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Encyclopedia > Simon Wiesenthal Center
The Simon Wiesenthal Center
The Simon Wiesenthal Center

The Simon Wiesenthal Center is an international Jewish organization that declares itself to be a human rights group dedicated to preserving the memory of the Holocaust by fostering tolerance and understanding through community involvement, educational outreach and social action. The Center deals with important contemporary issues including racism, anti-Semitism, terrorism and genocide and is accredited as a non-governmental organization (NGO) both at the United Nations and UNESCO. Image File history File links The Simon Wiesenthal Center Description: The Simon Wiesenthal Center in L.A. / date when picture was made: 2001 Sources: The picture was shot by our organization and can therefore be published. ... Image File history File links The Simon Wiesenthal Center Description: The Simon Wiesenthal Center in L.A. / date when picture was made: 2001 Sources: The picture was shot by our organization and can therefore be published. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II. Early elements include the Kristallnacht pogrom and the T-4 Euthanasia Program established by Hitler that killed some 200,000 people. ... It has been suggested that Scientific racism be merged into this article or section. ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... Definitions of terrorism include fearmongering for political gain and the unconventional use of violence against civilians. ... Genocide is defined by the JERRFGGHH and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide]] (CPPCG) article 2 as any of the following acts part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group; Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; Deliberately inflicting... A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization that is not part of a government and was not founded by states. ... United Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1945. ...


The organization is named after Simon Wiesenthal, a former engineer and an Austrian Jew who lost many family members in the Holocaust, and later pledged to hunt down Nazis and bring them to justice. Simon Wiesenthal Simon Wiesenthal, honorary KBE, (December 31, 1908 – September 20, 2005) was an Austrian-Jewish architectural engineer who became a Nazi hunter after surviving the Holocaust. ... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II. Early elements include the Kristallnacht pogrom and the T-4 Euthanasia Program established by Hitler that killed some 200,000 people. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ...


The Center is headed by Rabbi Marvin Hier, its Dean and Founder. Rabbi Abraham Cooper is the Associate Dean and Rabbi Meyer May is the Executive Director.


Established in 1977, the Center closely interacts on an ongoing basis with a variety of public and private agencies, meeting with elected officials, the U.S. and foreign governments, diplomats and heads of state. Other issues that the Center deals with include: the prosecution of Nazi war criminals, fighting against ODESSA networks; Holocaust and tolerance education; Middle East Affairs; and extremist groups, neo-Nazism, and hate on the Internet. For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nazism. ... The geographical situation of Odessa city and province within Ukraine Odessa (Ukrainian: Одеса, Odesa; Russian: ) is a city in southwestern Ukraine, a major port on the Black Sea, and the administrative centre of the countrys Odessa Oblast. ... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II. Early elements include the Kristallnacht pogrom and the T-4 Euthanasia Program established by Hitler that killed some 200,000 people. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ...


The Simon Wiesenthal Center and its Museum of Tolerance is one of many partner organizations of the Austrian Association for Service Abroad (Auslandsdienst) and the corresponding so-called Austrian Holocaust Memorial Service (Gedenkdienst). The Museum of Tolerance is a multimedia museum designed to examine racism and prejudice in the United States and the world with a strong focus on the history of the Holocaust. ... The Auslandsdienst means literally “service in a foreign country” and describes a 14 month civil service of Austrian citizens outside Austria. ... The Austrian Holocaust Memorial Service (German: Österreichischer Gedenkdienst) is an alternative to Austrias compulsory national military service. ...

Contents


Office locations

The headquarters of the Simon Wiesenthal Center is in Los Angeles. However, there are also international offices located at the following cities: New York, Miami, Toronto, Jerusalem, Paris, and Buenos Aires. This article is about the largest city in California. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... For other uses, see Toronto (disambiguation). ... Jerusalem (31°46′N 35°14′E; Hebrew: (help· info) Yerushalayim; Arabic: (help· info) al-Quds; (alternative Arabic found in Bible translations: أُورْشَلِيم Urshalim)) is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meter. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Buenos Aires (Good Airs in Spanish, originally Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Aires meaning City of the Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as...


Through its national and international offices the Center carries out its above mentioned mission of preserving the memory of the Holocaust.


Library and archives

The Library and Archives of the center in L.A. has grown to a collection of about 50,000 volumes and non-print materials. Moreover, the Archives incorporates photographs, diaries, letters, artifacts, artwork and rare books, which are available to researchers, students and the general public. Modern-style library In the traditional sense of the word, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ... For alternate uses see: Archive (disambiguation). ... A photograph (often just called a photo) is an image (or a representation of that on e. ... See Diary (novel) for the novel by Chuck Palahniuk. ... This article is about letter, a written message from one party to another. ... An artifact (also artefact) is a term coined by Sir Julian Huxley meaning any object or process resulting from human activity. ... The Mona Lisa Although today the word art usually refers to the visual arts, the concept of what art is has continuously changed over centuries. ... [1]#redirect Book ... For the suburb of Melbourne, Australia, see Research, Victoria. ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... The band General Public formed after the 1983 break-up of The Beat (see 1983 in music). ...


Located Ex-Nazis

In November 2005, the Simon Wiesenthal Center located Aribert Heim, who had been hiding in Spain for 20 years. The same month, it also gave the name of four suspected former Nazi criminals to German authorities. The names were the first results of Operation Last Chance, a drive launched this year by the center to track down former Nazis for World War II-era crimes before they die of old age. Some people will also cooperate with this action and will help Jews to get dignity. [1]. Ex-Nazis are those who were once Nazis and resigned from the party. ... Ongoing events • Abramoff-Reed gambling scandal • Al Jazeera bombing memo • Avian influenza (H5N1) outbreak • Black sites scandal • Conservative leadership race (UK) • Fuel prices • Irans nuclear program • Jilin chemical plant explosions • Kashmir earthquake • Malawi food crisis • Malaysian prisoner abuse scandal • New Delhi bombings investigation • Niger food crisis • North Indian cyclone... Aribert Heim Aribert Heim (born June 28, 1914) is an Austrian doctor and one of the worlds most wanted Nazi war criminals. ... Operation Last Chance was launched in 2005 by Simon Wiesenthal Center in order to track down Ex-Nazis still in hiding, before they die of old age. ...


Criticism

It has been described by Jewish-American political scientist Prof. Norman G. Finkelstein as "a gang of heartless and immoral crooks, whose hallmark is that they will do anything for a dollar." He alleges in his book [The Holocaust Industry] that the Center's headquarters in Los Angeles are run as a family business, and that in the mid 1990's they were collectively earning $525,000 a year.[2] A Jewish American (also commonly American Jew) is an American (a citizen of the United States) of Jewish descent or religion who maintains a connection to the Jewish community, either through actively practicing Judaism or through cultural and historical affiliation. ... See also: Political Science Notable political scientists Kenneth Arrow - Nobel Memorial Prize winning economist who published influential paper on his widely cited Arrows Impossibility Theorem Robert Axelrod Duncan Black - Responsible for unearthing the work of many early political scientists, including Charles Dodgson Jean-Charles de Borda - 18th century mathematician... Norman Finkelstein on Democracy Now! Norman G. Finkelstein (born December 8, 1953) is an American assistant professor of political science at DePaul University known for his controversial writings pertaining to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and for his criticisms of the way he sees the Holocaust being handled by certain parties... The Holocaust Industry: Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering is a book by Norman G. Finkelstein which argues that an industry has exploited the memory of the Holocaust to further Jewish and Israeli interests, and has corrupted the Jewish culture and Jewish heritage of Judaism as well as the...


In Janaury 2006, the Simon Wiesenthal Center was critisized for its accusation[3] of antisemitism by the president of Venezuela Hugo Ch├ívez during a speech accusing the United States of imperialistic behaviour.[4] In their report, they heavily edited the original speech, removing clarifying sections to strengthen their accusation.[5] The Confederation of Jewish Associations of Venezuela wrote a letter[6] to the Center, explaining that Chavez was not referring to Jews in his speech, and that the Center acted rashly in making its statement. This view was seconded both by the AJCommittee and the American Jewish Congress. Sergio Widder, a Wiesenthal spokesperson in Latin America, countered that Chavez's statement was ambiguous at best, and that the Center released its statement only after careful consideration. Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (English pron. ... The American Jewish Congress is a civil rights body formed both to protect the civil rights of Jewish Americans, as well as to act as a conduit for pro-civil rights activities in the American Jewish community. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Simon Wiesenthal: Biography and Much More from Answers.com (3404 words)
Wiesenthal and his wife were first imprisoned in the Janowska Street camp in the suburbs of the city, where they were forced to work on the local railroad.
Cyla Wiesenthal was able to hide her Jewish identity from the Nazis because of her blonde hair and survived the war as a forced-laborer in the Rhineland.
Wiesenthal died in his sleep at age 96 in Vienna on September 20, 2005, and was buried in the city of Herzliya in Israel on 23 September.
Simon Wiesenthal (1952 words)
Simon Wiesenthal was born on December 31, 1908, in Buczacz, in what is now the Lvov Oblast section of the Ukraine.
Wiesenthal took her family and fled to Vienna for a brief period, returning to Buczacz when she remarried.
The young Wiesenthal graduated from the Gymnasium in 1928 and applied for admission to the Polytechnic Institute in Lvov.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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