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Encyclopedia > Silures

The Silures were a powerful and warlike tribe of ancient Britain, occupying approximately the counties of Monmouth, Brecon and Glamorgan. According to Tacitus' biography of Agricola, they usually had a dark complexion and curly hair. Viewed historically or developmentally, a tribe consists of a social formation existing before the development of, or outside of, states. ... This is about the Welsh town of Monmouth. ... Brecon is a historic market town in mid Wales, with a population of roughly 8,000 with around 6,000 in the surrounding area. ... Glamorgan or Morgannwg is a maritime traditional county of Wales, UK, and was previously a medieval kingdom or principality. ...


They made a fierce resistance to the Roman conquest about AD 48, with the assistance of Caratacus, a military leader and prince of the Catuvellauni, who had fled from further east after his own tribe was defeated. Events Rome Roman Emperor Claudius invests Agrippa II with the office of superintendent of the Temple in Jerusalem. ... Caratacus (Brythonic *Caratācos, Greek Καράτακος; variants Latin Caractacus, Greek Καρτάκης) was a historical British chieftain of the Catuvellauni tribe, who led the British resistance to the Roman conquest. ... The Catuvellaunii (meaning probably good in battle) were one of the Celtic tribes living in the British Isles, before the Roman invasion of Britain. ...

Tribes of Wales at the time of the Roman invasion. Exact boundaries are conjectural.
Tribes of Wales at the time of the Roman invasion. Exact boundaries are conjectural.

The first attack on the Welsh tribes was made under the legate Publius Ostorius Scapula about 48 AD. Ostorius first attacked the Deceangli in the north-east, who appear to have surrendered with little resistance. He then spent several years campaining against the Silures and the Ordovices. Their resistance was led by Caratacus, who had fled what is now south-east England when it was conquered by the Romans. He first led the Silures, then moved to the territory of the Ordovices, where he was defeated by Ostorius in 51 AD. Image File history File links CymruLlwythi. ... Image File history File links CymruLlwythi. ... Publius Ostorius Scapula (died 52) was a Roman statesman and general. ... The Deceangli were one of the Celtic tribes living in the British Isles, prior to the Roman invasion of Britain. ... The Ordovices were one of the Celtic tribes living in the British Islands, before the Roman invasion of Britain. ... Caratacus (Brythonic *Caratācos, Greek Καράτακος; variants Latin Caractacus, Greek Καρτάκης) was a historical British chieftain of the Catuvellauni tribe, who led the British resistance to the Roman conquest. ...


The Silures were not subdued however and waged effective guerilla warfare against the Roman forces. Ostorius had publicly said that they posed such a danger that they should be either exterminated or transplanted. His threats only increased the Silures' determination to resist and a large legionary force occupied in building forts in their territory was surrounded and attacked and only rescued with difficulty and considerable loss. They also took Roman prisoners as hostages and distributed them amongst their neighbouring tribes in order to bind them together and encourage resistance.


Ostorius died with the Silures still unconquered, and after his death they won a victory over the Second Legion. They were only eventually subdued by Sextus Julius Frontinus in a series of campaigns ending about 78 AD. Legio II Augusta was a Roman legion, levied by Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus in 43 BC, and still operative in Britannia in 4th century. ... Sextus Julius Frontinus (c. ...


To aid the Roman administration in keeping down local opposition, a legionary fortress (Isca Silurum, Caerleon) was planted in the midst of tribal territory. Their town Venta Silurum (Caerwent, 6 miles west of Chepstow) became a Romanized town, not unlike Silchester, but smaller. Its massive Roman walls still survive, and excavations have revealed a forum, a temple, baths, amphitheatre, shops, and many comfortable houses with mosaics, etc. An inscription shows that under the Roman Empire it was the capital of the Silures, whose ordo or county council provided for the local government of the district. Caerleon is a village situated on the river Usk on the northern outskirts of Newport. ... Caerwent is a village in Monmouthshire, Wales. ... Chepstow (Welsh language: Cas-gwent) is a border town straddling the Monmouthshire—Gloucestershire border, situated at the confluence of the River Wye and River Severn on the Severns west bank. ... Categories: Archaeology stubs | Archaeological sites in Britain | Berkshire | Hampshire | Roman sites in England ... The Forum of Jerash, in Jordan. ... The Angkor Wat Hindu temple in Cambodia is the largest in the world. ... The name amphitheatre (alternatively amphitheater) is given to a public building of the Classical period (being particularly associated with ancient Rome) which was used for spectator sports, games and displays. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ...


Reference is occasionally made to this period of Celtic history by the use of made-up terms such as "Silurian". The poet, Henry Vaughan, called himself a "Silurist", by virtue of his roots in South Wales. A Celtic cross. ... Henry Vaughan (April 17, 1622 - April 28, 1695) was a Welsh Metaphysical poet and a doctor, the twin brother of the philosopher Thomas Vaughan. ...


The geologic period Silurian was first described by Roderick Murchison in rocks located in the original lands of the Silures, hence the name. In geology, a period or age is a time span of many millions of years that are assumed to have had similar characteristics. ... The Silurian is a major division of the geologic timescale that extends from the end of the Ordovician period, about 443. ... Sir Roderick Murchison Sir Roderick Impey Murchison (February 19, 1792 – October 22, 1871), was an influential Scottish geologist who first described and investigated the Silurian era. ...


This article incorporates text from the Encyclop√¶dia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


External links

  • Silures at Roman-Britain.org
  • Silures at Romans in Britain

  Results from FactBites:
 
Silures - LoveToKnow 1911 (125 words)
SILURES, a powerful and warlike tribe in ancient Britain, occupying approximately the counties of Monmouth, Brecon and Glamorgan.
Its massive Roman walls still survive, and recent excavations have revealed a town hall and market square, a temple, baths, amphitheatre, and many comfortable houses with mosaics, andc.
An inscription shows that under the Roman Empire it was the chef-lieu of the Silures, whose ordo or county council provided for the local government of the district.
SILURES (1371 words)
The attentions of Gallus were drawn away from the Silures in south Wales by an uprising among the Brigantes of northern England.
The Brigantian ruling dynasty was in uproar, and as a client of Rome, queen Cartimandua called upon her allies to support her cause in the civil war between her own clan and factions loyal to her estranged husband, Venutius, who were presumably still unhappy with her earlier betrayal of Caratacus.
With the premature death of Veranius, the Silures were again given respite from the military advances of Rome.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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