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Encyclopedia > Simmering (Vienna)
11th District of Vienna
Coat of Arms Map
Name: Simmering
Area: 23.23 km²
Population: 76,899 (as of 2001)
Density: 3386.2 people per km²
Postal code: A-1110
Address of
District Office:
Enkplatz 2
A-1110 Wien
Official Website: www.wien.gv.at/simmering/ (German)
E-Mail: post@b11.magwien.gv.at
Politics
District Director Renate Angerer (SPÖ)
First Deputy Eduard Leitenmaier (SPÖ)
Second Deputy Paul-Johann Stadler (FPÖ)
Representation
(52 Members)
SPÖ 33, FPÖ 10, ÖVP 5,
Greens 4

Simmering is 11th district of Vienna, Austria. Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (938x1212, 865 KB) Wappen des 11. ... Image File history File links Map of 11th district of Vienna (src: de:Image:Kartewien11. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, abbreviated to FPÖ) is an Austrian political party usually associated with the name of Jörg Haider. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, abbreviated to FPÖ) is an Austrian political party usually associated with the name of Jörg Haider. ... The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ... The Austrian Green Party (de: Die Grünen - Die Grüne Alternative, or Die Grünen) is a political party in the Austrian parliament. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ...

Contents

History

The first indications of the settlement Simmering are from 1028. A brewery was built in 1605 and continued to bring in revenue for the area for more than 300 years. Simmering remained small until 1860, when the Rinnböckhäuser housing development was built, which at the time was the second-largest in Vienna, and resulted in rapid growth in the area. Events November 12 - Dying Emperor Constantine VIII of the Byzantine Empire marries his daughter Zoe of Byzantium to his chosen heir Romanus Argyrus. ... The entrance of a brewery. ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...


Kaiserebersdorf (earlier known as Ebersdorf) was one of the original villages in the district and held the residence of the Ebendorfer dynasty. Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II hunted frequently in the area and converted the residence into the hunting lodge Schloss Neugebäude. The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II. His Coat of Arms Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor of the Habsburg dynasty (July 31, 1527 – October 12, 1576) was king of Bohemia from 1562, king of Hungary from 1563 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1564 until his death. ...


On January 1, 1892, Simmering, Kaiserebersdorf, and some very small parts of Kledering, Schwechat, und Albern were incorporated into Vienna as the 11th district. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Schwechat is a city on the south-eastern outskirts of the Austrian capital Vienna. ...


The first indications of the small town of Albern originate from 1162. The town was small throughout its history. It had to be moved and resettled twice due to flooding from the Danube. On October 15, 1938, the town was moved to the former 23rd district of Schwechat. But after World War II, it was moved to the 2nd district Leopoldstadt so that its refineries would belong to the Soviet-occupied quarter of Vienna. In 1955, in the Austrian State Treaty it became part of Simmering. Events June 3 - Thomas Becket consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Haidgasse in Leopoldstadt The Volksprater amusement park in the Wiener Prater The Hauptallee in the Prater Leopoldstadt (Leopold-Town) is Viennas second district. ... A refinery is a building and/or the equipment used for refining or processing specific products. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Occupation zones in Austria, 1945-1955 The Austrian Independence Treaty (complete form: Treaty for the re-establishment of an independent and democratic Austria, signed in Vienna on the 15 May 1955), more commonly referred to as the Austrian State Treaty (German Staatsvertrag), was signed on May 15, 1955 in Vienna...


Coat of arms

The coat of arms for the 11th district has three parts, each representing one of the former villages that were united to form the district. The silver "S" on a blue background stands for the former village of Simmering. The rearing unicorn on a golden background stands for Kaiserebersdorf and comes from the coat of arms of the Herr von Hintperg-Ebersdorf, who originally founded the settlement. The third part shows the symbol of the former village of Albern. The crossed fish on red background are reminiscent of the fishing tradition that was important to the people of Albern. The gentle and pensive maiden has the power to tame the unicorn, in this fresco in Palazzo Farnese, Rome, probably by Domenichino, ca 1602 The Unicorn (from Latin unus one and cornu horn) is a fictitious legendary creature. ...


Geography

St. Laurenz Kirche in the Simmeringer Friedhof
St. Laurenz Kirche in the Simmeringer Friedhof

The district lies in the southern part of Vienna. It borders the Danube and Danube Canal to the east and the Ostbahn to the west. Of all the districts, Simmering is the lowest district in terms of elevation. It also contains an unusually large number of cemeteries, one notable one being the Zentralfriedhof. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1420x1318, 1049 KB) Simmering - St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1420x1318, 1049 KB) Simmering - St. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... The Donaukanal and its gently sloping banks (Details) The Donaukanal (Danube Canal) is a former arm of the river Danube rather than a canal. ... The Austrian Eastern Railway (German Ostbahn) was the name of a former railway company during the time of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. ... Exterior of the Dr. Karl Lueger-Gedächtniskirche, Zentralfriedhof, Vienna. ...


Transportation

Simmering has always been on important transport routes to the south and east. These include the following:

  • Simmering was crossed by the Wiener Neustadt Canal, which has fallen into disuse around Simmering
  • Many railway lines pass through Simmering, such as the Ostbahn, the railway to Aspang, and many industrial lines
  • Albern is home to a harbour for cereals on the River Danube
  • The high street in Simmering dates back to a Roman road.
  • The motorway A4 to Vienna International Airport and on to Hungary starts in Simmering.

The Austrian Eastern Railway (German Ostbahn) was the name of a former railway company during the time of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... For the one-off TV Drama, see Roman Road (TV Drama) A Roman road in Pompeii. ... Vienna International Airport (IATA: VIE, ICAO: LOWW) (German: Flughafen Wien-Schwechat), located 18 kilometers (11 miles) southeast of Vienna, is the busiest airport in Austria. ...

Politics

District Directors since 1945
Eduard Pantucek (SPÖ) 4/1945-7/1945
Max Wopenka (SPÖ) 1945-1952
Josef Haas (SPÖ) 1952-1964
Wilhelm Weber (SPÖ) 1964-1973
Johann Paulas (SPÖ) 1973-1980
Otto Mraz (SPÖ) 1980-1989
Franz Haas (SPÖ) 1989-2001
Otmar Brix (SPÖ) 2001-2003
Renate Angerer (SPÖ) 2003-

Simmering was a stronghold for social democrats as early as the start of the 20th century. In the district vote of 1919, the social democrats won 21 positions in the district government, with the Christian Social Party taking the next largest vote with only 7 seats and the Tschechische Liste (literally Czech list) taking 2 seats. The social democrats of Simmering and of the rest of the so-called "Rotes Wien" (Red Vienna) pushed to build housing developments throughout Vienna and in 1934, 19 Gemeindebauten were built in Simmering. The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Christian Social Party (CS) was an Austrian political party from 1893 to 1933 and a predecessor of the contemporary Austrian Peoples Party. ... Karl-Marx-Hof - build between 1927 and 1930 Red Vienna (German: ) was the nickname of the capital of Austria between 1918 and 1934, when the social democrats had the majority and the city was democratically directed for the first time. ... The Karl-Marx-Hof in Vienna A Gemeindebau (German for municipality building) is a residential building erected by a municipality, usually to provide low-cost housing. ...


The rise of Nazism in Vienna was hardly acknowledged in the vote of Simmering, as the party took only 7.2% of the vote in 1932, the worst outcome in the whole city. Even after 1945, the SPÖ continued to dominate the votes. In the mid-1990s, the SPÖ fell from 59% to 48% of the vote and lost their majority, with the FPÖ gaining support to 31% of the vote. The trend reversed itself in 2001, and the SPÖ retook 59.22% of the vote, FPÖ took 21.37%, ÖVP had 9.82%, the Greens had 6.77%, and the LIF barely took a seat with 2.02% of the vote. National Socialism redirects here. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, abbreviated to FPÖ) is an Austrian political party usually associated with the name of Jörg Haider. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ... The Austrian Green Party (de: Die Grünen - Die Grüne Alternative, or Die Grünen) is a political party in the Austrian parliament. ... The Liberal Forum (de: Liberales Forum, or LiF) is a small liberal party in Austria. ...


Infrastructure

The 11th district has always been known for its industries. In the 19th century, Simmering generated and supplied the electricity for the Straßenbahnen (trams) of Vienna and also had a gas works to supply the city with town gas for its lights. The gas works produced natural gas from 1899 to 1978, but today serves as a distribution post for natural gas brought in. There were huge 70-meter tall gas tanks on the premises, called the Gasometer (featured in the James Bond film The Living Daylights). Reconstruction in 2001 converted the structures from containers to buildings that today house apartments, offices, a shopping centre, and a cinema. The towers of the Gasometer have ranked next to the Zentralfriedhof as a landmark of the 11th district. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Street cars in New Orleans A modern tram in the Töölö district of Helsinki, Finland For modern innovations aimed at increasing the capacity and speed of tramway systems, see light rail. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Town gas is a generic term referring to manufactured gas produced for sale to consumers and municipalities. ... Natural gas is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane but including significant quantities of ethane, butane, propane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. ... Gasometer Vienna The Gasometers in Vienna are four former gas tanks, each of 90,000 m³ storage capacity, built as part of the Vienna municipal gas works Gaswerk Simmering in 1896–1899. ... Flemings commissioned image of James Bond to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... The Living Daylights is the fifteenth James Bond film made by EON Productions. ... Exterior of the Dr. Karl Lueger-Gedächtniskirche, Zentralfriedhof, Vienna. ...


The district also hosts other municipal infrastructure, including the EBS (special material recycling center), a sewage treatment facility that treats about 90% of the city's sewage, and also a juvenile detention center. Sewage treatment, or domestic wastewater treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, both runoff and domestic. ... Juvenile delinquency refers to criminal acts performed by juveniles. ...


Gardens

A scene at the Zentralfriedhof
A scene at the Zentralfriedhof
Gasometer in Simmering
Gasometer in Simmering

Simmering is home to many large undeveloped stretches of greenery and fields full of vegetable gardens that provide produce for the city. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1876x1128, 384 KB) de: Grab der Mitglieder des Wiener Domkapitels auf dem Zentralfriedhof Wien en: Grave of clergymen at Zentralfriedhof Wien File links The following pages link to this file: Simmering (Vienna) ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1876x1128, 384 KB) de: Grab der Mitglieder des Wiener Domkapitels auf dem Zentralfriedhof Wien en: Grave of clergymen at Zentralfriedhof Wien File links The following pages link to this file: Simmering (Vienna) ... Exterior of the Dr. Karl Lueger-Gedächtniskirche, Zentralfriedhof, Vienna. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...


Industry

Many industries call Simmering home, including Simmering-Graz-Pauker (SGP, rail car manufacturer), Steyr (armory, weapons, and military vehicle manufacturer), Hörbiger (compression valve manufacturer), and other companies in the electrical and pharmaceutical industries. An armory is a military depot used for the storage of weapons and ammunition. ...


Famous people from Simmering

  • Antonia Lautenschläger
  • Josef Lang, last executioner of the monarchy
  • Rosa Jochmann

Sightseeing

  • Wiener Zentralfriedhof, cemetery
  • Gasometer, gas tanks remodelled into housing, offices, and shopping venues
  • Schloss Neugebäude
  • Crematorium
  • Friedhof der Namenlosen, Cemetery of the Nameless

Download high resolution version (1044x572, 84 KB) Description: View of the four Gasometers in Vienna from the south. ... Download high resolution version (1044x572, 84 KB) Description: View of the four Gasometers in Vienna from the south. ... Gasometer Vienna The Gasometers in Vienna are four former gas tanks, each of 90,000 m³ storage capacity, built as part of the Vienna municipal gas works Gaswerk Simmering in 1896–1899. ... Exterior of the Dr. Karl Lueger-Gedächtniskirche, Zentralfriedhof, Vienna. ... Gasometer Vienna The Gasometers in Vienna are four former gas tanks, each of 90,000 m³ storage capacity, built as part of the Vienna municipal gas works Gaswerk Simmering in 1896–1899. ...

External links

  • Communal website of the district Simmering
  • Gasometer in Vienna (English)



Districts of Simmering
Albern - Kaiserebersdorf - Neu-Albern - Simmering


Vienna is composed of 23 districts (Bezirke), which although they all have their own names are numbered for the sake of convenience. ... Simmering is the 11th district of Vienna, the capital of Austria. ...

Districts of Vienna
I. Innere Stadt | II. Leopoldstadt | III. Landstraße | IV. Wieden | V. Margareten | VI. Mariahilf | VII. Neubau | VIII. Josefstadt | IX. Alsergrund | X. Favoriten | XI. Simmering | XII. Meidling | XIII. Hietzing | XIV. Penzing | XV. Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus | XVI. Ottakring | XVII. Hernals | XVIII. Währing | XIX. Döbling | XX. Brigittenau | XXI. Floridsdorf | XXII. Donaustadt | XXIII. Liesing

Coordinates: 48.174° N 16.416° E Vienna is composed of 23 districts (Bezirke), which although they all have their own names are numbered for the sake of convenience. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... The Innere Stadt is the the first Viennese Municipality District. ... Haidgasse in Leopoldstadt The Volksprater amusement park in the Wiener Prater The Hauptallee in the Prater Leopoldstadt (Leopold-Town) is Viennas second district. ... Landstraße (literally country road in German) is the third district of Vienna. ... Wieden is the fourth district of Vienna. ... Margareten is the fifth district of Vienna. ... Mariahilf is the sixth district of Vienna, with a population of 27,867 (2001) within an area of 1. ... Neubau is the seventh district of Vienna, with a population of 28,292 people (2001) within an area of 1,61 km². It consists of the former Vorstädte of Neubau, Altlerchenfeld, St. ... Josefstadt is the eighth district of Vienna, with a population of 22,057 people (2001). ... Alsergrund is the ninth district of Vienna, Austria, located just north of the first, central district Innere Stadt. ... The Amtshaus (Magistratisches Bezirksamt), Favoritens administrative centre, was built in 1881-82 and is one of the few red brick buildings to be found in Vienna today. ... Meidling is the 12th district of Vienna. ... Hietzing is the 13th municipal District of Vienna. ... Penzing is the 14th District of Vienna and consists of the boroughs of Penzing, Breitensee, Baumgarten, Hütteldorf and Hadersdorf-Weidlingau. ... Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus is the 15th district of Vienna. ... Ottakring is the 16th district in Vienna. ... Hernals is the 17th district of Vienna. ... Währing is the 18th district (Bezirk) of Vienna, Austria. ... Döbling is the 19th district in the city of Vienna, Austria. ... Brigittenau is the 20th district of Vienna. ... Floridsdorf is the 21st district in the city of Vienna, Austria. ... Donaustadt is the 22nd district of Vienna. ... Liesing is the 23rd district of Vienna. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Simmering (Vienna) (2985 words)
Simmering remained small until 1860, when the Rinnböckhäuser housing development was built, which at the time was the second-largest in Vienna, and resulted in rapid growth in the area.
Simmering was a stronghold for social democrats as early as the start of the 20th century.
The rise of Nazism in Vienna was hardly acknowledged in the vote of Simmering, as the party took only 7.2% of the vote in 1932, the worst outcome in the whole city.
Vienna, Austria (2737 words)
Never ask a person from Vienna about the name of the district he or she lives in, because it is very probable that they will not know the answer.
Leopoldstadt, the city's 2nd district, is separated from the centre of Vienna by the Danube Canal, and, along with the 20th district Brigittenau, forms a misshapen island bordered to the east by the main arm of the Danube.
Vienna's 3rd district lies to the east and south-east of the Innere Stadt, framed to the east by the Danube Canal (Donaukanal) and to the west by Prinz-Eugen-Strasse, and Arsenalstrasse.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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