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Encyclopedia > Sikhism in Pakistan
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Sikhism

Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive gurus. ... Image File history File links Khanda1. ...

History of Sikhism
Dharmic religions
Sikh beliefs
Sikh
The history of Sikhism is closely associated with the history of Punjab, the socio-political situation in medieval India, and the social structures and philosophies of Hinduism and Islam. ... map showing the prevalence of Dharmic (yellow) and Abrahamic (purple) religions in each country. ... // Ek Onkar There is only one God who has infinite qualities and names. ... A Sikh (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent of Sikhism. ...

The Sikh Gurus
Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, teachers or masters, over the period 1469 to 1708. ...

Sikh Bhagats
Sikh Bhagats refers to the Saints and holy men of various faiths whose teachings are included in the Sikh holy book the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. ...

Other Important People
This article list historic personalites who are important to the Sikh religion: Bhai Gurdas (1551-1637) is one of the most eminent literary personalities in the history of the Sikh religion. ...

Philosophy
Beliefs and principles
Underlying values · Prohibitions
Technique and methods
Other observations · Bani
The Sikh religious philosophy is covered in great detail in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy text. ... // There is only one God who has infinite qualities and names. ... The Sikhs must believe in the following values: Equality: All humans are equal before God – No discrimination is allowed on the basis of caste, race, sex, creed, origin, color, education, status, wealth, etc. ... There are a number of religious prohibitions in Sikhism: Cutting Hair: Cutting hair is strictly forbidden in Sikhism. ... Naam: Or Naam Japo. ... The Golden Temple is the most important sacred shrine for Sikhs Sikhism comes from the word Sikh, which means a strong and able disciple. ... Bani is the term used by Sikhs to refer to various sections of the Holy Text that appears in their several Holy Books. ...

Sikh practices · List
The practice of the Sikh way of life has been laid out by the Gurus in simple, precise and practical manner. ...

Scripture
Guru Granth Sahib
Adi Granth · Dasam Granth
The principal Sikh scripture is the Adi Granth (First Scripture), more commonly called the Guru Granth Sahib. ... The Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: , ) Guru is made up of two words: GU meaning DARK and RU meaning LIGHT. The word Guru means from darkness to light or from ignorance to enlightenment. ... Guru Granth Sahib (Granth is Punjabi for book, Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master) or Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short, is more than a holy book of the Sikhs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Categories
Practices
History · Family of the Sikh Gurus
Gurdwara · Places · Politics

List of articles on Sikhism
Portal: Sikhism
This list is of topics related to Sikhs and Sikhism. ...

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Sikhism Portal

Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan but has many cultural, historical and political ties to the country, and to the historical region of Punjab. Image File history File links Portal. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive gurus. ... This article is about the Pakistani province of Punjab. ...


Today, Pakistan, a nation of over 150 million, is 96% Muslim, with Christians and Hindus making up the largest minority faiths, each absorbing about 1.5% of the population. Sikhs, Zoroastrians, Buddhists, members of heterodox (according to Pakistani law) Islamic faiths and some adherents to animist religions make up the remainder. Information is scarce on minority adherents. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ...

Contents

Before the Partition of India and Pakistan

Prior to the Partition of India in 1947, which divided British India into its successor states of Pakistan and India, Sikhs were spread all across the region of Punjab and played an important role in its economy as businessmen and traders. Lahore, the capital of (now Pakistani) Punjab was then and still is today the location of many important religious and historical sites for Sikhs, including the Samadhi_of_Ranjit_Singh. The nearby town of Nankana Sahib has nine gurdwaras, and is the birthplace of Sikhism's founder, Guru Nanak Dev. Each of Nankana Sahib's gurdwaras are associated with different events in Guru Nanak Dev's life. The town remains an important site of pilgrimage for Sikhs worldwide. Britains holdings on the Indian subcontinent were granted independence in 1947 and 1948, becoming four new independent states: India, Burma (now Myanmar), Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and Pakistan (including East Pakistan, modern-day Bangladesh). ... British India (otherwise known as The British Raj) was a historical period during which most of the Indian subcontinent, or present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, were under the colonial authority of the British Empire (Undivided India). ... Lahore (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور) is the capital of the province of Punjab, and the second most populated city in Pakistan, also known as the Gardens of the Mughals or City of Gardens, after the significant rich heritage of the Mughal Empire. ... The Samadhi of Ranjit Singh The Samadhi of Ranjit Singh is the mausoleum of the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh. ... Nankana Sahib, also known as Raipur and Rai-Bhoi-di-Talwandi is a city in the state of Punjab in present-day Pakistan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Guru Nanak Dev Ji[1] (Punjabi: , ; (Born in Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Undivided India on 20 October 1469 – 7 September 1539, Kartarpur, Punjab, India), was the founder of Sikhism, and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. ...


After the creation of Pakistan

Nationwide, there are no reliable numerical figures for Sikhs in the country. Estimates vary wildly, from 60,000 nationwide to as little as 700 families, with little methodology or scientific technique cited by sources. The largest Sikh population in Pakistan is found in Peshawar, in the Northwest Frontier Province, which was spared the scale of violence during partition that raged in Punjab. [1] Sikhs are also found in sizable communities in Waziristan and Swat of the Northwest Frontier Province. There are also pockets of Sikhs in Lahore, Nankana Sahib, and Hasan Abdal in Punjab, and Gwadar, Kalat, and Quetta districts of Baluchistan. The (West) Punjab and Sindh provinces of Pakistan were mostly emptied of their Sikh and Hindu population in the communal massacres of partition, with nearly all fleeing for India. Today, very large segments of the populations of East Punjab and Haryana states and Delhi in India can trace their ancestry back to towns and villages now in Pakistan, including current Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Peshāwar (Pashto: پښور; Urdu:پشاور) literally means City on the Frontier in Persian and is known as Pakhawar in Pashto. ... North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... Waziristan location map A flag used by a resistance movement in Waziristan against the British during the 1930s, with the Takbir written on it. ... PTDC Motel at Malam Jabba Ski Resort, Swat, NWFP, Pakistan. ... Hasan Abdal is a small town in Northern Punjab. ... Gwadar (Urdu: گوادر ) (also spelt Gawadar) is a developing coastal town in Balochistan, Pakistan, about 650km by road from Karachi. ... The city of Kalat is located roughly in the center of Balochistan, Pakistan, south and slightly west of the provincial capital Quetta. ... Quetta (Urdu: کوئٹہ) is the capital of the province Balochistan in Pakistan. ... The province of Balochistan (or Baluchistan) (Urdu: بلوچستان) in Pakistan is the largest in the country by geographical area. ... Sindh (Sindhī: سنڌ, Urdū: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Sindhis, and Muhajirs and various other groups. ... This article details the Indian state of Punjab. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Dr. Manmohan Singh (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) is the 17th and current Prime Minister of India. ...


There has been a minor influx in the population of Sikhs in Pakistan due to the turbulent civil war and conflicts that have ravaged neighboring Afghanistan. [2] Afghanistan, like Pakistan, has had a very small Sikh and Hindu population. There has been a massive exodus of refugees from Afghanistan into Pakistan during the past 30 years of turmoil up to the reign of the Taliban and the subsequent US invasion of Afghanistan in late 2001. Due to Pakistan's porous borders with Afghanistan, large numbers of Afghanistan's minority communities, based mainly around the cities of Kabul, Kandahar, and Jalalabad have fled, and some Sikhs have joined their kinsmen in Peshawar and Lahore. Others have emigrated to India and abroad. Armed Taliban in pickup truck in Herat, July 2001. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Afghanistan. ... Jalalabad (Persian: Jalālābād, 34°31′N 70°31′E) is the capital of Nangarhar province in Afghanistan, 150 km east of Kabul near the Khyber Pass and west of the Kunar River. ...


The Sikh community in Pakistan in modern times

Until today, Sikhs have mainly kept a low profile within the monolithic population of Pakistan. [3] Pakistan, as a constitutionally Islamic state, has had inconsistent and often intolerant relations with its minorities. Until 2002, Pakistan held a system of separate electorates for all its national legislative assemblies, with only a handful of parliamentary seats reserved for minority members. Minorities were legally only permitted to vote for designated minority candidates in general elections. The regime of President General Pervez Musharraf has professed an agenda of equality for minorities and promotion and protection of minority rights, however, the implementation of corrective measures has been slow. Sikhs, by and large, have mostly avoided the violence inflicted on members of the Ahmadi, Christian, and Hindu populations. (PA – 6920) Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: پرويز مشرف); born August 11, 1943) is the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... Ahmadis (Urdu: ‎ Ahmadiyya), is the collective name given to the two distinct groups (The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement) comprising of followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (d. ... Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant (see Hebrews 8:6). ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ...


The historical and holy sites of Sikhs are maintained by a Pakistani governmental body, the Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee, which is responsible for their upkeep and preservation. Nonetheless, many Sikh shrines have fallen into disrepair since 1947,[4] as the remaining Sikh population and its corresponding manpower, economic power and political influence is minuscule compared to that of the pre-1947 community.


The emergence of the Sikh community within Pakistan

After the creation of Pakistan, the Sikh community's rights were diminished.[5] Recently the Sikh community within Pakistan has been making every effort possible to progress in Pakistan. For example Harcharan Singh became the first Sikh to join the Pakistan's army.For the first time in the 58 year history of Pakistan there has a Sikh been selected into Pakistan's army. Prior to Harcharan Singh's selection in the Pakistani army no individual person who was a member of the Hindu or the Sikh community were ever selected in the army, but there are reports which states that the Pakistani Christian community has served in the army and some had even reached into to the ranks of a Brigadier in the army. [6] Harcharan Singh is the first Sikh officer to be recruited in the Pakistan Army. ...


References

  1. ^ India Uncut, India "Jaziya" 04 October 2006
  2. ^ , "The Heart-rending Story of Afghani Sikhs" 04 October 2006
  3. ^ Tribune, India "Maryada may be in danger, but Sikhs are special in Pakistan" 04 October 2006
  4. ^ Kashmir,India "Islamic Pakistan Proceeds to Annex Sikh Gurdwaras" 25 May 1999
  5. ^ "Partition Of The Punjab - 1947" 12 November 2006
  6. ^ "First Sikh officer in Pakistan Army" 20 December 2005

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