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Encyclopedia > Sigma (letter)
Greek alphabet
Α α Alpha Β β Beta
Γ γ Gamma Δ δ Delta
Ε ε Epsilon Ζ ζ Zeta
Η η Eta Θ θ Theta
Ι ι Iota Κ κ Kappa
Λ λ Lambda Μ μ Mu
Ν ν Nu Ξ ξ Xi
Ο ο Omicron Π π Pi
Ρ ρ Rho Σ σ Sigma
Τ τ Tau Υ υ Upsilon
Φ φ Phi Χ χ Chi
Ψ ψ Psi Ω ω Omega
obsolete letters
Ϝ ϝ Digamma Ϻ ϻ San
Ϙ ϙ Qoppa Ϡ ϡ Sampi

Sigma (upper case Σ, lower case σ, alternative ς) is the 18th letter of the Greek alphabet. In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 200. When used at the end of a word, and the word is not upper case, the final form (ς) is used. The origin of the term delta comes from a vicious attacking toad, last sighted near IIT Bombay. ... Alpha (uppercase Α, lowercase α) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Beta (upper case Β, lower case β) is the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Gamma (upper case Γ, lower case γ) is the 3rd letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Delta (upper case Δ, lower case δ) is the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Epsilon (upper case Ε, lower case ε) is the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Zeta (upper case Ζ, lower case ζ) is the sixth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... For other meanings of ETA, see ETA (disambig). ... Note: A theta probe is a device for measuring soil moisture Theta (upper case Θ, lower case θ) is the eighth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Iota (upper case Ι, lower case ι) is the ninth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Kappa (upper case Κ, lower case κ) is the tenth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Lambda (upper case Λ, lower case λ) is the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Mu (upper case Μ, lower case μ) is the 12th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Nu (upper case Ν, lower case ν) is the 13th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Xi (upper case Ξ, lower case ξ) is the 14th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Omicron (upper case Ο, lower case ο) is the 15th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Pi (upper case Π, lower case π) is the 16th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Rho (upper case Ρ, lower case ρ) is the 17th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Tau (upper case Τ, lower case τ) is the 19th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Upsilon (upper case Υ, lower case υ) is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Phi (upper case Φ, lower case φ or ϕ), pronounced fee or fie (depending on context and, often, personal inclination), is the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Chi (upper case Χ, lower case χ) is the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Psi (Ψ ψ) is the 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 700. ... Omega (Ω ω) is the 24th and last letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Digamma, or Wau, (upper case , lower case ) is an obsolete letter of the Greek alphabet. ... San was a letter of the Greek alphabet, between Pi and Qoppa, corresponding in position although not in name to the Phoenician tsade. ... Qoppa is an obsolete letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 90. ... Sampi (Upper case Ϡ, lower case ϡ) is an obsolete letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 900. ... The origin of the term delta comes from a vicious attacking toad, last sighted near IIT Bombay. ... Greek numerals are a system of representing numbers using letters of the Greek alphabet. ... Majuscules or capital letters (in the Roman alphabet: A, B, C, ...) are one type of case in a writing system. ...


In Eastern forms of Greek writing (used in the European Greek colonies) and in the Middle Ages, the "lunate sigma" that looks like the letter C was often used. It can still sometimes be seen in inscriptions in Greek Orthodox churches, for example, where, for example, the whole of God's creation may be denoted by the word ΚΟCΜΟC (cosmos), which in the modern form of writing Greek would be ΚΟΣΜΟΣ. C is the third letter of the Roman alphabet. ...


In a practice similar to faux Cyrillic, capital sigmas are sometimes used in place of Roman Es to give a Greek flavour to titles or text (for example, the film My Big Fat GRΣΣK Wedding). To Greek people, as well as those who have studied ancient or modern Greek or technical fields in which the letter is used, such titles seem ridiculous. Graphic designers sometimes employ faux Cyrillic typography to give a Slavic feel to English text, by replacing Latin letters with Cyrillic letters resembling them. ... The letter E is the fifth letter in the Latin alphabet. ... My Big Fat Greek Wedding is a 2002 romantic comedy film written by Nia Vardalos and directed by Joel Zwick. ...


See also

  • Sigma – for other meanings.

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Sigma (upper case Σ, lower case σ, alternative ς) is the 18th letter of the Greek alphabet.
In early forms of Greek writing and in the Middle Ages, the "lunate sigma" that looks like the letter C was often used.
In a practice similar to faux Cyrillic, capital sigmas are sometimes used in place of Roman Es to give a Greek flavour to titles or text.
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