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Encyclopedia > Siege of Nuremberg

The Siege of Nuremberg took place in 1632 during the Thirty Years' War. See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was a conflict fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally in the Central European territory of the Holy Roman Empire, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ...


In 1632 rather than face the numerically superior imperial army under the command of Albrecht von Wallenstein, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden ordered a tactical retreat into the City of Nuremberg. Wallenstein's army immediately started to invest Nuremberg and laid siege to the city, waiting for hunger and epidemics to do their work. This page is about the Germanic empire. ... Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein (also Waldstein, Czech: Albrecht Václav Eusebius z Valdštejna), September 24, 1583 – February 25, 1634) was a Bohemian soldier and politician who gave his services (an army of 30,000 to 100,000 men) during the Danish Period of the Thirty Years War to... Gustav II Adolf (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and in Protestant propaganda as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... Nuremberg coat of arms Location of Nuremberg Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... For the Boston area punk band see Siege (band). ...


It proved difficult for the besiegers to maintain the siege because the city was large and needed a large force to man the circumvallation. In Wallenstein camp, there were 120,000 soldiers, 50,000 horses, 15,000 women, and 15,000 servants. Foraging to supply such a large static besieging force proved to be extremely difficult. circumvallation in Alesia Circumvallation is a standard military tactic of siege used in ancient and modern warfare. ...


Four Saxonian regiments and troops from the Rhine numbering around in total 50,000 troops with 6,000 cannon reinforced the 70,0000 regular troops and 30,000 Nuremberg militia already deployed by Gustavus Adolphus.


With poor sanitation and inadequate supplies both sides suffered from hunger, typhus and scurvy. To try to break the deadlock the forces under the command of Gustavus Adolphus attacked the entrenchments of the imperial army's circumvallation but failed to break through. Eventually after after 11 weeks it came to an end, when the Swedes and their allies withdrew. Through a combination of disease, hunger and battle fatalities, about 10,000 inhabitants of Nuremberg and 20,000 Swedish and allied forces died; and the imperial army suffered about 20,000 dead. Austria was saved for the short term, but the engagement was not decisive.


References

The Schiller Institute is an international political and economic thinktank and is one of the primary institutions in the Lyndon LaRouche movement, with headquarters in both Germany and the United States. ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ...

 
 

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