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Encyclopedia > Siliguri Corridor
The Chicken's Neck an "isthmus" of Indian territory is shown in red.
The Chicken's Neck an "isthmus" of Indian territory is shown in red.

Chicken Neck is the name of two separate areas in India.


Northeast

The Chicken's Neck or Siliguri Corridor is a narrow stretch of land which connects India's north-eastern states to the rest of India. This 'isthmus' of land is only 21 to 40 km in width, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. The Himalayas in Sikkim North-East India is the easternmost region of India consisting of the contiguous Seven Sister States and the state of Sikkim. ... The term nation-state, while often used interchangeably with the terms unitary state and independent state, refers properly to the parallel occurence of a state and a nation. ...


The city of Siliguri, which lies in the state of West Bengal, is the major city in this area (therefore the alternate name "Siliguri Corridor"). The city is the central node which connects Bhutan, Nepal, north-east India and mainland India. Siliguri is a rapidly developing metropolis in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... West Bengal   (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ...


The Chicken's Neck was created in 1947 after the state of Bengal was partitioned between India and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). This strip was drawn on the map to allow India access to the state of Assam. Being a sensitive area amidst three countries, the strip is heavily patrolled by the Indian army, the Assam Rifles, the Border Security Force and the West Bengal police. In recent times the area has become the focus of illegal crossings between Bangladesh rebels and Nepali Maoist insurgents, both in search of refuge from their government forces. A flourishing narcotics and weapons traffic also takes place in this region. Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Bengal, known as Bôngo (Bengali: বঙ্গ), Bangla (বাংলা), Bôngodesh (বঙ্গদেশ), or Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) in the Bengali language, is a region in the northeast of South Asia. ... East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between 1955 and 1971. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur - now a part of Guwahati. ... The Indian Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of India and has the primary responsibility of conducting land-based military operations. ... Assam Rifles is an Indian paramilitary unit. ... The Border Security Force (BSF), established on December 1, 1965, is responsible for guarding Indias land borders during peacetime and preventing trans-border crimes. ... Maoism or Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛澤東思想, pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng), also called Marxism-Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought or Marxism-Leninism-Maoism (MLM), is a variant of communism derived from the teachings of Mao Zedong (1893&#8211... The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that induced sleep (such state is narcosis). ...


All land transportation between the rest of India and its far eastern states have to make use of this circuitous corridor as free trade between Bangladesh and India has yet to be made a reality. The route has a major broad gauge railway line in addition to the old metre gauge line which connects the north-eastern states with the rest of India. National Highway 31 connects Siliguri to Guwahati in Assam which is the most critical highway in the region, owing to the insurgents in the vicinity. Often insurgents in Assam bomb the railway line to excide the state from the rest of India. Great Western Railway broad gauge steam locomotives awaiting scrapping in 1892 after the conversion to standard gauge. ... Narrow-gauge railways are railroads (railways) with track spaced at less than the standard gauge of 4 ft 8½ in (1. ... Guwahati   (Assamese: গুৱাহাটী) is a major city in eastern India, often considered as the gateway to the North-East Region (NER) of the country and is the largest city within the region. ...


In recent times Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh have proposed to set up the area as a free trade zone which would enable all three countries to connect directly with each other without restrictions. Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ...


Northwest

Chicken's Neck is also the name for another narrow and sensitive piece of land that stands between India and Pakistan in the disputed western unofficial border of Kashmir. It lies south of Akhnur, measuring roughly 170 kmĀ². It has been a focal point in all the wars involving the two nations as it is seen as a corridor towards most of Indian held Kashmir. One of the main thrusts of the Operation Grand Slam in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 was to capture this vital route that could potentially choke the Indian Army in the region; the plan however failed. During the 1971 war Indian troops were able to take possession of this sensitive strip of land. Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... Operation Grand Slam is virtually synonymous with the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Gen J N Chaudhuri, Lt Gen Harbakhsh Singh Field Marshal Ayub Khan, Gen Mohd Musa Casualties 3,264 killed[1] 8,623 wounded[1] (From July to ceasefire) 3,800[2] - 6,917 killed[3] (17 day period alone) 4,000 - 7,000 killed/ captured[4... The Indian Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of India and has the primary responsibility of conducting land-based military operations. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Sam Manekshaw J.S. Aurora A. A. K. Niazi Strength 500,000+ troops[] 400,000+ troops[] Casualties 3,843 killed[1] 9,851 wounded[1] c. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Hindu : The Siliguri Corridor threatened (605 words)
The Siliguri Corridor, a narrow strip of land also called the eastern chicken's neck, which has several vital installations around it and connects the mainland with the outlying border States of the Northeast, has come in handy for clandestine activities of ISI agents and saboteurs.
Siliguri town is a gateway to Guwahati in Assam, Gangtok in Sikkim and Kishengunj in Bihar.
Analysts also perceive eastern Nepal, bordering the Siliguri corridor, to be the springboard for Pakistan-sponsored insurgency in the Northeast.
Chicken's Neck - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (497 words)
The Chicken's Neck or Siliguri Corridor is a narrow stretch of land which connects India's north-eastern states to the rest of India.
The city of Siliguri, which lies in the state of West Bengal, is the major city in this area (therefore the alternate name "Siliguri Corridor").
National Highway 31 connects Siliguri to Guwahati in Assam which is the most critical highway in the region, owing to the insurgents in the vicinity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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