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Encyclopedia > Sikh scriptures
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Sikh scriptures

Image File history File links Khanda. ...

Sikhism
History of Sikhism
Sikh Beliefs
Sikh
Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... The Khanda, one of the most important symbols of Sikhism. ... // Ek Onkar There is only one God who has infinite qualities and names. ... A Sikh (IPA: [siːk] or [sɪk]; Punjabi: , , IPA: [sɪk. ...

Sri Guru Granth Sahib

Japji Sahib
Shabad Hazaray
Anand Sahib
Rehras Sahib
Kirtan Sohila
Sukhmani Sahib
Asa di Var
Guru Granth Sahib (Granth is Punjabi for book, Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master) or Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short, is more than a holy book of the Sikhs. ... Japji Sahib consists of the Mool Mantra, a set of 38 hymns and a final Salok which appear at the very beginning of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Holy Book of the Sikhs. ... Anand Sahib: This Bani is part of the Nitnem or prayer which are read by Amritdhari Sikhs in the morning. ... Evening prayer of the Sikhs. ... To remove the fear of death. ... Sukhmani Sahib is the name given to the set of hymns divided into 24 sections which appear in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Holy Scriptures on page 262. ... Asa Ki Var is a collection of 24 pauris or stanzas written by Guru Nanak Devji (Sri Guru Granth Sahib, page 462-475). ...

Dasam Granth

Gur Mantar
Jaap Sahib
Benti Chaupai
Amrit Savaiye
To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Jaap Sahib is the morning prayer of the Sikhs. ... Chaupai is the short name for the Sikh prayer or Gurbani whose full name is Kabiobach Bainti Chaupai. ...

Varan Bhai Gurdas

Articles on Sikhism
Portal: Sikhism
Varan Bhai Gurdas is the name given to the 40 Varan (chapters) of writing by Bhai Gurdas. ... This list is of topics related to Sikhs and Sikhism. ...

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The principal Sikh scripture is the Adi Granth (First Scripture), more commonly called the Guru Granth Sahib. The Sikhs do not regard this as their "holy book" but as their perpetual and current "Guru", Guide or Master. It was called Adi Granth until Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and final Guru in human form conferred on it the title of the Guru in 1708, after which it was called Sri Guru Granth Sahib or SGGS, for short. The Granth has 1430 pages and is divided into 39 chapters. All copies are exactly alike. The Sikhs are forbidden from making any changes to the text within this Scripture. Illuminated Guru Granth folio with nisan (Mool Mantar) of Guru Gobind Singh. ... A Sikh (IPA: [siːk] or [sɪk]; Punjabi: , , IPA: [sɪk. ... Guru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... An artists impression of Guru Gobind Singh Guru Gobind Singh (Punjabi: )(Born in Patna, Bihar, India, on December 22, 1666 as Gobind Rai – October 7, 1708, Nanded, Maharashtra, India) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following in... Guru Granth Sahib (Granth is Punjabi for book, Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master) or Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short, is more than a holy book of the Sikhs. ...


This Granth is the only world religious scripture which was compiled during the life time of its compiler. All other world scriptures were compiled many years after the death of the prophet. The SGGS was compiled by Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs. The work of compilation was started in 1601 and finished in 1604. The Granth, called by Guru Arjan as "Pothi Sahib", was installed at Harmandir Sahib (House of God) with much celebration. Guru Arjan Dev Ji (15 April 1563 - 30 May 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 1 September 1581 following in the footsteps of Guru Ram Das ji. ...


The main banis found here are:

  1. Japji Sahib
    1. Mool Mantar
    2. Salok
  2. Shabad Hazaray
  3. Anand Sahib
  4. Rehras Sahib (less the Benti Chaupai)
  5. Kirtan Sohila
  6. Sukhmani Sahib
  7. Asa di Var


The following languages are found in this Granth: Japji Sahib consists of the Mool Mantra, a set of 38 hymns and a final Salok which appear at the very beginning of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Holy Book of the Sikhs. ... Illuminated Adi Granth folio with nisan (Mool Mantar) of Guru Gobind Singh. ... Anand Sahib: This Bani is part of the Nitnem or prayer which are read by Amritdhari Sikhs in the morning. ... Recite after youve worked hard and feel tired. ... Chaupai is the short name for the Sikh prayer or Gurbani whose full name is Kabiobach Bainti Chaupai. ... To remove the fear of death. ... Sukhmani Sahib is the name given to the set of beautiful hymns divided into 24 sections which appear in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Holy Book on page 262. ... Asa Ki Var is a collection of 24 pauris or stanzas written by Guru Nanak Devji (Sri Guru Granth Sahib, page 462-475). ...

  • Panjabi - Sikh Gurus , Bhagat (saint) Sheikh Farid and others
  • Sindhi - Guru Arjan
  • Sanskrit - Guru Nanak, Guru Arjan and others
  • Influence of Arabic and Persian - Bhagat Namdev
  • Western Panjabi/Lehndi - Guru Arjan
  • Gujrati and Marathi - Bhagat Namdev and Trilochan
  • Western Hindi - Bhagat Kabir
  • Eastern Hindi - Court poets
  • Eastern Apabhramas - Bhagat Jaidev

Contents

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Dasam Granth

Main article: Dasam Granth

This is regarded as the second holiest book of the Sikhs and is called the Dasam Granth - the book of the tenth Guru. The Granth was compiled three years after the Guru’s death and it was Mata Sundri the widow of the Guru who asked Bhai Mani Singh, a contemporary of the Guru, to collect all the hymns composed by the Guru and prepare a Granth of the Guru. It was completed in 1711. In its present form it contains 1428 pages and 16 chapters as listed below: To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bhai Mani Singh Bhai Mani Singh a great Sikh scholar and illustrious Martyr, came, according to Bhai Kesar Singh ji Chhibbar, his contemporary, of a Kamboj family, but according to Giani Gian Singh Dullat [1822-1921], author of Panth Parkash, of a Dullat Jatt family of Kamboval village (now extinct...

  • Jaap (meditation)
  • Bichitra Natak ( autobiography of the Guru)
  • Akal Ustat (praises of God)
  • Chandi Charitar I & II (the character of goddess Chandi)
  • Chandi di Var (a ballad to describe goddess Durga)
  • Gian Prabodh (the awakening of knowledge)
  • Chaubis Avtar (24 incarnations of Vishnu)
  • Brahm Avtar (incarnation of Brahma)
  • Rudar Avtar (incarnation of Shiv)
  • Shabad Hazare (ten shabads)
  • Swayyae (33 stanzas)
  • Khalsa Mehma (the praises of the Khalsa)
  • Shaster Nam Mala ( a list of weapons)
  • Triya Charitar (the character of women)
  • Zafarnama (epistle of victory, a letter written to Emperor Aurangzeb)
  • Hikayats. (stories)

The following are the main banis regularly recited by Sikhs: Bobo is a comic strip by Deliége about a prisoner of the jail Inzepocket (in the pocket with a French accent). ... Bichitra Natak (Resplendent Drama) is the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Sikh Guru. ... Zafarnama means the Notification of Victory and is the name given to the letter sent by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1705 to the Emperor of India, Aurangzeb. ... Bani is the term used by Sikhs to refer to various sections of the Holy Text that appears in their several Holy Books. ...

  1. Gur Mantar
  2. Jaap Sahib
  3. Benti Chaupai
  4. Amrit Savaiye

The languages used in the Granth are: Jaap Sahib is the morning prayer of the Sikhs. ... Chaupai is the short name for the Sikh prayer or Gurbani whose full name is Kabiobach Bainti Chaupai. ...

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Brij Bhasha (or Braj Bhasha) is a language spoken in India by more than 42,000 people in the undefined region of Brij Bhoomi, which was a political state in the era of the Mahabharata wars. ... Hindi (हिन्दी or हिंदी in Devanagari; pronunciation: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India[1] [2].Hindi is also often considered as the National language of India, [3] although the Constitution of India does not nominate any language... Punjabi (sometimes spelled Panjabi) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... Persian is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ...

Bhai Gurdas Varan

Varan Bhai Gurdas is the name given to the 40 Varan (Chapters) of writing by Bhai Gurdas ji. They have been referred to as the "Key to the Sri Guru Granth Sahib" by Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Sikh Guru. He was the first scribe of Guru Granth Sahib and a scholar of great repute. From his work its clear that he had mastery of various Indian languages and had studied many ancient Indian religious scriptures. Bhai Gurdas Ji(1551-1637) is one of the most eminent personalities in the history of the Sikh religion. ... Guru Arjan Dev (Punjabi: ) (15 April 1563 - 30 May 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 1 September 1581 following in the footsteps of Guru Ram Das. ... Illuminated Guru Granth folio with nisan (Mool Mantar) of Guru Gobind Singh. ...


Each of the 40 chapters of "Varan Bhai Gurdas" consists of a differing number of Pauris (sections, paragraphs). The composition is a collection of detailed commentary and explanation of theology and the ethics of Sikh beliefs as outlined by the Gurus. It explains the Sikh terms like sangat, haumai, "Gun", Gurmukh and Manmukh, Sat, Naam, etc. Many of the principles of Sikhism are explained in simple terms by Bhai Sahib and at times in many different ways. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The term Naam refers to the act of worship of God by Sikhs. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ...

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Other Scriptures

  • Bhai Nandlal's Work
  • Bhai Gurdas Kabits Savaiyas
  • Hukamnamas of the Gurus
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External links


 
 

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