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Encyclopedia > Sikh
Sikhs
Total population

26 million

Regions with significant populations
Flag of India India = 20,000,000
East Africa = 1,000,000
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom = 470,000
Flag of Canada Canada = 300,000
Flag of United States United States = 450,000
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan = 350,000
Southeast Asia = 250,000
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia = 100,000
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand = 80,000
Middle East = 85,000
Flag of Australia Australia= 50,000
 Europe
Flag of Belgium Belgium = 10,000
Flag of Greece Greece = 5,000
Religions
Sikhism
Scriptures
Guru Granth Sahib
Languages
English, Punjabi]

A Sikh (English: [siːk] or [sɪk]; Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖ, sikkh, IPA: ['sɪk.kʰ]) is an adherent to Sikhism. The term has its origin in the Sanskrit "shishya", which means disciple or learner. A Sikh can easily be recognized by his turban, beard, or by a steel bracelet on the right wrist. Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... Motto (Latin) United in diversity Anthem Ode to Joy(orchestral) Commission seat Brussels Official languages 23 Bulgarian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hungarian Irish Italian Latvian Lithuanian Maltese Polish Portuguese Romanian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Member states 27 Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Punjabi (also Panjabi; in GurmukhÄ«, PanjābÄ« in ShāhmukhÄ«) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... “Punjabi” redirects here. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...


Most Sikhs come from the Punjab region of India, although significant communities exist around the world

Contents

The Basic philosophy of the Sikh religion

Main article: Sikhism

Guru Nanak, the founder of the faith, summed up the basis of Sikh lifestyle in three requirements: Naam Japo, Kirat Karni and Wand kay Shako, which means meditate on the holy name, Waheguru, work diligently and honestly and share ones fruits. Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... Guru Nanak (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ, Devanagari: गुरु नानक) (20 October 1469 - 7 May 1539), the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Gurus of the Sikhs, was born in the village of Talwandi, now called Nankana... Naam Japo: means to recite the name of God, in this case, Waheguru is used. ... Kirat Karni is one of three primary pillars of Sikhism. ... In Sikhism Wand Kay Shako is a technique and method which means share it as you consume it. ... Waheguru (Punjabi: , or , ) means The Wonderful Lord in the Punjabi language. ...


Sikh religion has some salient features which make it distinct from the other major world religions. The Guru Granth Sahib, is revered as the living Guru, not just a holy book. The Sikh follows the Guru Granth Sahib strictly as his prime guide. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Guru Granth Sahib, has been compiled entirely by the Sikh Guru's themselves, and is maintained in its original form. In addition to their own works the guru's also included the revelations of many saints of that period. This outstanding feature helps in building the base of its definition as a universal religion. The followers, with their turban and natural hair, are proud and definitely distinct; yet show respect to the followers of other religions. Non-Sikhs can partake fully in Sikh prayer meetings and social functions. Their daily prayers include the well being of whole mankind.


The concept of saint-soldier is another feature very unique, and sometimes confusing to observers. Every Sikh is required to aspire to be a saint by his devotion to god, and service to mankind, but at the same time, according to the situation, adopt the role of the soldier.


The aspirant is not required to renounce the world and are to aspire to be the best, but not be obsessed by the act, wanting the best, but do not crave to accumulate. In effect, the Sikh belief system makes the path of spirituality very practical and noble in the everyday world. Seva(service) is an integral part of their worship. This is very easily observed in their Gurdwara(temple). Visitors of any religious or socio-economic background are welcomed. Langar(free food for all) is always served. Seva (Sanskrit: stringe) is: in Sikhism, volunteer work; selfless service; work offered to God, performed without attachment and with the attitude that one is not the doer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Langar (Punjabi: ) is the term used in the Sikh religion for the free, vegetarian-only food served in a Gurdwara and eaten by everyone sitting as equals. ...


A shining feature of the religion is that the followers are selfless in situations where they commit to help, and without discrimination of race, class, creed, or religion.


The Sikh religion has eleven Gurus:

  1. Guru Nanak Dev ji [1]
  2. Guru Angad Dev ji [2]
  3. Guru Amar Das ji [3]
  4. Guru Ram Das ji (Completed the construction of Golden Temple) [4]
  5. Guru Arjan Dev ji [5](Writer of Adi Granth)
  6. Guru Har Gobind ji [6](Carrier of Miri and Piri)
  7. Guru Har Rai ji [7]
  8. Guru Har Krishan ji [8]
  9. Guru Teg Bahadur ji [9]
  10. Guru Gobind Singh ji (Before initiation (amrit pan) Guru Gobind rai ji)[10]
  11. Guru Granth Sahib ji (The current and eternal Guru of Sikhism: Book of teachings of Guru and other saints)

A few saints are mentioned below:
Bhagat Kabir ji [11]
Bhagat Farid ji [12]
Bhagat Namdev ji [13]
Guru Nanak Dev[1] (Punjabi: , ) (Born in Nankana Sahib, Punjab, India (now Pakistan) on 15 April 1469 – 7 September 1539, Kartarpur, Punjab, India (now Pakistan)), was the founder of Sikhism, and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. ... Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ) (31 March 1504 – 29 March 1552) was the second of The Ten Gurus of Sikhism. ... Guru Amar Das Guru Amar Das (Punjabi: ) (Born in Amritsar, Punjab, India on 5 May 1479 – 14 May 1574 Amritsar, Punjab, India) was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, and he became Guru on 26 March 1552 following in the footsteps of Guru Angad Dev, who died 29... Sri Guru Ram Das Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ ਜੀ) (24 September 1534 – 1 September 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 30 August 1574 following in the footsteps of Guru Amar Das. ... Guru Arjan Dev (Punjabi: ) (15 April 1563 - 30 May 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 1 September 1581 following in the footsteps of Guru Ram Das. ... Mid-nineteenth century miniature of Guru Hargobind. ... Guru Har Rai ji. ... Guru Har Krishan (Punjabi: ) (7 July 1656 - 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, and he became Guru on 7 October 1661 following in the footsteps of his father, Guru Har Rai. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sobha Singh (painter)s impression of Guru Gobind Singh Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi:ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਿਬੰਦ ਿਸੰਘ), (Born in Patna, Bihar, India, on 22 December 1666 as Gobind Rai – 7 October 1708, Nanded, Maharashtra, India) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Other revered Sikh people who are (Not actually Guru but hold a prominent place in sikh religion):


Baba Budda ji (Held the position of high priest in sikh religion)
Baba Banda Singh Bahadur ji (Fought with Muslim tyrants and established Sikh force in Punjav after meeting Guru Gobind Singh ji)[14]
Baba Deep Singh ji [15] (Fought with Muslim invaders with his head on his hand to keep Golden Temple from falling in hands of invaders)


Sikhs Scholers


Bhai Vir Singh ji [16]
Bhai Kaan Singh Nabha


Five Ks

Main article: 5 Ks

The Five Ks, or panj kakaar/kakke, are five items of faith that all Sikhs are required to wear at all times at the command of the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh who so ordered at the Baisakhi Amrit Sanskar in 1699. They are:- Sikhs are bound to wear five items, known as the Five Ks, on them at all times. ... Sobha Singh (painter)s impression of Guru Gobind Singh Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi:ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਿਬੰਦ ਿਸੰਘ), (Born in Patna, Bihar, India, on 22 December 1666 as Gobind Rai – 7 October 1708, Nanded, Maharashtra, India) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following... Traditional fervour and gaiety mark the celebrations of Baisakhi, which stands for the dawn of a new year in north India. ... The Amrit Sanskar Ceremony Amrit Sanskar or Amrit Sanchar or the Amrit ceremony is the Sikh ceremony of initiation or baptism. ...

They are for identification and representation of the ideals of Sikhism, such as honesty, equality, fidelity, meditating on God, and never bowing to tyranny. Kesh - Uncut hair is one of the five articles of faith for the Sikhs The Sikhs were commanded by Guru Gobind Singh at the Baisakhi Amrit Sanchar in 1699 to wear long uncut hair, called Kesh, at all times. ... Kanga - one of the five articles of faith for the Sikhs The Sikhs were commanded by Guru Gobind Singh at the Baisakhi Amrit Sanchar in 1699 to wear a small comb called a Kanga at all times. ... Kaccha - one of the five articles of faith for the Sikhs Kachera/Kaccha: Undershorts/undergarment which looks like boxer shorts. ... Kara - one of the five articles of faith for the Sikhs The Sikhs were commanded by Guru Gobind Singh at the Baisakhi Amrit Sanchar in 1699 to wear a steel slave bangle called a Kara at all times. ... Typical Kirpan worn by modern Sikhs The Kirpan (Punjabi: ) is a ceremonial sword or dagger worn by all baptised Sikhs. ...


Distribution

Numbering approximately 26 million worldwide, 75% of Sikhs live in India. Of the Indian community, over 60% live in the Northern Indian State of Punjab (India), where they form about two-thirds of the population. Large communities of Sikhs live in the neighboring states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Maharashtra and Delhi. Migration beginning from the late nineteenth century have found significant communities in Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, the Middle East, East Africa, Southeast Asia, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand. In Canada, their numbers are significant and some have become Members of Parliament. , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... Himachal Pradesh   (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ), formerly the Punjab Hill States, is a mostly mountainous state in northern India. ... , Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmiri: جۄم تٕہ کٔشِیر, ज्वम त॒ कॅशीर, Urdu: جموں Ùˆ کشمیر) (often abbreviated as Kashmir), is the northern most state in India and lies mostly in the Himalayan mountains. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area but encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert) which has an edge that parallels the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), often referred to as U.P., is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... Uttaranchal   (Hindi: उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , English: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Delhi ( , Hindi: , Punjabi: , Urdu: ) sometimes referred to as Dilli, is the second-largest metropolis in India after Mumbai with a population of 13 million. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ... The Parliament of Canada (in French: le Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ...


Representation

Sikh people are very well represented in Indian politics and all other major walks of life. The Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh is a Sikh. They form a disproportionate percentage of India's military services Officer corp. including many Generals, the current highest ranking General of the Indian Army is a Sikh General Joginder Jaswant Singh and highest-ranking General in the history of the Indian Air force is a Sikh Marshal of the Air Force Arjan Singh. They are outstanding scientists, engineers and doctors, such as Professor Piara Singh Gill famous Nuclear scientist who worked on the American Manhattan project and Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany - Internationally famous scientist and considered the Father of fiber optics. In the United States, the first Asian American elected to the United States Congress was Dalip Singh Saund. In Malaysia, Tan Sri Dato' Seri Darshan Singh Gill is a renowned Sikh leader. He has also been the President of the Asian Cycling Confederation and Management Board Member of International Cycling Union. Some Sikh intellectuals, sportsmen and artists include Khushwant Singh, writer, Daler Mehndi, singer, Monty Panesar, England cricketer, Jaspal Bhatti, Milkha Singh, world record holder (400m Olympic Games 1960), and Bishen Singh Bedi (cricketer). Dr. Manmohan Singh (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) is the 17th and current Prime Minister of India. ... The military of India, officially known as the Indian armed forces, is the primary military organisation responsible for the territorial security and defense of India. ... General Joginder Jaswant Singh (b. ... Marshal of the Air Force Arjan Singh DFC was born on April 15, 1919 in Lyalpur, and educated at Montogmery (then a part of undivided India, and, now in Pakistan). ... Professor Piara Singh Gill, (28 October 1911 - 23 March 2002) was a scientist (physicist) who was a pioneer in cosmic ray nuclear physics and worked on the American nuclear Manhattan project [1]. Moreover, was the first Director of Central Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIO) of India [2]. He was research fellow... Nuclear physics is the branch of physics concerned with the nucleus of the atom. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This page is about the World War II nuclear project. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... ACC logo The national federations of the UCI form confederations by continent. ... Entrance of UCI headquarter at Aigle (Switzerland) Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) is a professional cycling union that oversees cycling events in the international community. ... Khushwant Singh , born on 2 February 1915 in Punjab (Hadali, now a part of Pakistan) is one of the most prominent novelists and journalists of India. ... Daler Mehndi (Punjabi: , ), born August 18, 1967, is a bhangra/pop singer from India. ... Mudhsuden Singh Panesar (born 25 April 1982 in Luton, Bedfordshire), popularly known as Monty Panesar, is an English cricketer as well as a dreamboat. ... Jaspal Bhatti, the most popular social satirist in India. ... Milkha Singh is a Sikh athlete, who represented India in the 1960 Rome Olympics and the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. ... Bishen Singh Bedi (born September 25, 1946) was an Indian cricketer. ...


The Sikh community also enjoys comparatively greater economic prosperity. In India and across the world, Sikhs are an important mercantile and skilled professional class. They have close-knit community structure. They are world-class bussiness people and agriculturalists, the state of Punjab is known as the breadbasket of India.


They have amicable relations with all communities. However during the Islamic invasion of India, prominent Sikh Gurus were martyred by the ruling Muslims for religious freedom of other religions. In the 1980s, there were political and religious conflicts in India with the ruling Congress party, which instigated ethnic struggles between Sikhs, Hindus and various Sikh sects for political gains. Many Sikhs hold the Congress accountable for the 1984 killings of Sikhs in Delhi after the assassination of Indira Gandhi by a Sikh group. Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Hindi: ) (November 19, 1916 – October 31, 1984) was an Indian politician who served as Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 to 1984. ...


The Sikh community comprises many diverse sets of peoples. These include different ethnic peoples, tribal and socio-economic groups. Main peoples and tribes include Jatt, Ramgharia, Kalal/Ahluwalia, Kamboj, Rajput and Labana. Urban mercantile Sikh communities include Khatri, Arora, Bhatia and Sood. There are also Sikhs of Brahmin (mostly Mohyal) and Dalit extraction/ancestry. The bulk of Sikhs are of Jatt origin. An ethnic group or ethnicity is a population of human beings whose members identify with each other, usually on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry (Smith 1987). ... This article is on the social structure. ... For other uses, see Jat (disambiguation) Jat people (IAST: , Hindi: , Punjabi: , Urdu: ) of Northern India and Pakistan, are an ethnic group descendants of Indo-Aryan/Indo-Scythian tribes. ... Ramgarhia are Sikhs who belong to a special class. ... Kalal is a caste found mainly in Punjab, India who are traditionally Blacksmiths. ... Ahluwalias are one of the most progressive community of Punjab. ... Look up Kamboj in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Rajput is a Caste among Hindus and Muslims in India, Pakistan and Nepal. ... Labanas are a tribe which live all over India. ... {{Infobox caste |caste_name=Khatris |classification=Kshatriya |subdivisions=Aathghar, Barahghar,Bawanghar, Charghar, Dhaighar, Kukhran, Sareen and others |populated_states=Punjab (India), Haryana, Delhi, Punjab (Pakistan) and Sindh |languages=Punjabi, Hindi and Urdu |religions=Hinduism, Sikhism Khatri is the Punjabi adaptation of Sanskrit word Kshatriya (Hindi: , ). The Kshatriya are the traditionally members of... Aroras (Hindi: आरॊरा, Punjabi: ਆਰੋਰਾ) (or Aror-vanshis) are an urban mercantile community of the Punjab and Sindh. ... Bhatia is a caste originating in Gujarat, a majority of whose members follow Pushtimarg, a Haveli Dharma followed among believers in Lord Krishna, a sect known as Vaishnav. ... Sood/Sud is a last name of Parmar Kashtrya origin with close ties to the Khatri community in Punjab. ... A Brahmin (anglicised from the Sanskrit adjective belonging to Brahma, also known as Brahman belonging to ; Vipra, Dvija twice-born, Dvijottama best of the twice born or earth-god) is considered to be the highest class (varna) in the Indian caste system of Hindu society [1] [2], although this status... Mohyal (sometimes Muhiyal or Mahjal) is the name of an endogamous group of seven lineages arising from the Gandhara region, once a great center of Indian learning. ... In the Indian caste system, a Dalit, often called an untouchable,or an outcaste, is a person who according to traditional Hindu belief does not have any varnas. Varna refers to the Hindu belief that most humans were supposedly created from different parts of the body of the divinity Purusha. ...


There has also emerged a specialized group of Sikhs calling themselves Akalis, which have existed since Maharaja Ranjit Singh's time. Under their leader General Akali Phula Singh, in the early 1800s, they won many battles for the Sikh Empire. The Akali and Prasadis, have recently become more vocal. A Nihang Sikh at the Harimandir Sahib. ... Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Punjabi: ), also called Sher-e-Punjab (The Lion of the Punjab) (1780-1839) was a Sikh ruler of the Punjab. ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF...


Sikhism in the Western World

Due to the turbans Sikhs wear, people in Western countries have sometimes confused Sikhs with Middle Eastern men or Muslims. This has affected Sikhs in times of conflict with elements of the Middle East. For example, during the Iranian hostage crisis when the government of Iran held Americans hostages in its own country, some people in Western countries misunderstood the Sikh turban as a turban worn by some Middle Eastern men, they did not understand it is also worn in India. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, some people associated Sikhs with terrorists or members of the Taliban. A few days after the attack, Balbir Singh Sodhi, a Sikh man, was gunned down by a person who thought that the victim had ties to Al-Qaeda. CNN suggests that there has been an increase in hate-crimes against Sikh men in the United States and the UK.[1][2] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Sikh man wearing a turban The turban (from the Persian , dulband via the Turkish ) is a headdress consisting of a long scarf-like single piece of cloth wound round the head or an inner hat. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... The Taliban (Pashto: , students or seekers of knowledge) are a fundamentalist Sunni Muslim and ethnic Pashtun movement that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by American aerial bombardment and Northern Alliance ground forces. ... Balbir Singh Sodhi (1949 - September 15, 2001) was a Phoenix, Arizona gas station owner who was murdered in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ...


Highly Distinguished Sikhs (modern era)

Sikhs in the modern era which have made contribution at the international or world class level include: link titleThe word international can mean: Between nations or encompassing several nations. ...

Dr. Manmohan Singh (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) is the 17th and current Prime Minister of India. ... The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the government of India. ... Master Tara Singh (24 June 1885, Rawalpindi, Punjab - 22 November 1967, Chandigarh) was a prominent Sikh political and religious leader in the first half of the 20th century. ... The Indian independence movement incorporated the efforts by Indians to liberate the region from British rule and form the nation-state of India. ... Baldev Singh was an Indian Sikh political leader, who represented the Punjabi Sikh community in the processes of negotiations that resulted in the independence of India, as well as the Partition of India in 1947. ... Sardul Singh Caveeshar (1886 in Amritsar - 1963) was an Indian newspaper editor, and a major figure in the Indian independence movement. ... Bhagat Singh (Punjabi: ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ) (September 28,[1] 1907–March 23, 1931) was an Indian freedom fighter, considered to be one of the most famous revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. ... Heroine (female hero) redirects here. ... Udham Singh (Punjabi: Hindi:उधम सिंह् ; December 26, 1899 – July 31, 1940), born Sher Singh was a Sikh Punjabi Marxist and nationalist best known for assassinating Michael ODwyer in March 1940 in what has been described as an avengement of the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre [1]. Singh was also known as Ram... Heroine (female hero) redirects here. ... Pratap Singh Kairon (1901-1965) was the Chief Minister of the Punjab province (then comprising of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh) , and is widely acknowledged to be the architect of post-Independence Punjab. ... Professor Piara Singh Gill, (28 October 1911 - 23 March 2002) was a scientist (physicist) who was a pioneer in cosmic ray nuclear physics and worked on the American nuclear Manhattan project [1]. Moreover, was the first Director of Central Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIO) of India [2]. He was research fellow... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... This page is about the World War II nuclear project. ... Marshal of the Air Force Arjan Singh DFC was born on April 15, 1919 in Lyalpur, and educated at Montogmery (then a part of undivided India, and, now in Pakistan). ... Marshal of the Air Force is a generic term for the most senior rank in an air force, equivalent to Field Marshal or Fleet Admiral. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... General Joginder Jaswant Singh (b. ... Chief of Army Staff of Indian Army is the highest post in the Indian Army ... The Indian Army is one of the armed forces of India and has responsibility for land-based military operations. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... Montek Singh Ahluwalia (born November 24, 1943) has been a key figure in Indias economic reforms from the early 1980s onwards. ... Harbhajan Singh   (Punjabi: , born: 3 July 1980 in Jalandhar, Punjab, India) is an Indian cricketer and Indias most successful off spin bowler. ... Milkha Singh is a Sikh athlete, who represented India in the 1960 Rome Olympics and the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. ... Padma Shri (also spelt Padma Shree, Padmashree, Padma Sree and Padma Sri) is an award given by the Government of India generally to Indian citizens to recognize their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including Arts, Education, Industry, Literature, Science, Sports, Social Service and public life. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Olympic Records are the best performances in a specific event in that events history in either the Summer Olympic Games or the Winter Olympic Games. ... Gold Medal is an album by American band The Donnas, released in 2004. ... A champion refers to the sexy boy by the name of Joe Champion. ... Current flag of the Commonwealth Games Federation Locations of the games, and participating countries British Commonwealth Games seal Commonwealth Games Federation seal, adopted in 2001 The Commonwealth Games is a multinational, multi-sport event. ... Asian Games Logo The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. ... General Shabeg Singh (1952–1984), was an Indian Army general. ...

Sikhs in World War I & II and other Wars

Sikhs fought in both World Wars, such as, fighting in disproportionately large numbers, approximately 10 fold,[4] in both World War One and World War Two for the allies in the liberation of Europe and displaying exceptional gallantry and heroism. This resulted in them winning one of the highest per capita number of Victoria crosses for bravery, heroism and gallantry.[5] A world war is a war affecting the majority of the worlds major nations. ... There have been two World Wars, now more commonly known as World War I or First World War (from 1914 to 1918), and World War II or Second World War (from 1939 to 1945). ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. ... Bravery can mean: Courage, the human condition to confront pain and fear The Bravery, a rock band from the US The Bravery (album), the bands self-titled debut album This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the type of character. ...

French postcard depicting the arrival of 15th Sikh Regiment in France during World War I. The post card reads, "Gentlemen of India marching to chasten German hooligans"
French postcard depicting the arrival of 15th Sikh Regiment in France during World War I. The post card reads, "Gentlemen of India marching to chasten German hooligans"

. Image File history File linksMetadata SikhsInFrancePostcard. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SikhsInFrancePostcard. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...

Ishar Singh (d. ... The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. ... Lance Naik Karam Singh, PVC Lance Naik Karam Singh was born on 15 September 1915, in Barnala, Punjab . ... The Military Medal was (until 1993) a military decoration awarded to personnel of the British Army and other services, and formerly also to personnel of other Commonwealth countries, below commissioned rank, for bravery in battle on land. ... The Param Vir Chakra is an Indian military decoration given for valour in combat operations. ... Subedar Joginder Singh Subedar Joginder Singh (26 September 1921 - 23 October 1962) born in Faridkot, Punjab was a Subedar in the Indian Army. ... Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria, was born on 29 November 1935, in Gurdaspur, Punjab . ... Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, PVC Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon was born on July 17, 1943. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... Nand Singh was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. ... Gian Singh was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Karamjeet Singh Judge was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Photo submitted by Simon Manchee Parkash Singh was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Naib Subedar Bana Singh was born on 6th January 1949 into a Punjabi Sikh family, at Kadyal in Jammu and Kashmir. ... Lt-Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora (February 13, 1916 - May 3, 2005) was the Indian commander whose comprehensive defeat of Pakistan in 1971 led to the creation of Bangladesh. ...

Battle of Saragarhi

The Battle of Saragarhi, and the Sikh officers and soldiers (British Empire Army) who fought in it, is considered one of the greatest stories of collective bravery in human history. UNESCO has described the Battle of Saragarhi as one of eight stories of collective bravery[6][7][8] [9]. The contingent of the twenty-one Sikhs was led by Havildar Ishar Singh, and all chose to fight to the death instead of surrendering. In recognition of their supreme sacrifice, the British Parliament rose to pay them respect, and each one of them was awarded the Indian Order of Merit. In the West, it has been compared to the Battle of Thermopylae. Sikh military personnel and Sikh non-military people commemorate the battle around the World every year on September 12th, it is referred to as "Saragarhi Day". The Battle of Saragarhi was fought on 12 September 1897 between 21 Sikhs of the 4th Battalion (then 36th Sikhs) of the Sikh Regiment of India, defending an army post, and 10,000 Afghan and Orakazais tribesmen. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Havildar Ishar Singh was the leader of the 36th Sikhs of the Sikh Regiment. ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... First Class Second Class // History The medal was first introduced by the East India Company in 1837. ... Combatants Greek city-states Achaemenid Persia Commanders Leonidas † Xerxes the Great Strength 300 Spartans 700 Thespians[1] 6,000 other Greek allies1 Estimates vary (See below) Casualties 300 Spartans 700 Thespians[1] 1,400 Greek allies 20,000 (Herodotus)[2] 1 Out of the initial 7,000-strong Greek army... Antarctica Oceania Africa Asia Europe North America South America Middle East Caribbean Central Asia East Asia North Asia South Asia Southeast Asia SW. Asia Australasia Melanesia Micronesia Polynesia Central America Latin America Northern America Americas C. Africa E. Africa N. Africa Southern Africa W. Africa C. Europe E. Europe N...


Sikh Victoria Cross winners

The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. ... Image File history File links VictoriaCrossObv. ... Image File history File links VictoriaCrossObv. ... The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. ... Ishar Singh (d. ... Karamjeet Singh Judge was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Nand Singh was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Photo submitted by Simon Manchee Parkash Singh was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Gian Singh was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ...

References

September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 56 days remaining. ...

External links

  • Sikh Spectrum Quarterly
  • Sikhism Guide - Guide to Sikhism
  • Guru Gobind Singh Study Circle - A Socio-Religious Non-Profit Sikh Organization (ISO 9001:2000 Certified)
  • information regarding Sikhism - Contains rare photos of Sikhism
  • The Sikhism Home Page - General resource site introducing the main concepts of Sikhism.
  • The Sikh Missionary Society (UK) - Non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the Sikh religion, culture and history.
  • Sikh Videos Gurbani Kirtan - Exclusive Videos site on Sikh Religion.
  • All'''' About Sikhs - Sikhism'''' resource site.
  • Sri Granth - Guru Granth Sahib search engine with additional scriptural resources.
  • Sikh History Portal - Definitive Sikh History Site.
  • SikhNet - Popular Sikh community website.
  • Sikhs Vote Support for Gandhi - Movie clip shot at Lahore
  • First Sikh of Pakistan Army
  • Sikhs: Smithsonian Exhibit - A video of the beautiful exhibition on Sikhs in the Smithsonian Washington DC.
  • Sikh Gurudwaras Around the World - A Global database of Sikh Gurudwaras around the world.
Image:Example.of.complex.text.rendering.svg This article contains Indic text.
Without rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes or other symbols instead of Indic characters; or irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts.

' Image File history File links Example. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas (writing systems) used in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, Mongolia, Manchuria. ... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ... This list is of topics related to Sikhs and Sikhism. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ... Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, teachers or masters, over the period 1469 to 1708. ... Guru Nanak Dev[1] (Punjabi: , ) (Born in Nankana Sahib, Punjab, India (now Pakistan) on 15 April 1469 – 7 September 1539, Kartarpur, Punjab, India (now Pakistan)), was the founder of Sikhism, and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. ... Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ) (31 March 1504 – 29 March 1552) was the second of The Ten Gurus of Sikhism. ... Guru Amar Das Guru Amar Das (Punjabi: ) (Born in Amritsar, Punjab, India on 5 May 1479 – 14 May 1574 Amritsar, Punjab, India) was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, and he became Guru on 26 March 1552 following in the footsteps of Guru Angad Dev, who died 29... Sri Guru Ram Das Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ ਜੀ) (24 September 1534 – 1 September 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 30 August 1574 following in the footsteps of Guru Amar Das. ... Guru Arjan Dev (Punjabi: ) (15 April 1563 - 30 May 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 1 September 1581 following in the footsteps of Guru Ram Das. ... Mid-nineteenth century miniature of Guru Hargobind. ... Guru Har Rai ji. ... Guru Har Krishan (Punjabi: ) (7 July 1656 - 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, and he became Guru on 7 October 1661 following in the footsteps of his father, Guru Har Rai. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sobha Singh (painter)s impression of Guru Gobind Singh Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi:ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਿਬੰਦ ਿਸੰਘ), (Born in Patna, Bihar, India, on 22 December 1666 as Gobind Rai – 7 October 1708, Nanded, Maharashtra, India) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sikh Bhagats refers to the Saints and holy men of various faiths whose teachings are included in the Sikh holy book the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. ... The Sikh religious philosophy is covered in great detail in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy text. ... // There is only one God who has infinite qualities and names. ... The Sikhs must believe in the following values: Equality: All humans are equal before God – No discrimination is allowed on the basis of caste, race, sex, creed, origin, color, education, status, wealth, etc. ... There are a number of religious prohibitions in Sikhism: Cutting Hair: Cutting hair is strictly forbidden in Sikhism. ... Naam: Or Naam Japo. ... The Golden Temple is the most important sacred shrine for Sikhs Sikhism comes from the word Sikh, which means a strong and able disciple. ... The Ardās (Punjabi: ) are the Sikh daily prayers. ... The Amrit Sanskar Ceremony Amrit Sanskar or Amrit Sanchar or the Amrit ceremony is the Sikh ceremony of initiation or baptism. ... Chardi Kala is an important expression used in Sikhism for a mind frame that a Sikh has to accept and practise. ... Dasvand means to donate 10% percent of ones harvest to the Gurdwara. ... The Five Ks, or kakaars, are five items that baptised Orthodox Sikhs wear at all times either out of respect for the tenth teacher, Guru Gobind Singh, or out of a sense of religious devotion. ... Kirat Karō is one of three primary pillars of Sikhism. ... Also see Bhajan for interpretation purely in connection with Hinduism Kirtan is one of the pillars of Sikhism and in that context refers to the singing of the sacred hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib to set music normally in classical Raags format. ... Langar (Punjabi: ) is the term used in the Sikh religion for the free, vegetarian-only food served in a Gurdwara and eaten by everyone sitting as equals. ... Nām Japō (Punjabi: ), refers to the meditation, vocal singing of Hymns from the Sri Guru Granth Sahib or of the various Names of God, specially the chanting of the word Waheguru, which means Wonderful Lord. ... The term Simran refers to the vocal repetition or recital of the God Names - Naam or of the Holy Text from the Two Granths of the Sikhs - the Sri Guru Granth Sahib and the Dasam Granth. ... The Three Pillars of Sikhism Guru Nanak formalised the three important pillars of Sikhism: 1. ... In Sikhism Vaṇḍ Chakkō (Punjabi: ) is a technique and method which means share it as you consume it. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Guru Granth Sahib (Granth is Punjabi for book, Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master) or Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short, is more than a holy book of the Sikhs. ... The Dasam Granth (Punjabi: , ) is a scripture of Sikhism, containing texts composed by 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh and his assembly of scholars. ... Bani is the term used by Sikhs to refer to various sections of the Holy Text that appears in their several Holy Books. ... Chaupai is the short name for the Sikh prayer or Gurbani whose full name is Kabiobach Bainti Chaupai. ... Jaap Sahib is the morning prayer of the Sikhs. ... Japji Sahib consists of the Mool Mantra as the beginning followed by 38 hymns and a final Salok at the end of this composition. ... Illuminated Adi Granth folio with nisan (Mool Mantar) of Guru Gobind Singh. ... Evening prayer of the Sikhs. ... Sukhmani Sahib is the name given to the set of hymns divided into 24 sections which appear in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Holy Scriptures on page 262. ... This is a short hymn of 10 stanzas. ... The history of Sikhism is closely associated with the history of Punjab, the socio-political situation in medieval India, and the social structures and philosophies of Hinduism and Islam. ... Stylised Ek Onkar Simple Ek Onkar Ek Onkar (also , , Ä’k ÅŒaá¹…kār, Ek Omkar, Ik Onkar and other variants) means one God and is a central tenet of Sikh religious philosophy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Golden Temple, located in Amritsar in the state of Punjab, India is the most sacred shrine of Sikhism. ... Khalsa which means Pure is the name given by Guru Gobind Singh to all Sikhs who have been baptised or initiated by taking Amrit in a ceremony called Amrit Sanchar. ... The Khanda Sikh Khanda on Stamp designed by Stacey Zabolotney Issued By Canada Post in November 2000 . ... This section of Sikh Names and the Sikh Names List is material copyright of www. ... Satguru or Sadguru means true guru (Sanskrit सदगुरू sat=true), literally: true teacher. ... Waheguru (Punjabi: , or , ) means The Wonderful Lord in the Punjabi language. ... Sheikh Farid (Farid-ul-Din Masaud Shakar Ganj) c. ... Kabir (कबीर) (1440 - Indian Mystic who preached an ideal of seeing all of humanity as one. ... The first known use of the word Punjab is in the book Tarikh-e-Sher Shah (1580), which mentions the construction of a fort by Sher Khan of Punjab. The name is mentioned again in Ain-e-Akbari (part 1), written by Abul Fazal, who also mentions that the territory... Sardar, in some senses also Sirdar (Persian: سردار ) (, IPA ) is a Persian word meaning commander. ... The word Takhat literally means seat of power or throne of authority and refers to one of the five bodies of authority for the Sikhs. ... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to Gateway to Sikhism - A Gateway to Sikhism (585 words)
The Sikhs smartly made a special Chowla with 50 long strips and all the prisoners walked free.
Guru ji demonstrated the extreme and difficult virtue of "forgiveness" when He saved Jahangir's life from an attacking tiger, despite all the hostility and the awful act of ordering assassination of the 5th Guru, Guru Arjun dev ji with an excuse that the latter was a threat to Islam.
The software will be launched on the auspicous 300th anniversary of Gurgaddi Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji on October 20th, 2008, with free downloads and CD versions to gurudwaras worldwide.
Religious Movements Homepage: Sikhism (2742 words)
Sikhs strive to a universal concept of love, so that God and people together will be incorporated into every aspect of their lives.
Sikhs can come closer to God (or move farther away from Him) in each life, hopefully progressing over time towards this "absorption," where the body is left and the soul blends with the essence of God and experiences True Reality.
Sikhs also believe that their faith is not the only way to God, a belief that is in sharp variance with Muslim teachings.
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