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Encyclopedia > Silesian
Silesian, Upper Silesian
Ślunsko godka
Spoken in: Poland, Czech Republic 
Region: Upper Silesia
Total speakers: 1 250 000
Language family: Indo-European
 Slavic
  West Slavic
   Polish(Disputed)
    Silesian, Upper Silesian 
Official status
Official language of: -
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: sla
ISO 639-3:
This article is about the Polish dialect. For the German dialect, see Silesian German. For other uses see Silesian (disambiguation).

Silesian (Silesian: Ślůnsko godka, Polish: Dialekt śląski) is considered either a dialect of Polish or a separate language that is related to both Czech and Polish. It is catalogued in Ethnologue as “Upper Silesian,” a dialect of Polish, and is spoken by the Polish Silesians of Upper Silesia. Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ... Current distribution of Human Language Families A language family is a group of related languages said to have descended from a common proto-language. ... The Indo-European languages comprise a family of several hundred related languages and dialects [1], including most of the major languages of Europe, as well as many spoken in the Indian subcontinent (South Asia), the Iranian plateau (Southwest Asia), and Central Asia. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... This article or section should be merged with List of West Slavic languages The West Slavic languages is a subdivision of the Slavic language group (q. ... ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family. ... ISO 639-2 is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages. ... ISO 639-3 is an international standard for language codes. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Phonetics (from the Greek word φωνή, phone meaning sound, voice) is the study of the sounds of human speech. ... Unicode is an industry standard designed to allow text and symbols from all of the writing systems of the world to be consistently represented and manipulated by computers. ... Silesian, or Schlesisch in German, (ISO 639-2 language code: SLI) is a German dialect spoken in Lower Silesia in todays southwestern Poland as well as in the northeast of the Czech Republic and a part of postwar East Germany. ... Silesian as an adjective can mean anything from or related to Silesia. ... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language characteristic of a particular group of the languages speakers. ... Ethnologue: Languages of the World is a web and print publication of SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics), a Christian linguistic service organization which studies lesser-known languages primarily to provide the speakers with Bibles in their native language. ... Girl in Upper Silesian dress from MysÅ‚owice, 2006 Woman in Silesian dress from Teschen, 1914 Silesians (Silesian: Åšlônzoki; Polish: ; Czech: ; German: ) are the West Slavic inhabitants of Silesia (Czech: ) , Poland and Czech Republic. ... Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ...

Contents

Distribution

Most Slavic Silesian speakers currently live in the region of Upper Silesia, which is split between southwestern Poland and the northeastern Czech Republic. At present Silesian is commonly spoken in the area between historical border of Silesia on the east, and a line from Syców to Prudnik on the west, as well as in the Rawicz area (Khazaks). Until 1945 Silesian was also spoken in enclaves in Lower Silesia, as Silesian German was spoken by the ethnic German majority populace of that region at the time. Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ... Syców (German: Groß Wartenberg) is located in Gmina Syców, Olesnica County, Poland. ... Prudnik (German: ) is a town in south-western Poland with 24,000 inhabitants (2003), situated in the Opole Voivodship. ... Rawicz is a town in central Poland with 21,398 inhabitants (2004). ... Lower Silesia (German: ; Polish: ; Latin: Silesia Inferior) is the northwestern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia. ... Silesian, or Schlesisch in German, (ISO 639-2 language code: SLI) is a German dialect spoken in Lower Silesia in todays southwestern Poland as well as in the northeast of the Czech Republic and a part of postwar East Germany. ...


According to the last census in Poland (2002), some 70,000 people declared Silesian as their first language, and some 170,000 people declared Silesian nationality. However, the total number of Silesian speakers (the majority of whom do not consider it as a separate language) exceeds two million. There are also about 100,000 Silesian (Cieszyn Silesian) speakers living in the Czech Republic; Cieszyn Silesian is also commonly spoken in the Polish part of Cieszyn Silesia. 10,878 people in Czech Republic declared Silesian nationality. Aside from Poland and the Czech Republic, Silesian is also spoken in several other parts of the world, but most of then declare their mother tongue as Polish. Girl in Upper Silesian dress from Mysłowice, 2006 Woman in Silesian dress from Teschen, 1914 Silesians (Silesian: Ślônzoki; Polish: ; Czech: ; German: ) are the West Slavic inhabitants of Silesia (Czech: ) , Poland and Czech Republic. ... Cieszyn Silesian dialect (Polish: gwara cieszyńska, Czech těšínské nářečí) is one of the Silesian dialects of Polish language with strong Czech and German influences. ... Cieszyn Silesia (Polish: Śląsk Cieszyński, Czech: Těšínské Slezsko, German: Teschener Schlesien) is a historical region in south-eastern Silesia, between the Vistula and Oder rivers. ...


Dialect vs. language

Opinions are divided between speakers and linguists as to whether Silesian is a distinct language or another dialect of Polish. The issue can be contentious since some Silesians consider themselves to be a distinct ethnic minority or nationality within Poland and some other Silesians disagree with this. Linguistics is the scientific study of language, which can be theoretical or applied. ...


When classified as a dialect, it is the most prominent regional dialect of the Polish language. When classified as a language, it is considered closely related to Polish and Czech with some influence from German.


See also

A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language characteristic of a particular group of the languages speakers. ... Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ... The Silesian alphabet is based on the Latin alphabet but uses diacritics such as the acute accent and the caron. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Silesian Voivodship - definition of Silesian Voivodship in Encyclopedia (830 words)
The Silesian voivodship lies in the south of Poland and is bordered by the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The Silesian Upland (Wyzyna Śląska) is situated in the central and the north western part, with the hills of the Krakowsko-Częstochowska Upland (Jura Krakowsko-Częstochowska) in the northeastern area.
Strong links of the present Silesian voivodship (comprising area known as the Upper Silesia) with the Opole and Lower Silesian Voivodships is justified and motivated by historical identity of the Duchy of Silesia (Ksiestwo Śląskie) divided in the 13th century into the Upper and Lower Silesia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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