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Encyclopedia > Simon Rattle
Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988, aged 33.

Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE, FRSA, (born January 19, 1955) is an English conductor. He rose to prominence as conductor of the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, and is currently principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic (BPO). Image File history File links Taken from Porgy and Bess album notes. ... Image File history File links Taken from Porgy and Bess album notes. ... The cast of Porgy and Bess during the Boston try-out prior to the Broadway opening. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... The Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA) is a British multi-disciplinary institution, based in London. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... A conductor conducting a band at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... The City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra (CBSO) is based in Birmingham, England. ... The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra is one of the worlds leading orchestras. ...

Contents

Early life

Rattle was born in Liverpool, and studied at Liverpool College. He learned the piano and violin, but his early work with orchestras was as a percussionist. He entered the Royal Academy of Music in London in 1971. There, his teachers included John Carewe. In 1974, his graduation year, Rattle won the John Player Conductor Competition. He also organised and conducted concerts whilst still a student.[1] After organising and conducting a performance of Mahler's Second Symphony whilst still at the Academy, he was talent-spotted by the music agent Martin Campell-White (source: [1]), of Harold Holt Ltd. (today Askonsas Holt Ltd.)[2], who has since managed Rattle's career. Liverpool skyline. ... Liverpool College is a Public School located in the suburbs of Liverpool, England. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. ... A percussion instrument is any object which produces a sound by being struck with an implement, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any other action which sets the object into vibration. ... The Royal Academy of Music (RAM) is a constituent college of the University of London, and is one of the leading music institutions in the world. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


UK career

In 1974, he was made assistant conductor of the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, and in 1977 assistant conductor of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic. The Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra is an English orchestra which, despite its name, is now based in the adjacent town of Poole rather than in Bournemouth. ... The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra is one of Britains longest established orchestras, and is based in Liverpool. ...


His time with the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra (CBSO) from 1980 to 1998 drew him to the attention of critics and the public. In 1980, Rattle became the CBSO's Principal Conductor and Artistic Adviser, and in 1990, Music Director. Rattle increased both his profile and that of the orchestra over his tenure. One of his long-term concert projects was the series of concerts of 20th century music titled "Towards the Millennium". One other major achievement during his time was the move of the CBSO from its former venue, the Town Hall, to a newly built concert hall, Symphony Hall, in 1991. The BBC commissioned film director Jaine Green to follow him in his final year with the CBSO to make Simon Rattle — Moving On. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... Jaine Green is an award winning UK documentary maker and former stand-up comedienne. ...


Rattle was awarded a CBE in 1987 and made a Knight Bachelor in 1994. In 1992, Rattle was named a Principal Guest Conductor of the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment (OAE), along with Frans Brüggen. Rattle now has the title of Principal Artist with the OAE. In 2001, Rattle conducted the OAE at Glyndebourne in their first production of Fidelio with a period-instrument orchestra.[2] The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... The Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment (OAE) is a British period instrument orchestra. ... Frans Brüggen (born October 30, 1934) is a Dutch recorder soloist and conductor. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In May 2006 he was made an Honorary Fellow of the Society of Arts. The Royal Society of Arts, whose correct name is the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures & Commerce but which is more commonly known as the RSA, is a British multi-disciplinary institution, based in London, which exists to deliver five Manifesto Challenges: encouraging enterprise, moving towards a zero...


Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra

Simon Rattle on the back Cover of his most recent live performance recording of Orff's Carmina Burana on New Year's Eve 2004, aged 49.

Rattle made his conducting debut with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra (BPO) in 1987, in a performance of Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 6. In 1999, Rattle was appointed as successor to Claudio Abbado as the BPO's principal conductor.[3] The appointment, decided on in a June 23 vote by the orchestra's members, was somewhat controversial, as several members of the orchestra were earlier reported to have preferred Daniel Barenboim for the post.[4] Nevertheless, Rattle won the post and proceeded to win over his detractors by refusing to sign the contract until he had ensured that every member of the orchestra was paid fairly, and also that the orchestra would gain artistic independence from the Berlin Senate[5]. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 479 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (907 × 1135 pixel, file size: 474 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Original Photographer: Sheila Rock Scanned by: Mary C. 10:43, 13 August 2006 (UTC) Source: Back Cover (Booklet) of the BPO New Years Eve Concert... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 479 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (907 × 1135 pixel, file size: 474 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Original Photographer: Sheila Rock Scanned by: Mary C. 10:43, 13 August 2006 (UTC) Source: Back Cover (Booklet) of the BPO New Years Eve Concert... Carl Orff (July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a German composer, most famous for Carmina Burana (1937). ... The cover of the score to Carmina Burana showing the Wheel of Fortuna Carmina Burana is a scenic cantata composed by Carl Orff between 1935 and 1936. ... The Berlin Philharmonic rehearsing in the Berliner Philharmonie. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... Daniel Barenboim (born November 15, 1942) is an Argentinian-Israeli pianist and conductor. ...


Before leaving for Germany and on his arrival, Rattle controversially attacked the British attitude to culture in general, and in particular the artists of the Britart movement[6], together with the state funding of culture in the UK[7] [8]. He was attacked in return for his poor understanding of conceptual and visual art. Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning to cultivate), generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Young British Artists is the name given to a collective of United Kingdom. ... Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs (1965) Conceptual art is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. ... Many times, the term art is used to refer to the visual arts. ...


Since his appointment, Rattle has reorganized the Berlin Philharmonic into a foundation, meaning its activities are more under the control of the members rather than politicians. He has also ensured that orchestra members' wages have increased[9] quite dramatically, having fallen over the past few years.[citation needed] He gave his first concert as principal conductor of the BPO on September 7, 2002, leading performances of Thomas Adès' Asyla and Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 5, performances which received rave reviews from the press worldwide[10] and were recorded for CD and DVD release by EMI. Early collaborative projects in the Berlin community with Rattle and the BPO involved a choreographed performance of Stravinsky's Le sacre du printemps and a film project with Mark-Anthony Turnage's Blood on the Floor.[11] He has also continued to champion contemporary music in Berlin.[12] September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Thomas Adès (born in London, 1 March 1971) is a British composer. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... The Symphony No. ... Mark-Anthony Turnage (born June 10, 1960) is an English composer of classical music. ...


Criticism of Rattle's tenure with the Berlin Philharmonic began to appear after their first season together[13], and continued in their second season[14]. The German critic Klaus Geitel was reported in 2004 to have described Rattle as "the weakest musical director of the Berlin Philharmonic he's ever seen".[15] Rattle himself stated in 2005 that his relationship with the BPO musicians could sometimes be "turbulent", but also "never destructively so".[16] 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2006, a new controversy began in the German press as to the quality of Rattle's concerts with the Berlin Philharmonic, with criticism from the German critic Manuel Brug in Die Welt[17] (English translation of the article here). This was subsequently covered in the UK press[18] [19] [20]. One musician who wrote to the press to defend Rattle was the pianist Alfred Brendel[21]. For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Alfred Brendel Alfred Brendel (born January 5, 1931) is an Austrian pianist, born in Czechoslovakia. ...


Conducting in North America

Rattle made his North American conducting debut with the Los Angeles Philharmonic (LAP) in 1979, and was their Principal Guest Conductor from 1981-1994. He also guest-conducted the Cleveland Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, San Francisco Symphony, Toronto Symphony Orchestra, and Boston Symphony Orchestra. His New York City debut was with the LAP in 1985. The Los Angeles Philharmonic is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... The Cleveland Orchestra is one of the major symphony orchestras in the United States. ... The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading orchestras in the world. ... Logo. ... The Toronto Symphony Orchestra is a leading Canadian orchestra. ... The Boston Symphony Orchestra is one of the worlds most renowned orchestras. ... New York, NY redirects here. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1993, Rattle made his conducting debut with The Philadelphia Orchestra[22]. He returned for guest conducting engagements in 1999[23], 2000[24], 2005, and will return in late 2007 to conduct Schumann's Das Paradies und die Peri. The musical relationship between Rattle and The Philadelphia Orchestra was reported to be such that Philadelphia wanted to hire Rattle as its next music director after Wolfgang Sawallisch, but Rattle declined.[25] However, Rattle continues to guest-conduct with The Philadelphia Orchestra[26] [27] as what is currently his sole North American guest-conducting engagement. 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The Philadelphia Orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is one of the Big Five symphony orchestras in the United States and usually considered among the finest in the world. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... Schumann is the name of several notable people: Robert Schumann (1810 - 1856), German composer (husband of composer Clara Schumann) Clara Wieck Schumann (1819 - 1896), German pianist and composer, (wife of composer Robert Schumann) Georg Schumann (1886 - 1945), German Communist and resistance fighter against the Nazis Georg Schumann (1866 - 1952), German... Wolfgang Sawallisch (born August 26, 1923) is a German conductor and pianist. ...


Musical styles and recordings

Rattle has conducted a wide variety of music, including some with period instruments (musical instruments contemporary with the music being played), but he is best known for his interpretations of early 20th century composers such as Mahler, with a recording of Mahler's Second Symphony winning several awards on its release and being regarded by some as Rattle's finest recording to date. He has also championed much contemporary music, including the tv series Leaving Home, where he presents a 7-part survey of musical styles and conductors with excerpts recorded by the Birmingham Symphony. His meticulous realization of some of the great Romantic works has forged a somewhat intense style. This is exemplified in his new cycle of the Beethoven Symphonies with the Vienna Philharmonic – although the orchestral playing is recognisably Viennese, there is a noticeable 'period-instrument' quality to the sound. His newest recordings with the Berlin orchestra (as of 2006) have, on the whole, been favourably received, notably his recordings of the Dvorak tone poems and Debussy's La Mer. The Gramophone Magazine praised the latter as a 'magnificent disc' and drew favourable comparisons with interpretations of the piece by Rattle's immediate predecessors, Claudio Abbado and Herbert von Karajan. He has also worked with the world famous Toronto Children's Chorus. Recently Rattle and the BPO recorded Holst's Planets (EMI), which was the BBC Music Magazine Orchestra Choice. In addition, Rattle's complete 1989 recording of George Gershwin's opera Porgy and Bess was used as the soundtrack for the 1993 television production of the work. It was the first made-for-television production of Porgy and Bess ever presented. Recently, Rattle issued Brahms's Ein Deutsches Requiem. BBC Music Magazine chose this disc as the Disc of the Month (April 2007), praising that "this strikes me as probably the best new version of the Requiem I've heard in quite some years." A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... The Symphony No. ... 20th century classical music, the classical music of the 20th century, was extremely diverse, beginning with the late Romantic style of Sergei Rachmaninoff, Impressionism of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel, and continuing through the Neoclassicism of middle-period Igor Stravinsky, and ranging to such distant sound-worlds as the complete... The Gramophone is a glossy publication devoted to classical music and particularly recordings of classical music. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Founded in 1978 by Jean Ashworth Bartle, C.M., O.Ont. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... The New Opera in Oslo, Norway The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... The cast of Porgy and Bess during the Boston try-out prior to the Broadway opening. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ein deutsches Requiem For the short story by Jorge Luis Borges, see Ein deutsches Requiem (short story). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... The Requiem (from the Latin requiés, rest) or Requiem Mass, also known formally (in Latin) as the Missa pro defunctis or Missa defunctorum, is a liturgical service of the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Anglican High Church and certain Lutheran Churches in the United States. ...


Personal life

Rattle's first marriage was to Elise Ross, an American soprano, with whom he had two sons. They were divorced in 1995 after 15 years of marriage. His second wife was Candace Allen, a Boston-born writer.[28] This second marriage ended after Rattle and the Czech mezzo-soprano Magdalena Kožená began a relationship. Kožená and Rattle have a son, Jonas. Magdalena Kožená is a famous Czech mezzo soprano singer who was born in Brno in 1973. ...


Discography

See Simon Rattle discography. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


See also

Lonsdale Square is a traditional London square in Islington, north London, England. ...

References

  1. ^ Fiona Maddocks, "The lightning conductor from Liverpool" (book review of Simon Rattle: From Birmingham to Berlin). The Observer, 28 October 2001.
  2. ^ Peter Conrad, "What's so funny about Beethoven?" The Observer, 29 April 2001.
  3. ^ Andrew Clements, "Picking up the baton". The Guardian, 24 June 1999.
  4. ^ Fiachra Gibbons and Kate Connolly, "Rattle set for classic music's top job". The Guardian, 12 June 1999.
  5. ^ Ivan Hewett, "Wilkommen Sir Simon!". Telegraph, 7 September 2002.
  6. ^ Kate Connolly and Amelia Hill, "Rattle fires parting shot at Brit Art bratpack" The Guardian, 25 August 2002.
  7. ^ Sue Quinn, "Rattle plea for bankrupt orchestras". The Guardian, 13 July 1999.
  8. ^ Vanessa Thorpe, "Rattle's rage at 'amateur' Arts Council". The Observer, 30 September 2001.
  9. ^ Kate Connolly, "Roll over Beethoven, here comes Sir Simon". The Guardian, 8 September 2002.
  10. ^ Kate Connolly, "Rattle's rapturous debut". The Guardian, 9 September 2002.
  11. ^ Martin Kettle, "My crazy idea". The Guardian, 30 August 2002.
  12. ^ Peter G. Davis, "German Reengineering". New York, 13 February 2006.
  13. ^ Stephen Everson, "The end of the affair". The Guardian, 20 September 2003.
  14. ^ Charlotte Higgins and Ben Aris, "Is Rattle's Berlin honeymoon over?" The Guardian, 29 April 2004.
  15. ^ Ivan Hewett, "Can Rattle rival the greats?". Telegraph, 21 December 2004.
  16. ^ Charlotte Higgins, "Karaoke, wild tigers, hysteria: Rattle on his turbulent affair with the Berlin Philharmonic". The Guardian, 7 January 2005.
  17. ^ Manuel Brug, "Überwältigungsmusik, aber kaum Durchdringung". Die Welt, 11 May 2006 (original article in German)
  18. ^ Luke Harding, "Rattle's Berlin Philharmonic failing to thrill, says critic". The Guardian, 25 May 2006.
  19. ^ Charlotte Higgins, "'Inspiring, charismatic, driven ... and a bit autocratic'" The Guardian, 26 May 2006.
  20. ^ John Allison, "The Battle of Rattle". Telegraph, 20 August 2006.
  21. ^ Alfred Brendel, "Criticism of Rattle is really out of tune". The Guardian, 31 May 2006.
  22. ^ Allan Kozinn, "Rattle Leads the Philadelphia In Mahler's Ninth Symphony". New York Times, 16 December 1993.
  23. ^ Anthony Tommasini, "Did Briton, Wielding Sibelius, Audition For a Job?" New York Times, 28 January 1999
  24. ^ Bernard Holland, "A Sense of Gluttony But an Easy Surrender". New York Times, 26 January 2000.
  25. ^ Allan Kozinn, "Top Conductors, Top Orchestras, Brahms in Common". New York Times, 30 January 2004.
  26. ^ David Patrick Stearns, "Rattle's rocky road". Philadelphia Inquirer, 2 February 2006.
  27. ^ Allan Kozinn, "Bruckner's Seventh and Painterly Tableaus in Song". New York Times, 9 February 2006.
  28. ^ Jan Moir, 'I hate to see myself conducting'. Telegraph, 21 March 2003.

External links

Preceded by
Louis Frémaux
Principal Conductor and Music Director, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
1980–1998
Succeeded by
Sakari Oramo
Preceded by
Michael Tilson Thomas (co-principal guest)
Principal Guest Conductor, Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
1981–1994
Succeeded by
Leonard Slatkin (at the Hollywood Bowl)
Preceded by
Claudio Abbado
Music Director, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
2002–
Succeeded by
incumbent
Persondata
NAME Rattle, Simon Dennis
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Conductor
DATE OF BIRTH January 19, 1955
PLACE OF BIRTH Liverpool
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Simon Rattle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (677 words)
Rattle was born in Liverpool, and studied at Liverpool College.
In 1999, Rattle was appointed as successor to Claudio Abbado as principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, widely seen as the most prestigious conducting post in the world.
Before leaving for Germany and on his arrival, Rattle controversially attacked the British attitude to culture in general, and in particular the artists of the Britart movement, together with the poor state funding of culture in the UK.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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