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Encyclopedia > Sikhs
A Sikh man wearing a turban
A Sikh man wearing a turban

The adherents of Sikhism are called Sikhs. In the languages of India, the word Sikh literally means student or devotee of God. http://gimp-savvy. ... http://gimp-savvy. ... The Golden Temple is a sacred shrine for Sikhs Sikhism (Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖੀ) is a religion based on the teachings of ten Gurus who lived primarily in 16th and 17th century India. ... India is rich in languages, boasting not only the indigenous sprouting of Dravidian and Indo-Aryan tongues, but of the absorption of Middle-Eastern and European influences as well. ...


Most Sikhs are of Punjabi background and live in the state of Punjab, India, but the Sikh community stretches over 100 nations and on all continents of the world. Punjabi (sometimes spelled Panjabi) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... This article details the Indian state of Punjab. ...

Contents


Sikhs today

Today, Sikhs can be found all over India and elsewhere in the world. Sikh men as well as some Sikh women can be identified by their practice of always wearing a turban to cover their long hair. The turban is quite different from the ones worn by the Muslim clergy and should not be confused with them. The surname or more usually the middle name Singh1 (meaning lion) is very common for males, and Kaur (meaning princess) for women. Of course, not all people named Singh or Kaur are necessarily Sikhs, the Sikhs adopted the name Singh in 1699 during the Birth of the Khalsa. The name Singh is closely linked to the martial antiquities of North India dating back to at least the Eighth Century CE. The turban (Arabic: , ‘imāmä; Turkish: tülbent; Persian: دلبنت, dulband) is a headdress, of Asian origin, consisting of a long scarf wound round the head or an inner hat. ... Singh, meaning Lion, is possibly the most common name in India being used by both Hindus and Sikhs as a male name, albeit for different purposes. ... Kaur, which means princess in Punjabi, is widely used as a name by females in the Sikh community. ...


The Five Ks

Main article: The Five Ks

Practicing Sikhs are bound to wear five kakaars, or articles of faith, known as The Five Ks, at all times. It is done either out of respect for the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, or out of sense of duty or from understanding of their function and purpose and relevance in daily life. It is important to note that The Five Ks are not merely present for symbolic purposes. The tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, ordered these Five Ks to be worn so that a Sikh could actively use them to make a difference to their own spirituality and to others' spirituality. Sikhs are bound to wear five items, known as the Five Ks, on them at all times. ... Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ) (Patna, Bihar, India, December 22, 1666 – October 7, 1708) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Teg Bahadur. ...


The 5 items are: Kesh (uncut hair), Kanga (small comb), Kara (circular bracelet), Kirpan (small sword) and Kacha (long underwear). Shahrisabz or Shahr-e Sabz (from the Persian meaning green city), also known as Kesh, is a city in Uzbekistan approximately 50 mi. ... Kanga is a decorative cotton cloth garment common in East Africa, often worn as a pair. ... Kara is a city in northern Togo. ... Sikhs are bound to wear five items, known as the Five Ks, on them at all times. ... Sikhs are bound to wear five items, known as the Five Ks, on them at all times. ...


Sikhs around the world

A Sikh known as Yogi Bhajan brought the Sikh way of life to many young people in the Western hemisphere. In addition to Indian-born Sikhs, there are now thousands of individuals of Western origin who were not born as Sikhs, but have embraced the Sikh way of life and live and teach all over the world. Harbhajan Singh Khalsa Yogiji (August 28, 1929–October 6, 2004), also known as Yogi Harbhajan and Yogi Bhajan, was a spiritual leader who was the head of the Sikh Dharma in the western hemisphere. ...


In the late 1970s and 1980s a limited political separatist movement arose in India with the mission to create a separate Sikh state, called Khalistan, in the Punjab area of India and Pakistan. The 1970s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1970 and 1979. ... The 1980s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1980 and 1989. ... Flag of Khalistan in exile Khalistan (Punjabi: ਖਾਲਿਸਤਾਨ) was the name given to a proposed nation-state encompassing much of the area of Punjabi-speaking India and Pakistan, which formed part of the old Sikh Kingdom. ...


Currently, there are about 23 million Sikhs in the world, making it the fifth largest world religion. Approximately 19 million Sikhs live in India with the majority living in the state of Punjab ('greater Punjab' extends across the India-Pakistan border but few Sikhs remained in Pakistan due to persecution during the split of India in 1947). Large populations of Sikhs can be found in the United Kingdom, Canada, and USA. They also comprise a significant minority in Malaysia and Singapore, where they are respected for their drive and high education standards, as they dominate the legal profession. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...



Following the Indian general election, 2004, Dr Manmohan Singh has become the first Sikh Prime Minister of India. Legislative elections were held in India, the worlds largest democracy, in four phases between April 20 and May 10, 2004. ... Dr. Manmohan Singh (Gurmukhi: ਮਨਮੋਹਨ ਸਿੰਘ, Devanagari: मनमोहन सिंह) is the fourteenth, and current, Prime Minister of India. ... The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the government of India. ...


Sikhs comprise a large proportion of the Indian Armed Forces. On January 31st 2005, General J.J. Singh became the 22nd Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army (the highest commanding position) and the first Sikh to do so. Also they have a major presence in the Transport Industry in India.


Sikh Communities

Some of the largest Sikh communities exist in Amritsar, Punjab, and other areas of Punjab, in addition to Pakistan, Afghanistan, Australia, Canada, Pakistan, Malaysia, Thailand, Kuwait, Germany, The Netherlands, UAE, UK, USA etc. Amritsar (Punjabi: ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰ, Hindi: अमृतसर), meaning Pool of the Nectar of Immortality, is a city in Punjab, India. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (Meaning: Land of five Rivers) (also Panjab, Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, Shahmukhi: پنجاب) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden). ... UAE redirects here; for other uses of that term, see UAE (disambiguation) The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ...


The number of Sikh youth is on the rise, as young people study in the growing number of Sikh gurmat schools. Sikh gurmat schools number in the hundreds across the world, but some of the more notable ones have been the Miri Piri Academy (Punjab), Akal Academy (Baru Sahib), Khalsa School (Surrey), and Guru Nanak Public School (UK). Emerging schools include the Guru Nanak Academy (Surrey), Panth Khalsa Study Center (Calgary), and Shan-E-Khalsa Gurmat Academy (Abbotsford).


Practices in Sikh communities around the world are standard with regard to behaviour in a gurdwara, or the manner of conducting certain ceremonies, but personal lifestyle often varies.


Sikh Communities in the News

Recently the Sikh community of New Orleans has been in the news due to Hurricane Katrina and the events surrounding the New Orleans gurdwara in the aftermath of the hurricane. Hurricane Katrina was the eleventh named tropical storm, fourth hurricane, third major hurricane, and first Category 5 hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ...


The Sikh community of Surrey has recently been in the news in relation to two attacks on elderly Sikh men in Surrey's Bear Creek Park, and the Surrey Sikh Community's reaction to these hate-motivated crimes, but this story is not relevant to anyone wishing to learn about Sikhism since it is a tiny isolated case of local violence and of no significance whatsoever.


Multi-level approach

Main article: Sikh religious philosophy

Sikhism recognises the concept of a multi-level approach to achieving your target as a disciple of the faith. For example, Sahajdhari (slow adopters) are Sikhs who have not donned the full Five Ks but are still Sikhs nonetheless. The Sikh religious philosophy is covered in great detail in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy text. ... Sikhs are bound to wear five items, known as the Five Ks, on them at all times. ...


The Khalsa

Main article: Khalsa

A baptised Sikh becomes a member of the Khalsa or the "Pure Ones". When a Sikh joins the Khalsa, he/she is supposed to have devoted their life to the Guru, and is expected not to desist from sacrificing anything and everything in a struggle for a just and righteous cause. Khalsa which means Pure is the name given by Guru Gobind Singh to all Sikhs who have been baptised or initiated by taking Amrit in ceremony called Amrit Sanchar. ... Khalsa which means Pure is the name given by Guru Gobind Singh to all Sikhs who have been baptised or initiated by taking Amrit in ceremony called Amrit Sanchar. ...


The word "Khalsa" has two literal meanings. It comes from Persian. One literal meaning is "Pure" and the other meaning is "belonging to the king". When the word "Khalsa" is used for a Sikh, it implies belonging to the King, where the King is God himself. To become a Khalsa, a Sikh must surrender themselves completely to the supreme King or God and obey God's will without question or delay. Persian (فارسی = Fârsi . ...


Followers of Sikhism

A Sikh is a follower of Sikhism. The word Sikh is derived from the Sanskrit word shishya which means disciple or student. In the Punjabi language the word Sikh also means humble follower. So a Sikh is a disciple of the Ten Gurus and a follower of the teachings in Sikhism's holy scriptures who they regard as a living guru, the Guru Granth Sahib. Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम्) is a classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Punjabi (also Panjabi, Paṁjābī, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ in Gurmukhī, پنجابی in Shahmukhi) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... ... Illuminated Adi Granth folio with nisan (Mool Mantar) of Guru Gobind Singh. ...


Sikhs and Punjabis

Since Sikhism originated in the Punjab region, most Sikhs trace their roots to that region (though in recent times, with the spread both of Sikhism and Sikhs, one might encounter Sikhs belonging to other geographical locations across the world). With the revisions of the state boundaries in 1966, 65% of the population in the Indian Punjab made up of Sikhs, whereas Sikhs comprise only 2% of the population in India as a whole. Consequently, and also because the Guru Granth Sahib is written in Gurmukhi, a script of the Punjabi language, most Sikhs are able to speak, read or write the language, or are at least familiar with it. Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (meaning: Land of five Rivers; also Panjab, Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, Shahmukhi: پنجاب) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... This article details the Indian state of Punjab. ... Many religions and spiritual movements hold certain written texts (or series of spoken legends not traditionally written down) to be sacred. ... The Gurmukhi (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ or ਗੁਰਮੁੱਖੀ) script, derived from the Later Sharada script and standardised by Guru Angad Dev in the 16th century, was designed to write the Punjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) language. ...


Sikh names

Main article: Sikh names

A Sikh man often bears a middle name or surname of Singh, which means 'lion', and a Sikh woman can be identified with a second name of Kaur, which means 'princess' ('Kaur' being an exclusively Sikh name). Additionally, except only a very few cases, the same first names as used for men are used for women. In other words, though one may not be able to tell the sex of a Sikh person from his/her first name, the second name of Singh or Kaur makes the distinction completely clear. Unisex first names are a salient example of the complete equality between men and women. Many Sikh's first names have a -pal, -jit or -inder suffix endings, such as Inderjit, Harjit, Rajpal, Harpal, Harinder and Pritinder. A Sikh man almost always bears the surname of Singh, which means lion, and a Sikh woman can be identified with a second name of Kaur, which means princess (Kaur being an exclusively Sikh name). ... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ...


See Also

The Golden Temple is a sacred shrine for Sikhs Sikhism (Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖੀ) is a religion based on the teachings of ten Gurus who lived primarily in 16th and 17th century India. ... Guru Nanak (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ, Devanagari: गुरु नानक) (20 October 1469 - 7 May 1539), the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Gurus of the Sikhs, was born in the village of Talwandi, now called Nankana Sahib, near Lahore in present-day Pakistan. ... The Sikh religious philosophy is covered in great detail in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy text. ... This list is of topics related to Sikhs and Sikhism. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... A Hindu is an adherent of Hinduism, the predominant religious, philosophical and cultural systems of Bharat (India) and Nepal. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (Meaning: Land of five Rivers) (also Panjab, Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, Shahmukhi: پنجاب) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ... This list is of topics related to Sikhs and Sikhism. ... The Golden Temple is a sacred shrine for Sikhs Sikhism (Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖੀ) is a religion based on the teachings of ten Gurus who lived primarily in 16th and 17th century India. ... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ... Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, teachers or masters, over the period 1469 to 1708. ... Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ) (20 October 1469 – 7 May 1539), the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Gurus of the Sikhs, was born in the village... Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ) (31 March 1504 – 29 March 1552) was the second of The Ten Gurus of Sikhism. ... Sri Guru Amar Das Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਅਮਰ ਦਾਸ ਜੀ) (5 April 1479 – 1 September 1574) was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 26 March 1552 following in the footsteps of Guru Angad Dev, who died 29 March 1552. ... Sri Guru Ram Das Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ ਜੀ) (24 September 1534 – 1 September 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 30 August 1574 following in the footsteps of Guru Amar Das. ... Guru Arjan Dev Ji (15 April 1563 - 30 May 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 1 September 1581 following in the footsteps of Guru Ram Das ji. ... Sri Guru Har Gobind Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਜੀ) (19 June 1595 - 03 March 1644) was the sixth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 25 May 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Dev. ... Sri Guru Har Rai Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿਰਾਇ ਜੀ) (26 February 1630 - 6 October 1661) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 8 March 1644 following in the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind. ... Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ ਜੀ) (7 July 1656 - 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 7 October 1661 following in the footsteps of his father, Guru Har Rai. ... Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ ਬਹਾਦਰ ਜੀ) (April 1, 1621 - November 11, 1675) was the ninth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on March 20, 1665 following in the footsteps of his grand-nephew, Guru Har Krishan . ... Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ) (Patna, Bihar, India, December 22, 1666 – October 7, 1708) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Teg Bahadur. ... Illuminated Adi Granth folio with nisan (Mool Mantar) of Guru Gobind Singh. ... Sikh Bhagats refers to the Saints and holy men of various faiths whose teachings are included in the Sikh holy book the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. ... The Sikh religious philosophy is covered in great detail in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy text. ... Ek Onkaar - One God - There is only ONE God who has infinite qualities and names; S/He* is the same for all religions; God is Creator & Sustainer -All that you see around you is Gods Creation; S/He* is everywhere, and in everything; S/He is fearless and with... The Sikhs must believe in the following Values: Equality: All humans are equal before God – No discrimination is allowed on the basis of Caste, Race, Sex, Creed, Origin, colour, education, status, wealth, etc. ... Non-Logical Behaviour: Superstitions and rituals not meaningful to Sikhs; (pilgrimages, fasting and bathing in rivers; circumcision; worship of graves, idols, pictures; compulsory wearing of the veil for women; etc. ... Naam: Japo – Meditation & Prayer, Free Service Sewa, Simran, Sacred Music Kirtan Kirat Karni: - Honest, Earnings, labour, etc while remembering the Lord Wand kay Shako: - Share with Others who are deserving, Free Food langar, 10% Donation Daasvand, etc See also Sikhism and Sikh religious philosophy. ... The Golden Temple is the most important sacred shrine for Sikhs Sikhism comes from the word Sikh, which means a strong and able disciple. ... The Aardas are the Sikh prayers of the day. ... In general Hinduism, Amrit is an elixir that grants its drinker immortality. ... Chardi Kala is an important expression used in Sikhism for a mind frame that a Sikh has to accept and practise. ... Dasvand means to donate 10% percent of ones harvest to the Gurdwara. ... Sikhs are bound to wear five items, known as the Five Ks, on them at all times. ... Kirat Karni is one of three primary pillars of Sikhism. ... A bhajan or kirtan is a Hindu devotional song, often but not necessarily of ancient origin. ... Langar is the term used in the Sikh religion for the free, vegetarian-only food served in a Gurdwara and eaten by everyone sitting as equals. ... The term Naam refers to the act of worship of God by Sikhs. ... The term Simran refers to the vocal repetition or recital of the God Names - Naam or of the Holy Text from the Two Granths of the Sikhs - the Sri Guru Granth Sahib and the Dasam Granth. ... Guru Nanak elaborated the three pillars thus, [1] the practise Simran and Naam Japno – meditation on God and reciting and chanting of God’s name, Waheguru the practise of Kirat Karni – To honestly earn by ones physical and mental effort while accepting Gods gifts and blessing the practise of... In Sikhism Wand Kay Shako is a technique and method which means share it as you consume it. ... Illuminated Adi Granth folio with nisan (Mool Mantar) of Guru Gobind Singh. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Sarab Loh Granth (Punjabi: ) is a poem that recites the story of gods and demons, and is thought to be the work of Guru Gobind Singh. ... Sikh Holy Texts Bani is the term used by Sikhs to refer to various sections of the Holy Text that appears in their several Holy Books The important Banis are listed below: Japji Sahib 1. ... Chaupai is the short name for the Sikh prayer or Gurbani whose full name is Kabiobach Bainti Chaupai. ... Jaap Sahib is the morning prayer of the Sikhs. ... Japji Sahib consists of the Mool Mantra, a set of 38 hymns and a final Salok which appear at the very beginning of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Holy Book of the Sikhs. ... Illuminated Adi Granth folio with nisan (Mool Mantar) of Guru Gobind Singh. ... Evening prayer of the Sikhs. ... Sukhmani Sahib is the name given to the set of hymns divided into 24 sections which appear in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Holy Scriptures on page 262. ... This is a short hymn of 10 stanzas. ... Stylised Ek Onkar Simple Ek Onkar Ek Onkar (also à©´, ਇਕ ਓਅੰਕਾਰ, Ik ÅŒaá¹…kār, Ek Omkar, Ik Omkar and other variants) meaning one God is a central tenet of Sikh religious philosophy. ... Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha, Southall, UK. A Gurdwara (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ, often incorrectly called a Gurudwara), meaning the doorway to God, is the Sikh place of worship and may be referred to as a Sikh Temple. ... Khalsa which means Pure is the name given by Guru Gobind Singh to all Sikhs who have been baptised or initiated by taking Amrit in ceremony called Amrit Sanchar. ... The Khanda The Khanda is one of the most important symbols of Sikhism. ... A Sikh man almost always bears the surname of Singh, which means lion, and a Sikh woman can be identified with a second name of Kaur, which means princess (Kaur being an exclusively Sikh name). ... Satguru or Sadguru means true guru (Sanskrit सदगुरू sat=true), literally: true teacher. ... Waheguru (Punjabi: ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ) means The Wonderful Lord in the Punjabi language. ...

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