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Encyclopedia > Sindhia

The Sindhia, also spelled Scindia , Sindia, or Shinde are a prominent Maratha family in India.


The dynasty was founded by Ranoji Shinde, who the Maratha Peshwa, or chief minister, put in charge of the Maratha conquests in Malwa in 1726. Ranoji established his capital at Ujjain before his death in 1750; later, his successor Daulat Rao Sindhia moved the Sindhia capital to Gwalior. The Sindhia state of Gwalior became a major regional power in the latter half of the eighteenth century; they figured prominently in the three Anglo-Maratha Wars, held sway over many of the Rajput states, and conquered the state of Amber. After the defeat of the allied Maratha states by the British in the Third Anglo-Maratha War of 1818, the Sindhia were forced to accept local autonomy as a princely state within the British Raj and to give up Amber to the British. The Sindhia family ruled Gwalior until India's independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, when the Maharaja Jiyajirao Scindia acceded to India, and Gwalior was merged with a number of other princely states to become the new Indian state of Madhya Bharat in 1950.


In 1962, Rajmata Vijayraje Scindia, the widow of Maharaja Jiyajirao, was elected to the Lok Sabha, beginning the family's career in electoral politics. She was first a member of the Congress Party, and later became an influential member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. Her son Madhavrao Scindia was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1971 and served until his death in 2001. His son, Jyotiraditya Scindia, was elected to the seat formerly held by his father in 2002.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gwalior state information - Search.com (0 words)
The house of Sindhia traces its descent from a family of which one branch held the hereditary post of patel in Kannerkhera, a village 16 miles east of Satara.
In 1782 the Treaty of Salbai was made with Sindhia, the chief stipulations being that he shoud withdraw to Ujjain, and the British north of the Yamuna, and that he should negotiate treaties with the other belligerents.
The continual evasion shown by Sindhia in all attempts at negotiation brought him into conflict with the British, and his power was competely destroyed in both western and northern India by the British victories at Ahmadnagar, Assaye, Asirgarh, and Laswari.
Dholpur - LoveToKnow 1911 (622 words)
In 1527, after a strenuous resistance, the fort was captured by Baber and with the surrounding country passed under the sway of the Moguls, being included by Akbar in the province of Agra.
In 1779 the rana of Gohad joined the British forces against Sindhia, under a treaty which stipulated that, at the conclusion of peace between the English and Mahrattas, all the territories then in his possession should be guaranteed to him, and protected from invasion by Sindhia.
This protection was subsequently withdrawn, the rana having been guilty of treachery, and in 1783 Sindhia succeeded in recapturing the fortress of Gwalior, and crushed his Jat opponent by seizing the whole of Gohad.
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