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Encyclopedia > Siege of Puebla
Siege of Puebla
Conflict Mexican-American War
Date September 14-October 12, 1847
Place Puebla, Puebla
Result U.S. victory
Combatants
United States Mexico
Commanders
Thomas Childs
Joseph Lane
Joaquín Rea, Antonio López de Santa Anna
Strength
500 (garrison)
3,000 (relief force)
4,000
Casualties
78 ?
Siege and Relief of Puebla
PueblaHuamantla

The Siege of Puebla began the same day Mexico City fell to Winfield Scott and lasted for 28 days when a relief force was able to fight its way into the city and lift the siege. The Mexican-American War was a war fought between the United States and Mexico between 1846 and 1848. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years). ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The city of Puebla – known more formally as Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza or less formally as La Angelópolis or Puebla de los Ángeles – is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name, and the fourth largest city in Mexico. ... Puebla is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Joseph Lane (1801-1881) was an American general during the Mexican War. ... Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón (sometimes spelled de Santa Ana) (February 21, 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a Mexican general anddictator. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ...

Contents

Background

General Winfield Scott had a series of garrisons posted along the route from Veracruz to Mexico City to protect his supply lines. One of these garrisons was posted at the city of Puebla, roughly two-thirds of the way to Mexico City from the coast. The garrison was commanded Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Childs, serving as a brevet colonel. Childs had 500 soldiers to guard the city. After the fall of Mexico City, General Antonio López de Santa Anna renounced his presidency and split his forces, taking half of them to try and retake Puebla. General Joaquín Rea commanded the Mexican guerrilla forces in the area around Puebla. Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ... Veracruz is the name of both a state in Mexico and that states largest city. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... The city of Puebla – known more formally as Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza or less formally as La Angelópolis or Puebla de los Ángeles – is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name, and the fourth largest city in Mexico. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón (sometimes spelled de Santa Ana) (February 21, 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a Mexican general anddictator. ... Guerrilla (also called a partisan) is a term borrowed from Spanish (from guerra meaning war) used to describe small combat groups. ...


Siege

On September 14, 1847 — the same day that Mexico City fell — Rea's forces worked their way into the city and began the siege. The U.S. forces held three strongpoints within the city: a convent, Fort Loretto and the citadel of San José. The Mexicans drove off most of the city's cattle but Child's was able to save enough to keep from starvation. Rea demanded the garrison's surrneder on September 16, but Childs refused. Rea attacked San José and was repulsed. Santa Anna arrived at Puebla on September 22 and officially called for Childs to surrender. Once again Childs refused. The Mexicans then attempted to storm the convent and were repulsed. At the end of September, Santa Anna departed with a little less than half the besieging forces and headed east to confront an expected relief column advancing from Veracruz. With the Mexican force somewhat reduced, the defenders took the opportunity to pick off a few Mexican strongpoints. September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years). ...


Relief force

Winfield Scott's powerful army in Mexico City was unable to come to the aid of Puebla because the roads — passing through the foothills of the Iztaccíhuatl and Popocatépetl volcanoes — had been left unpassable to wagons from recent rains. The roads from Veracruz, however, where still in good enough shape. As early as August 1847, reinforcements from Veracruz had been organized and sent to Puebla but had failed to reach the garrison due to guerrilla opperations. On September 19, Major General Joseph Lane departed Veracruz with a force of about 1,700. Along the way Lane added units to his force bringing his total to about 3,000. On October 9 Lane met and defeated Santa Anna's force at the Battle of Huamantla in Tlaxcala. The battle ended Santa Anna's military career and opened the way to Puebla. After sacking Huamantla, Lane continued on to Puebla and on October 12 encountered the remnants of Rea's force and fought its way through and linked up with Childs. Rea had no choice but to raise the siege and withdraw. Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... Iztaccíhuatl (alternative spellings include Ixtaccíhuatl or either variant spelled without the accent) is the third highest mountain in Mexico, after Pico de Orizaba (5,610m) and Popocatepetl (5,452m). ... Popocatépetl (commonly referred to as Popo) is an active volcano and the second highest peak in Mexico after Pico de Orizaba (5,610m). ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Joseph Lane (1801-1881) was an American general during the Mexican War. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in Leap years). ... Tlaxcala is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ...


Aftermath

The Siege of Puebla was the last significant threat to U.S. forces in central Mexico. Guerrilla raids continued and the supply route was a prime target. General Lane continued to direct opperations against these raids through 1847 and into 1848. 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Sources

  • Nevin, David; editor, The Mexican War (1978)
  • Bauer, K. Jack, "The Mexican-American War 1846-48"

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
WAIS: Mexico (1943 words)
I recently returned from the University of the Americas in Puebla (UDLA), Mexico, where I was the guest of the student body.
They could also be used in a course for students at Stanford in Puebla, so that they could make an on-site study of the history of the city.
Puebla, "the City of the Angels," is a microcosm of the Mexican religious mosaic.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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