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Encyclopedia > Sima Samar
Dr. Sima Samar
Dr. Sima Samar

Dr. Sima Samar (born February 4, 1957) is the Chairperson of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) and United Nations special envoy to Darfur Sudan. Image File history File links Sima_samar. ... Image File history File links Sima_samar. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Darfur region of western Sudan. ...


Biography

Samar was born in Jaghoori, Ghazni, Afghanistan on 4 February 1957. She obtained her degree in medicine in February 1982 from Kabul University, the first Hazara woman to do so. She practiced medicine at a government hospital in Kabul, but after a few months was forced to flee for her safety to her native Jaghoori, where she provided medical treatment to patients throughout the remote areas of central Afghanistan. Jaghoori Jaghoori or Jaghuri is a major business center and one of the main districts of Ghazni province in Hazarajat region of Afghanistan Jaghuri is home to the Hazaras; an ethnic group that constitues 19%-25% of Afghanistans population. ... Ghazni (Ğazni, Ghazna, locally: غزنی) is a city in eastern Afghanistan, situated on a plateau at 7280 feet (2219 m) above sea level, on a river with the same name. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kabul University is located in Kabul, Afghanistan and was founded 1931, opened 1932 and formally established in 1947. ... The Hazara are an ethnic group of mostly Mongolian origin who reside mainly in the central Afghanistan mountain region, called Hazarajat or Hazaristan, and speak the Hazaragi dialect. ... Kabul, Kâbl (locally: کابل), is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan with a population of approximately 3 million people. ... Jaghoori Jaghoori or Jaghuri is a major business center and one of the main districts of Ghazni province in Hazarajat region of Afghanistan Jaghuri is home to the Hazaras; an ethnic group that constitues 19%-25% of Afghanistans population. ...


In 1984, the communist regime arrested her husband, and Samar and her young son fled to the safety of nearby Pakistan. She then worked as a doctor at the refugee branch of the Mission Hospital. Distressed by the total lack of health care facilities for Afghan refugee women, she established in 1989 the Shuhada Organization and Shuhada Clinic in Quetta Pakistan. The Shuhada Organization was dedicated to the provision of health care to Afghan women and girls, training of medical staff and to education. In the following years further branches of the clinic/hospital were opened throughout Afghanistan. 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Communist rule in Afghanistan (1978-1992), which is separate, although slightly so, from the Soviet war in Afghanistan. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ... Quetta (Urdu: کوئٹہ) is the capital of the province Balochistan in Pakistan. ...


After living in refuge for over a decade, Samar returned to Afghanistan in 2002 to assume a cabinet post in the Karzai-led Afghan Transitional Administration. In the interim government, she served as Deputy President and then as Minister for Women's Affairs. She was forced into resignation from her post after she was threatened with death and harassed for questioning conservative Islamic laws, especially sharia law, during an interview in Canada with a Persian-language newspaper. During the 2003 Loya Jirga, several religious conservatives took out an ad in a local newspaper calling Samar the Salman Rushdie of Afghanistan. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Hamid Karzai (Dari, Pashto: حامدکرزى) (born December 24, 1957) has been the President of Afghanistan since December 7, 2004. ... Elections were held on 9th October 2004, to decide upon a leader of the new government. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Sharia ( translit: ) refers to the body of Islamic law. ... Persian, (local name: FārsÄ« or PārsÄ«), is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... A 502-delegate loya jirga convened in Kabul, Afghanistan, on December 14, 2003, to consider the proposed Afghan Constitution. ... Salman Rushdie (born Ahmed Salman Rushdie, Urdu: ‎, on June 19, 1947, in Bombay, India) is a British-Indian essayist and author of fiction, most of which is set on the Indian subcontinent. ...


She currently heads the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC).


Dr. Samar publicly refuses to accept that women must be kept in purdah (secluded from the public) and speaks out against the wearing of the burqa (head-to-foot wrap), which was enforced first by the fundamentalist mujahideen and then by the Taliban. She also has drawn attention to the fact that many women in Afghanistan suffer from osteomalacia, a softening of the bones, due to an inadequate diet. Wearing the burqa reduces exposure to sunlight and aggravates the situation for women suffering from osteomalacia. Purdah (Persian: پردہ, Hindustani: पर्दा پردہ) literally meaning curtain) is the practice of preventing men from seeing women. ... Woman in an Afghan burqa A burqa (also burkha, burka or burqua) (Arabic: برقعة, burqʿah) is an all-enveloping outer garment worn by most women in Afghanistan, and some in Pakistan, and northern India. ... Mujahideen (Arabic: ‎, , strugglers) is an Islamic-Arabic term for Muslims fighting in a war, or involved in any other struggle. ... Flag flown by the Taliban. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


Awards

Dr. Samar has received numerous international awards[1] for her work on human rights and democracy, including: the 1994 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership; 1995 Global Leader for Tomorrow from the World Economic Forum in Switzerland; The 1998 100 Heroines Award in the United States; the Paul Grunninger Human Rights Award, Paul Grunninger Foundation, Switzerland March 2001; The Voices of Courage Award, Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children, New York, June 2001; the John Humphrey Freedom Award, Rights and Democracy, Canada December 2001; Ms. Magazine, Women of the Year on behalf of Afghan Women, USA December 2001; Women of the Month, Toronto, Canada, December 2001; Best Social Worker Award, Mailo Trust Foundation, Quetta, Pakistan March 2001; International Human Rights Award, International Human Rights Law Group, Washington, DC April 2002; Freedom Award, Women’s Association for Freedom and Democracy, Barcelona July 2002; Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, New York October 2002; the Perdita Huston Human Rights Award 2003; and the 2004 Profile in Courage Award. The Ramon Magsaysay Award was established in April 1957 by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) based in New York City. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Profile in Courage Award is an award given to someone who displays the type of courage that John F. Kennedy described in his book of the same name. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Honors listed in citation for 2003 Perdita Huston Human Rights Award accessed at [1] Oct 20, 2006

 
 

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