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Encyclopedia > Simon and Garfunkel
Simon & Garfunkel
Simon and Garfunkel, Bookends
Simon and Garfunkel, Bookends
Background information
Origin Forest Hills, Queens, New York City, NY, USA
Genre(s) Rock, folk rock
Years active 1957–1970
1975 (SNL)
1981–1983 (reunion)
2003–2004 (reunion)
Label(s) Columbia
Website www.simonandgarfunkel.com
Members
Paul Simon
Art Garfunkel

The duo of Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel are US-American popular musicians known collectively as Simon and Garfunkel. They met in elementary school in 1953, when they both appeared in the school play Alice in Wonderland (Simon as the White Rabbit, Garfunkel as the Cheshire Cat). They formed the group Tom and Jerry in 1957, and had their first taste of success with the minor hit "Hey Schoolgirl." As Simon and Garfunkel, the duo rose to fame in 1965 backed by the hit single "The Sound of Silence." Their music was featured on the landmark film The Graduate, propelling them further into the public consciousness. They are well known for their close harmonies and sometimes unstable relationship. Their last album, Bridge Over Troubled Water, was marked with several delays caused by artistic differences. Simon and Garfunkel were among the most popular recording artists of the 1960s, and are perhaps best known for their songs "The Sound of Silence," "Mrs. Robinson," "Bridge over Troubled Water" and "The Boxer." They have received several Grammys and are inductees of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Long Island Music Hall of Fame (2007). In 2004, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked Simon and Garfunkel[1] #40 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[2] Image File history File links This image is the cover of an album or single. ... This article is about the 1968 Simon and Garfunkel album. ... Austin Street, the main shopping area in Forest Hills, Queens, New York. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... This article is about the American television series. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Art Garfunkel in Bad Timing (1980) Arthur Ira Garfunkel (born November 5, 1941) is an American white gollywog and actor, best known as half of the folk duo Simon and Garfunkel. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Art Garfunkel in Bad Timing (1980) Arthur Ira Garfunkel (born November 5, 1941) is an American white gollywog and actor, best known as half of the folk duo Simon and Garfunkel. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... For the music genre, see Pop music. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Alice in Wonderland is the widely known and used title for Alices Adventures in Wonderland, a book written by Lewis Carroll -- as well as several movie adaptations of the book -- and is also the setting for several short stories. ... The White Rabbit, as seen in Lewis Carrolls book Alice in Wonderland The White Rabbit is a fictional character in Lewis Carrolls book Alice in Wonderland. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Sound of Silence is the song that propelled the 1960s folk music duo Simon and Garfunkel to popularity. ... For the novel of the same name, see The Graduate (novel). ... Bridge Over Troubled Water is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released on January 26, 1970. ... The Sound of Silence is the song that propelled the 1960s folk music duo Simon and Garfunkel to popularity. ... Mrs. ... Bridge over Troubled Water is the title song of Simon and Garfunkels final album together, Bridge over Troubled Water. ... For the 1997 film starring Daniel Day-Lewis, see The Boxer (film). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... The Long Island Music Hall of Fame is an organization located in Lake Grove, New York. ... This article is about the music magazine. ...


They have reunited on several occasions since their 1970 break-up, most famously for 1981's The Concert in Central Park, which attracted 500,000 people. On September 19, 1981 the folk-rock duo Simon and Garfunkel reunited for a free concert on the Great Lawn of New Yorks Central Park attended by more than 500,000 people. ...

Contents

History

Early history

Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel grew up in the same Forest Hills neighborhood just blocks away from one another and were classmates at Forest Hills High School in New York City. Close friends since childhood, they began performing together in their junior year as Tom and Jerry, with Simon as Jerry Landis (whose last name he borrowed from a girl he had been dating) and Garfunkel as Tom Graph (so called because he was fond of tracking ("graphing") hits on the pop charts). They began writing their own songs in 1955, and made their first professional recording, "Hey, Schoolgirl", for Sid Prosen of Big Records in 1957. Released on 45 and 78 rpm records, the song - with B side "Dancin' Wild" - sold 100,000 copies, hitting #49 on the Billboard charts. Both Simon and Garfunkel have acknowledged the tremendous impact of The Everly Brothers on their style, and many of their early songs (including "Hey, Schoolgirl") bear the mark of this influence. Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Art Garfunkel in Bad Timing (1980) Arthur Ira Garfunkel (born November 5, 1941) is an American white gollywog and actor, best known as half of the folk duo Simon and Garfunkel. ... Austin Street, the main shopping area in Forest Hills, Queens, New York. ... Forest Hills High School (FHHS) is a public secondary school in Queens, New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Big Records is an independent record label based in Sydney, Australia. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... The Everly Brothers, (Don Everly, born Isaac Donald Everly February 1, 1937, Brownie, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, Phil Everly, born Phillip Everly, January 19, 1939, Chicago, Illinois) are male siblings who were top-selling country-influenced rock and roll performers, best known for their steel-string guitar playing and close harmony...


They later performed their hit on American Bandstand, right after Jerry Lee Lewis's "Great Balls of Fire". Dick Clark, host of American Bandstand American Bandstand was a long-running dance music television show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989. ... Jerry Lee Lewis (born September 29, 1935), also known by the nickname The Killer, is an American rock and roll and country music singer, songwriter, and pianist. ... Great Balls of Fire is a 1957 song by written by Otis Blackwell and sung by Jerry Lee Lewis. ...


Subsequent efforts in 1958 did not reach near their initial success, and after high school the duo went to separate colleges, with Simon enrolling at Queens College and Garfunkel at Columbia University. While enrolled in college, they both joined the same fraternity, Alpha Epsilon Pi. Queens College is one of the senior colleges of the City University of New York. ... Alma Mater Columbia University is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ... Alpha Epsilon Pi (ΑΕΠ or AEPi) is currently the only international Jewish college fraternity in North America, with chapters in the United States and Canada. ...


In 1963 they found prominence as part of the Greenwich Village folk music scene. Simon, who had finished college but dropped out of Brooklyn Law School, had — like Garfunkel — developed an interest in the folk scene. Simon showed Garfunkel a few songs that he had written in the folk style: "Sparrow", "Bleecker Street", and "He Was My Brother" — which was later dedicated to Andrew Goodman, a friend of both Simon and Garfunkel, and a classmate of Simon's at Queens College, who was one of three civil rights workers murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, on June 21, 1964. Folk song redirects here. ... Brooklyn Law School Brooklyn Law School (BLS) is a law school located in downtown Brooklyn, New York. ... Andrew Goodman Andrew Goodman (November 23, 1943 – June 21, 1964) was an American civil rights activist who was murdered by gunshot in 1964 by members of the Ku Klux Klan. ... Neshoba County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ...


These three efforts were among five original songs by Simon included on their first album for Columbia Records, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M., which initially flopped upon its release on October 19, 1964. Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released October 19, 1964. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ...


First breakup

Shortly after finishing recording, the duo effectively split and Simon moved to England, where he recorded his solo The Paul Simon Songbook in 1965. Recorded on three different dates in June and July at Levy's Studio, London, the album was released as an LP but then deleted about 1979 at Simon's request[citation needed], and re-released on CD with bonus tracks in 2004.[3]. During this period in London he also collaborated on a number of songs with Bruce Woodley of The Seekers, including "I Wish You Could Be Here", "Cloudy",[citation needed] and "Red Rubber Ball", later a US #2 hit for The Cyrkle in 1966. Simon's first charting record outside of his collaboration with Garfunkel was "Someday One Day", recorded by The Seekers in March 1966. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Alternate cover 2004 Reissue cover The Paul Simon Songbook is an album by Paul Simon. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Bruce Woodley (born July 25, 1942 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia), is an Australian songwriter, singer and guitarist, best known as a member of the successful pop-folk group The Seekers, and as composer of the song I Am Australian. // Main article: The Seekers Before joining the Seekers, Bruce Woodley had... This article is about the Australian music group. ... The Cyrkle was a 1960s American rock and roll band. ...


While Simon was in England that summer of 1965, radio stations around Cocoa Beach and Gainesville, Florida, began to receive requests for a song from the album Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. called "The Sounds of Silence". The song also began to receive radio airplay in Boston. Seizing the chance, the duo's U.S. producer, Tom Wilson, who had heard The Byrds' early folk records, used the studio band of Bob Dylan (who had collaborated with him on his landmark hit Like a Rolling Stone that year) to dub electric guitars, bass and drums onto the original "Sounds of Silence" track, and released it as a single, backed with "We've Got a Groovy Thing Goin'". The dubbing turned folk into folk rock, the debut of a new genre for the Top 40, much to Simon's surprise. Cocoa Beach sunrise. ... Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Incorporated (city) 15 April 1869 Government  - Type Council-manager  - Mayor Pegeen Hanrahan  - City Manager Russ Blackburn Area [1]  - City 49. ... Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released October 19, 1964. ... Sounds of Silence is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released January 17, 1966. ... Boston redirects here. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Byrds (formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1964) were an American rock band. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Highway 61 Revisited track listing Like a Rolling Stone (1) Tombstone Blues (2) Music sample: Bob Dylan - Like a Rolling Stone 30 seconds (of 6:10) Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... Top 40 is a radio format based on frequent repetition of songs from a constantly-updated list of the forty best-selling singles. ...


In September 1965, Simon first learned that it had entered the pop charts while he was about to go on stage in a Danish folk club. The song hit number 1 on the pop charts by New Year's Day, 1966.


Reformation and success

A red vinyl promotional copy of Simon & Garfunkel's single "I Am A Rock", from 1966.

Simon immediately returned to the United States and the group re-formed for the second time to record more tracks in a similar style, though neither approved of what Wilson had done with The Sounds of Silence[citation needed]. The result was a sequence of folk rock records which have endured as well as any in the genre. On January 17, 1966, the duo released the album Sounds of Silence, which – helped by the title track's success – hit #21, while Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. was re-released and reached #30. Among the tracks on The Paul Simon Songbook that were rerecorded with electric backing for Sounds of Silence were "I Am a Rock" (which as a single reached US #3 in the summer of 1966), "Leaves That Are Green", "April Come She Will", "A Most Peculiar Man", and "Kathy's Song". Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1090x1085, 96 KB) Summary Image created June 2005 by Peter Clericuzio using a Lexmark X5100 series scanner. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1090x1085, 96 KB) Summary Image created June 2005 by Peter Clericuzio using a Lexmark X5100 series scanner. ... Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Sounds of Silence is an album by Simon and Garfunkel, released on January 17, 1966. ... I Am a Rock is a song written by Paul Simon. ...


Further hit singles came, including "Scarborough Fair/Canticle", based on a traditional English ballad with an original counter-melody, and "Homeward Bound" (later US #5), about life on the road while Simon was touring in England in 1965. The song is reputed to have been written when Simon was stranded overnight on a platform at Widnes Central railway station (formally known as Widnes Ditton), after mis-reading the timetable. A plaque commemorates this event at the present (and only remaining) Widnes station (formerly known as Widnes North); Widnes station still stands today and is called (Widnes Station) the other station in Widnes is called (Hough Green Station). A setting of the first verse of Scarborough Fair Annotation: The extract of the musical score represented herewith details a variation: the last note of the second measure may be rendered E not F. Scarborough Fair is a traditional English fair, as well as a traditional English ballad. ... In music, counter-melody (often one word, countermelody) is a sequence of notes, perceived as a melody, written to be played simultaneously with a more prominent melody. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... , Widnes is an industrial town within the borough of Halton, in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England, with an urban area population of 57,663 in 2004. ...


More tracks from The Paul Simon Songbook were included with recent compositions on their October 10, 1966 album Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme, which refined the folk rock sound hastily released on Sounds of Silence. "Cloudy", co-written earlier with Bruce Woodley, was included on "Parsley, Sage, Rosemary, & Thyme". However, a Woodley credit was incorrectly omitted. is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released October 10, 1966. ... Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ...


In early 1967, Pickwick Records, which had a reputation as a low-quality label, decided that it would capitalize on the duo's newfound fame by releasing an album entitled The Hit Sound of Simon & Garfunkel. This album consisted of ten tracks recorded from the late 1950s and early 1960s while the duo still called themselves Tom & Jerry, including their hit "Hey, Schoolgirl", and its B-side, "Dancin' Wild". Simon & Garfunkel then sued Pickwick because the company was presenting the music as recently-recorded material, not as songs written and released over five years earlier. Soon afterwards, Pickwick withdrew The Hit Sound of Simon & Garfunkel from the market. A onetime record company, most notable for its releases of sound-alike recordings, bargain bin reissues and repackages, and childrens records. ...

Audio samples of Simon and Garfunkel

That same year, Simon and Garfunkel contributed heavily to the soundtrack to Mike Nichols' film The Graduate, which was released on January 21, 1968, and instantly rose to #1 as an album. According to a Variety article by Peter Bart in the May 15th, 2005 issue, Nichols had become obsessed with Simon & Garfunkel's music while shooting the film. Larry Turman, his producer, made a deal for Simon to write three new songs for the movie. By the time they were nearly finished editing the film, Simon had only written one new song. Nichols begged him for more but Simon, who was touring constantly, told him he didn't have the time. He did play him a few notes of a new song he had been working on; "It's not for the movie... it's a song about times past -- about Mrs. Roosevelt and Joe DiMaggio and stuff." Nichols advised Simon, "It's now about Mrs. Robinson, not Mrs. Roosevelt."[4] Image File history File links Sg_mrob. ... Mrs. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Graduate Original Soundtrack was an album of songs from the soundtrack of Mike Nichols movie The Graduate, featuring many songs from the folk-rock duo Simon and Garfunkel. ... Mike Nichols (born Michael Igor Peschkowsky) is an Academy Award winning movie director of films such as The Graduate and Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf?. He was born on November 6, 1931 in Berlin, to a Jewish Russian family. ... For the novel of the same name, see The Graduate (novel). ... Image File history File links Sg_sfc. ... Image File history File links Sg_sos. ... The Graduate Original Soundtrack was an album of songs from the soundtrack of Mike Nichols movie The Graduate, featuring many songs from the folk-rock duo Simon and Garfunkel. ... Mike Nichols (born Michael Igor Peschkowsky) is an Academy Award winning movie director of films such as The Graduate and Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf?. He was born on November 6, 1931 in Berlin, to a Jewish Russian family. ... For the novel of the same name, see The Graduate (novel). ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Peter Bart, an American born July 24, 1932, has been the editor-in-chief of Variety since 1989. ... Anna Eleanor Roosevelt known as Eleanor (IPA: ; October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was an American political leader who used her influence as an active First Lady from 1933 to 1945 to promote the New Deal policies of her husband, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, as well as taking a prominent... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


As their albums became progressively more adventurous, The Graduate Original Soundtrack was immediately followed in March 1968 at the top of the charts by Bookends, which dealt with increasingly complex themes of old age and loss. It features the top-25 hit singles "A Hazy Shade of Winter," "Fakin' It," "At the Zoo," "America," and a full version of "Mrs. Robinson," the classic from the Graduate soundtrack, which became #1 as a single. This article is about the 1968 Simon and Garfunkel album. ... At the Zoo was one of Simon and Garfunkels single releases in 1967. ... America, a Paul Simon song, was made popular by 1960s folk duo Simon and Garfunkel. ... Mrs. ...


At the March 1969 Grammy Awards, "Mrs. Robinson" was named Record of the Year, while Simon was also honored with the Grammy for Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special. Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media has been awarded since 1960. ...


Second breakup

By 1969, the duo's success began to take its toll. Garfunkel had begun to pursue a career in acting and was featured in the role of Nately in Nichols's film adaptation of the novel Catch-22. Garfunkel's filming leave conflicted with and subsequently delayed the recording of the duo's next album, and to add insult to injury, the part in the film which had initially been promised to Simon was completely cut from the script. Catch-22 is a 1970 film, adapted from the book of the same name by Joseph Heller. ...


The duo's deteriorating personal relationship continued into their late 1969 tour, which featured performances at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio on November 11 and Southern Illinois University in Carbondale, Illinois on November 8, recordings of which are supposedly widely bootlegged. Video footage of the tour was shown on their controversial November 30 television special Songs Of America, which TV sponsors refused to endorse because of its distinct anti-Vietnam War message. , This article is about the university in Oxford, Ohio. ... Location of Oxford in Butler County, Ohio Oxford is a college town located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Ohio in northwestern Butler County in Oxford Township, originally called the College Township. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Southern Illinois University is a university in southern Illinois with two institutions and multiple campuses. ... , Carbondale is a city in Southern Illinois in the midwest United States, about one hour north of Cairo. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


The actual recording of what would be their final album, Bridge Over Troubled Water, was not without tension. The LP was originally supposed to feature twelve tracks, but a disagreement over the twelfth track ensued. Simon refused to record a Bach chorale track favored by Garfunkel. Garfunkel refused to record a song Simon had written called "Cuba Si, Nixon No". No middle ground was reached, so the album was released with only eleven songs. Bridge Over Troubled Water is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released on January 26, 1970. ... In music, the BACH motif is the sequence of notes B flat, A, C, B natural. ...

Bridge Over Troubled Water was Simon and Garfunkel's last album; the title track was one of three number one hits in the United States but their only number one hit in the United Kingdom.
Bridge Over Troubled Water was Simon and Garfunkel's last album; the title track was one of three number one hits in the United States but their only number one hit in the United Kingdom.

Bridge Over Troubled Water was at last released on January 26, 1970. Its title track, featuring Garfunkel's soaring vocals, was a massive hit and one of the best-selling records of the decade, staying #1 on the charts for six weeks and remaining on the charts for far longer. The album includes three other top-twenty hits: "El Condor Pasa" (US #18), "Cecilia" (US #4), and "The Boxer" – which, finished in 1968, hit #7 on the charts the following year – as well as a live recording of the Everly Brothers' "Bye Bye, Love" from a 1969 tour concert in Ames, Iowa. Image File history File links BridgeWater. ... Image File history File links BridgeWater. ... Bridge Over Troubled Water is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released on January 26, 1970. ... Bridge over Troubled Water is the title song of Simon and Garfunkels final album together, Bridge over Troubled Water. ... Bridge Over Troubled Water is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released on January 26, 1970. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bridge over Troubled Water is the title song of Simon and Garfunkels final album together, Bridge over Troubled Water. ... The single cover to El Condor Pasa El Cóndor Pasa is a song from the zarzuela El Cóndor Pasa by the Peruvian composer Daniel Alomía Robles written in 1913 and based on traditional Andean folk tunes. ... Cecilia is a song by Simon and Garfunkel, from their 1970 album Bridge Over Troubled Water. ... For the 1997 film starring Daniel Day-Lewis, see The Boxer (film). ... Don (born February 1, 1937 in Brownie, a small coal-mining town (now defunct) near Central City, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky) and Phil Everly (born January 18, 1939 in Chicago, Illinois) are country-influenced rock and roll performers who had their greatest success in the 1950s. ... Main Street in downtown Ames in 2006 Ames is a city located in the central part of the U.S. state of Iowa, about 30 miles north of Des Moines in Story County. ...


At the subsequent March 1971 Grammy Awards, the album and single were named Album and Record of The Year, respectively, and also won the awards for Best Engineered Record, Best Contemporary Song, Song of the Year, and Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalists. Their 1972 Greatest Hits album has sold over 14 million copies in the U.S. becoming the number one selling album by a duo. The 13th Grammy Awards were held on 16 March 1971, and were broadcast live on American television. ... Simon and Garfunkel first released a Greatest Hits album on 14 June 1972, covering their heyday of 1965-1970. ...


The duo finally split in 1970 to much chagrin but little surprise, and the two men went their separate ways. Simon continued writing and went on to a very successful solo music career, recording several classic albums, including There Goes Rhymin' Simon (1973), Still Crazy After All These Years (1975), and his most highly celebrated solo album, Graceland (1986), collaborating with the Zulu choir Ladysmith Black Mambazo among others. Garfunkel split his time between acting and recording solo and collaboration albums, to mixed reviews. His most critically acclaimed album was the 1978 effort Watermark, almost all of the songs for which were penned by acclaimed songwriter Jimmy Webb. There Goes Rhymin Simon is a 1973 album by Paul Simon. ... Still Crazy After All These Years is an album and a song by Paul Simon Song list Still Crazy After All These Years My Little Town I Do It For You Love 50 Ways To Leave Your Lover Night Game Gone at Last Some Folks Lives Roll Easy Have A... Graceland is an album released in 1986 by Paul Simon. ... Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a Grammy Award-winning male group from South Africa that sings in the vocal style of isicathamiya and mbube. ... Jimmy Webb (born August 15, 1946 in Elk City, Oklahoma) is an idiosyncratic American popular music composer. ...


Subsequent careers

Simon and Garfunkel's first reunion since their second breakup was at a June 1972 benefit concert at Madison Square Garden for presidential candidate George McGovern. On October 18, 1975 the duo made an appearance on the second ever episode of NBC's Saturday Night Live. They performed "The Boxer", "Scarborough Fair" and "My Little Town". The latter song was the first and only Simon and Garfunkel recording for over a decade, appearing on both Simon's and Garfunkel's solo albums released in 1975. A benefit concert is a concert featuring musicians, comedians, or other performers that is held for a charitable purpose, often directed at a specific and immediate humanitarian crisis. ... Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City, United States. ... George McGovern on May 8, 1972 cover of Time Magazine George Stanley McGovern, Ph. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the television network. ... This article is about the American television series. ...


Simon and Garfunkel reunited for a free concert in New York City's Central Park on September 19, 1981. The concert was attended by over 500,000 people, and the recording was released as a live album, with their cover of "Wake Up Little Susie" released as a single. The success of this concert prompted the duo to go on a world tour in 1982-83. On September 19, 1981 the folk-rock duo Simon and Garfunkel reunited for a free concert on the Great Lawn of New Yorks Central Park attended by more than 500,000 people. ...


Simon and Garfunkel even completed their first new studio album in more than a decade, entitled Think Too Much, featuring some songs previewed on their recent jaunt. However, creative differences (coupled with the record company's negative reaction to the decidedly un-Simon-and-Garfunkel-like album) led Simon to remove Garfunkel's vocals and rework the songs himself. The solo album Hearts and Bones was the result, and a long period of estrangement for the duo followed. Hearts and Bones is a rock and roll album released in 1983 by Paul Simon. ...


Their next public appearance was in 1990, when the two performed at a ceremony for their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Simon and Garfunkel appeared together in 1993 for 21 sold out concerts in New York, with half of the show being Paul Simon solo with a band and the other half Simon and Garfunkel. Later the same year they did some charity concerts, including the Bridge School Benefit concerts. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... The Bridge School Benefit is an annual non-profit charity concert held in Mountain View, California every October at the Shoreline Amphitheatre. ...


In July 2002, Columbia Legacy issued a previously unreleased live recording of a Simon and Garfunkel concert, Live In New York City, 1967. It features an almost-complete recording of a performance given by the duo at Philharmonic Hall, at the Lincoln Center in New York City on January 22, 1967. The album includes the song "A Church is Burning," that does not appear on any of the group's five studio albums, though it does appear on Paul Simon's solo album, The Paul Simon Songbook. Live In New York City, 1967 is an album by Simon and Garfunkel, recorded at Philharmonic Hall at Lincoln Center in New York City, on 22 January 1967. ... , Avery Fisher Hall in Lincoln Center. ... The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center. ... Alternate cover 2004 Reissue cover The Paul Simon Songbook is an album by Paul Simon. ...


On February 23, 2003, Simon and Garfunkel reunited to perform in public for the first time in a decade, singing "The Sounds of Silence" as the opening act of the Grammy Awards. Before the show, the duo was presented with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, honoring their musical contributions over the past four and a half decades. They were introduced by Dustin Hoffman, who made his debut in the film The Graduate, which extensively featured their music. Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording [1]. This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and... For the novel of the same name, see The Graduate (novel). ...


The good feelings generated by their appearance on the Grammys led to another thaw in their relationship. Soon, Simon and Garfunkel launched a two-month long reunion tour of the United States (and Toronto, Canada), which ran from October 16 to December 21, 2003. Entitled Old Friends, their first tour in over twenty years included forty shows in twenty-eight cities and featured special guests The Everly Brothers. The tour featured in its opening video montage a short series of clips and photos taken during the day leading up to the concert around the venue. They performed "Hey, Schoolgirl," which they said was the first song they had written and recorded together. At the tour concert at Continental Airlines Arena in East Rutherford, NJ, they performed "Leaves That Are Green" in place of "Song for the Asking," which had been on their set list for the other concerts on this tour, following an announcement that they had not played it in concert since 1967. Motto: Diversity Our Strength Map of Ontario Counties, Toronto being red Area: 641 sq. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Everly Brothers, (Don Everly, born Isaac Donald Everly February 1, 1937, Brownie, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, Phil Everly, born Phillip Everly, January 19, 1939, Chicago, Illinois) are male siblings who were top-selling country-influenced rock and roll performers, best known for their steel-string guitar playing and close harmony... Continental Airlines Arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena in the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey. ... Map highlighting East Rutherfords location within Bergen County. ...


The success of the first Old Friends tour led to an encore in June and July 2004 with over 25 shows, this time also in Europe. In July 2004, they completed the tour with a flourish, with a finale at the Colosseum in Rome before an audience which, according to the Mayor of Rome, exceeded 600,000 — even larger than the audience at the famous 1981 Central Park concert.[1][2] The Colosseum by night: exterior view of the best-preserved section. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ...


A live CD and DVD from their Old Friends tour was released in late 2004. It featured a "new" studio duo song, "Citizen of the Planet," one of the songs from the rejected 1983 reunion album that did not originally feature Garfunkel's vocal participation.


In 2007, PBS hosted the first ever Gershwin Awards, where they honored Paul Simon. Simon introduced Garfunkel (for a cameo appearance) as "my companion in arguments" and the two sang "Bridge Over Troubled Water" together.


According to the Hearald Sun Australia, the duo has tentatively scheduled a tour in Australia, their first tour since 2004, and their first Australian tour since 1983.[5]


Columbia/Legacy announced the release of Live 1969 for September 18, 2007 featuring recently discovered masters recorded on their 1969 tour, however it has since been pushed back to sometime in 2008. That tour was their last for over a decade, immediately preceding the release of the 1970 album Bridge Over Troubled Water. The tour was recorded preparing for a subsequent live album, but the release of the live album did not happen, until now, as reported in Billboard Magazine.[6] 1969: The Velvet Underground Live is a live album by The Velvet Underground. ...


Pop-culture references

The asteroid 91287 Simon-Garfunkel was named in their honor.† . Israeli group The Parvarim recorded an album of Hebrew cover versions of Simon and Garfunkel songs in 1971. The translations were mostly accurate, but for "Scarborough Fair," the Hebrew words for "parsley, sage, etc." didn't fit into the music, so the spices were changed to "cinnamon, jasmine and myrrh." The Korean band SG Wannabe was highly influenced by Simon and Garfunkel's work; SG stands for "Simon and Garfunkel". In 1993, Austrian electronic music duo Kruder & Dorfmeister modelled the cover of their first album, G-Stoned, after the cover of Simon & Garfunkels Bookends album, using similar black and white photo, pose, and typography. For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... 91287 Simon-Garfunkel is an asteroid. ... The word Hebrew most likely means to cross over, referring to the Semitic people crossing over the Euphrates River. ... A setting of the first verse of Scarborough Fair Annotation: The extract of the musical score represented herewith details a variation: the last note of the second measure may be rendered E not F. Scarborough Fair is a traditional English fair, as well as a traditional English ballad. ... This article is about the herb. ... Binomial name L. Sage leaves - first variety Sage leaves - second variety Common sage (Salvia officinalis) is a small evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. ... For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... Binomial name J.Presl Cassia (Chinese cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... This article is about the shrub of genus Jasminum. ... 100g of Myrrh. ... SG Wannabe or SG워너비 (SG stands for Simon and Garfunkel) is a popular South Korean R&B trio that debuted in 2002 with their song, Timeless. They became an instant hit and the song, along with the music video, was played on cellular phones all over Korea [1], and their... Kruder & Dorfmeister, named after members Peter Kruder and Richard Dorfmeister, is an Austrian duo most known for their downtempo-dub remixes of pop, hip-hop, and drum and bass songs. ... G-Stoned is a electronic four-track EP released by Kruder & Dorfmeister. ... This article is about the 1968 Simon and Garfunkel album. ...


The episode "Bendin' in the Wind" of Futurama in a double send-up of Simon and Garfunkel and Battlestar Galactica, features the singing duo "Cylon and Garfunkel" performing a rendition of "Scarborough Fair" in which the robot Cylon's singing is entirely monotone. In the episode of The Simpsons, Lady Bouvier's Lover, the end of the episode is one of the series' many homages to The Graduate, and features a parody of "The Sounds of Silence" over the closing credits. ("hello grandpa my old friend/your busy day is at an end/your words are always sad and boring/ they tell a tale that's worth ignoring"). The Family Guy episode 'To Love and Die in Dixie' suggest that Peter Griffin was a third member of Simon and Garfunkel. When the duo rejected his song ideas for 'Here's to you Mrs Fleckinstein' and 'Parsley, Sage, Rosemary, and Lawry's Seasoning Salt', Peter says "screw this, I'm goin to Nam" Bendin in the Wind is the thirteenth episode in season three of Futurama. ... This article is about the television series. ... Battlestar Galactica. ... Old Cylon Centurion shown in a museum display in the 2003 Battlestar Galactica miniseries The Cylons are a cybernetic civilization at war with the Twelve Colonies of humanity in the Battlestar Galactica science fiction franchise, in the original 1978/1980 series and movie, as well as the 2003 reimagining. ... A setting of the first verse of Scarborough Fair Annotation: The extract of the musical score represented herewith details a variation: the last note of the second measure may be rendered E not F. Scarborough Fair is a traditional English fair, as well as a traditional English ballad. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Lady Bouviers Lover is the twenty-first episode of The Simpsons fifth season, which originally aired on May 12, 1994. ... For the novel of the same name, see The Graduate (novel). ... Sounds of Silence is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released January 17, 1966. ... “To Love and Die in Dixie” is an episode of the third season of Family Guy. ... NAM stands for: National Association of Manufacturers Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal formerly known as the Navy Achievement Medal Non-Aligned Movement Number Assignment Module Network Add-on Mod, a major unofficial add-on for SimCity 4 Vietnam War Namid Ram Shatil Category: ...


The Rush song "The Spirit of Radio" references "The Sounds of Silence", turning "The words of the prophets are written on the subway walls, and tenement halls... and whispered in the sounds of silence" into the ironic "The words of the profits are written on the studio walls, concert halls... and echoes with the sounds of salesmen". Rush is a Canadian rock band comprising bassist, keyboardist, and lead vocalist Geddy Lee, guitarist Alex Lifeson, and drummer and lyricist Neil Peart. ... Resist (1997) The Spirit of Radio (Live) (1998) Secret Touch (2002) Permanent Waves track listing Beginning of Album The Spirit of Radio (Track 1) Freewill (Track 2) The Spirit of Radio is a song first released in 1980 by popular Canadian rock band Rush on their album Permanent Waves. ...


Discography

This is the discography page of Simon and Garfunkel. ... Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released October 19, 1964. ... Alternate cover For the CSI episode of the same name, see Sounds of Silence (CSI episode). ... Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released October 10, 1966. ... This article is about the 1968 Simon and Garfunkel album. ... Bridge Over Troubled Water is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released on January 26, 1970. ...

Singles w/Billboard Hot 100 positions

An extremely rare red vinyl promotional copy of "The Sounds Of Silence" features the acoustic version on the A-side and the "electric" hit version on the B-side
  • Homeward Bound (#5)/Leaves That Are Green -- Columbia 43511 -- 2/66
  • I Am a Rock (#3)/Flowers Never Bend With The Rainfall -- Columbia 43617 -- 5/66
  • The Dangling Conversation (#25)/The Big Bright Green Pleasure Machine -- Columbia 43728 -- 7/66
The above three singles were also issued on red vinyl promotional copies with the A-side on both sides
  • A Hazy Shade Of Winter (#13)/For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her -- Columbia 43873 -- 11/66
  • At The Zoo (#16)/The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy) -- Columbia 44046 -- 3/67
  • Fakin' It (#23)/You Don't Know Where Your Interest Lies -- Columbia 44232 -- 7/67
All pressings intentionally show the A-side playing time as 2:74 to boost radio airplay for stations that did not play songs over 3 minutes long. The B-side is a non-LP track
  • Scarborough Fair (Canticle) (#11)/April Come She Will -- Columbia 44465 -- 3/68
This was a re-release of two songs from earlier LPs due to their inclusion on The Graduate Original Soundtrack.
  • Mrs. Robinson (#1)/Old Friends-Bookends -- Columbia 44511 -- 4/68
Original pressings show both sides (B-side erroneously) as from the film "The Graduate". Later pressings correctly show both sides as from the "Bookends" album.
  • The Boxer (#7)/Baby Driver (#101) -- Columbia 44785 -- 4/69
  • Bridge Over Troubled Water (#1)/Keep The Customer Satisfied -- Columbia 45079 -- 2/70
  • Cecilia (#4)/The Only Living Boy In New York -- Columbia 45133 -- 4/70
  • El Condor Pasa (#10)/Why Don't You Write Me -- Columbia 45237 -- 9/70
  • For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her (live version) (#53)/America (#97) -- Columbia 45663 -- 9/72
  • My Little Town (#9)/Rag Doll (Art Garfunkel)-You're Kind (Paul Simon) -- Columbia 10230 -- 10/75
  • Wake Up Little Susie (#27)/Me And Julio Down By The Schoolyard -- Warner 50053 -- 4/82
Both tracks taken from the Central Park concert on September 19, 1981

Sounds of Silence is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released January 17, 1966. ... I Am a Rock is a song written by Paul Simon. ... At the Zoo was one of Simon and Garfunkels single releases in 1967. ... A setting of the first verse of Scarborough Fair Annotation: The extract of the musical score represented herewith details a variation: the last note of the second measure may be rendered E not F. Scarborough Fair is a traditional English fair, as well as a traditional English ballad. ... Mrs. ... For the 1997 film starring Daniel Day-Lewis, see The Boxer (film). ... Bridge over Troubled Water is the title song of Simon and Garfunkels final album together, Bridge over Troubled Water. ... Cecilia is a song by Simon and Garfunkel, from their 1970 album Bridge Over Troubled Water. ... El Cóndor Pasa is a Peruvian zarzuela, or musical play, and its more famous title song. ... America, a Paul Simon song, was made popular by 1960s folk duo Simon and Garfunkel. ...

Awards

  • Grammy Awards 1968 - Record of the Year (for "Mrs. Robinson")
  • Grammy Awards 1968 - Best Contemporary Pop Performance - Vocal Duo or Group (for "Mrs. Robinson")
  • Grammy Awards 1970 - Record of the Year (for "Bridge Over Troubled Water")
  • Grammy Awards 1970 - Album of the Year (for "Bridge Over Troubled Water")
  • BRIT Awards 1977 - Best International Album (of the past 25 years) (for"Bridge Over Troubled Water")
  • Grammy Awards 2003 - Grammy Lifetime Acheievement Award

Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mrs. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bridge over Troubled Water is the title song of Simon and Garfunkels final album together, Bridge over Troubled Water. ... The Brit Awards are the annual United Kingdom pop music awards founded by the British Phonographic Industry. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ...

References

  1. ^ Simon and Garfunkel. James Taylor. Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone.
  2. ^ The Immortals: The First Fifty. Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone.
  3. ^ Paul Simon Songbook on Amazon.com confirming re-release date
  4. ^ http://www.songfacts.com/detail.php?id=1283
  5. ^ "Simon and Garfunkel may tour Australia" Hearald Sun, July 18, 2007
  6. ^ "Live Album Chronicles 1969 Simon & Garfunkel Tour" by Jonathan Cohen, Billboard Magazine, June 21, 2007

See also

This is an alphabetical list of songs performed at some point by the American pop / folk duo Simon and Garfunkel. ... These are the artists who have topped both the official album and singles chart for Billboard in the United States and The Official UK Charts Company from the United Kingdom (also the BPI). ...

External links

Official

Biographical and discographical

Other The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ...


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