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Encyclopedia > Simon Fraser (general)

Simon Fraser (1729-1777) was a British general during the American Revolutionary War who was killed in the Battle of Bemis Heights. Combatants American Patriots, France, allies British Empire, allies Commanders George Washington Comte de Rochambeau Nathanael Greene William Howe Henry Clinton Charles Cornwallis Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties {{{casualties1}}} {{{casualties2}}} The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain... The Battle of Bemis Heights on October 7, 1777 is also known as the 2nd Battle of Saratoga since it was the second and last major engagement in the Battle of Saratoga of the American Revolutionary War. ...


Simon was a younger son of Alexander Fraser of Balnian, Scotland, by his second wife Jean Mackintosh and was born in Scotland in 1729. He fought with the Dutch army at Bergen-op-Zoom in 1747, and joined the British Army as a Lieutenant in 1755. Transport in Scotland Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in Scotland Abbeys and priories in Scotland... Bergen op Zoom is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... // Events January 31 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Dock Hospital April 9 - The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded by axe on Tower Hill, London, for high treason; he was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain May 14 - First battle of Cape... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Fraser came to Canada with the British forces in the French and Indian War. At the siege of Louisbourg, he was called Lieutenant Simon Fraser, Jr., since he was the younger of two lieutenants with the same name. He was promoted to Captain before taking part in the Battle of Quebec (1759). At that battle, he was in James Wolfe's boat crossing the St Lawrence. It was his reply, in French through the fog, that enabled the party to sneak ashore before ascending to the Plains of Abraham. The French and Indian War is the American name for the decisive nine-year conflict (1754-1763) in North America between the Kingdom of Great Britain and France, which was one of the theatres of the Seven Years War. ... Fortress Louisbourg (fr. ... The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, fought September 13, 1759, was a decisive battle during the French and Indian War, the U.S. name for the North American phase of the Seven Years War. ... The Death of General Wolfe by Benjamin West. ... The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, fought September 13, 1759, was a decisive battle during the French and Indian War, the U.S. name for the North American phase of the Seven Years War. ...


Fraser served in Germany, Ireland, and Gibraltar between wars. In 1768 he became the Lt. Colonel of the 24th Regiment of Foot. In 1776 the 24th was transferred to Canada in response to the American Invasion, and Governor Guy Carleton promoted him to Brigadier General, but in America only. When John Burgoyne organized the Saratoga Campaign in 1777 he was chosen to command the advance unit. 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the year 1776. ... American Attack on Quebec. ... Sir Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester (1724-1808) was a British soldier who served as Governor of the Province of Quebec. ... John Burgoyne John Burgoyne (February 24, 1723 – August 4, 1792) was a British general during the American Revolutionary War, infamous for his arrogance, pompous attitude, and vanity. ... The Saratoga Campaign was a 1777 initiative by the British Army in the American Revolutionary War. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents


Saratoga

During the Battle of Saratoga, the Advance Corp had about 1,000 men. Besides his own 24th Regiment of Foot, he had the grenadier battalion, the light infantry battalion, and a company of marksmen, along some Canadian militia and Indian auxiliaries. Their role was to precede the main column. The Battle(s) of Saratoga were considered by many historians to have been the turning point of the American Revolutionary War and one of the most decisive battles in history. ... The South Wales Borderers was an infantry regiment of the British Army. ... A Grenadier was originally a specialized assault trooper for siege operations, first established as a distinct role in the early 17th century. ... Traditionally light infantry (or skirmishers) were soldiers whose job was to provide a skirmishing screen ahead of the main body of infantry, harassing and delaying the enemy advance. ... A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ... Irregular soldiers in Beauharnois, Quebec, 19th century Irregular military refers to any non-standard military. ...


Battle of Hubbardton

On July 7 1777 Fraser's Advance Corps caught up with the American rear guard at the Vermont town of Hubbardton. Though the British captured more than 200 Continental soldiers, the Americans fought well and were able to retreat, keeping their force intact to fight at the later battles at Saratoga. July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... State nickname: The Green Mountain State Official languages None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Governor Jim Douglas (R) Senators Patrick Leahy (D) Jim Jeffords (I) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 43th 24,923 km² 3. ... The Battle of Hubbardton was an engagement in the Saratoga Campaign of the American Revolutionary War. ...


Freeman's Farm

Daniel Morgan's riflemen wiped out his advance party at Freeman's farm on September 19, and began to inflict casualties on his column before they could form up in the open. Morgan's men charged, and Fraser fell back on the main column, under General Hamilton. As Morgan and Benedict Arnold regained control of the Continentals, his column also took some casualties from friendly fire. The British finally took the farm, but the cost was high. Daniel Morgan (1736-1802) was an American pioneer, soldier, and Congressman from Virginia. ... The Battle of Freemans Farm (September 19, 1777) was the first engagement in the Battle of Saratoga of the American Revolutionary War. ... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... His son used the same name, and was a Colonel who died at the Battle of Waterloo. ... Benedict Arnold For other people of the same name, see Benedict Arnold (disambiguation). ... The Continental Army was the unified command structure of the thirteen colonies fighting Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War. ...


Bemis Heights

Early in the Battle of Bemis Heights on October 7, he fell to rifle fire from Morgan's men. He was carried to a nearby house and placed in the care of Baroness Riedesel, where he died that evening. He was reportedly buried in a nearby redoubt, but the exact location is uncertain. In her diary, the Baroness noted that he was ...buried at six O'clock in the evening, on a hill, which was a sort of redoubt. The Battle of Bemis Heights on October 7, 1777 is also known as the 2nd Battle of Saratoga since it was the second and last major engagement in the Battle of Saratoga of the American Revolutionary War. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ...


His passing is noted by a memorial plaque in the Saratoga Battlefield National Park.


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Simon Fraser (general) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (528 words)
Simon Fraser (1729-1777) was a British general during the American Revolutionary War who was killed in the Battle of Bemis Heights.
Simon was a younger son of Alexander Fraser of Balnian, Scotland, by his second wife Jean Mackintosh and was born in Scotland in 1729.
Fraser came to Canada with the British forces in the French and Indian War.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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