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Encyclopedia > Silver Birch
Silver Birch

Silver Birch in winter
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Betula
Species: B. pendula
Binomial name
Betula pendula

Silver Birch (Betula pendula) is a widespread European birch, though in southern Europe it is only found at higher altitudes. Its range extends into southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey and the Caucasus. The closely related Siberian Silver Birch (B. platyphylla) in northern Asia and Sichuan Birch (B. szechuanica) of central Asia are also treated as varieties of Silver Birch by some botanists, as B. pendula var. platyphylla and B. pendula var. szechuanica respectively (see birch classification). Download high resolution version (750x1000, 653 KB)Silver Birch from de:wiki de:Bild:2004122511. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed typically contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families included in the Kew list: Fagaceae - Beech family   (including Nothofagaceae) Betulaceae - Birch family Corylaceae - Hazel family Ticodendraceae not included in the Kew list: Casuarinaceae - She-oak family Juglandaceae - Walnut family Rhoipteleaceae Myricaceae The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best known trees. ... Genera Alnus - Alder Betula - Birch Carpinus - Hornbeam Corylus - Hazel Ostrya - Hop-hornbeam Ostryopsis - Hazel-hornbeam Betulaceae, or the Birch Family, includes six genera of deciduous nut-bearing trees and shrubs, including the birches, alders, hazels, hornbeams and hop-hornbeams. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Subgenus Betulenta - Wintergreen oil birches Bark on twigs rich in methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen). ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, covering around 10,790,000 km² (4,170,000 sq mi) or 2. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Asia is the largest and most populous of the Earths continents. ... The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... Subgenus Betulenta - Wintergreen oil birches Bark on twigs rich in methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen). ...

It is a medium size deciduous tree, typically reaching 15-25 m tall, exceptionally up to 30 m, with a slender crown of arched branches with drooping branchlets. The bark is white, often with black diamond-shaped marks or larger patches at the base. The shoots are rough with small warts, and hairless, and the leaves 3-6 cm long, triangular with a broad base and pointed tip, and coarsely serrated margins. The flowers are wind-pollinated catkins, produced before the leaves in early spring, the small (1-2 mm) winged seeds ripening in late summer on 3-5 cm long catkins. Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth A tree can be defined as a large, perennial, woody plant. ... For other meanings of bark, see Bark (disambiguation). ... In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... California Poppies in flower Flower (Latin flos, floris; French fleur), a term popularly used for the bloom or blossom of a plant, is the reproductive structure of those plants classified as angiosperms (flowering plants; Division Magnoliophyta). ... A male catkin on a willow Catkins, or aments, are slim, cylindrical flower clusters, wind-pollinated and without petals, that can be found in many plant families, including Betulaceae, Fagaceae, Moraceae, and Salicaceae. ... SEED is a block cipher developed by the Korean Information Security Agency. ...

It is distinguished from the related Downy Birch (B. pubescens, the other common European birch) in having hairless, warty shoots (hairy, without warts in Downy Birch), and whiter bark often with scattered black fissures (greyer, less fissured, in Downy Birch). It is also distinguished cytologically, Silver Birch being diploid (with two sets of chromosomes), whereas Downy Birch is tetraploid (four sets of chromosomes). The two have subtle differences in habitat requirements, with Silver Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils, and White Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clay soils and peat bogs. Many North American texts treat the two species as conspecific (and cause confusion by combining the vernacular name 'White Birch' of one, with the scientific name B. pendula of the other), but they are regarded as distinct species throughout Europe. Binomial name Betula pubescens Ehrh. ... Cytology (also known as Cell biology) is the scientific study of cells. ... Diploid (meaning double in Greek) cells have two copies (homologs) of each chromosome (both sex- and non-sex determining chromosomes), usually one from the mother and one from the father. ... Polyploid (in Greek: πολλαπλόν - multiple) cells or organisms contain more than one copy (ploidy) of their chromosomes. ... Habitat (from the Latin for it inhabits) is the place where a particular species lives and grows. ... Patterns in the sand Sand is an example of a class of materials called granular matter. ... Quaternary clay in Estonia. ... Virgin boreal acid bogs at Browns Lake Bog, Ohio A bog is a wetland type that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the...

It is often planted as a garden and ornamental tree, grown for its white bark and gracefully drooping shoots. In Scandinavia and other regions of northern Europe, it is grown for forestry. It is sometimes used as a pioneer and nurse tree elsewhere. Part of a garden in Bristol, England A flower bed in the gardens of Bristol Zoo, England Checkered flower bed in Tours, France Youll find it near, youll find it far. ... An ornamental is a plant variety that is grown for its beauty (in its end use), rather than commercial or other value. ... Scandinavia, Fennoscandia, and the Kola Peninsula. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ...

Silver birch is Finland`s national tree. Occasionally one uses leafy, fragrant boughs of silver birch to gently beat oneself in a sauna. The boughs are called vihta or vasta. This has a relaxing effect on the muscles. It has been suggested that Finnish sauna be merged into this article or section. ...

Land of the Silver Birch is a traditional Canadian folk song. Land of the Silver Birch is a traditional Canadian folk song. ... Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people. ...

See also

List of Lepidoptera which feed on Birches Birches () are used as food plants by the larvae of a large number of Lepidoptera species including: Autumnal Moth (Epirrita autumnata) Brimstone Moth (Opisthograptis luteolata) Brown-tail (Euproctis chrysorrhoea) Buff-tip (Phalera bucephala) Clouded Border (Lomaspilis marginata) Common Emerald (Hemithea aestivaria) Common Marbled Carpet (Chloroclysta truncata) Common Wave (Cabera exanthemata...

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Betula pendula

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