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Encyclopedia > Sigrid the Haughty

Sigrid the Haughty, Gunhilda, Sigrid Storråda, Świętosława, (967 - 1014). Is the mystic character which appears in many sagas and historical chronicles. It is not known whether it is compound person (that is, whether few real woman lifes and deeds were attributed to one) or real. In 980 (possibly 985) she married Eric VI of Sweden. She may have given birth to Olof Skötkonung who later became king of Sweden, but some doubt that. After 994 she married Sweyn I of Denmark under the name Gunhilda. From this second marriage she probably had five children, including Canute the Great and Harold II of Denmark. Events Boleslav I, Duke of the Bohemians, succeeded by Boleslav II (967- 1004) Emperor Reizei ascends to the throne of Japan The Khazar capital of Atil falls to the Kievan Rus around this year Births Deaths Emperor Murakami of Japan Abu al-Faraj Ali of Esfahan, scholar. ... Events February 14 - Germany July 29 - Battle of Kleidion: Basil II inflicts not only a decisive defeat on the Bulgarian army, but his subsequent savage treatment of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria to die of shock, and earns Basil II the title Voulgaroktonos (Bulgar-slayer). ... The Norse sagas or Viking sagas (Icelandic: Íslendingasögur), are stories about ancient Scandinavian and Germanic history, about early Viking voyages, about migration to Iceland, and of feuds between Icelandic families. ... Events Births Emperor Ichijo of Japan Humbert I of Savoy Avicenna Godiva, Countess of Mercia Deaths Categories: 980 ... Events Barcelona sacked by Al-Mansur Greenland colonized by Icelandic Viking Erik the Red (the date is according to legend but has been established as at least approximately correct – see History of Greenland) Lady Wulfruna founded the town that later became the city of Wolverhampton Births Al-Hakim bi-Amr... Eric the Victorious (VI), or Erik Segersäll, (985?- 995), was king of the Swedes during the last two decades of the 10th century. ... Coin minted for Olof Skötkonung Olof of Sweden, Olof the Tax-king, Olof Skötkonung or Skautkonung, the first Christian king in Sweden, reigned between 995 and 1022. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Events Births Canute the Great (approximate) (+ 1035) Deaths Leopold I, Margrave of Austria Categories: 994 ... Sweyn I Forkbeard (actually Svein Otto Haraldsson; in Danish, Svend Tveskæg, originally Svend Tjugeskæg or Tyvskæg) (circa 960 - February 3, 1014). ... Canute (or Cnut) I, or Canute the Great (Danish Knud den Store) (994/995 - November 12, 1035) was king of Denmark and Norway and governor or overlord of Schleswig and Pomerania. ...


Sigrid controversy

Scandinavian authors (most important of which is Snorri Sturluson) put her father as Skogul Toste. Her name is mentioned as "Syritha" in Saxo Grammaticus chronicle. Snorri Sturlason (1178 – September 23, 1241) was an Icelandic historian, poet and politician. ... Skoglar Toste or Skagul Toste (there are several variations) was a Viking from the Swedish province of West Götaland. ... Saxo, etching by the Danish-Norwegian illustrator Louis Moe (1857—1945) Saxo Grammaticus (estimated. ...


However, another theory holds that she was the daughter of a mythical Burislav (possibly Mieszko I of Poland and Dubrawka). The medieval chroniclers seem to support the hypothesis that her father was Mieszko I. Burislav, Burisleif, Burysław is the name of mythical Wendish king from Scandinavian sagas who is said to rule over Wendland. ... Reign From c. ... Dąbrówka by Jan Matejko Dubrawka of Bohemia (Polish, Dobrawa or Dąbrówka, Czech Doubravka), born about 925/931 died 977. ...


Medieval chroniclers who mention that mother of Canute was either Slavic or Polish:

  • Thietmar mentioned that daughter of Mieszko I of Poland and sister of Boleslaw I of Poland married Sweyn I of Denmark and gave him two sons, Canute the Great and Harold II of Denmark. he has not mentioned her name. He is probably best informed from all medieval chroniclers, since he was contemporary to described events and well-informed about events in Poland and Denmark.
  • Adam from Bremen mentioned that Polish princess was wife of Eric the Victorious and that she was mother of Canute the Great and Harold II of Denmark. Adam's informations here are sometimes considered dubious.
  • sagas mention Sigrid as daughter of Skogul Toste. However, sagas in a form we know it came from Iceland, from XIII century, though they are based on earlier oral tradition.
  • "Cnutonis regis" mentioned in one short passage that Canute and his brother went to the land of the Slavs, and bring back their mother, who inhabited there. This does not necesarily mean that his mother was Slavic, but nevertheless it's strong suggestion that she was.
  • Saxo Grammaticus mentioned Syritha, wife of Eric the Victorious and later, Sweyn, and that she gave him sone Canute. He does not mention what were Syritha origins. One may note, that Saxo sources most probably were sagas
  • There is inscription in "Liber vitae of the New Minster and Hyde Abbey Winchester", that king Canute's sister name was "Santslaue" ("Santslaue soror CNVTI regis nostri"), which without doubt is Slavic name. J. Steenstrup suggested, that Canute's sister would be named after her mother, hence coining (now generally agreed upon) hypothesis, that her Slavic name is Świętosława, but only as a reconstruction based on a single mention that her daughter was. This is also in favour of theory that Sigrid was daughter of Mieszko I.

Moreover, fact that Canute mother was Boleslaw sister may explain some mysterious facts which appear sometimes in medieval chronicles, as mentioning about Polish troops in invasions of England. Thietmar (modern spelling Dietmar), ( 969- December 1, 1019) was bishop of Merseburg and a chronologist. ... Reign From c. ... Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/967... Sweyn I Forkbeard (actually Svein Otto Haraldsson; in Danish, Svend Tveskæg, originally Svend Tjugeskæg or Tyvskæg) (circa 960 - February 3, 1014). ... Canute (or Cnut) I, or Canute the Great (Danish Knud den Store) (994/995 - November 12, 1035) was king of Denmark and Norway and governor or overlord of Schleswig and Pomerania. ... Eric the Victorious (VI), or Erik Segersäll, (985?- 995), was king of the Swedes during the last two decades of the 10th century. ... Canute (or Cnut) I, or Canute the Great (Danish Knud den Store) (994/995 - November 12, 1035) was king of Denmark and Norway and governor or overlord of Schleswig and Pomerania. ... The Norse sagas or Viking sagas (Icelandic: Íslendingasögur), are stories about ancient Scandinavian and Germanic history, about early Viking voyages, about migration to Iceland, and of feuds between Icelandic families. ... Skoglar Toste or Skagul Toste (there are several variations) was a Viking from the Swedish province of West Götaland. ... Saxo, etching by the Danish-Norwegian illustrator Louis Moe (1857—1945) Saxo Grammaticus (estimated. ... Eric the Victorious (VI), or Erik Segersäll, (985?- 995), was king of the Swedes during the last two decades of the 10th century. ... The Norse sagas or Viking sagas (Icelandic: Íslendingasögur), are stories about ancient Scandinavian and Germanic history, about early Viking voyages, about migration to Iceland, and of feuds between Icelandic families. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the...


External link

  • site devoted to Sigrid (http://hum.amu.edu.pl/~bkpan/SIGRID/sigrid.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Erik Bjornsson VI & Sigrid (The Haughty) Storrada Skoglar-Testedot Family (70 words)
Erik Bjornsson VI and Sigrid (The Haughty) Storrada Skoglar-Testedot
Sigrid, known as The Haughty, was born about 0950.
View the entire genealogy report of family Erik Bjornsson VI & Sigrid (The Haughty) Storrada Skoglar-Testedot, or surname index or report summary.
Sigrid the Haughty at AllExperts (820 words)
Sigrid the Haughty, Gunhilda, Sigrid StorrÃ¥da, Świętosława, (967 – 1014) was a mystic character who appears in many sagas and historical chronicles.
According to the theory based on Norse sagas, Sigrid the Haughty was the daughter of the powerful Swedish Viking Skoglar Toste.
Sigrid was given the cognomen Haughty when she had Harald Grenske burnt to death in order to discourage other petty kings to dare proposing to her.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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