol Bus Interchange (Chinese: 榜鵝临时巴士转换站) is a temporary bus interchange in Punggol New Town, located adjacent to the Punggol MRT Station. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Image File history File links Wheelchair_symbol. ... Bishan Bus Interchange (Chinese: 碧山巴士转换站) is a bus station serving Bishan New Town in Singapore. ... Woodlands Regional Bus Interchange (Chinese: 兀兰区域巴士转换站) was completed and opened along with the Woodlands extension of the North South MRT Line in 1996. ... A taxi stand in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong on a rainy day. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... A Village at the north-eastern end of Singapore. ... The big Merlion statue on Sentosa Central Business District from the Carlsberg Sky Tower. ... Europcar Sixt A car rental, rent-a-car or car hire agency is a company that rents automobiles for short periods of time (ranging from a few hours to a few weeks) for a fee. ...


References

  1. ^ Singapore Changi Airport official web site
  2. ^ a b c d AIP SINGAPORE WSSS AD 2-1 10 MAY 07, AIP SINGAPORE WSSS AD 2-11 18 JAN 07, AIP SINGAPORE WSSS AD 2-31 20 DEC 07
  3. ^ http://app.mot.gov.sg/data/s_03_09_23.html
  4. ^ a b c d Singapore Changi Airport (2008-01-28). "Singapore Changi Airport Registers Another Record Year for Passenger Traffic". Press release.
  5. ^ a b "Singapore Changi Airport's Terminal 3 opens for business", Channel NewsAsia, MediaCorp News, 2008-01-09. 
  6. ^ a b c Popatlal, Asha. "Changi Airport's T3 to begin operations from 9 Jan", Channel NewsAsia, 2007-05-29. Retrieved on 2007-05-29. 
  7. ^ a b Changi Airport - Awards and Allocades. Singapore Changi Airport. Retrieved on 2007-08-10.
  8. ^ Skytrax (2006). "Singapore Changi Airport is crowned the World's Best Airport as the 2006 World Airport Awards are announced". Press release. Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  9. ^ a b Some Facts on Changi Airport. Singapore Changi Airport. Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  10. ^ a b Henry Probert (2006), The History of Changi, Changi University Press, ISBN 981-05-5580-6
  11. ^ a b Muliani Tan, Bonny (2001). Changi International Airport. singaporeInfopedia. National Library Board Singapore. Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  12. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Dead link
  13. ^ Remembering the Past
  14. ^ Terminal 3
  15. ^ Take a limo from plane to luxury terminal for $2,000. Home. The Straits Times (2006-07-04). Retrieved on 2008-01-20. “The service, the first in Asia, will begin when the new luxury terminal opens on Aug 15.”
  16. ^ Raymond Lim (2006-09-29). Minister Raymond Lim at the Opening of Changi Airport's CIP Terminal. Newsroom > Archives. Ministry of Transport, Singapore. Retrieved on 2008-01-20. “Opening address by Mr Raymond Lim, Minister for Transport and Second Minister for Foreign Affairs, at the Changi Airport CIP Terminal Grand Opening Ceremony, 29 September 2006, 7.30pm, at the Changi Airport CIP Terminal; The CIP Terminal will be operated by JetQuay Pte Ltd, a Singapore-based joint venture between four companies; With that, let me end by once again extending my heartiest congratulations to CAAS and the management and staff of JetQuay on the official opening of the CIP Terminal at Changi Airport.”
  17. ^ Singapore boasts Asia's first 'CIP' lounge
  18. ^ Farah Abdul Rahim, "Record numbers of passsengers, cargo pass through Changi in 2006", Channel NewsAsia, 16 January 2007
  19. ^ "New Terminal 4 for Changi Airport, S$10m expansion for Budget Terminal", Channel NewsAsia, 6 March 2008
  20. ^ a b c Singapore-Changi International Airport profile. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2007-12-21.
  21. ^ "Runway Mistake Suspected in Taiwan Jet Crash, Officials Say," The New York Times, November 3, 2000
  22. ^ http://www.zimbio.com/Kuala+Lumpur/articles/373/MORE+PICS+Stowaway+Suicide+Bomber+Osama+R
  23. ^ http://www.malaysianbar.org.my/legal/general_news/probe_into_stowaway_s_background.html
  24. ^ Singapore's Changi Airport handles record 2007 traffic
  25. ^ Budget Terminal
  26. ^ Takenaka Corp wins contract to upgrade Changi Airport's Terminal 1
  27. ^ Singapore Changi Airport I, II, III. CPG Corporation. Retrieved on 2008-03-22.
  28. ^ Changi International Airport - Terminal 3, Singapore, Singapore. Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLC. Retrieved on 2008-03-22.
  29. ^ Changi International Airport, Terminal 3, Singapore. Woodhead International. Retrieved on 2008-03-21.
  30. ^ Changi Airport (SIN/WSSS), Singapore. Airport Technology. Retrieved on 2008-03-21.
  31. ^ Changi Airport Singapore - media releases
  32. ^ Singapore Airlines Operates from Terminal 2 and Terminal 3
  33. ^ The Straits Times
  34. ^ Karamijit Kaur. "Changi's T3 ready to open by next January", The Straits Times, Singapore Press Holdings, 2007-03-07, p. H2. 
  35. ^ "Four airlines to join SIA at new Terminal 3 when it opens on Jan 9", Channel NewsAsia, 2007-10-25. 
  36. ^ 4 more airlines to operate from Changi Airport's T3
  37. ^ China Eastern Airlines, Jet Airways, Qatar Airways and United Airlines Ready for Take-Off at Changi Airport Terminal 3
  38. ^ "Changi Airport's Terminal 3 to open in January", The Straits Times, 2007-05-29. 
  39. ^ "T3's up, now for the tenants", Today, 2007-06-13. 
  40. ^ The Straits Times
  41. ^ "Changi Airport's Terminal 4 likely to be built in 10 to 15 years", Channel NewsAsia, 2008-03-08. 
  42. ^ Singapore Minister for Transport inspects Asia's first completed terminal customised for LCCs
  43. ^ International Air Transport Association (2005-05-30). "IATA Eagle Awards for Airservices Australia, Changi and Brisbane Airports". Press release. Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  44. ^ "Best in Business Travel 2005", Business Traveller, 2006-01-14. Retrieved on 2006-11-03. 
  45. ^ Strait Times
  46. ^ Changi Airport. Retrieved on 2008-05-08.
  47. ^ Today’s aviation environment and its strategic implications
  48. ^ Swissport handles its first flight in Singapore - four months earlier than planned. News Releases. Swissport International (2005-03-02). Retrieved on 2008-01-20. “March 2, 2005 – Swissport commenced its operations at Singapore’s Changi Airport today, becoming the airport’s third ground handling provider; Swissport’s new licence at Changi is valid for ten years and covers passenger, baggage and cargo handling services.”
  49. ^ a b Our Divisions. Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS). Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  50. ^ Airport Emergency Services (AES)
  51. ^ Fire Stations
  52. ^ CISCO to Enforce CAAS Aerodrome Rules and Regulations in the Airside of Singapore Changi Airport #2/2007
  53. ^ CISCO to Enforce CAAS Aerodrome Rules and Regulations in the Airside of Singapore Changi Airport #10/2007
  54. ^ http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporebusinessnews/view/344248/1/.html
  55. ^ http://www.certissecurity.com/sg/News/news.php?art=20
  56. ^ "Airport guards get etiquette lessons for pat-downs", The Straits Times, 2008-04-29. Retrieved on 2008-04-30. 
  57. ^ Singapore to Deploy Army at Changi Airport. Asian Political News (2001-10-08). Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  58. ^ Changi Airport to Impose Security Levy. The Straits Times (2002-01-10). Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  59. ^ Budget Terminal. Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS). Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  60. ^ Sawatan, Jackson (2005-10-24). Changi Airport Wins Excellence In Security Award. Bernama Aviation News. Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  61. ^ Singapore to Install More Security Cameras at Changi Airport. ABC Radio Australia (2005-04-10). Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  62. ^ Ministry of Home Affairs (2006-04-12). "The Transport Security Management Seminar at Singapore Aviation Academy". Press release. Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  63. ^ Singapore Steps Up Security at Changi Airport. Channel NewsAsia. Mediacorp News (2006-08-11). Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  64. ^ Air Traffic Statistics
  65. ^ Passenger Flight Planner
  66. ^ Media. Changi Airport. Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  67. ^ Budget Terminal Passenger Volume to Hit One Million Mark by End-2006 (2006-10-31). Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  68. ^ Changi poised to handle 50 million passengers a year by 2012
  69. ^ Changi to handle 50m passengers a year by 2012
  70. ^ Changi Airfreight Centre
  71. ^ Flying High. News Room. EDB Singapore (2005-01-01). Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
  72. ^ Record number of airlines and flights to Singapore boost Changi Airport's airhub status
  73. ^ Aeroflot returns to Asia with new flights
  74. ^ Changi Airport welcomes Myanmar's Air Bagan
  75. ^ Burmese Airline to Operate Flights to India - Xinhua
  76. ^ http://www.airchive.com/SITE%20PAGES/TIMETABLES-CANADA.html
  77. ^ Air Canada And Singapore
  78. ^ a b c Changi Airport welcomes Fifth New Airline for 2003
  79. ^ Air Macau begins scheduled operations to Changi Airport
  80. ^ A Warm Touch Of Modernity and Reliability
  81. ^ Air Mauritius Ltd. - Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Air Mauritius Ltd.
  82. ^ Air Mauritius expands its fleet with new Airbus A340-300E aircraft
  83. ^ Air New Zealand
  84. ^ India Just Got Even Closer!
  85. ^ http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-22928037_ITM
  86. ^ http://www.airseychelles.net//news/sars.html
  87. ^ Experience the Excitement of the African Safari with Air Zimbabwe
  88. ^ AirAsia celebrates "People's Day" with the liberalisation of Kuala Lumpur-Singapore Route
  89. ^ Airline is the first Indian low-cost carrier to operate to Singapore
  90. ^ Air Travellers Get A Taste Of Cairns
  91. ^ Singapore is Austrian Airlines' Latest Asian Link
  92. ^ Welcome Back ! BOURAQ Airlines
  93. ^ British Airways celebrates 70 years in Singapore
  94. ^ http://www.spm.org.sg/exhibition/mail_takes_flight/index.html
  95. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/complete/iaw39aus/iaw39u-2.jpg
  96. ^ Cathay Pacific Celebrates 60 Years in Singapore
  97. ^ Second Philippines Carrier Begins Daily Services To Changi Airport
  98. ^ Cebu Pacific Air Commences Daily Manila-Singapore-Manila Flights at Singapore's Budget Terminal
  99. ^ Emirates Skycargo to launch dedicated freight services
  100. ^ Etihad Airways Commences Abu Dhabi-Singapore-Brisbane Services from September 2007
  101. ^ EVA Airways Corporation
  102. ^ Evergreen International Airlines' Inaugural Flight to Singapore
  103. ^ From Russia, With Love
  104. ^ HNA Developed An International Flight From Haikou to Singapore
  105. ^ Flight from Singapore to Hainan Is Coming
  106. ^ Indian Airlines launches New Daily Service to Chennai
  107. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/complete/jl58/jl58-3.jpg
  108. ^ Experience the Joy of Flying with Jet Airways
  109. ^ Jetstar to start 1-stop Melbourne-S'pore daily service
  110. ^ Changi Airport Welcomes Jetstar Airways
  111. ^ Singapore Changi Airport Celebrates the Launch of Jetstar Asia Airways!
  112. ^ Changi Airport Welcomes JETT8 Airlines Cargo
  113. ^ Air France KLM in Asia Pacific: A Leadership Position in a Strategic Region
  114. ^ http://www.spm.org.sg/exhibition/mail_takes_flight/index.html
  115. ^ Singapore Changi Airport Welcomes Mihin Lanka
  116. ^ a b Northwest Historical Timeline
  117. ^ http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,790136,00.html
  118. ^ http://www.airchive.com/SITE%20PAGES/TIMETABLES-PAN%20AM.html
  119. ^ Pacific Breeze Air From Krabi
  120. ^ Venturing Overseas
  121. ^ http://www.qantas.com.au/info/about/history/details8
  122. ^ Qatar Airways Flies To Changi
  123. ^ Republic Express Strengthens Changi's Air Cargo Hub Status
  124. ^ QINGDAO – A Bright Pearl on the Yellow Sea
  125. ^ Singapore Changi Airport Welcomes Shanghai Airlines
  126. ^ SILKAIR - THE REGIONAL WING OF SINGAPORE AIRLINES
  127. ^ [1]
  128. ^ a b New Swiss Flag Carrier Commences Operations To Changi Airport
  129. ^ AirAsia's lands in Changi
  130. ^ Singapore's newest airline leaps into the skies
  131. ^ Singapore Changi Airport Welcomes TNT Airways
  132. ^ Experience the Magic of Russia with Transaero Airlines
  133. ^ Non-stop Flights Istanbul-Singapore-Istanbul
  134. ^ http://www.airchive.com/SITE%20PAGES/TIMETABLES-UNITED.html
  135. ^ Who are we?
  136. ^ Singapore Changi Airport Welcomes Xiamen Airlines
  137. ^ Changi Airport welcomes Yangtze River Express - First Chinese Freighter Airline to operate to Singapore
  138. ^ Delta celebrates a milestone and Atlanta ties
  139. ^ "武汉东星航空申请飞我国航线", Lianhe Zaobao/联合早报, Singapore Press Holdings, 2007-06-02, p. 财经>全球财经. 
  140. ^ Gulf Air focuses on fleet replacement
  141. ^ Oman Air in it for the long haul
  142. ^ Skywest hopes to launch Singapore route
  143. ^ Tiger Airways in tie-up with SEAir Philippines
  144. ^ Singapore MRT (Metro). UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved on 2007-04-18.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Channel NewsAsia (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated CNA) is a pan-Asian news channel based in Singapore and owned by MediaCorp. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Raymond Lim Siang Keat (林双吉, born 1959) is the Minister for Transport and the Second Minister for Foreign Affairs in Singapore as well as and a member of the Cabinet of Singapore. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Channel NewsAsia (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated CNA) is a pan-Asian news channel based in Singapore and owned by MediaCorp. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Channel NewsAsia (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated CNA) is a pan-Asian news channel based in Singapore and owned by MediaCorp. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Channel NewsAsia (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated CNA) is a pan-Asian news channel based in Singapore and owned by MediaCorp. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Straits Times is an English-language broadsheet newspaper based in Singapore, currently owned by the Singapore Press Holdings (SPH). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Today is a free English-language tabloid in Singapore published by government-owned Mediacorp Press. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Channel NewsAsia (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated CNA) is a pan-Asian news channel based in Singapore and owned by MediaCorp. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notes

A displaced threshold is a runway threshold located at a point other than the physical end of the runway. ... The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura) is the air force branch of the Singapore Armed Forces, established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Singapore Changi Airport
  • Singapore Changi Airport Official Site
  • Singapore Changi Airport Official Site, Terminal 3
  • Singapore Changi Airport Budget Terminal Official Website
  • Singapore Changi Airport Article
  • Singapore Changi Terminal 3 Opens
  • Aviation Safety Network accident history for Singapore Changi Airport
  • Airport information for WSSS at World Aero Data
  • NOAA/NWS current weather observations
  • Singapore Airport Transfer Airport Limousine Cab
Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... This article shows the main future developments in the city area of Singapore. ... For the neighborhood in Richmond, California, United States, see Marina Bay, Richmond, California. ... View of the southernmost part of Jurong Lake with Japanese Gardens and Jurong Golf Club in the background View of the northern-to-middle part of Jurong Lake View of the middle-to-southern part of Jurong Lake with the Chinese Gardens in the background View of the northernmost part... This is the list of tallest buildings in Singapore. ... The Sail @ Marina Bay (expected completion: 2009) would be the new icon set at the skyline of Marina Bay, Singapore. ... The Sail @ Marina Bay (expected completion: 2009) would be the new icon set at the skyline of Marina Bay, Singapore. ... The Marina Bay Financial Centre (Abbreviation: MBFC; Chinese: 滨海湾金融中心), located along Marina Boulevard at Marina Bay, Singapore, is a multi-phase development with its first phase targeted for completion by 2010. ... Lai Chun Yuan opera house in Chinatown. ... The parcel of land for the new Marina Bay Sands, the area in the background is the financial district of Singapore. ... Resorts World at Sentosa (Chinese: 圣淘沙名胜世界) is the name of the integrated resort in development stages on the island of Sentosa, off the southern coast of Singapore. ... The Singapore Sports Hub (Simplified Chinese: ) is a proposed sports complex located in Kallang, Singapore to be built on the present site of the National Stadium, which was officially closed on 30 June 2007. ... The Marina Barrage is a dam being built in Singapore across the Marina Channel between the reclaimed lands of Marina East and Marina South. ... Reflections at Keppel Bay in Singapore will be a luxury waterfront residential complex on approx. ... Clifford Pier. ... , The South Beach development will integrate two new towers with restored military buildings. ... The Gardens by the Bay is a working name for the planned development of three major parks around the Marina Bay in downtown Singapore. ... The Common Services Tunnel is a development of the Marina Bay area in Singapore. ... Collyer Quay Collyer Quay (Chinese: 哥烈码头) is a road in Downtown Core, Singapore that starts after Fullerton Road and ends at the junction of Raffles Quay, Finlayson Green and Marina Boulevard. ... The Circle Line (CCL) is the fourth Mass Rapid Transit line and currently under construction in Singapore. ... The Downtown Line (possibly DTL) will be the fifth Mass Rapid Transit line and currently under planning and evaluation in Singapore. ... Pioneer MRT Station, tentatively (EW28), is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit station under construction on the East West MRT Line in Singapore. ... Joo Koon MRT station, tentatively (EW29) is a proposed above-ground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) train station on the East West MRT Line in Singapore as part of the Boon Lay extension announced by the Land Transport Authority in December 2004. ... The Double Helix Bridge is an award winning design of the world’s first double helix structure bridge at Marina Bay, Singapore as announced by the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Singapore (URA) [citation needed]. The bridge will complement other major development projects planned in the area, including the highly-anticipated... The Marina Coastal Expressway (Abbreviation: MCE; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Malay: Lebuhraya Pantai Marina) is the newest of Singapores network of expressways, and is slated for construction commencement in 2008 and completion at the end of 2013. ... Reservoirs in Singapore is a link page for any reservoir in Singapore. ... The Marina Barrage is a dam being built in Singapore across the Marina Channel between the reclaimed lands of Marina East and Marina South. ... Sungei Punggol, flowing towards its mouth at Straits of Johor. ... Sungei Serangoon (Malay for Serangoon River; Chinese: 实龙岗河) is a river in the north-eastern part of Singapore. ... This is the list of tallest buildings in Singapore. ... This article shows the main future developments in the city area of Singapore. ... Lai Chun Yuan opera house in Chinatown. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Singapore Changi Airport (1894 words)
Changi Airport is located in Changi, about 20 kilometres from the city centre on the eastern edge of Singapore island, and uses the IATA code SIN and the ICAO code WSSS.
Singapore Changi Airport is the home base of Singapore Airlines, and many large jets and other types of planes owned by several international airlines operate there round the clock.
Concerns that the existing airport was located in an area with potential for urban growth, and was physically helmed in on all sides, the government decided in 1975 to build a new airport in the eastern tip of the main island at Changi, where the potential for growth can be realised through land reclamation.
Singapore Changi Airport (656 words)
Singapore Changi Airport (新加坡樟宜机场 / Bandar Udara Changi Singapura / சிங்கப்பூர் சாங்கி விமானநிலையம்) in the city and State of Singapore is one of the largest aviation facilities in Asia.
Changi Airport is located in Changi, about 20 kilometres from the city centre on the eastern edge of Singapore island, and uses the IATA code SIN.
The airport is one of the earliest in the world to commence modification works to prepare the airport to accommodate the Airbus A380, which is expected to begin operations with Singapore Airlines in 2006.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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