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Encyclopedia > Siege of Singara
Battle of Singara

Map of Sassanid empire after Shapur II's second campaign
Conflict: Sassanid-Roman Wars
Date: 344
Place: Singara, Mesopotamia
Outcome: Roman victory (unsuccessful siege)
Combatants
Sassanid Empire Roman Empire
Commanders
Shapur II Constantius II
Strength
Casualties
Minimal Minimal

The Battle of Singara was fought in 344 between Roman and Sassanid Persian forces. The Romans were led by Emperor Constantius II, while the Persian army was led by King Shapur II of Persia. The Persians were attempting to take the fortress of Singara, but were not successful. File links The following pages link to this file: Sassanid dynasty ... Shapur II was king of Persia (310 - 379). ... Events Emperor Mu succeeds Emperor Kang as emperor of China. ... Sumerian list of gods in cuneiform script, ca. ... The Sassanid Empire at the reign of Shapur II Official language Pahlavi (Middle Persian) Dominant Religion Zoroastrianism Capital Ctesiphon Sovereigns Shahanshah of the Iran (Eranshahr) First Ruler Ardashir I Last Ruler Yazdegerd III Establishment 224 AD Dissolution 651 AD Part of the History of Iran The Sassanid dynasty (Sassanian in... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus), until its radical reformation in what was later to be known as the Byzantine Empire. ... Shapur II the Great was king of Persia (309 - 379). ... emperor Constantius II Constantius II, Roman Emperor (7 August 317 - 3 November 361, reigned 337 - 361), was the middle of the three sons of Constantine I the Great and Fausta. ... Events Emperor Mu succeeds Emperor Kang as emperor of China. ... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus), until its radical reformation in what was later to be known as the Byzantine Empire. ... The Sassanid Empire at the reign of Shapur II Official language Pahlavi (Middle Persian) Dominant Religion Zoroastrianism Capital Ctesiphon Sovereigns Shahanshah of the Iran (Eranshahr) First Ruler Ardashir I Last Ruler Yazdegerd III Establishment 224 AD Dissolution 651 AD Part of the History of Iran The Sassanid dynasty (Sassanian in... emperor Constantius II Constantius II, Roman Emperor (7 August 317 - 3 November 361, reigned 337 - 361), was the middle of the three sons of Constantine I the Great and Fausta. ... Shapur II the Great was king of Persia (309 - 379). ...

Contents


Background

When Shapur II took control of the Sassanid Empire he sought to regain old territories previously lost to the Eastern Roman Empire. After crushing Lakhmid Arabs rebellion in the south, he headed toward Mesopotamia and recaptured Armenia. From there he started his first campaign against Constantius II, a campaign which mostly unsuccessful for Shapur II. Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... The Lakhmids (Arabic: ) or Muntherids (Arabic: ) were Arab Christians that lived in Iraq,al-Hirah became their capital in (266 AD). ... Sumerian list of gods in cuneiform script, ca. ... emperor Constantius II Constantius II, Roman Emperor (7 August 317 - 3 November 361, reigned 337 - 361), was the middle of the three sons of Constantine I the Great and Fausta. ...


Battle

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Shortly after besieging Singara, eastern nomadic tribes attacked and plundered Transoxiana province and eastern cities of the Sassanid Empire. Hearing the news of nomadic raids, the Roman resistance and the fact that his military force was not sufficient to hold the captured cities discouraged Shapur and made him lift the siege. Map showing modern Transoxiana. ...


Outcome and Aftermath

Shapur in conclusion of his unsuccessful campaign against Roman empire, signed a peace treaty with Constantius II in which both sides agreed not to attack each others territory for a limited period of time. The peace treaty gave Shapur security he needed in the western borders of the Sassanid empire and assurance for his forward campaign against nomads. He began eastern campaign and after a prolonged struggle he recaptured those areas previously lost to Sassands and forced nomads to conclude a peace. He also made their king, Grumbates, to accompany Shapur in the war against the Romans. He then started his second campaign against Romans in year 359 , a campaign that was overwhelmingly successful for the Sassanid Persians and a total of five Roman provinces were ceded to Persians. Events Battle of Amida: Shapur II of Persia conquers Amida from the Romans. ...


See also


 
 

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