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Encyclopedia > Sialk
The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors.
The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors.
Details of the wall of the second platfrom of the first ziggurat.
Details of the wall of the second platfrom of the first ziggurat.
A view of the south facade of what remains from the first (of two) ziggurats.
A view of the south facade of what remains from the first (of two) ziggurats.

Sialk is claimed to be the world's oldest ziggurat ([[1], [2]), tucked away in the suburbs of the city of Kashan, in central Iran. Unfortunately, what remains of this 5000-year-old ziggurat [3] is only a big pile of crumbling bricks, similar to many other ruins in Iran. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1112x736, 618 KB) Summary I took this image with a Fuji 200 slide camera. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1112x736, 618 KB) Summary I took this image with a Fuji 200 slide camera. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x800, 830 KB) Summary I took this image with a Fuji 200 slide camera. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x800, 830 KB) Summary I took this image with a Fuji 200 slide camera. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x419, 488 KB) Summary I took this image with a Fuji 200 slide camera. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x419, 488 KB) Summary I took this image with a Fuji 200 slide camera. ... Dur-Untash, or Choqa zanbil, built in 13th century BC by Untash Napirisha, is one of the worlds best preserved ziggurats. ... For historical city in Volga Bulgaria and Khanate of Kazan see Qashan Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Iran. ...


Sialk is one of four ziggurats built by the Elamite civilization. The other three are: Choqa Zanbil (1250 BCE), Susa ziggurat (1800BC), and Haft Teppeh (1375 BC), all in Khuzestan, and making Sialk the 32nd and most recent ziggurat of Mesopotamia to be discovered. Choghazanbil ziggurat, Iran Choghazanbil ziggurat, another view Choqazanbil (also Choghazanbil) is an ancient ziggurat located in Iran. ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ...


"Tappe-ye Sialk" (In Persian, Tappe means "hill".) was first excavated by a team of European archeologists headed by Roman Ghirshman in the 1930s. His extensive studies were followed by D.E.McCown, Y. Majidzadeh, P. Amieh, and the 2002-3 reviews of Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization. But like the thousands of other Iranian historical ruins, the treasures excavated here eventually found their way to museums such as The Louvre, The British Museum, The New York Metropolitan Museum, and private collectors.P.S.I luv 2 pick my nose Ghirshmans team in Sialk in 1934: Sitting from R to L: Roman Ghirshman, Tania Ghirshman, and Dr. Contenau. ...


The Sialk ziggurat has 3 platforms, and although the ziggurat itself was built in 2900BCE, it still predates Urnamu's Ziggurat at Ur, which was built in 2100BCE. However, the earliest archeological remains of the north mound date back to the middle of the 6th millennium BCE, i.e. about 7500 years ago. UR, Ur, or ur can refer to several things: The City of Ur Ur can be used as shorthand in online communication - referring to the word words You are. EG. ur crazy Ur, the first known continent Royal Game of Ur Unreal the computer game Ur is the name of...

Ghirshman's team in Sialk in 1934: Sitting from R to L: Roman Ghirshman, Tania Ghirshman, and Dr. Contenau.
Ghirshman's team in Sialk in 1934: Sitting from R to L: Roman Ghirshman, Tania Ghirshman, and Dr. Contenau.

Sialk, and the entire area around it, is thought to have first originated as a result of the pristine underground water sources that still run today. The Cheshmeh ye Soleiman (or "Solomon's Spring") has been bringing water to this area from nearby mountains for thousands of years. The Fin garden, built to its present form in the 1600s is a popular tourist attraction today. It is here where Persian Kings of the Safavid dynasty would spend their vacations away from their capital cities. It is also here where, Abu Lu Lu, the Iranian assassin of Islam's second Caliph is buried. Kashan is also famous for its outstanding desert architecture. Image File history File links Photo provided by Zereshk. ... Image File history File links Photo provided by Zereshk. ... Ghirshmans team in Sialk in 1934: Sitting from R to L: Roman Ghirshman, Tania Ghirshman, and Dr. Contenau. ...

Artist rendition of what the Sialk ziggurat might have looked like 5000 years ago.
Artist rendition of what the Sialk ziggurat might have looked like 5000 years ago.

A joint study between Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization, The Louvre, and Institute Francais de Recherche en Iran also verifies the oldest settlements in Sialk to date back to 5500BCE. Sialk ziggurat rendition by unkown artist in the early 1900s. ... Sialk ziggurat rendition by unkown artist in the early 1900s. ... The main courtyard of the Louvre. ...


What little is left of the two crumbling Sialk ziggurats is now threatened by the encroaching suburbs of the expanding city of Kashan. It is not uncommon to see kids playing soccer amid the ruins, while only several meters away lie the supposedly "off limit" 5,500 year old skeletons unearthed at the foot of the ziggurat.


The significance of the scientific and cultural achievements of the Elamites and their influence on other civilizations can be better understood when we learn that according to some scholars the first wheeled pitcher (or wheeled roller) is known to have been invented by the Elamites. Proto-elamite writings found in Sialk are also indicative of the earliest use of the decimal system here. Decimal, or denary, notation is the most common way of writing the base 10 numeral system, which uses various symbols for ten distinct quantities (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, called digits) together with the decimal point and the sign symbols + (plus) and − (minus) to...


Furthermore, the first arched roof and its covering, which are very important techniques in architecture were invented by the Elamites, and used in the mausoleum of Teppeh-i-ahar around 1360 BCE (unearthed in the excavations made at Haft Tappeh) nearly 1,500 years before such arches were used by the Romans.(note: Link is not in English)


But the painful reality is that Sialk is just one of thousands of structures of antiquity in Iran plundered by colonialists, thieves, present and past incompetent authorities, and time itself. Only the more famous ones come to attention when threatened, and a select few come under the protection or supervision of UNESCO. UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1945. ...


Other ancient structures of Iranian heritage are not so lucky. The Sialk ziggurat at least has a guard or two protecting it. Others like the massive Sasanid-era citadel of Narin ghaleh in the city of Naeen have turned into a garbage dump by the local government. And many others fare even worse than that. Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Castles in Iran ...


See also

Pottery Vessel, Fourth Millennium BCE. The Sialk collection of Tehran's National Museum of Iran.
Pottery Vessel, Fourth Millennium BCE. The Sialk collection of Tehran's National Museum of Iran.
CAD rendering of Sialk's largest ziggurat based on archeological evidence.
CAD rendering of Sialk's largest ziggurat based on archeological evidence.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (764x918, 385 KB)Photo by Zereshk. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (764x918, 385 KB)Photo by Zereshk. ... Tehran is a metropolis of 14 million situated at the foot of the towering Alborz range. ... Entrance of the National Museum of Iran, the vault is built in the style of Persias Sassanid vaults The National Museum of Iran (in Persian: موزه ایران باستان Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân) is an archeological and historical museum located in Tehran. ... CAD rendering of Sialk ziggurat based on archeological evidence. ... CAD rendering of Sialk ziggurat based on archeological evidence. ... Dur-Untash, or Choqa zanbil, built in 13th century BC by Untash Napirisha, is one of the worlds best preserved ziggurats. ... An Elamite Man in Persepolis The ancient Elamite Empire (تمدن عیلام in Persian) lay to the east of Sumer and Akkad, in what is now southwestern Iran. ... For historical city in Volga Bulgaria and Khanate of Kazan see Qashan Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Iran. ... House of Haj Ali Khan Zand, Qajar era, Qom. ...

Sources

  • Les Recherches Archeologiques Francaises en Iran. Nov 2001, Tehran. Institute Francais de Recherche en Iran, Musee de Louvre, ICHO.
  • The Ziggurat of Sialk, Sadegh malek Shahmirzadi, Masoud Azarnoush, Seifollah Aminian et al. 2002. ISBN 964-7483-28-7 this is the weirdest web site ever

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sialk - Biocrawler (663 words)
Sialk is the world's oldest ziggurat (http://www.chn.ir/english/eshownews.asp?no=1578) (2) (http://www.chn.ir/english/eshownews.asp?no=356), tucked away in the suburbs of the city of Kashan, in central Iran.
Sialk is one of four ziggurats built by the Elamite civilization (http://www.allempires.com/empires/elamite/elamite1.htm).
Sialk predates the ziggurats of Iraq, but the significance of the other two ziggurats of Iran, particularly the ziggurat of Chogha Zanbil in southwestern Iran (http://www.choghazanbil.ir/english/eindex.aspx), are their relatively well preserved state.
Ziggurats Iraq - Sialk - Choqa Zanbil - Crystalinks (877 words)
Sialk is a large ancient archeological structure in Kashan, Iran.It is claimed to be the world's oldest ziggurat, dating to the 3rd millennium BC, tucked away in the suburbs of the city of Kashan, in central Iran, close to Fin Garden.
Sialk is one of four ziggurats built by the Elamite civilization.
Sialk, and the entire area around it, is thought to have first originated as a result of the pristine large water sources nearby that still run today.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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