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Encyclopedia > Sima Ai
This article is part of
the War of the Eight Princes
series.
Eight Princes
Sima Liang
Sima Wei
Sima Lun
Sima Jiong
Sima Ai
Sima Ying
Sima Yong
Sima Yue
Other key figures
Emperor Hui
Emperor Huai
Empress Yang Zhi
Empress Jia Nanfeng
Empress Yang Xianrong
Sima Yu
Yang Jun
Wei Guan
Zhang Hua

Sima Ai (司馬乂) (277-304), courtesy name Shidu (士度), formally Prince Li of Changsha (長沙厲王), was a Jin Dynasty (265-420) imperial prince who briefly served as regent for his brother Emperor Hui. He was the fifth of the eight princes commonly associated with the War of the Eight Princes. Of the eight princes, he alone received praises from historians, for his attempt to reform government and his courtesy to his developmentally disabled brother the emperor. This article appears to contradict itself. ... Sima Liang (司馬亮) (d. ... Sima Wei (司馬瑋) (271-291), courtesy name Yandu (彥度), formally Prince Yin of Chu (楚隱王), was a imperial prince during Jin Dynasty (265-420) and was the second of the eight princes commonly associated with the War of the Eight Princes. ... Sima Lun (sim. ... Sima Jiong (司馬冏) (d. ... Sima Ying (司馬穎) (279-306), courtesy name Zhangdu (章度), was a Jin Dynasty (265-420) imperial prince who served briefly as his brother Emperor Huis regent and crown prince. ... Sima Yong (司馬顒) (d. ... Sima Yue (司馬越) (d. ... Emperor Hui of Jin, sim. ... Format of naming convention in English is under discussion at Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese) and Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese)/monarchical titles. ... Empress Yang Zhi (楊芷) (259-292), courtesy name Jilan (季蘭), nickname Nanyin (男胤), formally Empress Wudao (武悼皇后, literally the martial and fearful empress) was an empress of Jin Dynasty (265-420). ... Empress Jia Nanfeng (賈南風) (245-300), nickname Shi (時), of the Jin Dynasty (265-420) was the daughter of Jia Chong and first wife of Emperor Hui. ... Empress Yang Xianrong (羊獻容) (d. ... Sima Yu (司馬遹) (278-300), courtesy name Xizu (熙祖), formally Crown Prince Minhuai (愍懷太子) was a crown prince during Jin Dynasty (265-420). ... Yang Jun (楊駿) (d. ... Wei Guan (衛瓘) (220-291), courtesy name Boyu (伯玉), formally Duke Cheng of Lanling (蘭陵成公), was a Cao Wei and Jin Dynasty (265-420) official. ... Zhang Hua (張華) (232-300), courtesy name Maoxian (茂先), was a Jin Dynasty (265-420) official and poet. ... Events Births Deaths Bahram I, king of Persia Categories: 277 ... Events Major Wu Hu (barbarian) uprising in China; the Hun Liu Yuan establish the Han kingdom, beginning the Sixteen Kingdoms era in China. ... Cha can also refer to a Latin American dance, also called the Cha-cha-cha. ... The Jin Dynasty (晉 pinyin: jìn, 265-420), one of the Six Dynasties, followed the Three Kingdoms and preceded the Southern and Northern Dynasties in China. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts as head of state, especially if not the monarch (who has higher titles). ... Emperor Hui of Jin, sim. ... This article appears to contradict itself. ... Developmental Disability (also called mental handicap and, as defined by the UK Mental Health Act 1983), mental impairment and severe mental impairment) is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal global intellectual capacity as...


Sima Ai was Emperor Wu's sixth son, born of the same mother as Sima Wei the Prince of Chu. He was created the Prince of Changsha in 289. When his father died in 290, Sima Ai was praised by many for his display of filial piety. When Sima Wei, at the command of Emperor Hui's wife Empress Jia Nanfeng, killed the regents Sima Liang the Prince of Ru'nan and Wei Guan, Sima Ai participated, and subsequently, when Empress Jia claimed that Sima Wei had forged the edict and executed him, Sima Ai was demoted to the lesser title of Prince of Changshan. Despite this, during the next few years, he received renown for his decisiveness, talents, and humility. When Sima Lun the Prince of Zhao usurped the throne in 301, Sima Ai was at his principality, and he led his own troops to join the forces of his brother Sima Ying the Prince of Chengdu against Sima Lun. Once Sima Ying and Sima Jiong the Prince of Qi were able to defeat and overthrow Sima Lun and restore Emperor Hui, Sima Ai, for his accomplishments, was restored to his original title as the Prince of Changsha. Emperor Wu of Jin, sim. ... Sima Wei (司馬瑋) (271-291), courtesy name Yandu (彥度), formally Prince Yin of Chu (楚隱王), was a imperial prince during Jin Dynasty (265-420) and was the second of the eight princes commonly associated with the War of the Eight Princes. ... Events Constantius Chlorus married Flavia Maximiana Theodora, stepdaughter of Maximian after renouncing Helena, his wife and mother of Constantine the Great. ... Events Jin Hui Di succeeds Jin Wu Di as emperor of China Births Pachomius, Christian monk (approximate date) Deaths Categories: 290 ... Empress Jia Nanfeng (賈南風) (245-300), nickname Shi (時), of the Jin Dynasty (265-420) was the daughter of Jia Chong and first wife of Emperor Hui. ... Sima Liang (司馬亮) (d. ... Wei Guan (衛瓘) (220-291), courtesy name Boyu (伯玉), formally Duke Cheng of Lanling (蘭陵成公), was a Cao Wei and Jin Dynasty (265-420) official. ... Sima Lun (sim. ... Events September 3 - The republic of San Marino is established (traditional date). ... Sima Ying (司馬穎) (279-306), courtesy name Zhangdu (章度), was a Jin Dynasty (265-420) imperial prince who served briefly as his brother Emperor Huis regent and crown prince. ... Sima Jiong (司馬冏) (d. ...


After overthrowing Sima Lun, Sima Jiong became the regent -- as Sima Ying, who was initially named coregent with him, declined and returned to his stronghold of Yecheng (鄴城, in modern Handan, Hebei). He became arrogant and extremely controlling, and failed to pay even basic courtesies to Emperor Hui. He also became suspicious of Sima Yong the Prince of Hejian (the grandson of Emperor Hui's great-granduncle Sima Fu (司馬孚) the Prince of Anping), ecause Sima Yong had initially wanted to support Sima Lun, until he saw that Sima Lun's cause was hopeless. Sima Yong knew of Sima Jiong's suspicion, and started a conspiracy; he invited Sima Ai to overthrow Sima Jiong, believing that Sima Ai would fail; his plan was then to, in conjunction with Sima Ying, start a war against Sima Jiong. Once they were victorious, he would depose Emperor Hui and make Sima Ying the emperor, and then serve as Sima Ying's prime minister. In winter 302, Sima Yong declared his rebellion, and Sima Ying soon joined, despite opposition from his strategist Lu Zhi (盧志). Hearing that Sima Ai was part of the conspiracy as well, Sima Jiong made a preemptive strike against Sima Ai, but Sima Ai was prepared and entered the palace to control Emperor Hui. After a street battle, Sima Jiong's forces collapsed, and he was executed. Handan (Simplified: 邯郸; Traditional: 邯鄲; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city located in the southwestern part of Hebei Province of China. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Sima Yong (司馬顒) (d. ...


Sima Ai became the effective regent, but in order to reduce opposition, he submitted all important matters to Sima Ying, still stationed at Yecheng. As regent, he paid attention to reforming the government, and he saw the importance of formally honoring Emperor Hui while maintaining resemblance to impartial governance. He continued to try to share power with Sima Ying. However, in fall 303, Sima Yong, dissatisfied that his plan did not come to fruition, persuaded Sima Ying to again join him against Sima Ai. While Sima Yong and Sima Ying had overwhelming force, their forces could not score a conclusive victory against Sima Ai. Sima Ai made overtures to try to achieve peace with Sima Ying, but after negotiations, those efforts failed. Sima Yong's forces were about to withdraw in spring 304 when Sima Yue the Prince of Donghai, the grandson of a great-granduncle of Emperor Hui, believing that Sima Ai could not win this war, arrested him and delivered him to Sima Yong's general Zhang Fang (張方), who executed Sima Ai cruelly by burning him to death. (Before he was executed, Sima Ai was able to write a touching letter of farewell to Emperor Hui.) As Sima Ai cried out in pain, even Zhang's forces were mourning for his fate. Events Diocletian launched the last major persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire; Hierocles was said to have been the instigator of the fierce persecution of the Christians under February 24 - Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire. ... Events Major Wu Hu (barbarian) uprising in China; the Hun Liu Yuan establish the Han kingdom, beginning the Sixteen Kingdoms era in China. ... Sima Yue (司馬越) (d. ...


 
 

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