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Encyclopedia > Silence

Silence is a relative or total lack of sound. An environment with sound below 20 decibels is considered quiet or silent. Sound is a disturbance of mechanical energy that propagates through matter as a longitudinal wave, and therefore is a mechanical wave. ... The decibel is a dimensionless unit (like percent) that is a measure of ratios on a logarithmic scale. ...

Contents

Commemoration

See also: moment of silence

Silence is sometimes associated with respect. In specific cultures, people are silent at a funeral. People are silent about secrets because they have respect for the sactity of the person who gave the information. Silence has been a part of the rituals surrounding Armistice Day since its inception, after the idea was first proposed by an Australian journalist, Edward George Honey, and later implemented by King George V of the United Kingdom. A two-minute silence is held at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" (the time at which the armistice became effective), both on Armistice Day itself and on Remembrance Sunday. In the early years of the century the two minutes were very fully observed, even to the extent of traffic stopping in the streets. The practice declined somewhat (except as part of the Remembrance Sunday ritual itself) but regained popularity in the 1990s, partly through the agency of the then prime minister John Major. The two-minute silence was first observed in Cape Town, South Africa in 1916 following the publication of South Africa's first casualty list of World War I. Sir Harry Hands, the Mayor of Cape Town, ordered a two-minute silent pause, to follow the firing of the Noon gun, in commemoration of those lost. A moment of silence is the expression for a period of silent contemplation, prayer, reflection, or meditation. ... Armistice Day Celebrations in Toronto Canada - 1918 Armistice Day is the anniversary of the official end of World War I, November 11, 1918. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 - 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, as a result of his creating it from the British branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... In the United Kingdom Remembrance Sunday is the Sunday nearest to 11 November - Remembrance Day, which is the anniversary of when hostilities in the First World War ended at 11 a. ... Sir John Major, KG, CH, PC (born 29 March 1943) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the British Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. ... Cape Town and the Cape of Good Hope Cape Town (Afrikaans, Dutch: Kaapstad; Xhosa: eKapa or SaseKapa), is one of South Africas three capital cities serving as the legislative capital (executive capital and Bloemfontein the judicial capital). ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... The Noon gun has been an historic symbol of time-keeping in Cape Town, South Africa since 1806. ...


Such silences, usually of between one and three minutes, are now quite often observed wherever large numbers of people are gathered, to commemorate the deaths of people who have died tragically or after a distinguished life, such as the murdered toddler James Bulger, the football manager Sir Matt Busby, or the British Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother in April 2002. James Jamie Patrick Bulger (March 16, 1990 – February 12, 1993) was a two-year old toddler who was abducted and murdered by two ten year-old boys, Jon Venables and Robert Thompson (both born in 1982), in Merseyside, England. ... Statue of Sir Matt Busby Sir Alexander Matthew Busby, CBE (26 May 1909 – 20 January 1994) was a Scottish football player and manager, most noted for his management of Manchester United F.C. during the 1950s and 1960s. ... HM Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother (née Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon) Queen Elizabeth (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite) (4 August 1900 - 30 March 2002) was the Queen consort of George VI of the United Kingdom from 1936 to 1952. ...


The normal British convention is two minutes of silence (though Buckingham Palace suggested one minute for Diana, Princess of Wales on 6 September 1997). This dates from the first Armistice commemorations in 1919, where the original proposal of one minute was increased to two by the King. The victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks were commemorated by two minutes' silence in the UK, three elsewhere. The 2002 Bali bombing was commemorated with a one-minute silence on 5 July 2003. There were international silences of three minutes each on 15 March 2004 for the 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings and on 5 January 2005 for the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. On the evening of 8 April 2005, the lights were switched off in houses throughout Poland and five minutes of silence observed to commemorate Pope John Paul II. Diana, Princess of Wales (Diana Frances Mountbatten-Windsor; née Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997) was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, eldest son and heir apparent of Elizabeth II. Her two sons, Princes William and Harry, are second and third, respectively, in line to the... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... The 2002 Bali bombing occurred on October 12, 2002 in the tourist district of Kuta on the Indonesian island of Bali. ... The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known as 11-M, 3/11, 11/3 and M-11) consisted of a series of coordinated bombings against the Cercanías (commuter train) system of Madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004, killing 191 people and wounding 2,050. ... Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), (Italian: Giovanni Paolo II), born   [] (May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Poland – April 2, 2005, Vatican City) reigned as Pope of the Catholic...


The victims of the 7 July 2005 London bombings were remembered by two minutes of silence throughout Europe at noon on 14 July. There were also two minutes of silence throughout the United Kingdom on 7th July 2006 to mark one year since the bombings. The 7 July 2005 London bombings were a series of coordinated terrorist bomb blasts that hit Londons public transport system during the morning rush hour. ...


Gestures and symbols

No mobile phones are permitted in the Quiet Carriage.
No mobile phones are permitted in the Quiet Carriage.

One widely recognized symbolic gesture of silence consists of a forefinger laid vertically across the lips. Comic emphasis is achieved with a gesture of thumb and finger zippering the mouth shut. For the cultural misunderstanding that made Harpocrates an emblem of silence from Roman times, see Harpocrates. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1617 KB) Summary The interior of the Standard Class Quiet Carriage of a High Speed Train operated by First Great Western. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1617 KB) Summary The interior of the Standard Class Quiet Carriage of a High Speed Train operated by First Great Western. ... Military signalmen use hand and body gestures to direct flight operations aboard aircraft carriers. ... Zipper slider brings together the two sides A zipper (British English: zip fastener or zip) is a popular device for temporarily joining two edges of fabric. ... The child Horus represented to the ancient Egyptians the new-born Sun, rising each day at dawn. ...


The rose, sometimes depicted clasped by or on top of closed lips, is another well-recognized symbol of silence stemming from various mythologies. Species Between 100 and 150, see list Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Rosa A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa, and the flower of this shrub. ...


In the Western cultures, it is sometimes difficult to interpret the message being sent by a person being silent (i.e. not speaking). It can mean anger, hostility, disinterest, or any number of other emotions. Because of this, people in Western cultures feel uneasy when one party is silent and will usually try their best to fill up the silence with small talk.


The Western Apaches use silence during times of uncertainty or anger in the way most people in Western cultures would be vocal. The goal is to observe and anticipate what the other party is going to do. Links Western Apache-English Dictionary (White Mountain) White Mountain Apache Tribe (Arizona Intertribal Council) San Carlos Apache Tribe (Arizona Intertribal Council) Tonto Apache Tribe (Arizona Intertribal Council) Yavapai-Apache Nation Official Website Yavapai-Apache Nation (Arizona Intertribal Council) White Mountain Apache Tribe White Mountain Apache photographs map of Fort Apache... This article may contain original research or unverified claims. ...


In Joy Kogawa's novel Obasan, silence is a symbol of victimization, a sign of the overbearing memories which burden us. Its characters have been silenced by repression. Joy Nozomi Kogawa (born 1935) in Vancouver, BC. She was sent to an internment camp during World War Two. ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... Obasan is a 1981 novel by the Japanese-Canadian author Joy Kogawa. ... A repressed memory, according to some theories of psychology, a memory (often traumatic) of an event or environment which is stored by the unconscious mind but outside the awareness of the conscious mind. ...


In music

Silence has played a key role in many musical works. One famous example of silence in music is the respected composer John Cage's work, which consists entirely of four minutes and thirty-three seconds of silence. Cage had this to say about silence: "Until I die there will be sounds. And they will continue following my death. One need not fear about the future of music." John Cage For the character of John Cage from the TV show Ally McBeal see: John Cage (Character). ... 433 is a musical work by avant-garde composer John Cage, often described (somewhat erroneously) as four and a half minutes of silence. ...


In debate

Argumentative silence is the rhetorical practice of saying nothing when an opponent in a debate would expect something to be said. Poorly executed, it can be very offensive, like refusing to answer a direct question. However, well-timed silence can completely throw an opponent and give the debater the upper hand. Rhetoric (from Greek , rhêtôr, orator, teacher) is generally understood to be the art or technique of persuasion through the use of oral language and written language; however, this definition of rhetoric has been contested since rhetoric emerged as a field of study in Universities. ... Debate (North American English) or debating (British English) is a formal method of interactive and position representational argument. ... Look up opponent in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


An argument from silence (Latin: argumentum ex silentio) is an argument based on the assumption that someone's silence on a matter suggests ("proves" when a logical fallacy) that person's ignorance of the matter. In general, ex silentio refers to the claim that the absence of something demonstrates the proof of a proposition. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Fallacy. ...


In law

The right to silence is a legal protection enjoyed by people undergoing police interrogation or trial in certain countries. The law is either explicit or recognized in many legal systems. Violation of the right to quiet enjoyment is a common law tort. The right to silence is a legal protection enjoyed by people undergoing police interrogation or trial in certain countries. ... Nuisance is a common law tort. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Tort is a legal term that means civil wrong, as opposed to a criminal wrong, that is recognized by law as grounds for a lawsuit. ...


In spirituality

A silent mind, freed from the onslaught of thoughts and thought patterns, is both, a goal and an important step in spiritual development. Inner silence is understood to bring one in contact with the divine or the ultimate reality of this moment. All religious traditions imply the importance of being quiet and still in mind and spirit for transformative and integral spiritual growth to occur. In Christianity, there is the silence of contemplative prayer such as Centering prayer and Christian meditation; in Islam, there are the wisdom writings of the Sufis who insist on the importance of finding silence within. In Buddhism, the descriptions of silence and allowing the mind to become silent are implied as a feature of spiritual enlightenment. In Hinduism, including the teachings of Advaita Vedanta and the many paths of yoga, teachers insist on the importance of silence for inner growth. In Quakerism, silence is an actual part of worship services and a time to allow the divine to speak in the heart and mind. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Centering prayer is a popular method of contemplative prayer, placing a strong emphasis on interior quiet and the experience of Gods presence. ... Christian meditation is a form of quiet (but not necessarily silent) contemplation often associated with prayer or scripture study. ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, which is also a philosophy and a system of psychology. ... Look up Enlightenment in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Advaita Vedanta (IAST ; Devanagari ; IPA ) is the dominant sub-school of the Vedānta (literally, end or the goal of the Vedas, Sanskrit) school of Hindu philosophy. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ...


Effects on humans and animals

Prolonged silence can often affect a person's state of mind, causing them to hear things and talk to themselves to break the silence. Most people find silence uncomfortable, and to the extreme, unbearable. In modern society, especially in the western society, when people are meeting and talking to each other, people often start talking nonsense to skip moments of silence. People seem to have the same feeling all over the world, - however silence seems to be much more appreciated in the eastern world (China etc.) That is one of the reasons why some people seek answers in eastern religions. "Those who know do not speak; Those who speak do not know." (Lau Tzu) Lao Zi (also spelled Laozi, Lao Tzu, or Lao Tse) was a famous Chinese philosopher who is believed to have lived in approximately the 4th century BC, during the Hundred Schools of Thought and Warring States Periods. ...


Feelings of loneliness with uncomfortable silence is easier in early life, but most people have roughly the same experience throughout their whole life. Most people often have problems finding words to say, but also many people have no problem finding things to say, and will maybe never have this feeling at all.


In labs, animals that have been subject to a total lack of noise have shown signs of behavioral changes and aggression[citation needed] (see Sensory deprivation). A prisoner at the United States Camp X-ray facility at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba being subjected to sensory deprivation, through the use of ear muffs, visor, breathing mask and heavy mittens. ...


See also

A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... The word silencer can mean: The noise suppressor that goes on the end of a gun barrel Muffler on an internal combustion engines exhaust pipe A sound-reducing device located in a large chimney Silencer (DNA) is a type of regulating DNA sequence Silencer (game) is a game by... The term retreat has several related meanings, all of which have in common the notion of safety or temporarily removing oneself from ones usual environment. ... In an alphabetic writing system, a silent letter is a letter that, in a particular word, does not correspond to any sound in the words pronunciation. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Silence
Look up silence, tacit in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Silence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (512 words)
A two-minute silence is held at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" (the time at which the armistice became effective), both on Armistice Day itself and on Remembrance Sunday.
The normal British convention is two minutes of silence (though Buckingham Palace suggested one minute for Diana, Princess of Wales on 6 September 1997).
There were international silences of three minutes on 15 March 2004 for the 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings, and on 5 January 2005 for the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
Moment of silence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (647 words)
A moment of silence is the expression for a period of silent contemplation, prayer, reflection, or meditation.
Similar to flying a flag at half-mast, a moment of silence is often a gesture of respect, particularly in mourning for those who have recently died or as part of a commemoration ceremony of a tragic historical event.
A moment of silence may be accompanied by other acts of symbolic significance, such as the tolling of bells, the release of doves or balloons, or a performance of the Last Post.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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