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Encyclopedia > Silver Star
Silver Star

Awarded by United States Military
Type Medal
Awarded for "[G]allantry in action against an enemy of the United States"
Status Currently awarded
Statistics
First awarded 1932
Last awarded Currently awarded
Precedence
Next (higher) Distinguished Service Medals: Defense, Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard
Next (lower) Defense Superior Service Medal

The Silver Star is the fourth highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of any branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is also the third highest award given for valor (in the face of the enemy). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1810, 427 KB) Summary Photo of a Silver Star medal and ribbon. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... The Defense Distinguished Service Medal is a United States military award which is presented for exceptionally distinguished performance of duty contributing to national security or defense of the United States. ... This article concerns the United States Army Distinguished Service Medal. ... The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is a military award of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which was first created in 1919. ... The Air Force Distinguished Service Medal was created by an act of the United States Congress on July 6, 1960. ... The Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal is a decoration of the United States Coast Guard which was created in August 1949 by order of the United States Congress. ... Defense Superior Service Medal The Defense Superior Service Medal of the United States is a senior decoration of the Department of Defense. ... Awards and decorations of the United States military are military decorations which recognize a service members service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed forces. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ...

Contents

General information

The Silver Star is awarded for gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States not justifying a higher award. It may be awarded to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the U.S Armed Forces, distinguishes him or herself by extraordinary heroism involving one of the following actions:

  • In action against an enemy of the United States
  • While engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force
  • While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party

The Silver Star differs from the Distinguished Service Cross, Navy Cross or Air Force Cross, in that it requires a lesser degree of gallantry and need not be earned while in a position of great responsibility. Soldiers who received a citation for gallantry in action during World War I were eligible to apply to have the citation converted to the Silver Star Medal. The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) is the second highest military decoration of the United States Army, awarded for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. ... The Navy Cross is the second highest medal that can be awarded by the Department of the Navy and the second highest award given for valor. ... The Air Force Cross is the second highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Air Force. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


The Bronze Star Medal is another United States decoration which may be awarded for heroism, but unlike the Silver Star may also be awarded for meritorious service while engaged in combat operations. When awarded for valor, the Bronze Star Medal comes with the Valor device. The Bronze Star Medal is often issued to individuals who performed notable accomplishments, but not to the level required of the Silver Star Medal. The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration and is the fourth highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service. ... The Valor device, also known as V-device, V device, and Combat V, is an award of the United States military which is authorized by the military services as an attachment to certain awards and decorations. ...


The Valorous Unit Award is considered the unit level equivalent of a Silver Star Medal. The Valorous Unit Award is a decoration which is awarded to units of the United States Army which display extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States of America. ...


History

The Silver Star is the successor decoration to the Citation Star which was established by an act of the U.S. Congress on July 9, 1918. On July 19, 1932, the Secretary of War approved the Silver Star Medal to replace the Citation Star. The original Citation Star is incorporated into the center of the Silver Star Medal, and the ribbon for the Silver Star Medal is based closely on the Certificate of Merit Medal. Example of Citation Star on WWI Victory Medal The Citation Star was an award of the United States Army which was first established by the United States Congress on July 9, 1918. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Secretary of War was a member of the United States Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... Certificate of Merit Medal The Certificate of Merit Medal was a military decoration of the United States Army which was issued between the years of 1905 to 1918. ...


Authorization for the Silver Star was placed into law by an Act of Congress for the U.S. Navy on August 7, 1942 and an Act of Congress for the U.S. Army on December 15, 1942. The primary reason for congressional authorization was the desire to award the medal to civilians as well as the Army. The current statutory authorization for the Silver Star Medal is Title 10 of the United States Code (Section 3746). USN redirects here. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The United States Code (U.S.C.) is a compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal law of the United States. ...


Appearance

The Silver Star is a gold star, 1½ inches (38 mm) in circumscribing diameter with a laurel wreath encircling rays from the center and a 3/16 inch (5 mm) diameter silver star superimposed in the center. The pendant is suspended from a rectangular shaped metal loop with rounded corners. The reverse has the inscription "FOR GALLANTRY IN ACTION." The ribbon is 138 inches (35 mm) wide and consists of the following stripes: 732 (6 mm) inch Old Glory red 67156 (center stripe); proceeding outward in pairs 732 inch (6 mm) white; 732 inch (6 mm) ultramarine blue; 364 inch (1 mm) white; and 332 inch (2 mm) ultramarine blue.


Additional decorations of the Silver Star are denoted in the U.S. Army and Air Force by oak leaf clusters, while the Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps issue award stars. The United States Army is the largest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... Bronze and Silver oak leaf clusters An Oak leaf cluster is a common device which is placed on military awards and decorations to denote those who have received more than one bestowal of a particular decoration. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces and is involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... Gold and Silver Award Stars An Award star is a decoration issued by the United States military to denote multiple military awards issued to personnel of the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, and United States Marines. ...


Notable recipients

In 1944, four nurses became the first female recipients of the Silver Star. 1st Lt. Mary Roberts, 2nd Lt. Elaine Roe, 2nd Lt. Virginia Rourke, and 2nd Lt. Ellen Ainsworth (posthumous) were cited for their bravery in successfully evacuating the 33rd Field Hospital at Anzio, Italy on February 10. They remained the sole female recipients until Leigh Ann Hester was awarded the Silver Star in 2005. Other notable recipients include: 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... // Anzio is a city and resort on the coast of the Lazio region of Italy, about 33 miles south of Rome. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sgt. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

William Brantley Aycock (born 1915) is an American educator who served as chancellor of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) from 1957 until 1964 and is the retired Kenan professor of law at UNCs School of Law. ... Brigadier General Antonio Rodriguez Balinas (born c. ... Cesar Fernando Basa was a Philippine pilot and hero of World War II. Born in 1915, he was one of the pioneer fighter pilots in the Philippine Air Force and the first Filipino casualty during World War II. His brave fight took place at Batangas Field on the morning of... Col. ... Rear Admiral Rafael Celestino Benitez (March 9, 1917-March 6, 1999) born in Juncos, Puerto Rico was a highly decorated submarine commander who led the rescue effort of the crew members of the USS Cochino during the Cold War. ... Private Albert Blithe was one of the Easy Company paratroopers featured in Episode 3 Carentan of the HBO Band of Brothers mini-series. ... 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Sergeant First Class Agustin Ramos Calero (June 2, 1919-February 10, 1989), born in Isabela, Puerto Rico, was the second most decorated soldier (the most decorated U.S. soldier was Audie Murphy) in the United States military during World War II.[1] // Calero was born and raised in the town... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Wesley Kanne Clark (born December 23, 1944) is a retired four-star general of the United States Army. ... Joseph Maxwell Cleland (born August 24, 1942) is an American politician from Georgia. ... Lynn D. Buck Compton (born December 31, 1921) is a retired California Court of Appeal Judge who served as the lead prosecutor in Sirhan Sirhans trial for the murder of Robert F. Kennedy. ... Wing Commander Johnny Checketts DSO DFC (20 February 1912 - 24 April 2006) was a World War 2 Flying ace. ... Nestor George Chylak, Jr. ... Louis Cukela (1 May 1888 – 19 March 1956) was a famous United States Marine. ... 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Farinholt (July 17, 1922 to June 11, 2002) is thought to be the only enlisted man in the history of the U.S. military to receive four awards of the Silver Star, the United States third highest decoration for valor in combat. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Guy Gabaldon speaking at Pentagon ceremony honoring Hispanic World War II veterans, September 2004. ... Hobart Raymond Gay (born May 16, 1894 in Rockport, Illinois, died 1983) was commissioned into the Army October 26, 1917 as a 2nd Lieutenant. ... John Joyce Jack Gilligan (born March 22, 1921) is a Democratic politician from the U.S. state of Ohio who served as its 62nd governor. ... David L. Grange is a retired United States Army Major General, son of retired Lieutenant General David E. Grange Jr. ... Bronze by Gutzon Borglum. ... William J. 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Legal

Any false verbal, written or physical claim to the Silver Star, by an individual to whom it has not been awarded, is a federal felony offense punishable by up to a year in jail and up to a $10000 fine.[1]


External links

  • Silver Star - Criteria, Background, and Images
  • U.S. Army - Symbols and Insignia
  • Air Force Personnel Center information on the Silver Star

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Silver Star (389 words)
Description: A gold star, 1 ½ inches in circumscribing diameter with a laurel wreath encircling rays from the center and a 3/16 inch diameter silver star superimposed in the center.
On July 19, 1932, the Secretary of War approved the Silver Star medal to replace the Citation Star.
Authorization for the Silver Star was placed into law by an Act of Congress for the Navy on August 7, 1942 and an Act of Congress for the Army on December 15, 1942.
Silver Star Club Resort at SilverStar Mountain Village in Vernon BC, Canada (0 words)
Silver Star Club Resort is comprised of three distinct condo and suite properties, including The Vance Creek Lodge, The Chilcoot Lodge and Conference Centre and The Silver Creek Lodge.
A meeting at Silver Star provides a refreshing mountain atmosphere and a tranquil setting to unwind and revive creative energy.
Silver Star Club Resort, located in Silver Star Mountain Village, understands that your wedding is one of the most important events of your life and we'd like to help you to fulfill your wishes and dreams.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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