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Encyclopedia > Similarities between the Bible and the Qur'an

Part of a series on the
Qur'an

Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ...

Mus'haf
Qur'an reading
Qur'an translations
Origin and development
Tafsir
Qur'an and Sunnah
Views on the Qur'an
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Part of a series on
The Bible

A Mushaf is a Arabic word that literarly means cover, as in a book cover. ... Sura (sometimes spelled as Surah) ( ) is an Arabic term literally meaning to enclose something, or to surround it with a wall. ... Ayah ( ‎ , plural Ayat ‎ ) is the Arabic word for sign or miracle. ... Quran reading is the reading (tartil, tajwid, or taghbir) aloud, reciting, chanting, or singing of portions of the Quran. ... TajwÄ«d (تجويد) is an Arabic word meaning proper pronunciation during recitation, as well as recitation at a moderate speed. ... Tarteel (Arabic: ترتيل ) is an Arabic term that is wide in meaning but is commonly translated in reference to the Quran as recitation. ... A manzil (منزل, plural manazil, منازل) is one of seven parts of roughly equal length into which the Quran is divided for the purpose of reciting the entire text in one week. ... A juz (جزء, plural ajza, اجزاء) is one of thirty parts of roughly equal length into which the Quran is divided for the purpose of reciting the entire text in one month. ... A hizb (حزب , plural ahzab,احزاب) is one half of a juz and thus comprises roughly one 60th of the text of the Quran. ... Hafiz or Hafez (Arabic: حافظ قرآن حافظ), literally meaning guardian, is a term used by Muslims for people who have completely memorized the Quran. ... It has been suggested that Qari be merged into this article or section. ... Rasm is an Arabic term that signifies: drawing, sketch, trace, graph, pictures, outline, pattern, mark, notes, design, regulation, form, rate. ... Translations of the Qurán are interpretations of the holy book of Islam in languages other than Arabic. ... This is a sub-article to Translation of the Quran. ... Regarding the origin and development of the Quran, Islamic scholars proceed with the assumption that the Quran is exactly the same today as when it was revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ... The Madinan suras of the Quran are those suras which were revealed at Madina, after Muhammads hijra from Makka, when the Muslims were establishing a state rather than being, as at Makka, an oppressed minority. ... The Makkan suras are the chronologically earlier suras of the Quran that were revealed at Makka. ... A tafsir ( (Arabic: تفسير) tafsÄ«r, Arabic explanation) is Quranic exegesis or commentary. ... Some of the Quranic verses are said to be revealed pertaining to some specific person. ... Justice, truth-telling, various virtues and sins the prohibition of purjury in the Quran are repeated many times: // And eat up not one another’s property unjustly (in any illegal way e. ... Asbāb al-nuzÅ«l, an Arabic term meaning occasions of revelation, is a a secondary genre of Qurānic exegesis (tafsir) directed at establishing the context in which specific verses of the Qurān were revealed. ... Naskh, an Arabic language word usually translated as abrogation and alternately appearing as the phrase al-nāsikh wal-mansÅ«kh (the abrogating and abrogated [verses]), is a technical term for a major genre of Islamic legal exegesis directed at the problem of seemingly contradictory material within or between the... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Islamic view of the Bible. ... Tahrif (Arabic: ‎ corruption, forgery; the stem-II verbal noun of the consonantal root , to make oblique) is an Arabic term used by Muslims with regard to words, and more specifically with regard to what Jews and Christians are supposed to have done to their respective Scriptures. ... Bakkah (Arabic: ‎) is a place mentioned in surah 3:96 of the Quran. ... A tree diagram of the Quranic initial letters, labelled with the respective numbers of occurrences. ... An esoteric interpretation of the Qur’an is an interpretation of the Qur’an which includes attribution of esoteric or mystic meanings to the text by the interpretater and in this aspect its method is different from the conventional exegesis of the Qur’an called tafsir. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Ibn Baz was a follower of the Muslim scholars Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab and Ibn Taymiyya; he belonged to that current of Muslim thought sometimes called Salafism and sometimes called Wahabbism. ... This is a sub-article to Quran and Islamic view of miracles. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... This is a sub-article to Shia Islam and Quran The Shia view of the Quran has some differences from the Sunni view. ... Muslims believe that the Quran is the literal word of God (Allah) as recited to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. ... Quran desecration means insulting the Quran, the holy book of Islam, by defiling or disfacing it. ... There are two verses named Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn that are claimed to be included in the Quran. ... For the novel by Salman Rushdie, see The Satanic Verses. ... Tanazzulat, or descents (Arabic تنزلات, plural of Tanazzul, تنزل), refers to the act of descent of the pre-existing Quran through different Realms. ... The Qisas al-anbiya (قصص الأنبياء) or Stories of the Prophets refers to various collections of tales adapted from the Quran. ... Beit Al Quran, Hoora Beit Al Quran (Arabic: بيت القرآن) means House of Quran in Arabic. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ...

Biblical canon
Bible translations
Research
Views
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The Qur'an and Bible possess many similarities as the holy scriptures of Islam and Christianity, respectively. They consist of narratives, teachings, poetry, and rebuking. Many narratives contain the same basic events and figures. They both teach the creation of the world by a single almighty, omniscient God who commands humans to follow the morality set out for them. A biblical canon is a list of Biblical books which establishes the set of books which are considered to be authoritative as scripture by a particular Jewish or Christian community. ... 11th century manuscript of the Hebrew Bible with Targum Hebrew Bible is a term that refers to the common portions of the Jewish canon and the Christian canons. ... Tanakh (‎) (also Tanach, IPA: or , or Tenak) is an acronym that identifies the Hebrew Bible. ... Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh to refer to its canon, which corresponds to the Protestant Old Testament. ... It has been suggested that Tawrat be merged into this article or section. ... Neviim [נביאים] (Heb: Prophets) is the second of the three major sections in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), following the Torah and preceding Ketuvim (writings). ... Ketuvim is the third and final section of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible). ... The Bible is traditionally divided into 66 books for Protestants, 73 for Catholics and 78 for most Orthodox Christians. ... The Bible has been translated into many languages. ... Wycliffe Bible Translators is an international, interdenominational or parachurch organization with U.S. headquarters in Orlando, Florida. ... A relational diagram describing the various versions postulated by the biblical documentary hypothesis. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Islamic view of the Bible. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Biblical inerrancy is the doctrinal position... when thousands of people call a person as thief, he becomes thief. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ...


Muslims believe that the Qur'an was sent from Allah (God) through the angel Jibrael (Gabriel) to Muhammad in sections, and was then dictated (first verbally and then the followers wrote it down - word by word, and over and over again to make sure there were no mistakes) by Muhammad immediately to the followers of Islam. All Muslims believe the Qur'an is perfect, and is applicable to every person regardless of context. Many Christians believe the Bible is completely true also. The Bible is the record of God's revelation to humanity ultimately concerning Jesus. It is written by humans together with God through a process called Divine Inspiration. Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ...


The stories in the Qur'an often contain few details and tend to concentrate more on the moral or spiritual significance of the story. Some Muslims may turn to the Bible to give a fuller picture of the person concerned. However, there are guidelines set out in the way Muslims are to understand the Bible, the primary one being that the Qur'an is always more authoritative than the Bible. Therefore, anything in the Bible that agrees with the Qur`an is accepted, and anything in the Bible that disagrees with the Qur`an is rejected. Some things in the Bible are not talked about at all in the Qur`an ; in regards to such passages, Muslims are instructed to neither believe nor disbelieve in them, but they are allowed to read them and pass them on if they wish to do so.


It may be argued that similarities between the two texts are only superficial in nature. Interpretations of scripture brings with it the underlying message of the text, and it is there that the interpreter will find systemic differences.

Contents

Common figures

The Qur'an and Bible have over 50 people in common, typically in the same narratives. The Qur'an identifies Job, Enoch, Imram, and Ishmael as prophets, but they are never given a story. In the Bible, all these men are identified as righteous people but not prophets — except Ishmael who is not written of favorably. The Quran and Bible have over fifty people in common, typically in the same narratives. ... For other senses of this word, see Prophet (disambiguation). ...


Mixed Similarities

In several cases, the Qur'an and the Bible have common events but occur in different narrations.


Saul and Gideon

In the Bible, both Gideon and Saul are military leaders of Israel between the Exodus and Exile. In the Book of Judges in the Bible, Gideon is hesitant about leading the Hebrews to battle. To demonstrate God's power, God tells Gideon to observe when the troops reach a river and whoever drinks without his hands Gideon must send home. The Hebrews later have victory. Gideon (גִּדְעוֹן, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ), also known as Jerub-Baal, is a judge appearing in the Book of Judges, in the Bible. ... Saul or Shaul (שָׁאוּל Demanded, Standard Hebrew Šaʾul, Tiberian Hebrew Šāʾûl) was the first king of Israel according to the Old Testament of the Bible, as taught in Judaism. ... Book of Judges (Hebrew: Sefer Shoftim ספר שופטים) is a book of the Bible originally written in Hebrew. ...


In the Qur'an, the same event happens to Saul on the way to meet Goliath. In the Biblical account of Saul and Goliath, Saul is also hesitant about the battle with Goliath's army but David wins the battle for Israel.


Haman, Pharaoh, and Xerxes

Main articles: Haman (Bible) and Haman (Islam)

In the Bible, Haman is an adviser and builder under King Xerxes who desires to persecute the Jews. In the Qur'an, Haman is an adviser and builder under Firaun, a pharaoh of ancient Egypt whose narrative relationship with Moses is recounted in the Qur'an. The Punishment of Haman, by Michaelangelo. ... In the Quran, Haman was a notable companion of the Pharaoh in Moses time, whom he asked to build him a tower so he could go up to the heavens and try to see the god of Moses, in whom he disbelieved. ... Xerxes the Great (Old Persian: 𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠[2]) was a king of Persia (reigned 485 BC–465 BC) of the Achaemenid dynasty. ... Firaun was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt whose narrative relationship with Moses is recounted in the Quran. ...


The structure which Firaun commands Haman to build is similar to the Tower of Babel in Genesis, unrelated to the narrative of Haman in the Bible. Both structures are made from burnt bricks for the purpose of ascending to the heavens. This article is about the Biblical story. ... For other uses, see Genesis (disambiguation). ...


Idol Calf and Samaritan

In the Bible, in Moses' absence certain people who went out of Egypt with the Hebrews worship a golden calf saying "This is your God, O Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt." Hundreds of years later, Samaria was founded and became the capital of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. King Jeroboam, its first king, also made two golden calves and said, "These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt." Later, around 700 BC , another people group occupies Samaria called the Samaritans. The United Kingdom of Solomon breaks up, with Jeroboam ruling over the Northern Kingdom of Israel (in green on the map). ...


The Qur'an tells the story of a calf while Moses is gone. A man called "the Samari" (Yusuf Ali) or "the Samaritan" (Arberry) is blamed for protagonizing their idolatry. Abdullah Yusuf Ali (1872-1952) was born in Bombay, India, to a wealthy merchant family. ... Arthur John Arberry (1905 - 1969) was a respected scholar of Arabic and Islamic studies. ...


A verse in Hosea 8:5-6 contains the same content as Ta-Ha|20.97 where Hosea refers to the Jeroboam calf and the Qur'an refers to the earlier calf. Both feature a prophet speaking to the Samaritan/Samaria promising to destroy the calf. See also Hoshea, who has the same name in Biblical Hebrew. ... Sura Ta-Ha is the 20th sura of the Quran. ...

Throw out your calf-idol, O Samaria! My anger burns against them. How long will they be incapable of purity? They are from Israel! This calf - a craftsman has made it; it is not God. It will be broken in pieces, that calf of Samaria.
(Moses) said: "Get thee gone! but thy (punishment) in this life will be that thou wilt say, 'touch me not'; . . . Now look at thy god, of whom thou hast become a devoted worshipper: We will certainly (melt) it in a blazing fire and scatter it broadcast in the sea!"(Yusuf Ali [Qur'an 20:97])

In the Qur'an, Moses' punishment that the Samari cannot be touched is the same as the modern Samaritan's punishment where no Jew was allowed to touch them because of their idolatry. In his commentary, Yusuf Ali claims that the Samari is not a Samaritan. The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Abdullah Yusuf Ali (1872-1952) was born in Bombay, India, to a wealthy merchant family. ...


Miriam and Mary

In Arabic, both the names Mary and Miriam are called Maryam. While speaking about Miriam, the mother of Jesus, the Qur'an calls her the sister of Aaron and the daughter of Imran (father of Mary). It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Joachim. ...

"O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a man of evil, nor thy mother a woman unchaste!" (Yusuf Ali [Qur'an 19:28])
And Mary the daughter of 'Imran . . . ([Qur'an 66:12])

In Exodus in the Bible, Miriam is a prophetess who is the sister of Aaron and Moses and the daughter of Imram but lived a thousands years before Mary mother of Jesus. Most Muslims believe she is called a spiritual sister, not a literal sister. Some say that Mary's father's name was also Imram. A hadith tells a narrative when some Christians asked a Muslim about this: The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Exodus is the second book of the Torah, the Tanakh, and the Old Testament. ...

"When I came to Najran, they (the Christians of Najran) asked me: You read "Sister of Harun", (i.e. Mary), in the Qur'an, whereas Moses was born well before Jesus. When I came back to Allah's Messenger I asked him about that, and he said: "The (people of the old age) used to give names (to their persons) after the names of Apostle and pious persons who had gone before them.""[1]

In the Bible, Miriam and Mary are clearly two different women although they shared a common name. Miriam (c.1450BC) the sister of Aaron and Moses, is the daughter of Amram (see Num. 26:59) while Mary (c.50BC), the mother of Jesus, is the daughter of Eli/Heli (see Luke 3:23).


Hannah and Hannah

Further information: Hannah (Bible) and Saint Anne

In the Books of Samuel, Hannah is grateful that God gave her a son, Samuel. She dedicated him to God by letting him live with Eli the prophet and priest. Hannah (or Chana) (Hebrew: ×—× ×” - Grace [of God]) was a wife of Elkanah and the mother of the prophet Samuel as recorded in the Book of Samuel. ... This article is about the mother of the Virgin Mary. ... The Books of Samuel (Hebrew: Sefer Shmuel ספר שמואל), are part of the Tanakh (part of Judaisms Hebrew Bible) and also of the Old Testament (of Christianity). ... Hannah (or Chana) (Hebrew: ×—× ×” - Grace [of God]) was a wife of Elkanah and the mother of the prophet Samuel as recorded in the Book of Samuel. ... Samuel or Shmuel (Hebrew: שְׁמוּאֵל, Standard Tiberian ) is an important leader of ancient Israel in the Book(s) of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible. ... Eli (Hebrew: עֵלִי, Standard Tiberian  ; Ascent) was, according to the Books of Samuel, the name of a priest of Shiloh, and one of the last Israelite Judges before the rule of kings in ancient Israel. ...


In the Qur'an, Mary's mother is grateful to God for Mary and dedicates her to God. Mary then lives in the household of Zechariah the prophet. Zakariya (Arabic: زكريا), the New Testament priest Zechariah or Zacharias, is one of the prophets mentioned in the Quran. ...


In the Bible, Zechariah is also a priest. Mary's mother has no name in the Qur'an, but in Islamic tradition, it is Hannah. In Christian tradition, Mary's mother's name is Anne, Greek for Hannah.


Similar narratives

The Creation and Sin of Humanity

Adam and Eve (آدم Adam and حواءHawwaa)

See Genesis 2:4-4:1 and Al-Baqara 2.30-39, Al-A'raf 19-27, and Ta-Ha 115-123. For other uses, see Genesis (disambiguation). ... Sūrata’l-Baqarah (Arabic: ‎ the Cow) is the second, and the longest, chapter of the Quran, with 286 verses. ... Surat al-Araf (Arabic: سورة الأعراف ) (The Heights)[1] is the 7th sura of the Quran, with 206 ayat. ... Sura Ta-Ha is the 20th sura of the Quran. ...


God creates the first human, a man, from clay and the life force proceeding from God's mouth. God then creates a woman. There is no mention of a wedding, but the two are considered married. God puts them to live in a garden of paradise. God tells them to eat any food of the garden they wish, except a single tree. (Genesis 2:17; Al-Baqara|2.33) Another force tempts them to eat fruit from the tree, telling them they will become like God if they eat. They both eat. From natural consequence, they became ashamed and covered their nakedness with leaves. (Genesis 3:6-7; Al-A'raf|7.19-21) God questions them, reminding them that God commanded them not to eat of the tree (7.21; Gen. 3:9-13). They respond. God puts conflict between the woman and man and between humans and the tempter (7.23; Gen. 3:14-15). God makes the man leave the garden and the two humans populate the earth (Al-Baqara|2.34; Al-Araf|7.27; Genesis 5:4)


There are also many significant differences between the stories:

  • The God of the Bible breathes into the man "the breath of life". Allah creates Adam by saying "Be" but in hadith it is stated that God creates Adam and then breathes the spirit into him.
  • In the Bible, God tells the man to name the animals (Genesis 2:19). In the Qur'an, Allah teaches Adam the names "of all things" and Adam repeats them (Ta-ha|20.120). But in the shia belief, Allah teaches Adam the name of the Twelve Imams.
  • In the Bible, the woman is created from the man. In the Qur'an, although Eve is not mentioned by name (although Islamic tradition gives her the name Hawwaa), it is only said that the woman was made "of like nature".
  • In the Bible the forbidden tree is the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil (Gen. 2:9). In the Qur'an the forbidden tree is a tree of immortality. (Ta-ha|20.120)
  • In the Qur'an, the tempter is Satan Iblis (Al-Baqara|2.34). The tempter is a serpent in the Bible (Genesis 3:1-4) whom orthodox Christians identify as Satan but some Jews do not.
  • In the Qur'an, Allah tells the angels to prostrate before Adam (as a sign of respect), but Satan refuses (Al-Araf|7.10); in the Bible, God creates man in His own image (Genesis 1:27)

Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... This article is about the Shia concept, for the more general Islamic term, see Imam. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ...

Cain and Abel (Qābīl and Hābīl)

Main article: Cain and Abel

See Genesis 4:1-16 and al-Ma'ida 27-32. There are no contradictions between the two texts, though each contains unique material. Cain and Abel redirect here. ... For other uses, see Genesis (disambiguation). ... Surat al-Maida (The Table or The Table Spread) is the 5th sura of the Quran, with 120 ayat. ...


Adam and Eve have two sons. Each made sacrifices to God and God accepted the sacrifice of one and not the other. The scriptures do not specify why God accepts only one (Genesis 4:1-7; al-Ma'ida|5.30-32). Because of the rejection of his sacrifices, one murdered the other (5.33; Gen 4:8). The murderer has an interaction with God and God condemns him to suffer (5.34). The murdered son is regarded as righteous.

  • In the Qur'an, the name of Cain is not mentioned, but Islamic tradition records Cain and Abel as Qābīl (قابيل) and Hābīl (هابيل) respectively

Cain and Abel redirect here. ...

Noah (نوح Nūḥ)

Main articles: Noah and Islamic view of Noah

See Genesis 6:5-9-19 and mainly Surah 11.25-48 as well as Surahs 7.59-64, 10.71-73, 23.23-28, 26.105-121, 54.9-16, and all of 71. This article is about the biblical Noah. ... Nuh is a prophet in the Quran. ... The term HUD has the following meanings: Hud, an Islamic prophet, also known as Heber. ... Surat al-Araf (Arabic: سورة الأعراف ) (The Heights)[1] is the 7th sura of the Quran, with 206 ayat. ... Sura Yunus (Arabic: سورة يونس ) (Jonah) is the 10th sura of the Quran. ... This is the Quran verse, not to be confused with The Hajj, pilgrimage to Mecca Surat Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage, The Hajj) is the 22nd sura of the Quran with 78 ayat. ... Surat Ash-Shuara (Arabic: سورة الشعراء ) (The Poets) is the 26th sura of the Quran with 227 ayat. ... Surat Al-Qamar (Arabic: سورة القمر ) (The Moon) is the 54th sura of the Quran with 55 ayat. ... Surat Nooh (Nooh) is the 71st sura of the Quran with 28 ayat. ...


Noah was a righteous man who lived among a wicked people. God decided to kill all the wicked and save the righteous. God commanded Noah to build an Ark, using God's own instructions. (Genesis 6:9-16; Hud|11.39) Noah does so and he, a few others, and two of each species of animal, a female and a male, board the Ark (Gen. 6:19; Hud|11.42). Water gushes up from the ground and rain came and flooded the earth killing all the wicked. (Genesis 7:11-12; Al-Qamar|54.11-13). All aboard the Ark are safe until the waters retreat (Genesis 8:14; Hud|11.44).


There is disagreement among Christians and Muslims concerning whether the flood was local or global. Some Christians say the story is to teach faith in God and there may or may not have been a flood at all. The Biblical account states that "all the high hills under the whole heaven were covered." (Genesis 7:19b) possibly indicating a global flood. Geological evidence for a recent, global flood is debated. There are several differences between the texts themselves:

  • The Qur'an focuses entirely on the dialogue between Noah and the wicked (Hud|11.32-37) but Genesis mentions no dialogue.
  • In the Qur'an, Noah has a son who rejects him ("I will take refuge on top of a hill, to protect me from the water." (Hud|11.45) and dies in the flood while some people outside his family are faithful and join him (11.42). Genesis counts three sons, Noah's wife and sons' wives who all board the Ark but no others.
  • In the Qur'an, the Ark rests on the hills of al-Djoudi (Judaea)(11.44), and in the Bible, on the mountains of Ararat (Genesis 8:4) the al-Djoudi(judaea)is a mount in the range biblical Ararat. The Qur'an cites a particular mount in the Ararat range and the Bible mentions The Ararat Range. Judaea is still present in the Ararat range in Turkey. There is no conflict between the Bible and the Qur'an on this topic.

Abraham (Ibrāhīm ابراهيم) Promised a Son

Isaac (ʾIsḥāq إسحٰق) and Ishamel (Ismā'īl إس اعيل)

Main articles: Isaac and Islamic view of Ishmael

See Genesis 18:1-15, 22:1-20 and 11 .69-74, 15.51-56, Surah 37 102-109, and 51.24-30. There are no contradictions between the texts, though each scripture contains some minor, unique details. Several messengers come to Abraham on their way to destroy the people of Sodom and Gomorrah. Abraham welcomes them into his tent and provides them with food. They then promise their host that Isaac will soon be born to Abraham's wife, Sarah (Sāra ارة). Sarah laughs at the idea because she is far too old to bear children. Sacrifice of Isaac, a detail from the sarcophagus of the Roman consul Junius Bassus, ca. ... In Islam, Ishmael is known as the first-born son of Abraham (Ibrahim in Arabic) from Hagar, and as an appointed prophet and messenger (Rasul) of God. ... The term HUD has the following meanings: Hud, an Islamic prophet, also known as Heber. ... Surat al-Hijr (Al-Hijr, The Stoneland, The Rock City) is the 15th sura of the Quran. ... Surat As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks) is the 37th sura of the Quran with 182 ayat. ... Surat Adh-Dhariyat (The Winnowing Winds) is the 51st sura of the Quran with 60 ayat. ...


(Genesis 18:12 "After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?" (Hud|11.72. "Alas for me! shall I bear a child, seeing I am an old woman, and my husband here is an old man? That would indeed be a wonderful thing!")


The angels rebuke her, telling her that by God's will she can bear a son. A conversation ensues in which Abraham admits he wished God to have mercy on the people of Sodom and Gomorrah.


In another narrative, Abraham receives communication from God to sacrifice his son. Abraham agrees to this and begins the sacrifice. Before he can do so, God tells him to stop and gives him a replacement sacrifice. Abraham is honored for his faithfulness to God. (As-Saaffat|37.102-108; Genesis 22:2-18) There are several differences:

  • In Genesis, the sacrificial son is clearly Isaac, but the Qur'an is ambiguous. By tradition, Muslims believe the sacrificial son is Ishmael and that this event happens before Isaac's birth.
  • God seems to speak directly to Abraham in Genesis but through a vision in the Qur'an.
  • In the Qur'an, Abraham tells his son that he will sacrifice him. In Genesis, Abraham avoids telling Isaac saying "God will provide the sacrifice."

Lot and Sodom and Gomorrah

(Lūṭ لوط and "The People of Lot").

See Genesis 19:1-26 . The story is told in full in Surah Al-Hijr 57-77 and repeated in Surahs Hud 74-83, Al-A'raf 80-84, Ash-Shu'ara 160-174, An-Naml 54-58, Al-Ankabut 28-35, As-Saaffat 133-138, Adh-Dhariyat 31-37, and Al-Qamar 36-39. It has been suggested that Lut be merged into this article or section. ... Lut (Arabic: لوط ) was a prophet mentioned in the Quran and known as Lot in the Bible. ... For other uses, see Sodom and Gomorrah (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Genesis (disambiguation). ... Surat al-Hijr (Al-Hijr, The Stoneland, The Rock City) is the 15th sura of the Quran. ... The term HUD has the following meanings: Hud, an Islamic prophet, also known as Heber. ... Surat al-Araf (Arabic: سورة الأعراف ) (The Heights)[1] is the 7th sura of the Quran, with 206 ayat. ... Surat Ash-Shuara (Arabic: سورة الشعراء ) (The Poets) is the 26th sura of the Quran with 227 ayat. ... Surat An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants) is the 27th sura of the Quran with 93 ayat. ... Surat Al-Ankabut (The Spider) is the 29th sura of the Quran with 69 ayat. ... Surat As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks) is the 37th sura of the Quran with 182 ayat. ... Surat Adh-Dhariyat (The Winnowing Winds) is the 51st sura of the Quran with 60 ayat. ... Surat Al-Qamar (Arabic: سورة القمر ) (The Moon) is the 54th sura of the Quran with 55 ayat. ...


After visiting Abraham, several angels go to the city in which Lot is a foreigner. They tell him God will soon destroy the city because of the wickedness of the people. The people see the angels and approach them for sex. Lot offers his daughters in their place but they are rescued first. The angels tell Lot and his family to flee by night and to not look back. God destroyed the people with a shower of stone from the sky. Lot's wife looks back to see the burning city and is turned into a pillar of salt. (Quran:11:74-83 Bible:Genesis 19:5-26).


There are several differences between the Qur'an and Bible:

  • In the Qur'an, Lot is a prophet. In Genesis (Genesis 19:1-29), Lot is seated at the city gate, the place where people sought advice from the elders. Lot acts righteously in inviting the two angels to spend the night with him, rather than spend it outside in the city square. In the New Testament, (2 Peter 2:7,8) Peter the Apostle, describes Lot as a righteous man who was daily tormented by the lawless deeds he saw in Sodom.
  • In Genesis, Lot's wife leaves with Lot but turns around briefly and God turns her into a pillar of salt (Gen. 19:26). In the Qur'an, she never leaves the city. 11:81
  • in the Bible and in the Qur'an, Abraham pleads for God to have mercy (11.75; Gen. 18:24-33). In Genesis, he convinces God to spare Sodom if just ten righteous men can be found there, which cannot be found. In the Qur'an, Allah tells Abraham not to ask for mercy on them 11:76

Joseph (Yusuf يوسف)

The narratives of Joseph can be found in Genesis 37-50 and in the Qur'an 12.4-102. Joseph interprets the dream of the Pharaoh. ... Yusuf (Arabic: يوسف, also Yousef, Yousuf, Youssef, Yussef, Yusef, Yossef or Yosef) is a prophet in the Quran, the holy scriptures of Islam. ...


Joseph has a vision of eleven stars and the sun and the moon all bowing to him which he shares with his family. (Genesis 37:9) And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, "Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me."


(Yusuf|12.4 Behold! Joseph said to his father: "O my father! I did see eleven stars and the sun and the moon: I saw them prostrate themselves to me!"


His brothers become jealous that their father prefers Joseph over them. The brothers form a plot to kill Joseph, but one brother convinces them not to kill him but throw him down a well while they are alone. (Yusuf|12.8-10; Genesis 37:20-22) They do so. They lie to their father, covering Joseph's clothing in blood and say that a wild animal attacked him. A caravan comes near by the well and the brothers pull Joseph out of the well to sell him as a slave to the traders in the caravan. Later the traders sell him to a wealthy Egyptian merchant. (Genesis 37:27-36; Yusuf|12.20-22)


Joseph grows up in the house of the Egyptian. When Joseph is a grown man, the wife of his master tries to seduce him. Joseph resists and runs away. The wife lies to her husband, saying that Joseph tried to rape her. (Yusuf|12.25; Gen. 39:12); At this point the two stories differ. Joseph's master imprisons him.


In prison, Joseph meets two men. One has a dream of making wine and the other dreams of carrying a stack of breads that birds are eating. Joseph tells the first that he will serve the Pharaoh again and the second will be executed. Both things happen. Later, Pharaoh has a dream:


(Genesis 41:17-19) And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, In my dream, behold, I stood upon the bank of the river; 18 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven kine, fatfleshed and well favoured; and they fed in a meadow; And, behold, seven other kine came up after them, poor and very ill favoured and leanfleshed, such as I never saw in all the land of Egypt for badness:


(Yusuf|12.43) The king (of Egypt) said: "I do see (in a vision) seven fat kine, whom seven lean ones devour, and seven green ears of corn, and seven (others) withered. O ye chiefs! Expound to me my vision if it be that ye can interpret visions."


Pharaoh asks for Joseph's help and Joseph tells him the meaning of his dream: Egypt will have seven years of good crops followed by seven years of famine and the famine will be worse than the abundance. Pharaoh rewarded Joseph by giving him charge over the store houses.


During the famine, Joseph's brothers came to Egypt to buy food, but one brother was left with their father. Joseph recognized them but they did not recognize Joseph. He demanded that they return with the missing brother. The brothers return home and find that Joseph had hidden in their packs more than they paid for. They asked their father to return with the missing brother. Reluctantly, their father allows this.


They return and Joseph reveals himself to his brothers. (Genesis 45:1; Yusuf| 12.90).


In the Bible, the missing brother is Benjamin, Joseph's only full blood brother. The others are half-brothers.


Moses (Mūsā موسى)

Main articles: Moses and Islamic view of Moses

In the Bible, the narratives of Moses are in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The narratives here are mostly in Exodus 1-14 and 32. In the Qur'an, the Moses narratives are in the following passages: 2.49-61, 7.103-160, 10.75-93, 17.101-104, 20.9-97, 26.10-66, 27.7-14, 28.3-46, 40.23-30, 43.46-55, 44.17-31, and 79.15-25. Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Exodus is the second book of the Torah, the Tanakh, and the Old Testament. ... Leviticus is the third book of the Hebrew Bible, also the third book in the Torah (five books of Moses). ... The Book of Numbers is the fourth of the books of the Pentateuch, called in the Hebrew ba-midbar במדבר, i. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sūrata’l-Baqarah (Arabic: ‎ the Cow) is the second, and the longest, chapter of the Quran, with 286 verses. ... Surat al-Araf (Arabic: سورة الأعراف ) (The Heights)[1] is the 7th sura of the Quran, with 206 ayat. ... Sura Yunus (Arabic: سورة يونس ) (Jonah) is the 10th sura of the Quran. ... Surat Al-Isra (Arabic: سورة الإسراء ) (ie The Night Journey) is the 17th sura of the Quran . ... Sura Ta-Ha is the 20th sura of the Quran. ... Surat Ash-Shuara (Arabic: سورة الشعراء ) (The Poets) is the 26th sura of the Quran with 227 ayat. ... Surat An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants) is the 27th sura of the Quran with 93 ayat. ... Al-Qasas ayat 88 followed by Al-Ankabut ayat 1 Surat Al-Qasas (Arabic: سورة القصص ) (The Stories) is the 28th sura of the Quran with 88 ayat. ... Surat Al-Ghafir (The Forgiver (God)) is the 40th sura of the Quran with 85 ayat. ... Surat Az-Zukhruf (Ornaments Of Gold, Luxury) is the 43rd sura of the Quran with 89 ayat. ... Surat Ad-Dukhan (Smoke) is the 44th sura of the Quran with 59 ayat. ... Surat Al-Naziat (Those Who Drag Forth, Soul-snatchers) is the 79th sura of the Quran with 46 ayat. ...


Pharaoh is slaying the young male children of the Israelites (II:46). Moses' mother casts Moses as an infant into a small ark and God protects him. Moses is found by the household of Pharaoh and they adopt him. Moses' sister, Miriam, had follows Moses. She recommends that his mother nurse him. When Moses is an adult, he sees and Egyptian fighting with an Israelite. Moses intercedes and kills the Egyptian. The next day Moses sees the Israelites whom he saved. "Do you intend to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?" he asks. Pharaoh tries to have Moses killed and Moses flees. He goes to a watering place in Midian. He meets some sisters and waters their herd. When the women's father learns of Moses, he invites him to stay and gives him one daughter to marry. According to the Hebrew Bible, Jochebed or Yochéved (יוֹכֶבֶד / יוֹכָבֶד The LORD is glory, Standard Hebrew Yoḫéved / Yoḫáved, Tiberian Hebrew Yôḵéḇeḏ / Yôḵāḇe&#7695... In the Bible, Midian (Hebrew: מִדְיָן, Standard Midyan Tiberian ; Arabic مدين; Strife; judgment) is a son of Abraham and his concubine Keturah (who according to midrash is Hagar). ... Jethro (יִתְרוֹ Standard Hebrew Yitro, Tiberian Hebrew Yiṯrô, Shoaib Arabic Quran His excellence/posterity) is a figure from the Hebrew Bible. ... Zipporah or Tzipora (Hebrew: , Standard  Tiberian  ; Greek: Sephora ; Arabic: Safura or Safrawa ; bird), mentioned in the Book of Exodus, was the wife of Moses, and the daughter of Jethro, a priest of Midian. ...


In Midian, Moses saw a fire and approached it. God spoke to him, telling him first to remove his shoes. God says that he has chosen Moses. God says to throw down his staff and take out his arm as signs. His staff turns to a serpent and then returns to the form of a staff. His arm becomes white but he is not sick. God commands him to go to Pharaoh and deliver God's message. Moses says that he cannot speak well. God gives Aaron, his brother, to help Moses.


God sent Moses to the court of Pharaoh. Pharaoh refused to listen to Moses, so Moses threw down his staff and it became a serpent. Then he put out his hand and it turned sickly white. Pharaoh's magicians performed a magic feat also but the feat is swallowed by Moses' serpent. God made the food supply to suffer. God also send locust, frogs, blood, and death. God sent at least nine signs to Pharaoh. Each time the Egyptians agreed to let the Hebrews leave, God stopped the plague but they broke their word. God charges Moses to lead the Israelites across a sea. Moses strikes the sea with his staff and the sea becomes dry. When Pharaoh's army pursues them but the water returns and they are crushed. (Exodus 14:7, II:47) Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ...


Moses leaves the Hebrews for forty nights and puts his brother Aaron in charge over the people (Al-Baqara|2.48) On a mountain, God gives Moses a revelation of precepts for Israel to follow. God makes tablets with writing on them which Moses carries back to Israel. Moses asks to see God. The people see the fire and lightning and the mountain and are afraid. While Moses is gone, the Israelites demand to worship an idol. They use the gold of their ornament to construct a golden calf whom they say is the god who rescued them from Egypt. Aaron does not stop them. Moses returns and chastises them and Aaron and many are killed for the act. God sends down manna and quail to eat but the Hebrews are still rebellious against God, complaining about the food. Moses asked God for water and God answered him. Moses struck a stone with his staff and water came forth. The Israelites are divided into twelve tribes.


God gives the Israelites bountiful land, but this occurs at different times in the two scriptures. Besides that and the many additional details in the Torah, there are other differences: It has been suggested that Tawrat be merged into this article or section. ...

  • In the Bible, Moses' message is to free the Israelites from slavery under Pharaoh. In the Qur’an, Moses initially focuses on Pharaoh to convert toward one God. Pharaoh assumed himself as god and was worshiped by Egyptians.
  • The Biblical Moses is reluctant to become a prophet and makes excuses. He eventually agrees and Aaron speaks and performs miracles at first until Moses is ready and takes over. In Quran, Aaron was made Allah's messenger on Moses request to back him up in the difficult task. Moses asked Allah to give him human support from Family, then ask for Aaron (his brother) praising Aaron by saying that he (Aaron) is better speaker than him (Moses).
  • The Qur'anic sorcerers repent after seeing Moses' signs and submit to Allah at the anger of Pharaoh.
  • In Quran, Pharaoh didn’t repent but try to deceive Moses and Allah by saying that now he believes in one God, God of Moses and Aaron (while drowning). But all knowing Allah didn’t accept this because He knew that Pharaoh is lying again.
  • In the Bible, Moses first goes to Pharaoh without showing any signs.
  • In Exodus, Aaron helps make the golden calf. In Quran, Aaron himself was a messenger of Allah and was representing Moses in his absences. He opposed that idea with all his might and warned the Israelites that God will be angry with them.
  • Pharaoh drowns in Exodus. In Quran, Pharaoh drowned as well and Allah said in Qur'an that He kept pharaoh's body as an example for generations to come (or made an example for coming generations)

See also Aaron, Islamic view of Aaron, and Islamic view of Pharaoh. The Adoration of the Golden Calf by Nicolas Poussin Aaron (Hebrew: , Standard  Tiberian ), or Aaron the Levite (flourished about 1200 B.C.), was, according to biblical accounts, one of two brothers who play a unique part in the history of the Hebrew people. ... Harun (Arabic: هارون ) was a prophet of Islam mentioned in the Quran. ... Firaun was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt whose narrative relationship with Moses is recounted in the Quran. ...


Destruction of Korah (Qarun)

Main article: Korah

The story of the destruction of Korah appears in Numbers 16:1-50 in the Torah and in Al-Qisas 76-82. Korah was an Israelite living during the time of Moses. Because of his wickedness, God caused him to die by opening the ground and swallowing him and his home (Numbers 16:31-33; Al-Qisas|28.81). In the Qur'an, Korah is simply a rich man who is too arrogant. In the Torah, he leads a minor rebellion against Moses. God also kills the others who rebel with him and their homes. Korah or Kórach (Hebrew: קֹרַח, Standard Tiberian ; Baldness; ice; hail; frost) is the name associated with at least two Biblical villains. ... Korah or Kórach (Hebrew: קֹרַח, Standard Tiberian ; Baldness; ice; hail; frost) is the name associated with at least two Biblical villains. ... It has been suggested that Tawrat be merged into this article or section. ... Al-Qasas ayat 88 followed by Al-Ankabut ayat 1 Surat Al-Qasas (Arabic: سورة القصص ) (The Stories) is the 28th sura of the Quran with 88 ayat. ...


Saul, David and Goliath (Tālūt طالوت, Dāwūd داود and جالوت Jalut)

Main articles: Saul, Islamic view of Saul, and Goliath

The story appears in 1 Samuel 8-12 and 17:1-58 and in Surah 2 246-248 and Surah 2 249-251. For other uses, see Saul (disambiguation). ... Muslims believe Saul (Arabic TālÅ«t) was the first king of Israel, as do Jews and Christians. ... This article is about the biblical warrior. ... The Books of Samuel, also referred to as [The Book of] Samuel (Hebrew: שְׁמוּאֵל), are (two) books in the Hebrew Bible (Judaisms Tanakh and originally writtten in Hebrew) and the Old Testament of Christianity. ... Surat al-Baqarah (the Cow) is the second, and the longest, sura of the Quran, with 286 ayat. ... Surat al-Baqarah (the Cow) is the second, and the longest, sura of the Quran, with 286 ayat. ...


A prophet of Israel appoints Saul as king after the Israelites petition the prophet for a king (Samuel 9:17; Al-Baqarah|2.247). At least a few people are not happy with Samuel's choice. Saul is going into battle with his army and is unsure about his victory. David kills Goliath, a significant warrior in the opposing army (Samuel 17:50; Al-Baqarah|2.251). In the Bible, Goliath is the champion of the Philistine army. In the Qur'an, he is the leader. The account also bears similarity to when Gideon led an army. See Mixed Similarities. Saul (שאול המלך) (or Shaul) (Hebrew: שָׁאוּל, Standard Tiberian  ; asked for or borrowed) is a figure identified in the Books of Samuel and Quran as having been the first king of the ancient Kingdom of Israel. ... This article is about the Biblical king of Israel. ... This article is about the biblical warrior. ... The historic Philistines (see note Philistines below) were a people that inhabited the southern coast of Canaan around the time of the arrival of the Israelites, their territory being named Philistia in later contexts. ... Gideon (גִּדְעוֹן, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ), also known as Jerub-Baal, is a judge appearing in the Book of Judges, in the Bible. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Queen of Sheba

The story appears in 1 Kings 10:1-13 and 2 Chronicles 9: 1-13 and in verses Surah 27 20-44. The two stories have almost nothing in common. In each, the Queen of Sheba comes to visit Solomon and is impressed by his wisdom and riches. In the Bible, the visit is only diplomatic. In the Qur'an, the Queen becomes monotheist and marries Solomon joining their kingdoms. Although not part of the Qur'an, Islamic tradition holds that the name of the Queen of Sheba is Bilqis or Balqis. The Queen of Sheba, (Hebrew מלכת שבא , Arabic ملكة سبأ , Geez: ንግሥተ ሳባ Nigista Saba), referred to in the Hebrew scriputures (Old Testament), Bible books of 1 Kings and 2 Chronicles, the New Testament, the Quran, and Ethiopian history, was the ruler of Sheba, an ancient kingdom mentioned in the Jewish scriptures (Old Testament). ... The Queen of Sheba, known in Islamic tradition as Bilquis, was invited by Solomon to Islam and thus submitted to God. ... Surat An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants) is the 27th sura of the Quran with 93 ayat. ...


Jonah (Yunus يونس) and the "whale"

Main articles: Jonah and Islamic view of Jonah

In both the Bible and the Qu'ran, Jonah is swallowed by a "big fish", usually inferred to be a whale. The Book of Jonah in the Bible consists of four chapters about Jonah's mission to Nineveh. The story is referenced three times in the Qur'an: in verses 139-148 of Sura 37 (As-Saaffat) (Those who set the ranks), verses 87-88 of Sura 21: al-Anbiya' (The Prophets) and verses 48-50 of Sura 68: al-Qalam (The Pen) /Nun. It is mentioned in verse 98 of Sura 10: Yunus (Jonah) and verse 86 of Sura 6: al-An'am (The Cattle). The Prophet Jonah, as depicted by Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel Jonah (Hebrew: , Standard  Tiberian  ; Arabic: يونس, Yunus or يونان, Yunaan ; Latin Ionas ; Dove) was a prophet in the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh/Old Testament) and Quran who was swallowed by a great fish. ... Yunus (Jonah) is one of the prophets of Islam whose story is recounted in the Quran. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ...


In the Qu'ran, Jonah is running away "like a slave from captivity". In the Bible, Jonah pays a fare to sail to Tarshish. In both stories, lots are cast and Jonah is thrown overboard and swallowed by a large fish (Jonah 1:17, As-Saaffat 37|142). After praying, he is cast out of the fish and washed ashore, and God causes a gourd to grow (37|146) or weeds (2:5). In the Bible, Jonah continues into Nineveh, and the city is spared by God. God causes the gourd to grow to comfort Jonah (4:6)


Zechariah and John (Zakariya (زكريا) and Yahya (يحيى))

The story of Zechariah is told in the Gospel of Luke 1:5-80 and Luke 3:1-22 and in the Qur'an 19.2-15. Zechariah and his wife reached an old age without bearing children. God spoke to Zechariah and told him his wife would conceive, despite her barrenness, and his name would be John. As a sign that this would happen, God struck Zechariah mute until John was born though he communicated using signs. John became a great and righteous prophet and came to confirm God's Word. Both accounts mention John's death. According to the Gospel of Luke, Zechariah (Zacharias in the King James Version of the Bible) was a priest of the line of Abijah, during the reign of King Herod the Great, and was the father of John the Baptist and husband of Elizabeth, a woman from the priestly family... Zakariya (Arabic: زكريا), the New Testament priest Zechariah or Zacharias, is one of the prophets mentioned in the Quran. ... St. ... Yahya (يحيى) (traditionally associated with the biblical figure John the Baptist) is a Jewish prophet of Islam mentioned in the Quran. ... The Gospel of Luke (literally, according to Luke; Greek, Κατά Λουκαν, Kata Loukan) is a synoptic Gospel, and the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament. ...


The two accounts never directly disagree, but each have unique elements: In the Bible Zechariah is a priest. God speaks to him on Yom Kippur in the Holy of Holies. He doubts that God will act and his muteness is a sign and punishment. Muslims regard Zechariah as a prophet and therefore would never doubt God. John 1 specifies that God's Word is Jesus, while the Qur'an does not say. Yom Kippur (Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר, IPA: [jɔm kiˈpur] or [jɔm ˈkɪpər]) is a Jewish holiday, known in English as the Day of Atonement. ... A Holy of Holies is the most sacred place within a sacred building. ... John 1 is the first chapter in the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. ...


Mary

Mary's story is told in the Gospel of Luke 1:26-37, 2:1-21, and Qur'an 19.16-35. Mary was visited an angel. She is afraid but the angel assures her he is from God. He promises her that God will grant her a son, even though she is a virgin. The conception happens because God's Spirit enters her.[2] Before the birth she leaves her home where she has birth. Mary, Virgin of the Passion. ... This article is about the Islamic perspective on Mary. ... The Gospel of Luke (literally, according to Luke; Greek, Κατά Λουκαν, Kata Loukan) is a synoptic Gospel, and the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament. ...


In Luke, Mary is engaged to Joseph but the Qur'an never mentions any man. In the Qur'an, men have a conversation with Mary accusing her of fornication. In the Bible, no such conversation happens but Joseph knows that people are thinking this.


Jesus (Isa عيسى)

Main articles: Jesus and Islamic view of Jesus

Jesus takes up the whole of the four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) in the Bible, as well as being the focus of the subsequent books of the New Testament. He appears several times in the Qur'an: in verses 35-59 of Sura 3: al-Imran (The Family of Imran), verses 156-158 of Sura 4: an Nisa' (The Women), verses 109-120 of Sura 5: al-Ma'idah (The Repast), verses 16-35 of Sura 19: Maryam (Mary), verse 50 of Sura 23: al-Mu'minun (The Believers) verses 57-65 of Sura 43: az-Zukhruf (The Gold Adornments) and in verses 6 and 14 of Sura 61: as-Saff (The Battle Array). Reference is made to him several more times. This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Islam holds Jesus (Arabic: `Īsā) to have been a messenger and a prophet of God. ... Gospel, from the Old English good tidings is a calque of Greek () used in the New Testament (see Etymology below). ... The Gospel of Matthew (literally, according to Matthew; Greek, Κατά Μαθθαίον or Κατά Ματθαίον, Kata Maththaion or Kata Matthaion) is a synoptic gospel in the New Testament, one of four canonical gospels. ... The Gospel of Mark (literally, according to Mark; Greek, Κατά Μαρκον, Kata Markon),(anonymous[1] but ascribed to Mark the Evangelist) is a Gospel of the New Testament. ... The Gospel of Luke (literally, according to Luke; Greek, Κατά Λουκαν, Kata Loukan) is a synoptic Gospel, and the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament. ... For other uses, see Gospel of John (disambiguation). ...


The Qur'an contains little narratives from Jesus' life, but does include many brief descriptions in common with the Bible:

Some hold the view in which Christendom states that Jesus is part of the Trinity (the doctrine that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are one God). The Bible presents Jesus as a separate person from God, and gives him various names and attributes normally reserved to God. The same is also done with the Holy Spirit in the New Testament. The Qur'an rejects a trinity. According to the Qu'ran, Jesus and Mary did not ask to be worshiped and Jesus asked people to worship God. Also, according to the Qu'ran, God "has no partners" and believing that God took physical form is in of itself a sin. In Judaism, the Messiah (Hebrew: , Standard  Tiberian ; Aramaic: , ; Arabic: , ; the Anointed One) at first meant any person who was anointed with oi on rising to a certain position among the ancient Israelites, at first that of High priest, later that of King and also that of a prophet. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      For other uses, see... For the malady found in the Hebrew Bible, see the article Tzaraath. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      In mainstream Christianity, the... In Christology, the conception that Jesus Christ is the Logos (a Greek word meaning word, wisdom, or reason) has been important in establishing the doctrine of Jesus divinity, as well as that of the Trinity, as set forth in the Chalcedonian Creed. ... This article or section contains too many quotations for an encyclopedic entry. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In many religions, the supreme God is given the title and attributions of Father. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      In mainstream Christianity, the... For the Celtic Frost album, see Monotheist (album) In theology, monotheism (from Greek one and god) is the belief in the existence of one deity or God, or in the oneness of God. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... For other uses, see Sin (disambiguation). ...


Similar doctrine

God

God (Allah in the Qur'an, YHWH in the Bible) is the only creator of all things whose power and wisdom cannot be matched. Unlike Eastern religions, God has a personhood with a consciousness. God demands humans to be moral. Acting morally and immorally both have great consequences. However, he is described by the Qu'ran as unknowable, at least completely. This makes Allah more similar to the Dharmic "Brahman" than the Hebrew Yahweh. It has been suggested that Yahweh be merged into this article or section. ... Religions, sects and denominations Note that the classification hereunder is only one of several possible. ...


Monotheism


The Qur'an and Bible strongly agree that only One God exists and should be worshiped. In both books, idolatry is the greatest sin. Both Abraham in the Qur'an and Jeremiah in the Bible argue the logic of not worshiping a speechless idol whom a human creates, as the creator or someone with wisdom. For other uses, see Jeremiah (disambiguation). ...


Fatalism


Both books have had controversy regarding elements of fatalism within them, the worldview that God determines everything and no real choice exists. The argument follows that if God knows everything that will happen, then the future is already determined and humans can only follow the predetermined route. A counter-argument is that if God is omniscient, then he can allow for fate as well as choice. It has been suggested that Theological fatalism be merged into this article or section. ...


Ethics

Honesty and faithfulness are valued while idolatry and murder are condemned. Prayer and fasting[11] are pivotal.[citation needed]


The ethics of the Qur'an are more similar to the ethics of the Torah than the New Testament. Both recommend pilgrimage to the holy city. Both condemn eating pork and some other foods. Adultery is severely punished. The Scriptures should be read or recited regularly. Prayers should be said facing Jerusalem, though the Qur'an later changed to face Mecca. Most of Islam's regulations are contained in the hadith. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The New Testament is considered more lax (by some) in regard to actions but far stricter in regard to motivation and inward feelings. Jesus raises the standard, by saying that whoever lusts sexually in his heart is guilty of adultery, and whoever hates someone is guilty of murder.


Torah

The Qur'an identifies the Torah as a revelation from God to Moses. The Torah is the set of the first five books of the Bible. The Qur'an does not identify exactly what the Torah is. The New Testament calls them the Torah of Moses, though the Torah itself does not give an author. According to the Qur'an and New Testament, the Gospel confirms the Torah.[12]


Word

Both scriptures have a high veneration of the God's word, God's revelation to humankind. The Qur'an identifies the Islamic Holy Books as the word of God; Muslims believe they were dictated by God. The Bible calls Jesus the Word of God because he is the full manifestation of God and the voice of God on earth. Islamic holy books are the books the Quran records as dictated by Allah to prophets; they are the Tawrat (Torah), the Zabur (commonly the Psalms), the Injil (commonly the Gospel), and the Quran. ... In Christology, the conception that Jesus Christ is the Logos (a Greek word meaning word, wisdom, or reason) has been important in establishing the doctrine of Jesus divinity, as well as that of the Trinity, as set forth in the Chalcedonian Creed. ...


Angels

Angels are God's supernatural agents who carry his messages. Gabriel is named in both books.


References

  1. ^ Sahih Muslim 5326
  2. ^ [Qur'an 66:12]
  3. ^ Surah 5.110
  4. ^ Surah 3.45
  5. ^ Surah 3.52
  6. ^ Surah 3.55
  7. ^ Surah 5.110
  8. ^ Surah 2.87
  9. ^ Surah 4.171
  10. ^ Surah 4.158
  11. ^ [Qur'an 2:183]
  12. ^ [Qur'an 5:46]

The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Similarities between the Bible and the Qur'an - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (16401 words)
In the Qur'an, it appears in verses 69-76 of Sura 11: Hud (The Prophet Hud), verses 51-61 of Sura 15: al-Hijr and in verses 24-30 of Sura 51: adh-Dhariyat (The Winds That Scatter).
The story appears in 1 Samuel 8-12 in the Bible and in verses 246-248 of Sura 2: al-Baqarah (The Heifer) in the Qur'an.
The story appears in 1 Samuel 17:1-58 in the Bible and in verses 249-251 of Sura 2: al-Baqarah (The Heifer) in the Qur'an.
Qur'an - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4432 words)
Muslims believe the Qur'an to be the literal word of God (Arabic: Allah) as revealed to Muhammad, over a period of twenty-three years by the angel Gabriel and regard it as God's final revelation to mankind.
A fragment from the Qu'ran, Sura 33: 73–74
Qur'ans are produced in many different sizes, from extremely large Qur'ans [4] [5] for display purposes, to extremely small Qur'ans [6].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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