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Encyclopedia > Sikh Empire

The Sikh Empire (from 1801-1849) was formed on the foundations of the Sikh Confederacy by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The Empire extended from the Khyber Pass in the west, to Kashmir in the north (touching) the border's of Tibet, to the Sind River in the south and in the east to Himachal Pradesh. The main geographical footprint of the empire was Punjab (historical Punjab region). The beginnings of the Sikh Empire could be defined as early as 1707, starting from the death of Aurangzeb and the downfall of the Mughal Empire. However, it is the period from 1762-1799 that Sikh rulers appeared to be coming into their own (Sikh Confederacy). However, the true Sikh Empire began with the disbandment of the Sikh Confederacy by the Coronation of Maharaja Ranjit Singh at Lahore, creating the one unified political Empire. The fall of the Mughal Empire provided opportunities for the Sikh army, known as the Dal Khalsa, to lead expeditions against the Mughals and Afghans. This led to a growth of the army, which was split into different confederations. Each of these groups were known as a misl, each controlling different areas. The religious population demography of the Sikh Empire was Muslim (60%), Hindu (25%) and Sikh (15%). The once strong empire, severely weakened after the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1839. The story of the Empire ends, with the British East India Company annexing it's territory in 1849, after the Second Anglo-Sikh War. Sikh Confederacy (1716-1799). ... Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a Sikh ruler of the Punjab. ... , Looking back towards Pakistan, on the Pakistan side of the Khyber Pass The Khyber Pass (also called the Khaiber Pass or Khaybar Pass) (Urdu: درہ خیبر) is the most important pass connecting Pakistan with Afghanistan. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Tibet (older spelling Thibet; Tibetan: བོད་, Bod, pronounced pö in Lhasa dialect; Chinese: 西藏, Pinyin: Xīzàng or Chinese: 藏区, Pinyin: Zàngqū [the two names are used with different connotations; see Name section below]) is a region in Central Asia and the home of the Tibetan people. ... Sindh (Sind) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश), formally the Punjab Hill States, is a mostly mountainous state in northwest India. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (meaning: Land of five Rivers; also Panjab, Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, Shahmukhi: پنجاب) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal April 25 - Allied army is defeated by Bourbonic army at Almansa (Spain) in the War of the Spanish Succession. ... Aurangzeb (from Persian, اورنگ‌زیب Aurang means throne and Zaib meant beauty or ornament),(November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707, also known as Alamgir I, was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1658 until 1707. ... The Mughal Empire at its greatest extent. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A Sikh man wearing a turban A Sikh is a follower of Sikhism, a religious faith originating in the Punjab. ... Sikh Confederacy (1716-1799). ... Sikh Confederacy (1716-1799). ... Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a Sikh ruler of the Punjab. ... Khalsa which means Pure is the name given by Guru Gobind Singh to all Sikhs who have been baptised or initiated by taking Amrit in ceremony called Amrit Sanchar. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... This article is about the current Major Indoor Soccer League. ... Demography is the study of human population dynamics. ... Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a Sikh ruler of the Punjab. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India. ... The Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848–1849), resulted in the subjugation of the Sikh kingdom and absorption of the Punjab into lands controlled by the British East India Company. ...

Preceded by:
Sikh Confederacy
Sikh Empire
1801 –1849
Succeeded by:
British Empire

Sikh Confederacy (1716-1799). ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ...

Timeline

  • 1707-1716 Creation of Sikh Confederacy begins to influence the political structure of Punjab
  • 1762-1767 Ahmed Shah Abdali and the Sikhs battle for control.
  • 1763-1774 Charat Singh, misldhar of Sukerchakia misl established himself in Gujranwala.
  • 1773- Ahmed Shah Abdali dies and his son Timur Shah is unable to suppress the Sikhs.
  • 1774-1790 Maha Singh, becomes misldhar of the Sukerchakia misl.
  • 1790-1801 Ranjit Singh becomes misldhar of the Sukerchakia misl.
  • 1799 - 27th June 1839 Reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, whose coronation took place in 1801.
  • 27th June 1839 - 5th November 1840 Reign of Maharaja Kharak Singh
  • 5th November 1840 - 18th January 1841 Reign of Maharani Chand Kaur but never proclaimed.
  • 18th January 1841 - 15th September 1843 Reign of Maharaja Sher Singh
  • 15th September 1843 - 31st March 1849 Reign of Maharaja Duleep Singh

Sikh Confederacy (1716-1799). ... Punjab (or Panjab) may refer to: Punjab region, an area of South Asia shared by India and Pakistan Punjab (India), a state in India Punjab (Pakistan), the most populated province in Pakistan Haryana, a former part of Punjab Himachal Pradesh, a former part of Punjab A number of former states... Ahmad Shah Durrani Ahmad Shah Abdali (c. ... The Sukerchakia Misl was one of 11 Sikh Misls in Punjab during the 18th century. ... Ahmad Shah Durrani Ahmad Shah Abdali (c. ... Timur Shah (1748 - 18 May 1793), the second son of Ahmad Shah and the second of the Durrani Dynasty, was the King of Afghanistan from 16 October 1772 until his death. ... He was a Punjabi Sikh chief part of the Sikh Confederacy. ... Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Punjabi: ), also called Sher-e-Punjab (The Lion of the Punjab) (1780-1839) was a Sikh ruler of the Punjab. ... Kharak Singh (1801-1840) was the eldest legitimate son of Ranjit Singh and Maharani Datar Kaur. ... Chand Kaur mother of Nau Nihal Singh and wife of Kharak Singh and Maharani of Punjab. ... Sher Singh (December 1807-1843) son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. ... Portrait of Duleep Singh by Franz Xaver Winterhalter Duleep Singh (Lahore, 6 September 1838 - Paris, 22 October 1893) was the last Maharaja during the Sikh Raj of Punjab. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sikh Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (421 words)
The Sikh Empire (from 1801-1849) was formed on the foundations of the Sikh Confederacy by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
The Empire extended from the Khyber Pass in the west, to Kashmir in the north (touching) the border's of Tibet, to the Sind River in the south and in the east to Himachal Pradesh.
The religious population demography of the Sikh Empire was Muslim (60%), Hindu (25%) and Sikh (15%).
Sikhism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6034 words)
With the decline of the Mughal empire, a Sikh empire arose in the Punjab under Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh, with its capital in Lahore and limits reaching the Khyber Pass and the borders of China.
The mass displacement of Sikh communities is attributed to have given rise to a political demand for a Sikh-majority state to preserve Sikh political and cultural influence in India, led by Master Tara Singh and the Akalis.
Sikh politics are generally divided between the Indian National Congress and the political factions of the Shiromani Akali Dal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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