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Encyclopedia > Siberia Khanate
Khanate of Sibir in 15th-16th centuries
Khanate of Sibir in 15th-16th centuries

Siberia Khanate is an anachronistic rendering of its actual name Khanate of Sibir, a Tatar khanate in the later Russian Siberia. The Khanate had an ethnically diverse population of Siberian Tatars, Khanty, Mansi, Nenets and Selkup people. Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... For the Star Trek character see Khan Noonien Singh. ... The Native Western Siberian Tatars (200,000) are an ethnic group or a sub-group of the Tatars. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Mansi (obsolete: Voguls) are an endangered ethnic group living in Khantia-Mansia, an autonomous region within the Russian Federation, together with Khants. ... Nenets may refer to: Nenetsia, an administrative region of Russia. ... The Selkup (Russian: ), until 1930s called ostyak-samoyeds (остя́ко-самое́ды) are a people in Siberia, Russia. ...

Contents

History

The Khanate of Sibir was founded in the fifteenth century, at a time when the Mongols of the house of Jochi were generally in a state of decline. The original capital of the khans was Chimgi-Tura. The first khan was Taibuga, who was not a member of the Borjigin. He was succeeded by his son Khoja or Hoca, who was in turn succeeded by his son Mar. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... For other uses, see Mongols (disambiguation). ... Jochi (also spelled Jöchi) (c. ... Borjigin (plural Borjigit or Borjigid; Khalkha Mongolian: Боржигин, Borjigin; Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) were the imperial clan of Genghis Khan and his successors. ...


The Taibugids' control of the region between the Tobol and middle Irtysh was not uncontested. The Shaybanids, descendants of Jochi, frequently claimed the area as their own. Ibak, a member of a junior branch of the Shaybanid house, killed Mar and seized Chimgi-Tura. A Taibugid restoration occurred when Mar's grandson Muhammad fled to the eastern territories around the Irtysh and killed Ibak in battle in c. 1493. Muhammad decided not to remain at Chimgi-Tura, but chose a new capital named Iskar (or Sibir) located on the Irtysh. Tobol (Тобо́л) is a river in Kazakhstan and Russia, left tributary of Irtysh. ... Irtysh (Иртыш ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: Ä°rteÅŸ / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Central Asia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. ... The Shaybanid dynasty was a 16th century Uzbek dynasty founded by Muhammad Shaybani. ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Qashliq (Tatar language: QaÅŸlıq, Ä°skär, Sibir) was a medieval (14th-16th century) Siberian Tatar city near the right bank of Irtysh river (ruins are situated near the modern Tobolsk). ...


The Russian conquest of Kazan in 1552 prompted the Taibugid khan of Sibir, Yadigar, to seek friendly relations with Moscow. Yadigar, however, was challenged by a Shaybanid, Ibak's grandson Kuchum. Several years of fighting (1556-1563) ended with Yadigar's death and Kuchum becoming khan. Combatants Muscovite Russia Qasim Khanate Taw yağı 1 Kazan Khanate Cheremis and Ar warriors Nogay cavalry Commanders Ivan IV of Russia Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky Andrey Kurbsky Shahghali Yadegar Moxammat # Yapancha bak â€  Zaynash morza # Qolsharif â€  Strength 150,000 men, 150 cannons unknown battleship some siege towers 33,000 men2- 50,000... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Kuchum khan (Tatar: Küçüm, Russian: Кучум) (? - ca. ... Events January 16 - Abdication of Emperor Charles V. His son, Philip II becomes King of Spain, while his brother Ferdinand becomes Holy Roman Emperor January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs with its epicenter in Shaanxi province, China. ... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ...


Conquest of the Sibir

Main article: Kuchum

Kuchum attempted to convert the Siberian Tatars, who were mostly Shamanists, to Islam. His decision to conduct a raid on the Stroganov trading posts resulted in an expedition led by the Cossack Yermak against the Khanate of Sibir. Kuchum's forces were defeated by Yermak at the Battle of Chuvash Cape in 1582 and the Cossacks entered Iskar later that year. Kuchum reorganized his forces, killed Yermak in battle in 1584, and reasserted his authority over Sibir. Over the next fourteen years, however, the Russians slowly conquered the khanate. In 1598 Kuchum was defeated on the banks of the Ob and was forced to flee to the territories of the Nogai, bringing an end to his rule. Kuchum khan (Tatar: Küçüm, Russian: Кучум) (? - ca. ... The Native Western Siberian Tatars (200,000) are an ethnic group or a sub-group of the Tatars. ... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Stroganovs or Strogonovs (Строгановы, Строгоновы in Russian), also spelled in French manner as Stroganoffs, was a family of highly successful Russian merchants, industrialists, landowners, and statesmen of the 16th - 20th centuries that eventually earned nobility. ... For other uses, see Cossack (disambiguation). ... The name Yermak (Ермак) may refer to Yermak Timofeyevich, a Don Cossack ataman, subjugator of Siberia to Russia Icebreaker Yermak, Russia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Combatants Yermaks expedition Siberia Khanate Commanders Yermak Mametqul Strength 800 men several thousands Casualties unknown unknown The Battle of Chuvash Cape (October 23, 1582) led to the victory of a Russian expedition under Yermak Timofeyevich and the fall of Siberia Khanate and the end of Khan Kuchums power. ... Gregorian Calendar switch: Year 1582 involved conversion to the Gregorian calendar. ... 1584 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I. April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... Ob may refer to: Ob River, a river in West Siberia, Russia Ob Sea, an artificial lake on the Ob River Ob (town), a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia Gulf of Ob, a bay of the Arctic Ocean in Northern Russia OB Category: ... The Nogai Horde was the Tatar horde that controlled the Caucasus Mountain region after the Mongol invasion. ...


See also

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... // Azerbaijan Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Turkmenistan Turkey Uzbekistan Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus [1] Bashkortostan Chuvashia Sakha (Yakutia) Republic Tatarstan Tuva These republics have a small Turkic minority and official language is a Turkic language. ... The history of Siberia may be traced to the sophisticated nomadic civilizations of the Scythians (Pazyryk) and the Xiongnu, both flourishing before the Christian era. ...

References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Siberia - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (1643 words)
Siberia was occupied by differing groups of nomads such as the Yenets, the Nenets, the Huns, and the Uyghurs.
Siberia is filled with natural resources and during the 20th century these were developed, and industrial towns cropped up throughout the region.
When Siberia was referenced, it was always as a punishment: for instance, if a Soviet agent failed in a mission against the United States, the end of the program might show the agent receiving news from his superiors that he was being sent to Siberia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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