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Encyclopedia > Singapore Armed Forces
Singapore Armed Forces

Singapore Armed Forces Crest
Service branches Singapore Army
Republic of Singapore Navy
Republic of Singapore Air Force
Leadership
Minister of Defense Teo Chee Hean
Chief of staff Desmond Kuek
Manpower
Military age 16.5 years of age (voluntary)
Conscription 18 years of age, 24 month period
Available for
military service
1,292,471, age 18–49 (2005 est.)
Fit for
military service
934,317, age 18–49  (2005 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
(2005 est.)
Active personnel 72,500 (incl. 39,800 conscripts)
Reserve personnel 312,500 (2005 est.)
Expenditures
Budget SGD 10.58 billion (FY07)[1]
Percent of GDP 5.04% (FY06) [2]
Related articles
History Military history of Singapore
Ranks Singapore Armed Forces ranks

The Singapore Armed Forces (abbreviation: SAF, Malay: Angkatan Bersenjata Singapura, Simplified Chinese: 新加坡武装部队) comprises three branches: the Singapore Army, the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) and the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN). The SAF relies heavily on a large pool of conscripted soldiers in the active and reserve forces. It is capable of mobilising over 300,000 reserves and has an active force of 72,500 for the defence of Singapore. Image File history File links SAF_Crest_coloured. ... The Singapore Army (Chinese: 新加坡陆军部队, Malay: Tentera Singapura) is the land force and one of the three services of the Singapore Armed Forces. ... The Republic of Singapore Navy (Abbreviation: RSN; Chinese: 新加坡共和国海军部队; Malay: Angkatan Laut Republik Singapura) is the navy of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), responsible for the defence of Singapore against sea-borne threats and protection of its sea lines of communications. ... The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura) is the air force branch of the Singapore Armed Forces, established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). ... Teo Chee Hean Teo Chee Hean (Simplified Chinese: å¼ å¿—è´¤; Pinyin: ; born 27 December 1954) is the current Defence Minister of Singapore and a Member of Parliament (MP) for Pasir Ris-Punggol group representation constituency (GRC). ... // After Singapores independence on 9 August 1965, strained ties with the two immediate neighbors, Malaysia and Indonesia made defense a high priority. ... The Singapore Armed Forces has a unified rank structure, with the identical rank names and insignia for Officer, Warrant Officers, Specialists, and enlisted men throughout the Army, Navy, and Air Force. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Singapore Army (Chinese: 新加坡陆军部队, Malay: Tentera Singapura) is the land force and one of the three services of the Singapore Armed Forces. ... The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura) is the air force branch of the Singapore Armed Forces, established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). ... The Republic of Singapore Navy (Abbreviation: RSN; Chinese: 新加坡共和国海军部队; Malay: Angkatan Laut Republik Singapura) is the navy of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), responsible for the defence of Singapore against sea-borne threats and protection of its sea lines of communications. ... The term Conscript may refer to people enlisted in the armed forces through conscription. ... This article is about a military rank. ... In military science, defense (or defence) is the art of preventing an enemy from conquering territory; usually via fortifications. ...

Contents

History

Singapore's military role stems from its strategic geographical location, an asset exploited by local settlers and foreign colonists alike. Archaeological excavations have discovered remnants of forts and other forms of military fortifications in pre-colonial Singapore. Sir Stamford Raffles, founder of modern Singapore, selected Singapore in 1819 to establish a new colony with the security concerns of British interests in the Far East in mind against the Dutch. Thus, Singapore played an active role in British military interests for decades, particular in the years leading up to the world wars. Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Thomas Stamford Raffles. ... The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ...


At the time it achieved independence in 1965 however, Singapore's military consisted of only two infantry regiments, commanded by British officers and made up of mostly non-Singapore residents. The small nation, surrounded by its much larger neighbors believed that it needed a larger force. To that end, Singapore secretly contacted Israel, which sent military advisers who helped Singapore set up a defence force modeled in part after the IDF.[3] Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ...


Singapore Armed Forces Day is commemorated on July 1. There is an annual parade.[4]


Defence policy

Deterrence and diplomacy have been the fundamental tenets of Singapore's military defence policy. Through the years, the military has developed extensive links with armed forces from other countries. In recent years, there has also been an increased emphasis on international peace-keeping and relief operations, notably the peace-keeping operations in East Timor and the Persian Gulf and disaster relief in the Indian Ocean earthquake-tsunami of 2004, 2005 Nias earthquake and 2006 Yogyakarta earthake in Central Java, Indonesia. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, known by the scientific community as the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake,[1] was a great undersea earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time) December 26, 2004 with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... The 2005 Sumatra earthquake, referred to as the Nias Earthquake by the scientific community, was a major earthquake on 28 March 2005, (a full moon) located off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. ... The 2006 Java earthquake occurred at 05:54 local time on 27 May 2006 (22:54 GMT 26 May), in the Indian Ocean around 25 km (15 miles) south-southwest of the Indonesian city of Yogyakarta, near Galur, on the southern side of the island of Java (), 17. ...


According to military and strategic analysts, such as Tim Huxley in Defending the Lion City,[5] Singapore is known to be using a forward-defence military doctrine. Press statements from MINDEF describe the SAF as a deterrent force.[citation needed] Military doctrine is a level of military planning between national strategy and unit-level tactics, techniques, and procedures. ...


The SAF's mission statement is to deter war and if that fails, to secure a swift and decisive victory.[citation needed]


Total Defence

In 1984, the Total Defence concept was introduced to augment the need for the entire country, and not just the military, to contribute and work together in national defence issues. Consisting of five key aspects, namely Military Defence, Civil Defence, Economic Defence, Social Defence, and Psychological Defence, it is actively promoted annually in schools as well as to the general public through schemes, programmes, courses as well as utilising the mass media to spread its message. This article is about the year. ... Total Defence logo Total Defence is a concept introduced in Singapore in 1984 to improve readiness in matters related to defence and national security, and is partly based on similar concepts in Switzerland and Sweden. ...


Manpower

The size of Singapore's resident population does not allow for a military fully composed of regular soldiers. National service was thus introduced in 1967 to build up the required manpower resources in a relatively quick and cost-effective fashion. Today, a career military force of 32,700 is supplemented by 39,800 men on active National Service duty. The main force actually comprises 350,000 or so Operationally-Ready National Servicemen (ORNSmen). National Service (NS) is the name given to the compulsory conscription in Singapore of all male Singaporean citizens and second-generation permanent residents upon reaching the age of 18. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... National Service (NS) is the name given to the compulsory conscription in Singapore of all male Singaporean citizens and second-generation permanent residents upon reaching the age of 18. ...


The SAF's policy towards Malays, who share a religion and ethnic ties with Singapore's largest neighbors Malaysia and Indonesia, has been a source of controversy over the years. Malays were virtually excluded from conscription from the beginning of the draft in 1967 until 1977[6] and, after the policy was eased, were assigned mainly to serve in the police and civil defence (fire brigade), not active combat roles[6]. In 1987, Lee Hsien Loong (then Second Minister of Defence) stated that "If there is a conflict, if the SAF is called to defend the homeland, we do not want to put any of our soldiers in a difficult position where his emotions for the nation may be in conflict with his religion"[7] and in The Roar of the Lion City (2007), military analyst Sean Walsh claimed that "official discrimination against the Malay population remains an open secret"[8]. The Ministry of Defence contests the charge, noting that there are "Malay pilots, commandos and air defence personnel" and stating that "the proportion of eligible Malays selected for specialist and officer training is similar to the proportion for eligible non-Malays."[9] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Lee) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ...


Women are exempt from National Service, but have served in both combat and non-combat roles, some as combat officers and pilots, but mostly in clerical and logistic positions in the earlier years[10]. The range of positions available to women has been expanded gradually, but is still limited[8]. In July 2007, the SAF launched an exhibition highlighting the contributions of women in the armed forces.[11]


National Service

All fit and able-bodied Singaporean men are enlisted into military service, or Full-Time National Service (NSF). It is compulsory for all said men who have reached 18 years of age and are not deferred for educational reasons. National Service (NS) is the name given to the compulsory conscription in Singapore of all male Singaporean citizens and second-generation permanent residents upon reaching the age of 18. ...


Full-time national service (NSF) was initially three years for commissioned officers and two years for other ranks, but it was later changed to two years and six months for soldiers with the rank of Corporal or higher, and two years for those with the rank of Lance Corporal or lower. In June 2004, NSF was shortened to two years for all full-time national servicemen (NSFs), regardless of rank, due to changes in population demographics and manpower requirements. Upon completion of their NSF stint, servicemen will be considered as having reached their operationally-ready date (ORD) and will be known as operationally-ready national servicemen (NSmen). Most NSmen will have to go through a 10-year cycle of military training with their assigned NS unit. NSmen are called up annually for training, courses and physical fitness tests.


Training

All combatant troops go through a 3-month Basic Military Training (BMT), held either at the Basic Military Training Centre on the offshore island of Pulau Tekong, or at the various military units which accept direct-intake recruits. Recruits go through courses including field craft, basic jungle survival, camouflaging, operating their personal weapon and basic marksmanship. They are also assessed during the course to pick potential officers and specialists, who are thereafter posted to the Officer Cadet School or the School of Infantry Specialists respectively. Other recruits are posted to various units or schools, where they may continue on specialised vocational training. To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ... The Basic Military Training Centre (abbreviation: BMTC; Chinese: 基本军事训练中心) is a military training facility located on Pulau Tekong in Singapore. ... Pulau Tekong lies in the distance in the background, as taken from Changi Beach Park. ... Officer Cadet School (OCS) is one of the several training establishments within the SAFTI Military Institute camp complex. ... The School of Infantry Specialists (abbreviation: SISPEC; Chinese: 步兵专业军士学校) is a military training centre for specialists in the Singapore Army. ...


Due to limited space within Singapore's territorial land and waters, some training programmes and facilities are located overseas.


Military education

Initially, commissioned officers were drawn exclusively from the ranks of Singaporeans who had completed their GCE A levels or embarked on tertiary studies[12]. While the requirements have since been relaxed, the SAF has still been criticized for "using a promotion system that is based more on education and scholarships than on proven competence"[8]. An A-level, short for Advanced Level, is a General Certificate of Education usually taken during Further Education and after GCSEs. ...


Officers receive their initial leadership training at the tri-service Officer Cadet School (OCS) in the SAFTI Military Institute (SAFTI MI), which is the Home of the Officer Corps. As they progress in their career, they may undergo further formal military education at the SAF Advanced Schools and the Singapore Command and Staff College, also at SAFTI MI. An officer is a member of a military, naval, or if applicable, other uniformed services who holds a position of responsibility. ... Officer Cadet School (OCS) is one of the several training establishments within the SAFTI Military Institute camp complex. ... The SAFTI Military Institute (SAFTI MI, Simplified Chinese: 新加坡武装部队军训学院) is a Singaporean military training institution specialising in the training of officers from the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). ... The Singapore Command and Staff College (SCSC) is one of five officer schools of the SAFTI Military Institute of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). ...


In parallel, Specialists first receive leadership training at the School of Infantry Specialists (SISPEC) at Pasir Laba Camp, home of the Warrant Officer and Specialist Corps. Future Platoon Sergeants and Company Sergeant Majors receive further instruction at the Advanced Specialist Training Wing (ASTW) in the SISPEC. Specialists undergo further education at the SAF Warrant Officer School before receiving their appointments as Warrant Officers. In the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), Specialists are the group of ranks equivalent to non-commissioned officers in other armed forces. ... The School of Infantry Specialists (abbreviation: SISPEC; Chinese: 步兵专业军士学校) is a military training centre for specialists in the Singapore Army. ... Pasir Laba Camp, (PLC), is an installation of the Singapore Armed Forces. ... In most armies, a Platoon Sergeant is the title and position given to the senior enlisted member of a platoon, who advises and supports the platoons commanding officer in leading the unit. ... Two Bermuda Regiment Warrant Officers, Second Class. ... SAF Warrant Officer School (SAFWOS) is a training school within the Pasir Laba Camp complex. ...


OCS and SISPEC both have an infantry-based curriculum; special-to-arms training for both officers and WOSPECs is conducted at various training institutes and establishments such as the SAF Medical Training Institute (SMTI), Signals Institute (SI), Engineer Training Institute (ETI), Armour Training Institute (ATI), Supply & Transport Centre (STC), Ordnance Engineering Training Institute (OETI), etc. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... Crest of SMTI The SAF Medical Training Institute (Abbreviation: SMTI, Malay: Institusi Latihan Perubatan Angkatan Bersenjata Singapura, Simplified Chinese: 新加坡武装部队医疗训练学院) has been the home and the cradle of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) medic since its early days as the Medical Orderlies Training School (1966-1968) and the School of Military...


Pointer is the official journal of the SAF. It is a quarterly publication distributed to all Officers and Warrant Officers, which helps with their ongoing professional education. Pointer is the official journal of the Singapore Armed Forces. ...


Foreign defence relations

Singapore is a member of the Five Power Defence Arrangement together with the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and Malaysia. Designed to replace the former defence role of the British in Singapore and Malaysia, the arrangement obligates members to consult in the event of external threat and provides for stationing Commonwealth forces in Singapore. The Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA) are a series of defence relationships established by bilateral agreements between the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia and Singapore signed in 1971, whereby the five nations will consult each other in the event of external aggression or threat of attack against Malaysia or...


Singapore has consistently supported a strong U.S. military presence in the Asia-Pacific region. In 1990, the U.S. and Singapore signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) which allows the U.S. access to Singapore facilities at Paya Lebar Airbase and the Sembawang wharves. Under the MOU, a U.S. Navy logistics unit was established in Singapore in 1992; U.S. fighter aircraft deploy periodically to Singapore for exercises, and a number of U.S. military vessels visit Singapore. The MOU was amended in 1999 to permit U.S. naval vessels to berth at the Changi Naval Base, which was completed in early 2001. Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... A memorandum of understanding (MOU) is a legal document describing a bilateral agreement between parties. ... Paya Lebar Airbase (Simplified Chinese: 巴耶利峇空军基地; Malay: Pangkalan Udara Paya Lebar) (IATA: QPG, ICAO: WSAP) was built as a civilian airport, known as Singapore International Airport, in 1955. ... // Sembawang Group Representation Constituency. ... USN redirects here. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Changi Naval Base (CNB) is the latest naval facility of the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) and was built to replace Brani Naval Base. ...


Singapore's defence resources have also been used for international humanitarian aid missions. These missions included United Nations peacekeeping abroad in areas such as Kosovo, Kuwait and East Timor,[13] participating in the multinational force in Iraq[14], sending military equipment and personnel to assist in the humanitarian rescue and relief efforts in the United States after Hurricane Katrina, and establishing medical and dental assets for use by the Afghan people. [15] There are a number of meanings for humanitarianism: humanitarianism, humanism, the doctrine that peoples duty is to promote human welfare. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The Multi-National Force - Iraq (MNF-I), is a military command, led by the United States, that is fighting the Iraq War against the multitude of Iraqi insurgents. ... The Republic of Singapore Air Force committed four CH-47 Chinook helicopters and 45 personnel toward the relief effort in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. ...


It comes under the command and control of the Ministry of Defence (MINDEF), which is headed by the defence minister. The current defence minister is Teo Chee Hean, also formerly the Chief of Navy who crossed over to the political side. The Ministry of Defence (abbreviated MINDEF) is entrusted with overseeing the defence needs of the Republic of Singapore. ... Department of Defence redirects here. ... Teo Chee Hean Teo Chee Hean (Simplified Chinese: å¼ å¿—è´¤; Pinyin: ; born 27 December 1954) is the current Defence Minister of Singapore and a Member of Parliament (MP) for Pasir Ris-Punggol group representation constituency (GRC). ...


Legislation

Under the SAF Act[16] the president has the authority to raise and maintain the SAF. The president also has the power to form, disband or amalgamate units within the SAF.


The Armed Forces Council (AFC) administers matters relating to the SAF under the SAF Act. The AFC consists of:

  • ministers who are responsible for defence matters and any other minister who has been assigned to assist them;
  • the Permanent Secretaries of MINDEF;
  • the Chief of Defence Force (CDF);
  • the Chief of Army (COA);
  • the Chief of Air Force (CAF);
  • the Chief of Navy (CNV); and
  • not more than four other members as the president may appoint if the president, acting in his discretion, concurs with the advice of the prime minister.

Organisation

The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) consists of the:

  • Army (Three Combined Arms Divisions: 3 Div, 6 Div & 9 Div, two Army Operational Reserve Divisions, 21st and 25th, and two "Commands" : 2 People's Defence Forces)
  • Air Force (Seventeen squadrons and four air bases)
  • Navy (Eight squadrons and two naval bases)

The SAF is headed by the Chief of Defence Force, usually a three-star general (or Lieutenant-General) and he is assisted by the chiefs of the respective services, who are two-star generals/admirals (or Major-General/ Rear-Admiral). The current CDF is Lieutenant General Desmond Kuek Bak Chye. The Singapore Army (Chinese: 新加坡陆军部队, Malay: Tentera Singapura) is the land force and one of the three services of the Singapore Armed Forces. ... The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura) is the air force branch of the Singapore Armed Forces, established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). ... The Republic of Singapore Navy (Abbreviation: RSN; Chinese: 新加坡共和国海军部队; Malay: Angkatan Laut Republik Singapura) is the navy of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), responsible for the defence of Singapore against sea-borne threats and protection of its sea lines of communications. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank that originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons and can trace its origins to the Royal Navy. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ...

 CDF | Joint Staff ---| | _________|____________ | | | | Director COA CAF CNV JOPD 

Supporting the combat role of the SAF, are other governmental organisations of the Ministry of Defence (MINDEF), such as the Defence Science and Technology Agency (DSTA), the Central Manpower Base (CMPB), and the Military Security Department (MSD). Domestic technology companies also play a role in building up Singapore's military capabilities, particularly the government-linked Singapore Technologies (Formerly known as Chartered Industries of Singapore), which designed and built some of the SAF's more advanced weaponry and equipment based on specific local requirements which may be expensive for foreign companies to adapt and produce. The Ministry of Defence (abbreviated MINDEF) is entrusted with overseeing the defence needs of the Republic of Singapore. ... Singapore Technologies Engineering is a global defence and engineering group of over 100 subsidiaries in 29 cities in 17 countries. ...


Technology in the SAF

The SAF also utilises technology as "force multipliers", especially in terms of C4I integration which will enable its various units to fight in an integrated manner.[citation needed] The army, air force and navy are linked via advanced data-links and networks to enable coordinated attacks and support for various units and forces. Technology is an important element in the SAF's transformation into a 3rd Generation Fighting Force [1] A force multiplier is a military term referring to a factor that dramatically increases (hence multiplies) the combat effectiveness of a military force. ... C4I is a military term meant to summarize factors military theorists consider when planning how headquarters can control their subordinate units. ...


The SAF also acknowledges that technology is crucial for overcoming the limitations of Singapore's small population. Research and experimentation to develop a technological edge began as early as 1971 even though the SAF then had only rudimentary capabilities. The effort started off with a 3-man team. Today [2] MINDEF is one of the largest employers of engineers and scientists in Singapore and the SAF continues to devote considerable resources to defence R&D and experimentation - 5% and 1% of the defence budget, respectively. Singapore's education system has also produced national servicemen who can be trained to operate SAF's sophisticated platforms and systems. The Ministry of Defence (abbreviated MINDEF) is entrusted with overseeing the defence needs of the Republic of Singapore. ...


The country also has an established military manufacturing industry is responsible for the design and development of the following military hardware:

  • PRIMUS - Self Propelled Howitzer
  • Bionix II Infantry Fighting Vehicle (An upgrade of the Bionix AFV)
  • MATADOR - Unguided Short Range Anti-Armour Weapon
  • PEGASUS - Light Weight Howitzer
  • SAR 21 - Singapore Assault Rifle
  • FRIGATE - Warships designed with stealthy characteristics, equipped with advanced combat systems and have longer endurance

The Singapore Self-Propelled Howitzer 1 (SSPH 1) Primus is a self-propelled artillery unit armed with a 155 mm howitzer. ... The Bionix AFV (Armoured Fighting Vehicle) was commissioned by the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) in 1997. ... The SAR-21 (Singapore Assault Rifle - 21st Century) is a bullpup assault rifle designed and manufactured in Singapore. ...

In popular culture

Fictional Television programs A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ...


Film is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... An air force is a military organization that primarily operates in air-based war. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Naval redirects here. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The Reunion is the second album by Capone-N-Noreaga. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Honour and Passion (Simplified Chinese: 宝家为国, Traditional Chinese: 寶家為國) is a Singapore Chinese drama which was telecast on Singapores free-to-air channel, MediaCorp TV Channel 8. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about motion pictures. ...


Theatre Army Daze is a Singaporean film made in 1996. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ...

  • Army Daze, 1987

See also

Orders and decorations conferred to military personnel of the Singapore Armed Forces in Singapore, listed by order of precedence: Medals Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) (Distinguished Service Order (Military)) Pingat Gagah Perkasa (Tentera) (Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Military)) Pingat Jasa Gemilang (Tentera) (Meritorious Service Medal (Military)) Pingat Pentadbiran Awam, Emas (Tentera... // The Singapore Police Service Good Service Medal is awarded to an officer in recognition of his good, efficient and faithful service in the Singapore Police Service. ... The Singapore Armed Forces has a unified rank structure, with the identical rank names and insignia for Officer, Warrant Officers, Specialists, and enlisted men throughout the Army, Navy, and Air Force. ... The following lists the camps and bases of the Singapore Armed Forces: MINDEF terminology Categories: | | ... The Singapore Armed Forces Best Unit Competition is an annual competition which confers awards of recognition to the most oustanding units of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) in combat readiness, operational proficiency and administrative excellence. ... The Singapore Army (Chinese: 新加坡陆军部队, Malay: Tentera Singapura) is the land force and one of the three services of the Singapore Armed Forces. ... The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura) is the air force branch of the Singapore Armed Forces, established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). ... The Republic of Singapore Navy (Abbreviation: RSN; Chinese: 新加坡共和国海军部队; Malay: Angkatan Laut Republik Singapura) is the navy of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), responsible for the defence of Singapore against sea-borne threats and protection of its sea lines of communications. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The SAFTI Military Institute (SAFTI MI, Simplified Chinese: 新加坡武装部队军训学院) is a Singaporean military training institution specialising in the training of officers from the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). ... Crest of SMTI The SAF Medical Training Institute (Abbreviation: SMTI, Malay: Institusi Latihan Perubatan Angkatan Bersenjata Singapura, Simplified Chinese: 新加坡武装部队医疗训练学院) has been the home and the cradle of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) medic since its early days as the Medical Orderlies Training School (1966-1968) and the School of Military... The National Cadet Corps (NCC) is one of the most established uniformed youth organisations in Singapore. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.singaporebudget.gov.sg/budget_2007/revenue_expenditure/attachment/MINDEF_EE2007.pdf (PDF)
  2. ^ http://www.singstat.gov.sg/keystats/annual/indicators.html
  3. ^ Amnon Brazilai. "A Deep, Dark, Secret Love Affair" (reprint), Haaretz, July 2004. 
  4. ^ S. Ramesh. "SAF remains final guarantor of Singapore's independence", Channel NewsAsia, 1 Jul 07. 
  5. ^ Tim Huxley (2000). Defending the Lion City: The Armed Forces of Singapore. St. Leonards, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 9810491573. 
  6. ^ a b A Question of Loyalty: Ethnic Minorities, Military Service and Resistance by Alon Peled, March 3, 1993. Seminar Synopses of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard.
  7. ^ Straits Times, 2 April 1987.
  8. ^ a b c Sean Walsh (2007). "The Roar of the Lion City: Ethnicity, Gender, and Culture in the Singapore Armed Forces". Armed Forces & Society 33 (2). doi:10.1177/0095327X06291854.
  9. ^ "US soldier takes potshots at SAF", Today, March 12, 2007. 
  10. ^ Singapore: Recruitment and Training of Personnel. Country Studies Series by Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress.
  11. ^ Women in the Armed Forces Exhibition - The Spirit of Patriotism
  12. ^ Minchin, James. No Man is an Island, p. 227. Allen & Unwin Australia, 1986.
  13. ^ Peacekeepers :: In the Service of Peace. Retrieved on 2006-05-01.
  14. ^ "Singapore to send 192 military personnel to Iraq", Agence France Presse, October 27, 2003. 
  15. ^ Ashraf Safdar. "SAF to provide medical aid, set up dental clinic in Afghanistan", Channel NewsAsia, 16 May 2007. 
  16. ^ The SAF Act (Cap. 295)

Haaretz (Hebrew: (help· info), The Land) is an Israeli newspaper, founded in 1919. ... Channel NewsAsia (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated CNA) is a pan-Asian news channel based in Singapore and owned by MediaCorp. ... Armed Forces & Society is a quarterly peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary academic journal that publishes scholarly articles and book reviews on civil-military relations, military institutions, conflict management, and arms control. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Today is a free English-language tabloid in Singapore published by government-owned Mediacorp Press. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Channel NewsAsia (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated CNA) is a pan-Asian news channel based in Singapore and owned by MediaCorp. ... The Ministry of Defence (abbreviated MINDEF) is entrusted with overseeing the defence needs of the Republic of Singapore. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ministry of Defence (abbreviated MINDEF) is entrusted with overseeing the defence needs of the Republic of Singapore. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... In Singapore, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS)which was once known as the Ministry of Finance (MOF) is a governmental ministry that administer and regulates financial institutions and structure of the nations economy, organised directly under the Minister for Finance. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

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