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Encyclopedia > Siddhar

Siddhars are saints in India, mostly of the Saivaite denomination in Tamil Nadu, who professed and practised an unorthodox type of Sadhana, or spiritual practice, to attain liberation. Yogic powers called Siddhis are acquired by constant practice of certain yogic disciplines. Those who acquire these Siddhis are called Siddhas.[1] Siddhars are people who are believed to control and transcend the barriers of time and space by meditation (Yoga), after the use of substances called Rasayanas that transform the body to make it potentially deathless, and a particular breathing-practice, a type of Pranayama. Through their practices they are believed to have reached stages of insight which enabled them to tune into the powers hidden in various material substances and practices, useful for suffering and ignorant mankind. Typically Siddhars were saints, doctors, alchemists and mysticists all at once. They wrote their findings, in the form of poems in Tamil language, on palm leaf which are collected and stored in what are known today as Palm leaf manuscript, today still owned by private families in Tamil Nadu and handed down through the generations, as well as public institutions such as Universities the world over (India, Germany, Great Britain, U.S.A.). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A Siddha in Sanskrit means One who is accomplished and refers to perfected masters who have transcended the Ahamkara (Ego or I-maker), have subdued their minds to be subservient to their Awareness, and have transformed their bodies composed of dense Rajo-tama Gunas into pure Satvic light. ... A Sadhana is a ritualistic meditation practice from Hindu and Buddhist spiritual traditions which is followed in order to achieve a form of spiritual purification or enlightenment. ... Siddhi (Sanskrit:; ) is a Sanskrit word that literally means accomplishment, attainment, or success.[1] It is also used as a term for spiritual power (or psychic ability). ... Yoga (Devanagari: योग) is one of the six schools of Hindu philosophy, focusing on meditation as a path to self-knowledge and liberation. ... Pranayama (Devanagari: प्राणायाम, prāNāyāma) is a sanskrit word that means control (yama) of the life force (prana). ... Palmleaf Manuscripts - used extensively in Ancient India writes P S Iyer Palmleaf was used as paper to record and preserve thoughts, knowledge and mythical narratives. ...


In this way Siddhars developed, among other branches of a vast knowledge-system, what is now known as Siddha medicine, practised mainly in Tamil Nadu as Traditional native medicine. A rustic form of healing that is similar to Siddha medicine has since been practised by experienced elderly in the villages of Tamil Nadu, and is popularly known as Paatti Vaitthiyam, Naattu marunthu and Mooligai marutthuvam They are also founders of Varmam - a martial art for self-defence and medical treatment at the same time. Varmams are specific points located in the human body which when pressed in different ways can give various results, such as disabling an attacker in self-defence, or balancing a physical condition as an easy first-aid medical treatment. A Siddha in Sanskrit means One who is accomplished and refers to perfected masters who have transcended the Ahamkara (Ego or I-maker), have subdued their minds to be subservient to their Awareness, and have transformed their bodies composed of dense Rajo-tama Gunas into pure Satvic light. ... medicines, see medication and pharmacology. ... A Siddha in Sanskrit means One who is accomplished and refers to perfected masters who have transcended the Ahamkara (Ego or I-maker), have subdued their minds to be subservient to their Awareness, and have transformed their bodies composed of dense Rajo-tama Gunas into pure Satvic light. ...


Siddhars also wrote many religious poems. It is believed that most of them have lived for ages, in a mystic mountain called Sathuragiri, near Thanipparai village in Tamil Nadu


One of the best-known Siddhars was Agasthyar, who is believed to be the founding father of Siddha culture.


Abithana Chintamani states Siddhars are either of the 9 or 18 persons enlisted, but sage Agastyar states that there are many who precede these and follow 9 or 18 persons. Many of the great Siddhars are regarded to have powers magical and spiritual. Abithana Chitamani is an encyclopedia on Tamil Literature written by A. Singaravelu Mudaliar. ... Agastyar, also spelled Agathiar or Agasthiar, is considered as the first and foremost person of Siddha. ...

Contents

All Siddhars in order

All Sitthars were among the highest disciples of God Siva, and are considered equal in their powers and devotion to the supreme God. This article is about the Hindu God. ...

  1. Lord Nandi, principal disciple of God Siva and Lord Muruga
  2. Lord Parasuram of Vallam, head of Celloor monastery
  3. Agastyar from Anantasayana, head of the monasteries at Pothigai and Kumbakonam
  4. Poagar of Pazhani, disciple of Agastya, 6th c. BCE( rough estimate )
  5. Thaeraiyar of Ten Pothigai, disciple of Agastya, 6th c. BCE
  6. Korakkar of Paerur, from Thirukonamalai monastery, ?4th c. BCE
  7. Pulippaani of Pazhani
  8. Thadangann Siddhar
  9. BramhaMuni, ?3rd c. BCE
  10. Machamuni of Thirupparankundram, ?3rd c. BCE
  11. Poonaikkannanaar of Egypt, ?3rd c.BCE
  12. Romamunivar of Rome, ?2nd c. BCE
  13. Kaaraichchiththar, ?2nd c.BCE
  14. Kudhambai Siddhar of Mayilaaduthurai and Kumbakonam, ?2nd c. BCE
  15. Kabilar I of Mithila, 2nd c. BCE.
  16. Kaagaivanna Siddhar[i] of Kediya(South Sri Lanka), from Pothigai monastery, 2nd c. BCE
  17. Dhanvantri from Kasi, of Vaitheeswaran Koil, ?1st c. BCE
  18. Valmiki, aka Vaanmeegar of Ettukkudi, ?1st c. BCE
  19. Maarkkandeyanaar
  20. Koonkannar
  21. Kaalaichchittar II
  22. Konganar of Thirupathi, 1st c. BCE
  23. Punnaakkeesar from Naangunaeri, head of Saanganachaeri monastery, 1st c. BCE
  24. Kaalangicchitthar of Kanchipuram, ?2nd c. CE
  25. Kaaduvelichchiththar
  26. Aenaathichchittar, 2nd c. CE
  27. Idaikkaadar of Oosimuri(in Thondai Nadu), from ThiruAnnaamalai monastery, ?2nd-3rd c. CE
  28. Pulasthiyarfrom Maanthai, head of Aavudaiyaar Koil and Yaazhppaanam monasteries, 3rd c. CE
  29. KamalaMuni of Thiruvaarur, ?4th c. CE
  30. Pathanjali of Rameswaram, 4th c. CE
  31. Azhaganiyaar of Nagapattinam, ?4th c. CE
  32. Kailasanathar, 5th c. CE
  33. Kuranguchchittar of Pazhani, 5th c. CE
  34. Sattaimuni of ThiruArangam, ?5th c. CE
  35. Vaamathevar of Azhagarmalai, ?5th c. CE
  36. Agappaei Siddhar of Azhagarmalai, ?3rd c. CE
  37. Sivavaakkiyar from Kollimalai, of Thirumazhisai monastery, ?4-5th c. CE
  38. Sundarandandar of Madurai, ?5th c. CE
  39. Ramadevar of Azhagarmalai
  40. Thirumoolar from ThiruAaAduthurai, of ThiruAathavoor monastery, head of Thillai Citrambalam[i] monastery, 6th c. CE
  41. Sri Jnyaaneswar of Gujarat
  42. Kaagapujundar, Leader for all nathats, 8 BCE
  43. VaasaMuni
  44. KoormaMuni
  45. Kumbhamuni
  46. Nandeeswarar of Kasi, from Thillai monastery, 6th c. CE
  47. Pattinattaar of Pugaar, 7th c. CE
  48. Karuvoorar from Karuvoor, of Thanjai monastery, master of Rajaraja Chola, 10th c. CE
  49. Pambatti Siddhar from Jnaneswaram( near Dwaraka, in Gujarat ), of Vilaimalai( Vriddhachalam ) monastery, 15th c. CE
  50. Vaalaichchaami of Valangaimaan
  51. Edaikadar II, ?15th c. CE
  52. Ganapathi Siddhar
  53. Subrahmanya Siddhar
  54. Sooriyaananthar
  55. Lokaayuthar
  56. Bathragiriyaar of Badrachalam, from Thillai monastery
  57. Andaman Siddhar http://www.geocities.com/manimee/sattikavasam.html

The 9 list as Abithana Chintamani states is as follows: In Hinduism, Nandi is the white bull which Shiva rides, and the leader of the Ganas. ... Redirect page ... Agastyar, also spelled Agathiar or Agasthiar, is considered as the first and foremost person of Siddha. ... Bogar was a legendary South Indian siddhar (herbal healer). ... In Hinduism, Agastya (अगस्त्य in devanagari, pronounced as /ə gəs tyə/; also transliterated as Agathiar அகத்தியர் in Tamil, ಅಗಸ್ತ್ಯ in Kannada, Agasthiar, Agastyar and in other ways) is a legendary Vedic sage or rishi. ... Gamini Abhaya or Dutte Gamini(c. ... Valmiki composes the Ramayana Maharishi Valmiki (Sanskrit: वाल्मिकी, vālmikī) is the author of the Hindu epic Ramayana. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Srirangam, also known as Thiruvarangam, is a small island town adjoining Tiruchirapalli ( also known shortly as Trichy or Tiruchi) in South India. ... Thirumoolar also spelt Tirumular or Thirumular is one of the 18 Siddhars. ... The ancient Tamil country refers to the areas of South India and the northeastern Sri Lanka in which Tamil was the major language during ancient times. ...

  1. Sathyanathar
  2. Sadhoganathar
  3. Aadhinathar
  4. Anadhinathar
  5. Vegulinathar
  6. Madhanganathar
  7. Machaendranathar
  8. Gadaendranathar or Gajendranathar
  9. Korakkanathar

The 18-list of siddhars is:

  1. Agastyar
  2. Bogar
  3. Korakkar
  4. Kailasanathar
  5. SattaiMuni
  6. Tirumoolar
  7. Nandhi
  8. Poonaikannar
  9. Konganar
  10. MachaMuni
  11. Karuvoorar
  12. KoormaMuni
  13. Edaikaadar
  14. KamalaMuni
  15. Punnakeesar
  16. Sundarandandar
  17. Romarishi
  18. Pulipani

Agastyar, also spelled Agathiar or Agasthiar, is considered as the first and foremost person of Siddha. ... Bogar was a legendary South Indian siddhar (herbal healer). ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...

Powers of siddhars

The siddhars are believed to have had powers both major and other ‘minor’ powers. They are explained in detail in various yogic as well as religious texts;Thirumandiram 668:

  1. To become tiny as the atom within the atom (Anima)
  2. To become big in unshakeable proportions (Mahima)
  3. To become as light as vapour in levitation (Laghima)
  4. To become as heavy as the mountain (Garima)
  5. To enter into other bodies in transmigration (Prapti)
  6. To be in all things,omni-pervasive (Prakamya)
  7. To be lord of all creation in omnipotence (Isatvam)
  8. To be everywhere in omnipresence (Vasitvam)

These eight are the Great Siddhis. “Atomic” redirects here. ... Vapor (US English) or vapour (British English) is the gaseous state of matter. ... A cubical magnet levitating over a superconducting material (this is known as the Meissner effect). ... Lyskamm, 4 527 m, Pennine Alps A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ...


See also

A Siddha in Sanskrit means One who is accomplished and refers to perfected masters who have transcended the Ahamkara (Ego or I-maker), have subdued their minds to be subservient to their Awareness, and have transformed their bodies composed of dense Rajo-tama Gunas into pure Satvic light. ... Thirumoolar also spelt Tirumular or Thirumular is one of the 18 Siddhars. ... Thirumandhiram, is a Tamil religious poetic work written in the sixth century Bce by Thirumoolar. ... Bogar was a legendary South Indian siddhar (herbal healer). ... In Hinduism, Agastya (अगस्त्य in devanagari, pronounced as /ə gəs tyə/; also transliterated as Agathiar அகத்தியர் in Tamil, ಅಗಸ್ತ್ಯ in Kannada, Agasthiar, Agastyar and in other ways) is a legendary Vedic sage or rishi. ... Avaiyar is a female icon of Tamil literature. ... Abithana Chitamani is an encyclopedia on Tamil Literature written by A. Singaravelu Mudaliar. ... Ayyavazhi mythology is the mythology of the growing South Indian religious faith and offshoot of Hinduism known as Ayyavazhi. ... The Nayanars were the sincere and ardent devotees of Lord Siva. ... The Alvars are Hindu saints, followers of Lord Vishnu. ... Mahasiddhas (Sanskrit: maha - great, siddhas - achievers) are a type of eccentric yogis or adepts important in tantric Hinduism and Tibetan Buddhism. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Swami Sivananda, The Science of Pranayama, page 4

External links


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