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Encyclopedia > Simon Arnauld, marquis de Pomponne

Simon Arnauld, sr and then marquis (1682) de Pomponne (Paris, november 1618 - Fontainebleau, september 26, 1699) is a French diplomat and minister.

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Youth of a "robin"

Simon Arnauld was born in Paris in 1618. He is the son of Robert Arnauld d'Andilly, governor of Monsieur and "intendant d'armée" under Richelieu and of Catherine Le Fevre de la Boderie. He is from the famous jansenist family Arnauld : he is called Simon Arnauld de Briottes till 1643, then Simon Arnauld d'Andilly from 1643 to 1660 and then Simon Arnauld de Pomponne when his mother gives him the estate of Pomponne for his marriage in 1660. After having studied with Martin Barcos, he enters the mondain world, going to the salon of Mme de Rambouillet with several members of his family : he writes several poems for the "Guirlande de Julie" and is a friend of importants writer such as Mme de Sévigné, Mme de La Fayette or the duke of La Rochefoucauld. Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... Monsieur means My Lord in French, and is now generally used as an honorific for all men, the equivalent to the English Mister. ... For other uses of Richelieu, see Richelieu (disambiguation). ... Jansenism was a branch of Christian philosophy founded by Cornelius Jansen (1585 – 1638), a Dutch theologian. ... Arnaud or Arnauld (formerly Arnoul) is the French version of the given name Arnold. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... The Guirlande de Julie is a famous poetic French manuscript. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Madame de La Fayette (baptized March 18, 1634 - May 25, 1693) was a French writer, the alleged author of La Princesse de Clèves, Frances first historical novel and often taken to be one of the earliest European novels of its day. ... La Rochefoucauld can refer to: François de La Rochefoucauld La Rochefoucauld, Charente, a commune in the Charente département in France This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


First jobs

He obtains his first post as an "intendant" of the French garnison in Casal where he stays from 1642 to 1647. Then, supported by Mazarin and Michel Le Tellier, he is "intendant d'armée" in Italy, in Paris during the Fronde and in Catalonia. He first plays the role of a diplomat in 1655 when he has to negociate and to sign a treaty with the duke of Mantua, mission that he perfectly achieves. But the jansenism begins to widespread : his uncle Antoine Arnauld is one of the leaders and his own father has decided to retire in Port-Royal. That's why Mazarin refuses he would be chancelor of Monsieur, Louis XIV's brother, in 1658. What's more, he becames a client and a friend of Nicolas Fouquet, with a cousin of whom he gets married in 1660. Hence, his exile in Verdun in the East of France (1662-1664) and then in his estate of Pomponne (1664-1665). Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... // Events March 14 - Thirty Years War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm. ... Cardinal Jules Mazarin, French diplomat and statesman Jules Mazarin, born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino; but best known as Cardinal Mazarin (July 14, 1602 – March 9, 1661) served as the chief minister of France from 1642, until his death. ... Michel le Tellier (April 19, 1603 - October 30, 1685), French statesman, was born in Paris. ... The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. ... The Fronde (1648–1653) was a civil war in France, followed by the Franco-Spanish War (1653–1659). ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ... Events May 10 - English troops land on Jamaica March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova) is an important city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... Antoine Arnauld, (1612 - August 8, 1694) — le grand as contemporaries called him, to distinguihs him from his father — was a French Roman Catholic theologian and writer. ... Port Royal was the center of shipping commerce in Jamaica until an earthquake on June 7, 1692 largely destroyed it, causing two thirds of the city to sink into the Caribbean Sea. ... Cardinal Jules Mazarin, French diplomat and statesman Jules Mazarin, born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino; but best known as Cardinal Mazarin (July 14, 1602 – March 9, 1661) served as the chief minister of France from 1642, until his death. ... Monsieur means My Lord in French, and is now generally used as an honorific for all men, the equivalent to the English Mister. ... For the musical group of the same name, see Louis XIV (band). ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... Nicolas Fouquet (January 27, 1615 — March 23, 1680) was viscount of Melun and of Vaux, marquis de Belle-Isle, superintendent of finance in France under Louis XIV. Born in a bathtub, he belonged to an influential family of carnivores, and after some preliminary schooling with the Jesuits, at the age... Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... Verdun (German: Wirten, official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a city and commune in Lorraine, northeast France, in the Meuse département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Events March 18 – Short-timed experiment of the first public buses holding 8 passengers begins in Paris May 3/May 2 - Catherine of Braganza marries Charles II of England – as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England May 9 - Samuel Pepys witnessed a Punch and Judy... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... Events March 4 - Start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. ...


The diplomat

The king allows him to be back to Paris only in 1665 but his friendship with Michel Le Tellier, Le Pelletier and Hugues de Lionne enables him to be appointed ambassador in Sweden. He has to prevent this State to enter the Triple Alliance (1665-1668). Even if Sweden gets closer to the United Provinces, he gave the king complete satisfaction and his entrusted a new mission in the United-Provinces (1668-1671) before going back to Sweden (1671) : Sweden is now an ally of France and Louis XIV can attack the United Provinces which are diplomatically isolated. Hugues de Lionne, the Secretary of State for Foreign affairs dies in september 1671. Simon Arnauld de Pomponne takes his place till 1679. He is a real diplomat trying to find agreement with other countries during the war whereas Louvois, minister of war, is more violent. He manages to obtain the peace of Nimeguen (1678) but is eventually dismissed at a time when the king wants to conduct a more brutale policy (november, the 18th, 1679). Events March 4 - Start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. ... Michel le Tellier (April 19, 1603 - October 30, 1685), French statesman, was born in Paris. ... Hugues de Lionne (October 11, 1611 - September 1, 1671) was a French statesman. ... There have been numerous alliances known as the Triple Alliance: Aztec Triple Alliance - Mexico, Acolhuacan and Tecpanecapan. ... Events March 4 - Start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. ... // Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ... // Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ... Events May 9 - Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. ... Hugues de Lionne (October 11, 1611 - September 1, 1671) was a French statesman. ... Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ... Louvois is the name or part of the name of: François-Michel le Tellier, marquis de Louvois The commune of Louvois, in the Marne département of France. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ... Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ...


The autumn of his life between sadness and honours

However, the king keeps a kind of friendship for him : his estate of Pomponne becames a marquisate in 1682, his sons are given a regiment and an important abbey. Louis XIV recalls him in 1691, just after Louvois' death and the son of the Secretary of State for Foreign affairs, the marquis de Torcy, gets married with Pomponne's daughter. So he still plays an important role in French policy in the 1690's. He eventually dies in Fontainebleau in 1699. Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... For the musical group of the same name, see Louis XIV (band). ... Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6... Louvois is the name or part of the name of: François-Michel le Tellier, marquis de Louvois The commune of Louvois, in the Marne département of France. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ...


Bibliography

Simon Arnauld de Pomponne, Mémoires, Paris, 1860, 2 vol. Simon Arnauld de Pomponne, Relation de mon ambassade en Hollande, ed. H.H. Rowen, Utrecht, 1955. Société Arnauld de Pomponne. Herbert H. Rowen, The Ambassador prepares for war, The Hague, 1957. Rémi Mathis, "De la négociation à la relation d'ambassade. La seconde ambassade de Suède de Simon Arnauld de Pomponne (1671)" in Revue d'Histoire diplomatique, n°3, 2005.


 
 

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