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Encyclopedia > Simon (game)
A modern version of Simon. The original game had an opaque black case
A modern version of Simon. The original game had an opaque black case

Simon is an electronic game invented by Ralph H. Baer with help from Howard J. Morrison (See U.S. Patent 4207087), with the software programming being done by Lenny Cope and manufactured and distributed by Milton Bradley. Simon was launched in 1978 at Studio 54 in New York City and became an immediate success. It has become a pop culture symbol of the 1980s. Image File history File links Simon_game. ... Image File history File links Simon_game. ... Formally, a computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players may interact with in order to achieve a goal (or set of goals). ... Ralph Baer receives the National Medal of Technology Ralph H. Baer (born 1922) is a German-born American inventor, noted for his many contributions to games and the video game industry. ... Howard J. Morrison (born 1932) is noted for his numerous contributions of toys industry. ... The Milton Bradley Company was an American game company established by Milton Bradley in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1860. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The original Studio 54 logo. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... The 1980s refers to the years of 1980 to 1989. ...

Contents

Gameplay

The game unit has four large buttons, one each of the colors red, blue, green, and yellow. The unit lights these buttons in a sequence, playing a tone for each button; the player must press the buttons in the same sequence. The sequence begins with a single button chosen randomly, and adds another randomly-chosen button to the end of the sequence each time the player follows it successfully. Gameplay ends when the player makes a mistake or when the player wins (by matching the pattern for a predetermined number of tones). Red may be any of a number of similar colours at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... The term blue may refer any of a number of similar colours. ... Mossy, green fountain in Wattens, Austria. ... Yellow is any color of light that stimulates both the red and green cone cells of the retina, but not the blue cone cells. ...


The game has three variations, set by a switch on the front of the case, with a second switch setting one of four difficulty levels.

Simon Says (Game 1) 
The player simply follows along as described above (with four difficulty levels requiring the player to match a sequence of 8, 14, 20, or 31 tones).
Player Says (Game 2) 
The player makes his own sequence at any of the four difficulty levels. Simon chooses the first tone, and then the player can make any sequence he wants.
Choose Your Color (Game 3) 
A multi-player game in which each player takes one or more colors. When Simon presents a pattern, the player must only push his own color in sequence. Hitting your color out of sequence causes it to be eliminated. Simon then starts over with the three remaining colors, then two, and the last player left is the winner.

It is named for the simple children's game of Simon says, but the gameplay is based on Atari's unpopular Touch Me arcade game from 1974. Simon differs from Touch Me in that the Touch Me buttons were all the same color (black) and the sounds it produced were harsh and grating. Simon Says is a game for three or more players (most often children). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Touch Me was a Simon says-like game first released by Atari as an arcade game in 1974, and later as a handheld game in 1978. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


Simon's tones, on the other hand, were designed to always be harmonic, no matter what order they were played in, and consisted of:

  • A (red, upper right);
  • A (green, upper left, an octave higher than the upper right);
  • D (blue, lower right, a perfect fourth higher than the upper right);
  • G (yellow, lower left, a perfect fourth higher than the lower right).

Simon was later re-released by Milton Bradley (now owned by Hasbro), in its original circular form, though with a translucent case rather than plain black. It was also sold as a two-sided "Simon Squared" version, with the reverse side having eight buttons for head-to-head play, and as keychain (officially licensed by Fun4All) with simplified gameplay (only having Game 1, Difficulty 4 available). Other variations of the original game, no longer produced, include Pocket Simon and the eight-button Super Simon, both from 1980. Finally, Nelsonic released an official wristwatch version of Simon in an unknown year. Hasbro (NYSE: HAS) is an American toy and game company. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


Current versions of the game being sold include a pocket version of the original game in a smaller, yellow, oval-shaped case; Simon Trickster, which plays the original game as well as variations where the colors shift around from button to button; and a pocket version of Simon Trickster.


Clones

As a popular game, it inspired many imitators and knockoffs of the basic concept hoping to cash in on the Simon craze.


Most notably, Atari released a handheld version of Touch Me later in 1978, with multicolored buttons and pleasant musical tones. Despite being named for their older arcade game, the handheld Touch Me contained Simon's three game variations and four difficulty levels, albeit with limits of 8, 16, 32, and 99 instead of 8, 14, 20 and 31. Even its button layout mirrored Simon's, with blue in the upper-left, yellow in the upper-right, red in the lower-left, and green in the lower-right, the same layout as Simon turned upside-down. Its only truly unique features were a LED score display, similar to the one its arcade counterpart had, and its small size, similar to a pocket calculator. For those reasons as well as its late timing, Touch Me was generally derided as a clone of Simon. A basic arithmetic calculator. ...


Other clones include:

The same gameplay also appears on multi-game handhelds such as: Tiger logo Tiger Electronics is a USA-based toys manufacturer, best known for the Furby and Giga Pets. ... For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song). ... Sears Holdings Corporation NASDAQ: SHLD is the third largest retailer in the United States, behind Wal-Mart and The Home Depot. ... RadioShack Corporation (formerly Radio Shack) (NYSE: RSH) runs a chain of electronics retail stores in the United States, as well as parts of Europe. ...

The Mego Corporation was a toy company that dominated the action figure toy market during most of the 1970s. ... The Parker Brothers logo is recognized throughout the world. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, was the first successful video game console to use plug-in cartridges instead of having one or more games built in. ...

References

  • Edwards, Owen. "Simonized: In 1978 a new electronic toy ushered in the era of computer games". Smithsonian Magazine. September 1, 2006 (URL retrieved September 13, 2006).
  • Hasbro (February 10, 2003). "Simon: 'The Electronic Game that Started it All' Turns 25". Press release. (URL retrieved September 13, 2006)
  • Morgan, Rik. "Milton Bradley Simon series". HandHeldMuseum.com. (URL retrieved September 13, 200)

Smithsonian is a monthly magazine published by the Smithsonian Institution of the United States in Washington, DC External link Smithsonian webpage Categories: Smithsonian Institution | United States magazines | Stub ... Hasbro (NYSE: HAS) is an American toy and game company. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Simon (game) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (660 words)
Simon was launched in 1978 at Studio 54 in New York City and became an immediate success.
Simon differs from Touch Me in that the Touch Me buttons were all the same color (fl) and the sounds it produced were harsh and grating.
Simon is still sold today by Milton Bradley (now owned by Hasbro), in its original circular form (though with a transparent case instead of fl), as a two-sided "Simon Squared" (with the reverse side having eight buttons for head-to-head play), and a keychain.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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